The International Critical Commentary (ICC):...

Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

c The International Critical Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the Old and new Testaments. UNDER THE EDITORSHIP OF The Rev. SAMUEL ROLLES DRIVER, D. D., Regius Professor of Hebrew, Oxford; The Rev. ALFRED PLUMMER, M. A., D. D., Master of University College, Durham; AND The Rev. CHARLES AUGUSTUS BRIGGS, D. D., Edward Robinson Professor of Biblical Theology, Union Theological Seminary, New York.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER


About Book The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER

Front MatterTitle PagePREFACECONTENTSABBREVIATIONSINTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF ESTHERI. Place of Esther in the Old Testament§ 1. PLACE IN THE HEBREW BIBLE § 2. PLACE IN THE GREEK VERSIONii. The text of esthera. descendants of the tiberian massoretic text§ 3. MSS. WITH TIBERIAN VOCALIZATION § 4. THE PRINTED EDITIONS§ 5. THE MASSORA § 6. CITATIONS IN JEWISH COMMENTARIESb. other descendants of the text of the sopherim§ 7. Mss. WITH BABYLONIAN VOCALIZATION § 8. THE SYRIAC PESHITTO § 9. THE FIRST TARGUM §10. THE SECOND TARGUM §11. THE LATIN VERSION OF JEROME§12. CITATIONS IN THE TALMUDc. other descendants of the original text§13. THE GREEK VERSION §14. THE UNREVISED GREEK TEXT§15. THE RECENSION OF ORIGEN §16. THE RECENSION OF HESYCHIUS§17. THE RECENSION OF LUCIAN §18. JOSEPHUS§19. THE OLD LATIN VERSION §20. Origin of the Additions in Greekiii. Higher criticism§ 21. OUTLINE OF THE BOOK § 22. IDENTITY OF AHASUERUS § 23. PURPOSE OF THE BOOK § 24. INDEPENDENCE OF 9.20–10.3§ 25. AGE OF THE BOOK§ 26. AUTHORSHIP§ 27. HISTORICAL CHARACTER§ 28. ORIGIN OF THE FEAST OF PURIMiv. Canonicity§ 29. OMISSION OF THE NAME OF GOD§ 30. MORAL TEACHING OF THE BOOK§ 31. ESTIMATE OF THE CHURCH v. Interpretation§ 32. EARLIEST JEWISH EXEGESIS§ 33. EARLIEST CHRISTIAN EXEGESIS§ 34. THE TARGUMS AND MIDRASHES § 35. OTHER MEDIÆVAL JEWISH COMMENTARIES§ 36. MEDIÆVAL CHRISTIAN INTERPRETATION§ 37. THE REFORMATION PERIOD§ 38. THE POST-REFORMATION PERIOD§ 39. THE MODERN CRITICAL PERIODA COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OF ESTHERADDITION A. MORDECAI'S DREAM.THE REJECTION OF QUEEN VASHTI (1.1–22).XERXES MAKES A FEAST FOR HIS OFFICIALS (1.1–4).XERXES ALSO MAKES ANOTHER BANQUET FOR THE MEN OF THE FORTRESS OF SUSA, AND VASHTI FOR THE WOMEN (1.5–9).XERXES COMMANDS VASHTI TO SHOW HERSELF TO THE GUESTS, BUT SHE REFUSES TO COME (1.10–12).XERXES TAKES COUNSEL WITH HIS MINISTERS WHAT OUGHT TO BE DONE TO VASHTI (1.13–15).THE ADVICE OF THE MINISTERS (1.16–20)XERXES ACTS ACCORDING TO THIS ADVICE (1.21–22).THE CHOICE OF ESTHER TO BE QUEEN (2.1–23).XERXES RESOLVES TO SEEK A SUCCESSOR FOR VASHTI (2.1 4).MORDECAI AND ESTHER ARE INTRODUCED TO THE READER (2.5–7).ESTHER IS TAKEN TO THE PALACE (2.8–11).THE PREPARATION OF THE GIRLS TO GO TO THE KING (2.12–14).ESTHER IS BROUGHT TO THE KING AND IS CHOSEN QUEEN (21.5–18).MORDECAI DISCOVERS A PLOT AGAINST THE KING (2.19–23).HAMAN'S ELEVATION AND HIS PLOT (3.1–4.17).HAMAN IS EXALTED AND ALL MEN ARE REQUIRED TO BOW DOWN TO HIM (3.1–2a).MORDECAI REFUSES TO BOW DOWN TO HAMAN (3.2b-5).HAMAN CASTS LOTS TO DESTROY THE JEWS (3.6–7).HAMAN OBTAINS AN EDICT TO DESTROY THE JEWS (3.8–11).AN EDICT TO DESTROY THE JEWS IS SENT OUT (3.12–15).MORDECAI AND ALL THE JEWS ARE FILLED WITH TERROR (4.1-3).ESTHER INQUIRES WHAT IS THE MATTER, AND IS CHARGED BY MORDECAI TO GO TO THE KING, AND TO PLEAD FOR HER PEOPLE (4.4–9).ESTHER FEARS TO GO TO THE KING, BUT IS URGED BY MORDECAI TO DO SO (4.10–14).ESTHER RESOLVES TO GO TO THE KING (4.15-17).ADDITION B. XERXES' LETTER.ADDITION C. THE PRAYERS OF MORDECAI AND ESTHER.THE DELIVERANCE OF THE JEWS (5.1–9.19)ADDITION D. ESTHER GOES TO THE KING AND IS GRACIOUSLY RECEIVED (5.1–2).THE KING OFFERS TO GRANT ANY REQUEST, BUT ESTHER ASKS ONLY THAT HE AND HAMAN WILL COME THAT DAY TO A BANQUET (5.3–5).AT THE BANQUET THE KING AGAIN OFFERS TO GRANT ANY REQUEST, BUT ESTHER ASKS ONLY THAT HE AND HAMAN WILL COME TO ANOTHER BANQUET ON THE FOLLOWING DAY (5.6–8).HAMAN PLANS TO HANG MORDECAI (5.9–14).THE KING IS REMINDED THAT NOTHING HAS BEEN DONE TO REWARD MORDECAI (6.1–3).THE KING COMMANDS HAMAN TO CONFER ROYAL HONOURS UPON MORDECAI (6.4–10).HAMAN EXECUTES THE KING'S COMMAND AND GOES HOME IN DESPAIR (6.11–13).ESTHER DENOUNCES HAMAN TO THE KING (6.14—7.6).THE KING SENTENCES HAMAN TO DEATH (7.7–10).MORDECAI IS INSTALLED IN THE PLACE OF HAMAN (8.1–2).ESTHER OBTAINS PERMISSION TO COUNTERACT HAMAN'S EDICT AGAINST THE JEWS (8.3-8).MORDECAI SENDS OUT DISPATCHES TO COUNTERACT THE EDICT OF HAMAN (8.9–14a).ADDITION E. MORDECAI'S LETTER.THE JEWS REJOICE OVER THEIR ESCAPE (8.14b-17).ON THE APPOINTED DAY THE JEWS DESTROY THEIR ENEMIES (9.1–10).THE KING GRANTS ESTHER ANOTHER DAY OF SLAUGHTER IN SUSA (9.11–15).THE ORIGIN OF THE TWO DATES ON WHICH THE FEAST OF PURIM IS KEPT (9.16–19).INSTITUTION OF THE FEAST OF PURIM (9.20–32).THE JEWS AGREE TO OBEY THE INJUNCTION OF MORDECAI (9.23–28).ESTHER AND MORDECAI WRITE A SECOND LETTER CONCERNING PURIM (9.29-32).APPENDIX TO THE BOOK THE SUBSEQUENT HISTORY OF MORDECAI (10.1–3).ADDITION F. THE INTERPRETATION OF MORDECAI'S DREAM AND CLOSING SUBSCRIPTION.INDEXESI. HEBREWII. NAMES OF AUTHORS AND BOOKSIII. SUBJECTSIV. BIBLICAL PASSAGES
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