The International Critical Commentary (ICC):...

"... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs"--Rudolf Smend, from " Wisdom in Ancient Israel", Cambridge, 1997.

STRUCTURE OF THE MATERIAL vii prayer for moderate circumstances ( 307– 9);  against slandering ser- vants ( 3010);  a collection of aphorisms citing certain things ar- ranged in groups of fours ( 3011– 33);  instruction to a king ( 311– 9); description of a model housewife ( 3110– 31). The purpose of all these sections is the inculcation of certaincardinal social virtues, such as industry, thrift, discretion, truth- fulness, honesty, chastity, kindness, forgiveness, warning againstthe corresponding vices, and praise of wisdom as the guiding prin- ciple of life. If we compare Proverbs in this regard with Ben- Sira, we find that the latter, while it deals in general with thesame moral qualities, goes more into detail in the treatment ofsocial relations, and has more to say of manners as distinguishedfrom morals. § 3. STRUCTURE OF THE MATERIAL. The divisions indicated above suggest, by their differences oftone and content, that the Book has been formed by the combina- tion of collections of various dates and origins. It is not probablethat one man was the author of the philosophical discourses ofchs.1– 9,  the pithy aphorisms of 101– 2216,  the quatrains of 2217–  24, the couplets of 25– 29,  and the mixed material of 30.  31. A similar conclusion is indicated by the repetitions which occurin the Book. Thus, as between II. and III. we find variant coup- lets: cf. 1115  and 2226. 27; 185  and 2424;  identical lines: 1114  and246;139  and 2420; 141  and 243; 2022  and 2429.  As between II. and IV.: identical couplets: cf. 188  and 2622; 191  and 286; 1924and 2615; 2016  and 2713; 219  and 2524; 223  and 2712;  variant coup- lets: 1211  and 2819; 1324  and 2915; 1523  and 2511; 1612  and 255; 1628  and 2620; 222  and 2913; 2213  and 2613; identical  lines: 101and 293; 1518  and 2922; 173  and 2721; 1913  and 2715.  As betweenIII. and IV., an identical line: cf. 2423  and 2821.  Cf. also 610.11with   2433. 34. From these repetitions we infer that the collectors of II., III., IV., were mutually independent— no one of them was acquaintedwith the work of the others. In I. and V. we find no matterthat can be called repetition; the peculiar tone of each ofthese divisions kept it apart from the others; 61– 19  and 97– 12  aremisplaced.          C    h  a  p  t e  r   Home  |    I n  d  e  x  

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS


About Book The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageINTRODUCTION. 1. NAMES. 2. DIVISIONS. 3. STRUCTURE OF THE MATERIAL. 4. RHYTHM AND PARALLELISM 5. THOUGHT. 6. ORIGIN AND DATE. 7. TEXT AND VERSIONS. 8. CANONICITY. 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY.A COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OFPROVERBS.I. CHAPTERS I.IX.III.VII.VIII.II. DETACHED APHORISMS (X. IXXII. 16).XII.XIII.XIV.XVI.XVII.XVIII.XIX.XXI.XXII.III. SECOND COLLECTION OF APHORISMS(XXII. 17XXIV. 34).XXII.XXIII.XXIV.IV. CHAPTERS XXV.XXIX.THE TITLE. 25 1.XXVI.XXVII.XXVIII.XXIX.V. CHAPTERS XXX., XXXI.XXXI.INDEXABBREVIATIONS
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