The International Critical Commentary (ICC):...

"... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs"--Rudolf Smend, from " Wisdom in Ancient Israel", Cambridge, 1997.

viii INTRODUCTION Subdivisions or smaller collections also appear to be indicatedby repetitions within each of the three middle sections. WithinII.: identical or equivalent couplets: 101  and 1520; 102  and 114; 1115  and 1718  and 2016; 1314  and 1427; 1412  and 1625 ( and cf. 212a); 1420  and 194; 162  and 212; 195  and 199; 2010  and 2023; 219  and2119; identical or equivalent lines: 106  and 1011; 108  and 1010( perhaps scribal error); 1015  and 1811; 1027  and 1923; 1113  and2019;1114  and 1522; 1121  and 165, 1214  and 132; 1431  and 175; 1533  and 1812; 1618  and 1812; 1912  and 202.  Within III.: coupletsor lines: 2223  and 2311; 2228  and 2310  ( the couplets  which in 2310. 11form one quatrain are in 2223. 28  divided between two quatrains);2317a  and 241a; 2318  and 2414  ( a similar division of couplets); on233.6  see notes. Within IV.: 2812  and 292. In some cases these latter repetitions may be scribal errors. Ewald, Delitzsch, and others, endeavor to determine the limits ofthe smaller subdivisions, which are held to be indicated sometimesby similarity of material, sometimes by catch- words; see thenotes. The paragraphal divisions are obvious in I. and V., and inparts of III. and IV.; in II. the absence of logical arrangementmakes it very difficult, if not impossible, to recognize any suchparagraphs, and the divisions which have been suggested are com- monly arbitrary and useless, as is pointed out within. The misplacement of certain passages, as 418, 61– 5. 6– 11. 12– 19,  97– 12, and of a number of lines in II. is discussed in the notes. § 4. RHYTHM AND PARALLELISM. I. Hebrew poetry, as is now generally agreed, has neithermetre in the Greek and Latin sense, nor systematic rhyme; thereare occasional sequences of syllables, which may be called iambic, trochaic, anapaestic, etc., and occasional assonances or rhymes; but these are of irregular occurrence, and obviously do not belongto the essence of the form of the verse.* * On the rhythmical form of Hebrew poetry see J. Ley, Grundzüge des rhythmusetc., 1875, and Leitfaden der Metrik, 1887; G. Bickell, Carmina Vet. Test. metrice, 1882, his additions in Zeitschr. f. Kath. Theol., 1885– 1886, and the introductoryremarks to his Kritische Bearbeitung d. Proverbien in the Wiener Zeitschr. f. d. Kunde d. Morgenlandes, 1891; C. A. Briggs, Biblical Study3, 1891, Hebraica, 1887,1888, General Introduction to the Study of Holy Scripture, 1899, chs. xiv– xvii;          C    h  a  p  t e  r   Home  |    I n  d  e  x  

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS


About Book The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageINTRODUCTION.§ 1. NAMES.§ 2. DIVISIONS.§ 3. STRUCTURE OF THE MATERIAL.§ 4. RHYTHM AND PARALLELISM§ 5. THOUGHT.§ 6. ORIGIN AND DATE.§ 7. TEXT AND VERSIONS.§ 8. CANONICITY.§ 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY.A COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OFPROVERBS.I. CHAPTERS I.–IX.III.VII.VIII.II. DETACHED APHORISMS (X. I–XXII. 16).XII.XIII.XIV.XVI.XVII.XVIII.XIX.XXI.XXII.III. SECOND COLLECTION OF APHORISMS(XXII. 17–XXIV. 34).XXII.XXIII.XXIV.IV. CHAPTERS XXV.–XXIX.THE TITLE. 25 1.XXVI.XXVII.XXVIII.XXIX.V. CHAPTERS XXX., XXXI.XXXI.INDEXABBREVIATIONS
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