The International Critical Commentary (ICC):...

The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

viii PREFACE of illustration, the questions involved in determining the place of Amos in the development of Hebrew thought, the problems of criticism and interpretation which are suggested by the early chapters of Hosea, the text and historical distribution of the chapters now joined together under the name of Micah, the complexity of the data included in the several portions of Zechariah, not to speak of the fragmentary character of Oba-diah, the peculiar phenomena presented in Jonah, and many other equally puzzling but significant aspects of literary and theological inquiry. These facts and problems connect them-selves with every important phase of the Old Testament activity between 900 B. C. and 300 B. C., in other words, with the entire creative period. The books which occupy our attention in this first volume go well together, not only because one follows the other chrono-logically, but also because one supplements the other logically, the two presenting a totality of expression in the light of which each receives a clearer interpretation. It seemed necessary to take up, in connection with these first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the others. Especially was the force of this point felt in the Introduction; for an introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy. Nowhere is it more necessary to distinguish sharply between the actual words of an author and those that have been added by later writers than in the case of Amos and Hosea. The his-tory of the Messianic idea, in whatever sense we employ that term, is fundamentally involved in this distinction. Care has been taken, therefore, to keep separate the quite considerable proportion of material ( ascribed by tradition to these authors) which may confidently be treated as of later origin. This in the case of Amos is about one- fifth of the whole, and in the case of Hosea about one- fourth. It is unquestionably the first duty of a commentator to recon-struct the text as best he may. The contributions to the text-criticism of Amos and Hosea, made within two decades, are striking; but not more so than the unanimity with which the more important emendations have received acceptance. More-   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea


About Book The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageDedication PagePREFACECONTENTSADDENDA AND CORRIGENDAPRINCIPAL ABBREVIATIONSINTRODUCTIONA. FACTORS IN THE PRE-PROPHETIC MOVEMENT§ 1. The Pre-prophetic Movement in General§ 2. Pre-prophetic Participation in the Revolt of Jeroboam I.§ 3. Pre-prophetic Manifestation under Elijah's Leadership§ 4. Pre-prophetic Influences in the Time of Elisha§ 5. The Pre-prophetic Societies§ 6. The Older and Younger Decalogues§ 7. The Book of the Covenant (= CC).§ 8. The Judaean (Pre-prophetic) Narrative (= J)§ 9. The Ephraimite (Pre-prophetic) Narrative (= E)B. THE BASIS AND CHARACTER OF THE PRE-PROPHETIC MOVEMENT§ 10. The Relation of Pre-prophetism to Mosaism§ 11. The Essential Thought of Pre-prophetismC. AMOS§ 12. The Personal Life of Amos§ 13. The Message of Amos§ 14. The Ministry of Amos§ 15. The Literary Form of AmosD. HOSEA§ 16. The Personal Life of Hosea§ 17. The Message of Hosea§ 18. The Ministry of Hosea§ 19. The Literary Form of HoseaE. AMOS AND HOSEA§ 20. The Poetical Form of Amos and Hosea§ 21. The Language and Style of Amos and Hosea§ 22. The Text and Versions of Amos and Hosea§ 23. The Literature on Amos and HoseaCOMMENTARYA Commentary on the Book of AmosI. The words of AmosII. Judgment upon MoabIII. A message against the nationIV. The women of SamariaV. Israel shall fallVI. A woe upon reckless and indifferent SamariaVII. A vision of destroying locustsVIII. The fourth vision of destructionIX. . . . the impossibility of escapeA Commentary on the Book of HoseaI. The word of YahwehII. Strive with your mother, striveIII. Once more go, love (this) womanIV. The announcement of Yahweh's contentionV. The priests and princes, a snare to IsraelVI. Israel feigns repentanceVII. Ephraim, to-day hardened in sinVIII. Israel's kings and idols displeasing and destructiveIX. Do not rejoice, Israel, like the peoplesX. A luxuriant vine is IsraelXI. Israel has wandered away from YahwehXII. Ephraim has compassed me with liesXIII. When Ephraim used to speak, men trembledXIV. Return, Israel, to Yahweh thy GodINDEXI. SubjectsII. GeographicalIII. Hebrew
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