The International Critical Commentary (ICC):...

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C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x XII PREFACE of the observances which it enjoins, bears witness to the fact that lsrael’s civilization, though permeated by a different spirit from that of other ancient nations, was nevertheless reared upon the same material basis; and much light may often be thrown, both upon the institutions and customs to which it alludes, and upon the manner in which they are treated by the Hebrew legislator, from the archæological re-searches of recent years. Nor is this all. The study of Deuteronomy carries the reader into tbe very heart of the critical problems which arise in connexion with the Old Testament. At almost every  step, especially in the central, legislative part ( c. 12– 26),  the question of the relation of Deuteronomy to other parts  of the Pentateuch forces itself upon the student’s attention. In dealing with the passages where this is the case, I have stated the facts as clearly and completely as was possible within the limits of space at my disposal, adding, where necessary, references to authorities who treat them at greater length. As a work of the Mosaic age, Deuteronomy, I must own, though intelligible, if it stood perfectly alone, — i. e. if the history of Israel had been other than it was, — does not seem to me to be intelligible, when viewed in the light shed upon it by other parts of the Old Testament: a study of it in that light reveals too many fea-tures which are inconsistent with such a supposition. The entire secret of its composition, and the full nature of the sources of which its author availed himself, we cannot hope to discover; but enough is clear to show that, however regret-fully we may abandon it, the traditional view of its origin and authorship cannot be maintained. The adoption of this ver-dict of criticism implies no detraction either from the in-spired authority of Deuteronomy, or from its ethical and re-ligious value. Deuteronomy marks a stage in the Divine edu-cation of the chosen people: but the methods of God’s spiri-tual providence are analogous to those of His natural provi-dence: the revelation of Himself to man was accomplishednot  once for all, but through many diverse channels ( Heb.11),  and by a gradual historical process; and the stage in thatprocess  to which Deuteronomy belongs is not the age of

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY


About Book The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY

Front MatterTitle pageCopyrightPrefaceContentsAddenda and CorrigendaPrincipal abbeviations employedIntroduction§ 1. Introductory. Outline of Contents.§ 2. Relation of Deuteronomy to the preceding Books of the Pentateuch.§ 3. Scope and Character of Deuteronomy; its dominant Ideas.§ 4. Authorship, Date, and Structure.§ 5. Language and Style.Commentary.I. 1–5. Historical Introduction.I. 6-IV. 40. Moses' First Discourse.II. 1–8a. How the IsraelitesIII. 1–7. Defeat of ‘Og, the king of Bashan, and conquest of his territory.IV. 1–40. Second part of Moses' first discourse.IV. 41–43. The Appointment by Moses of three Cities of Refuge in the trans-Jordanic Territory.IV. 44–49. Superscription to the Exposition of the Law, contained in c. 5–26. 28.V.–XXVI. XXVIII. The Exposition of the Law.V.-XI. Hortatory Introduction.V. 1–18. The covenant concluded by Jehovah with Israel at VI. 1–3. The benefits which Israel may hope to receive, if it VIII. The lessons of the wilderness.IX. 1-X. 11. A warning against self-righteousness.IX. 7-X. 11. Proof, from the history,X. 1–5. Moses narrates how, XI. 1–9. Appeal to Israel to call to mind the wondersXII.-XXVI. XXVIII. The Code of Special Laws.XII.-XIII. Laws designed to secure the Purity of Religious Worship. XIII. 1–19 (AV. XII. 32-XIII. 18). All solicitationsXIV. 22–29. Tithes.XV. 1–18. Three Laws designed to ameliorate the Condition of the Poor.XV. 19–23. Firstlings.XVI. 18-XVIII. 22. The Office-Bearers of the Theocracy.XVI. 21-XVII. 7. Four Enactments designed to preserve XVII. 1. All animals offered in sacrifice to JehovahXVII. 8-XVIII. 22. The Office-Bearers of the TheocracyXVIII. 1–8. The revenues of the Priests.XIX., XXI. 1–9. Criminal Law.XX. Three Laws designed to secure Self-control and Forbearance in the Conduct of War.XXI. 10—XXV. Miscellaneous Laws, relating chiefly to Civil and Domestic life.XXII. 13—XXIII. 1 (XXII. 30). Laws relating to MarriageXXIV. 1–4. On divorce.XXV. 1–3. Precautions against undue severityXXVI. Two liturgical ceremonies to be performed periodicallyXXVII. Instructions relative to a symbolical acceptance by the nationXXVIII. Peroration to the Deuteronomic Legislation.XXIX.-XXX. Moses' Third Discourse.XXIX. 1–8 (2–9). Moses reminds the IsraelitesXXX. 1–10. Nevertheless, if Israel in the landXXXI.-XXXIV. The closing Events of Moses' Life.XXXI. 1–8. Moses announces to the peopleXXXII. 1–43. The Song of Moses.XXXIII. The Blessing of Moses.XXXIII. 1. Superscription.XXXIV. The narrative of Moses' death.Additional Note on INDEX.
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