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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah

by Loring W. Batten

Bibliographic information

TitleThe International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
AuthorLoring W. Batten
PublisherVarda Books
Publication Date2005
SubjectTorah/Bible
Pages402


Description 

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From INTRODUCTION.

I. THE ORIGINAL FORM OF THE BOOKS.

The books of Ezra and Nehemia were originally one, and ought really to be so combined now. The evidence of this is overwhelming. Two points suffice for a demonstration: (1) The story of Ezr. is partly in one book, Ezr. 710, and partly in the other, Ne. 770812.* In 1 Esd. these two parts are united in a single book. (2) At the end of each book of the OT. there are certain Massoretic notes, giving the number of verses, the
middle point in the volume or roll, etc. There are no such notes at the end of Ezr., and those at the end of Ne. cover both books, showing that the two constituted a single work when those notes were made.

It is also generally agreed that Ezr.Ne. originally was a part of the book of Ch., so that the whole work was a comprehensive history of the Jews from Adam down to the end of the Persian period.

It is true that in the Heb. Bible our books precede Ch., though the right order is found in G. The order in the Heb. canon is naturally illogical, and is prob. due to the fact that Ezr.Ne. was accepted as canonical before Ch. The fact is that Ch. was under a great deal of suspicion. It was a book parall. the earlier histories long established as authorities, and differing from them so much that the presence of the new work created difficulties. Ezr.Ne., on the other hand, contained the only account of the important Pers. period. A part of the large work of Ch. was, therefore, severed from the rest, and naturally just that part dealing with the otherwise unknown period, and of which there was no dup., and this part was accepted.

Later the rest of the work found its place at the very end of the canon. The order in G really does not contravene this conclusion, for the
Gk. translators made a new arrangement of the canon on a literary basis, putting all the historical books together. When the transposition was
made on this basis, Ch. was put before Ezr.Ne. from chron. considerations. When the disjuncture was made, there appears to have been an accident, for the severed parts overlap, Ezr. 113a being identical with 2 Ch. 36:22 f.

The latter ends in the middle of a sentence and let him go up, and in the middle of Cy.'s decree. The simplest explanation of the strange fact is that a copyist who was working on the book of Ch.had as his exemplar one of the older editions containing the whole original Ch.Ezr.Ne.

He got beyond the point of division before he noted his mistake, and this slip has been perpetuated down to the present day. Howorth explains differently (PSBA. 1901,2). It is indisputable that Ch. and Ezr.Ne. come from the same hand. There is no book in the OT. which has more marked peculiarities than Ch. These cover both literary features, favourite words and expressions, peculiar style, etc. (for a list of which, see Curt.7), and also historical features, for the Chr. had his own way of looking at the history, and his theory colours his work so markedly that it is often quite valueless to the student of history. There is scarcely one of these peculiarities that is not found also in Ezr.Ne. Evidence of the original
unity is furnished from Esd., which contains two whole c. of Ch. (2 Ch. 35, 36) and then goes on directly to Ezra, without the duplication
found in Heb.





About the Author 

Loring W. Batten ---

Batten, Loring Woart--Professor of the Literature and Interpretation of the Old Testament, General Theological Seminary in New York and a former chairman of the Society for Biblical Scholarship (1928).




Contents 

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PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
INTRODUCTION
1. THE ORIGINAL FORM OF THE BOOKS . . . . . . . . . 1
2. THE DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
3. THE CONTENTS OF THE BOOKS . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4. THE CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
5. THE TWO EDITIONS OF EZRANEHEMIAH . . . . . . . . 6
6. 1 ESDRAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
7. THE SEMITIC TEXT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
8. THE SOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
9. THE SAMARITAN OPPOSITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
10. THE DATE OF EZRA'S MISSION . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
11. THE HISTORY OF THE PERSIAN PERIOD . . . . . . . . 30
12. CHAPTER AND VERSE DIVISIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
13. LITERATURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
COMMENTARY ON
EZRA 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
EZRA 2169 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
EZRA 27043 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
424b618 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
EZRA 61922 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
EZRA 446 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
EZRA 4724a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
NEHEMIAH 1, 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
NEHEMIAH 3132 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
NEHEMIAH 333417 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
NEHEMIAH 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
NEHEMIAH 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
NEHEMIAH 715 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262
NEHEMIAH 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266
NEHEMIAH 12126 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
NEHEMIAH 122743 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
NEHEMIAH 124447 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
NEHEMIAH 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
EZRA 710 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303
NEHEMIAH 810 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381




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