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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH

by Hinckley G. Mitchell,

Bibliographic information

TitleThe International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
AuthorHinckley G. Mitchell,
PublisherVarda Books
Publication Date2005
SubjectTorah/Bible
Pages541


Description 

THIS volume completes the series of commentaries on the Minor Prophets originally undertaken by the late William R. Harper. The order of arrangement differs from the traditional one only in the case of Jonah, which is placed at the end of the series, not only because it was composed at a much later date than the traditional order suggests, but also because it is of a different character from the other prophets.

This volume--co-authored by three distinguished professors: HINCKLEY G. MITCHELL, JOHN MERLIN POWIS SMITH, and JULIUS A. BEWER--is composed of three little volumes bound in one, because it seemed best to original publisher on the whole to publish the work of the three authors under separate sub-titles in this way.

For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books in existance to this day that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

"Bewer, is far more conservative (then Mitchell),--wrote John Richard Sampey in International Standard Bible Dictionary--in both textual and literary criticism, recognizing but few glosses in our present text and arguing for the unity of the story apart from the insertion of the psalm in Jonah 2. Nearly all recent critics assign Jonah's prayer to a writer other than the author of the narrative about Jonah, but opinions vary widely as to the manner in which the psalm found its way into the Book of Jon.
Bewer holds that it was probably put on the margin by a reader and afterward crept into the text, the copyist inserting it after 2:2, though it would more naturally follow 2:11. Bewer remarks: "The literary connections with various post-exilic psalms argue for a post-exilic date of the psalm. But how early or how late in the post-exilic period it belongs we cannot tell. The Hebrew is pure and no Aramaic influence is apparent."
It is evident, then, that the presence or absence of Aramaic influence does not alone settle the question of the date of the document. Geography and the personal equation may be more important than the question of date. Bewer recognizes the fact that the psalm in Jon is not a mere cento of quotations from the Psalms. "The phrases it has in common with other psalms," writes Professor Bewer, "were the common property of the religious language of the author's day" (p. 24).
Those who still believe that David wrote many of the psalms find no difficulty in believing that a prophet of 780 BC could have drawn upon his knowledge of the Psalter in a prayer of thanksgiving to YHWH."




About the Author 

Hinckley G. Mitchell,, JOHN MERLIN POWIS SMITH, JULIUS A. BEWER, ---

MITCHELL, HINCKLEY G.--A PROFESSOR OF HEBREW AND OLD TESTAMENT EXEGESIS IN TUFTS COLLEGE;

SMITH, JOHN MERLIN POWIS--A PROFESSOR OF SEMITIC LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

BEWER, JULIUS A.--A PROFESSOR OF BIBLICAL PHILOLOGY, UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, NEW YORK




Reviews 

"In his important critical commentary H. G. Mitchell, though a staunch advocate of a multiple authorship thesis, marshaled some strong support in favor of the unity of Zechariah... Mitchell has provided an exhaustive list of textual modifications on the basis of additions, omissions and distortions through the fault of careless or ignorant transcribers. For the most part the items he lists rest on purely conjectural emendations, an approach that enjoys little favor today, though some must and will be given serious consideration in the commentary."

Eugene H. Merrill
Distinguished Professor of Old Testament Studies at Dallas Theological Seminary






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