Varda Books



 View book pages:
 Buy this book:
  eBookshuk
  




168 EXODUS XX. 8. RECONCILIATION.

by Manasseh Ben Israel
168 EXODUS XX. 8. RECONCILIATION. From what has been said in the preceding Question, the solution of this doubt may be found ; for in the same way as God punishes children for the sins of their fathers, if they follow their evil ways, so He promises to shew mercy to the descendants of those who love him to thousands of generations, is to be understood when they are good, as the text clearly says,  of them that love me and keep my commandments ;  and to these He remembers the goodness of their ancestors, benefiting and prospering them to a greater extent. Esau being wicked, it was just that God should abhor him. Rashi observes on this text, We here see how much the clemency of God exceeds his justice; for He threatens to extend punishment only to the fourth generation, but promises mercy and recompense for virtue and piety, to thou-sands of generations ; which, being in the plural, must be at least two thousand; whereby it follows, that five hundred portions of reward is placed against a single one of chastisement; conformable to  which, the Psalmist says,  For great and above the heavens is thy mercy. 2 QUESTION 106. Exod. 20: 8. Remember the Sabbath day to Isa. 1: 13. Incense of abomination are your sanctify it. ( Eng., to keep it holy). New Moons and Sabbaths to me. Here appears a manifest contradiction ; for where the Lord commanded the observance of the Sabbath in the Decalogue, how does he declare, by the pro-phet Isaiah, that he has no liking to that day ? RECONCILIATION. According to R. Isaac Arama, 1  the Sabbath represents three things, and instils three essential articles in our souls. 1st. The creation of the world, in opposition to the notion of its being from eternity. This is demonstrated by Gods saying,  Remember the seventh day to sanctify it, for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth  . . . and rested on the seventh day ; and as R. Solomon ben Adereth 2  noted in his  Questions, for this the Psalmist  says,  The statutes of the Lord are faith-ful, they enlighten the torpid, 3  that is, philosophy, with all its knowledge cannot attain the positive truth. The 2nd article is, that the Sabbath being a day of rest, represents the true world of rest and repose, termed עולם הגשמות ( the world of souls), where ends the misery and constant trouble of this earthly abode; for, as Plato says,  all below the moon is hell, and on leaving it we go tranquilly to enjoy the felicity of the other world. So the seven days signify seven- tenths of the life of man,  which is stated in Psalms,  the days of our years are seventyyears, 4  in which it is as necessary diligently to prepare for the sabbath of the life to come, as is done on every six days of this life for the seventh; at sixty years of age, therefore, it behoves man to prepare for a better life, by dint of industry and great diligence in the work of piety, in order to obtain 3 Psalm 108: 5. 1 C. 55. 2 Arishba 9. 3 Psalm 19: 8. 4 Psalm 90: 10. Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t t t t t

Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  
168 EXODUS XX. 8. RECONCILIATION. From what has been said in the preceding Question, the solution of this doubt may be found ; for in the same way as God punishes children for the sins of their fathers, if they follow their evil ways, so He promises to shew mercy to the descendants of those who love him to thousands of generations, is to be understood when they are good, as the text clearly says, \\" of them that love me and keep my commandments ; \\" and to these He remembers the goodness of their ancestors, benefiting and prospering them to a greater extent. Esau being wicked, it was just that God should abhor him. Rashi observes on this text, We here see how much the clemency of God exceeds his justice; for He threatens to extend punishment only to the fourth generation, but promises mercy and recompense for virtue and piety, to thou-sands of generations ; which, being in the plural, must be at least two thousand; whereby it follows, that five hundred portions of reward is placed against a single one of chastisement; conformable to which, the Psalmist says, \\" For great and above the heavens is thy mercy.\\" 2 QUESTION 106. Exod. 20: 8. Remember the Sabbath day to Isa. 1: 13. Incense of abomination are your sanctify it. ( Eng., to keep it holy). New Moons and Sabbaths to me. Here appears a manifest contradiction ; for where the Lord commanded the observance of the Sabbath in the Decalogue, how does he declare, by the pro-phet Isaiah, that he has no liking to that day ? RECONCILIATION. According to R. Isaac Arama, 1 the Sabbath represents three things, and instils three essential articles in our souls. 1st. The creation of the world, in opposition to the notion of its being from eternity. This is demonstrated by God's saying, \\" Remember the seventh day to sanctify it, for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth . . . and rested on the seventh day ;'' and as R. Solomon ben Adereth 2 noted in his \\" Questions,\\" for this the Psalmist says, \\" The statutes of the Lord are faith-ful, they enlighten the torpid,\\" 3 that is, philosophy, with all its knowledge cannot attain the positive truth. The 2nd article is, that the Sabbath being a day of rest, represents the true world of rest and repose, termed עולם הגשמות ( the world of souls), where ends the misery and constant trouble of this earthly abode; for, as Plato says, \\" all below the moon is hell,\\" and on leaving it we go tranquilly to enjoy the felicity of the other world. So the seven days signify seven- tenths of the life of man, which is stated in Psalms, \\" the days of our years are seventy years,\\" 4 in which it is as necessary diligently to prepare for the sabbath of the life to come, as is done on every six days of this life for the seventh; at sixty years of age, therefore, it behoves man to prepare for a better life, by dint of industry and great diligence in the work of piety, in order to obtain 3 Psalm 108: 5. 1 C. 55. 2 Arishba 9. 3 Psalm 19: 8. 4 Psalm 90: 10. << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t t t t t
Zoom in  zoom  Zoom out
  << Topic >>  | Contents | Index             |<   <<    Page       >>   >|  

Varda Books - 1590450027


 Already viewed books:
THE CONCILIATORTHE CONCILIATOR


TANAKH - INTERACTIVE HEBREW BIBLE