Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana...

This anthology contains such articles as "The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem" by S. Safrai, "Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days" by M. D. Herr, "The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator" by B. Mevorah, "To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem", by Jacob Katz, "Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance" by I. Shatzman and others.

GREEK TYRANNY AND WAR MOSHE AMIT Some terms in Greek history demand a semantic consideration at the outset of any study of their implications. Tyrants and tyranny are among these terms. The first requirement seems to be a clear realization that these words are not used according to their meaning in modern European languages but as a transliteration of the Greek words. We have to forget modern connotations, and to give our own definitions based on the ancient sources. There is no need to repeat here the se­mantic and etymological discussions of scholars who have dealt with the problems concerning the probable origin of the word Tvgawoc; which is not Greek, and its various senses. 1 In considering the various tyrants and tyrannies, it would seem that a general definition covering all the actual examples might be expressed as follows: A tyrant is the supreme ruler of a state, who is free to act and govern without any hindrance or check by any other political body, magistrate, law or custom. We find the main elements of this definition in Plato and Xenophon: Plato Pol. 301b: OWV fll) r: e xara vopot.:; fl1jr: e xaTa EO,} ;; rgunn n; ET; ugxwv .. wvv ou TOr: e rov rOIOVTOl ixaurov TUgalIOV x), y} Tim · . Xen. Mem. IV, 6, l2: T~ V , ti, v ) ag iXOVTWV TB row dll) gwnwi xaixaTa vopoV(; TWV noAewv agxi} v fJaUtAeiav 1}) eiTo ( sc. EWX(} UTY};) T~ V IH axovrwv Te xa} p. l) xaTa VO/ IOV aAA( jnw; 0 ugxwv { JOVAOI. ro TVgavv/( ju. Aristotle comments that the absolute power of the tyrant implies that he does not give any account of his deeds; two other traits derive from this: the tyrant rules in his own interest, disregarding the welfare of the citizens; he governs against their will: Pol. 1295a17. TVgUVVlxui De bla TO bmnoTlxw, ( 1(! XElI xara nlv W) TWV i · VIUpl}! · ... dvvnfl~ ­Ovvoc; ueXEt ( sc. 0 P! guwoc;) TWV of. 1oiwv ; wi fJEAnovwv navrwv ; reoc; TO arpi­TeeOvavrijc; uV/ ltpigov, dUa fli} ngo:;; TO rWI ( LeXO/ lhwv DIOnee dXOVUIOC;. ovacic; ) ae EX(;) V v; rOflivBl rwv iAEVOigwv nlv TOIW! TlIV d(! X~ v 1 Cf. A. Andrewes, The Greek Tyrants ( London 1956) p. 7; C. Mosse,  Aristote et la tyrannie, rieac; G. Thompson ( Prague 1963), pp. 163- 169; H. Berve, Die Tyrannis bei den Griechell ( Mtinchen 1967), Vol. J, p. 3f, to cite some of the most recent contributions to the subject. Chapter Home  | TOC

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)


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Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page Table of Contents PREFACEContent GREEK TYRANNY AND WARSOCIAL REVOLUTION IN DYME IN 116-114 B.C.E.CAESAR: AN ECONOMIC BIOGRAPHY AND ITS POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCESOME REMARKS ON MAIESTAS TRIALS IN THE ANNALS OF TACITUSTHE HOLY CONGREGATION IN JERUSALEMTHE WAR OF KITOS: TOWARDS THE CLARIFICATION OF A PHILOLOGICAL - HISTORICAL PROBLEMPERSECUTIONS AND MARTYRDOM IN HADRIAN'S DAYSSALADIN ET LE CALI FE AL-NASIR: EMANUEL SIVANLA GENESE DU QU ARTIER LATIN : ARYEH GRABOISIDEE DE PROGRES ET SENTIMENT NATIONAL EN FRANCE AU XVIe SIECLE. BODIN, LE ROY ET PASQUIERDieu, le climat et la volonte humaineAnciens et ModernesL' Histoire universelleL' Histoire, les institutions et l' election de la FranceConclusionsTHE IMPERIAL COURT-JEW WOLF WERTHEIMER AS DIPLOMATIC MEDIATOR (DURING THE WAR OF THE AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION)APPENDICESTO WHOM DID MENDELSSOHN REPLY IN HIS JERUSALEM ?POSTSCRIPTINNOVATIONS AGRICOLES ETROUTINE PAYSANNE EN RUSSIE AUX XVIIIe-XIXe SIECLESTravail et servageMETHODS OF PERSECUTION. A COMPARISON OF THE FINAL SOLUTION IN HOLLAND AND DENMARKBack Matter Copyright Page Title Page
studies history scripta hierosolymitana page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this anthology contains such articles holy congregation jerusalem safrai persecutions maryrdom hadrian days herr imperial court wolf werthheimer dimlomatic mediator mevorah whom mendelssohn reply jacob katz caesar economic biography political significance shatzman others
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ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


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