Studies in Bible II (Scripta...

The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the "Jerusalem School" of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

2 Biblical Criminal Law I confined my study to  the theoretical postulates of the law systems under considerationsince I could not vouch for the practical effects of the laws of the Torah. Hence, too. I did not systematically consider passages in the extralegal parts of Scripture in which issues bearing on the laws are found. Where a passage outside the laws shed light on the terms of a law under discussion. I adduced it: that the ,, innocent goring ox was condemned to death and its corpse tabooed ( Exod 21: 28) is to be explained - so I suggested - by God s warning ( in Gen 9: 5- 6) that he would hold even animals to account for homicide. Similarly. I thought that the designation of adultery as a sin against God in extralegal texts ( Gen 39: 9) bore on the absence of pardon as a legal option in the case of adultery. I did not otherwise adduce evidence from non- legal literature because of doubts about ( 1) the binding status of all ancient Near Eastern law collections: ( 2) the dating of the laws and their relation to other biblical literature.^ Keeping in mind this dis-tinction between statements in the law collections ־ on which alone I base my argument ( as a source for inferring legislative  philosophy) ־ and stories, proverbs or oracles touching on legal life which may be merely dramatic, or stem from times, sources or practices other than those reflected in the laws, we proceed to consider the strictures upon my  Postulates. Noting that most cuneiform law collections allow the husband or the king to pardon the parties guilty of adultery, and give the king the right to pardon in capital cases, whereas no trace of a pardoning option occurs in any capital offense in biblical law. I sought the ground for the difference in the divine authorship of the law in Scripture: what God had declared a capital crime no man can mitigate. No such idea appears in the cuneiform law collections: on the contrary, it is explicitly said in some that the king is the author of the laws. I therefore connected the difference in conceptions of ״ 3 Postulates, 18, n. 25. 4M. Greenberg, Crimes and Punishments, IDS, vol. A- D, 735- 736; B. Jackson, From Dharma to Law, American Journal of Comparative Law 23 ( 1975) 490 512; R. Westbrook,  Biblical and Cuneiform Law Codes, 92( 1985) 247- 264. Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)


About Book Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)

Front Matter Title Page Copyright Page Table of Contents EDITOR'S FOREWORDContent MORE REFLECTIONS ON BIBLICAL CRIMINAL LAW: Moshe GreenbergMIDRASHIC AND LITERAL EXEGESISAND THE CRITICAL METHOD IN BIBLICAL RESEARCH: Menahem HaranVIIITHE TERM ????? ???? (EZEK 40:44) AND ITS PLACEIN THE CULTIC TERMINOLOGY OF THE TEMPLE: Avi HurvitzTHE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEGAL CORPORAIN THE PENTATEUCH IN LIGHT OF MANUMISSION LAWS: Sara JaphetVIIIRASHBAM'S CONCEPTION OF THE CREATIONIN LIGHT OF THE INTELLECTUAL CURRENTS OF HIS TIME: Sarah KaminON THE MEANING AND SYNTACTICAL STATUS OF . ??? IN BIBLICAL HEBREW: Simcha Kogut1. INTRODUCTION2. VARIOUS VIEWS3. ??? IN MODERN HEBREW 4. ??? IN BIBLICAL HEBREW 6. CONCLUSIONTHE HISTORY OF THE CITIES OF REFUGE IN BIBLICAL LAW: Alexander RofeA LITERARY STUDY OF THE SLAVE-GIRL PERICOPE -LEVITICUS 19:20-22: Baruch J. SchwartzMIDRASH ON SCRIPTURE AND MIDRASH WITHIN SCRIPTURE: Avigdor Shinan, Yair Zakovitch1. SOLVING CONTRADICTIONS2. JUXTAPOSITIONS (?????? ??????) 3. NAME DERIVATIONS4. AVOIDING ANONYMITYEMENDATION OF BIBLICAL TEXTSON THE BASIS OF UGARITIC PARALLELS: Shemaryahu TalmonLINGUISTIC DEVELOPMENT AND THE EVALUATION OFTRANSLATION TECHNIQUE IN THE SEPTUAGINT: Zipora TalshirTHE GROWTH OF THE BOOK OF JOSHUAIN THE LIGHT OF THE EVIDENCE OF THE LXX TRANSLATION: Emanuel Tov1. ADDITIONS OF MT WHOSE SECONDARY NATURE IS EVIDENT FROM THE CONTEXT2. ADDITIONS IN MT WHOSE SECONDARINESS IS EVIDENT FROM THEIR FORMULATION3. SMALL ELUCIDATIONS4. HARMONIZING ADDITIONS5. CONTEXTUAL ADDITIONS6. EMPHASIS7. SUBSTANTIAL ADDITIONS8. THEOLOGICAL CORRECTIONS9. INFLUENCE OF DEUTERONOMYTHE DAY OF THE LORD: ASPIRATIONS FOR THE KINGDOM OF GODIN THE BIBLE AND JEWISH LITURGY: Moshe WeinfeldTHE TERM DAT OF THE LORD THE DAT OF THE LORD IN JEWISH LITURGYTHE DAY OF THE LORD AS A DAY OF WARTHE DAY OF THE LORD AS THE DAY OF DIVINE REVELATIONTHE SANCTIFICATION OF THE DIVINE NAME AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THEDIVINE KINGDOMCOMING OF THE DAY OF THE LORD - SOON AND SPEEDILYCompare the following liturgical passagesCompare also the following verses from the Gospel of LukeTHE HOPE FOR SALVATIONTHE CONTRIBUTION OF LITERARY THEORYTO BIBLICAL RESEARCH ILLUSTRATED BY THE PROBLEM OF SHE'AR -YASHUB: Meir WeissTHE PROHIBITION ON RESTORATION OF MARRIAGEIN DEUTERONOMY 24:1-4: Raymond WestbrookBack Matter LIST OF ABBREVIATIONSQumran LiteratureRabbinic LiteratureBooks and PeriodicalsINDEX OF REFERENCESBIBLETitle Page
studies bible scripta hierosolymitana page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks seventeen articles this collection present true sense jerusalem school biblical scholarship with commitment united unique heritage learning methodology accomplishments modern research
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