Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5...

This five-volume set represents the finest work of the late nineteenth century Biblical scholarship.

STUDIA BIBLICA ESSAYS I N BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY AND CRITICISM AND KINDKED SUBJECTS BY MEMBERS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD Wipf & Stock P U B L I S H E R S Eugene, Oregon

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5 volumes


About Book Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica, in 5 volumes

Volume 1Front Matter Half Title Page Title Page Copyright PagePREFACETable Of ContentsContentsI. RECENT THEORIES ON THE ORIGIN AND NATURE OF THE TETRAGRAMMATONII. THE LIGHT THROWN BY THE SEPTUAGINT VERSION ON THE BOOKS OF SAMUELIII. ON THE DIALECTS SPOKEN IN PALESTINE IN THE TIME OF CHRISTSupplementary NotesIV. ON A NEW THEORY OF THE ORIGIN AND COMPOSITION OF THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS PROPOSED BY G. WETZELV. A COMMENTARY ON THE GOSPELS ATTRIBUTED TO THEOPHILUS OF ANTIOCHVI. THE TEXT OF THE CODEX ROSSANENSIS (S)VII. THE CORBEY ST. JAMES (ff), AND ITS RELATION TO OTHER LATIN VERSIONS, AND TO THE ORIGINAL LANGUAGE OF THE EPISTLEEXPLICIT EPÍSTOLA BARNA BE ·.· INCÏP EPISTL IACOBI FELICITEr ·.·VIII. AN ACCOUNT OF A SYRIAC BIBLICAL MANUSCRIPT OF THE FIFTH CENTURYNote referred to on page 169IX. THE DATE OF S. POLYCARP'S MARTYRDOMAPPENDIX?: INSCRIPTIONS FOUND AT EPHESUS IN THE RUINS OF THE ODEUMB: ACCOUNT OF ANTONINUS PIUS AND HIS REIGNC: INSCRIPTION AT SEPINO, S. ITALYD: INSCRIPTION IN HONOUR OF ARISTIDES?: INSCRIPTION AT KASR-ZAYANF: INSCRIPTION DISCOVERED DEC. 30, 1879, AT OLYMPIAG: CHRONOLOGY OF THE MALADY OF ARISTIDESX. ON SOME NEWLY-DISCOVERED TEMANITE AND NABATAEAN INSCRIPTIONSSupplementary NotesXI. SOME FURTHER REMARKS ON THE CORBEY ST. JAMES (ff)POSTSCRIPTVolume 2Front MatterHalf Title PageTitle PageCopyright PagePREFACETable Of ContentsContentsI. THE AUTHORSHIP AND THE TITLES OF THE PSALMS ACCORDING TO EARLY JEWISH AUTHORITIES PSALM III.— ?????.PSALM IV.— ????? ??????? ????? ???.PSALM V.— ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????.PSALM VI .— ????? ??????? ?? ???????.PSALM VII— ????? ???? ??? ?? ?????! ?? ???? ??? ?? ????.PSALM VIII.— ????? ?? ?????.PSALM IX.— ????? ?? ??? ? ? ?.PSALM XVI .— ???? ???.PSALM XXII.— ????? ?? ???? ????.P SALM XXXII .— ???? ?????.PSALM XXXIII.— No title in the Hebrew text; most likely there was none in the LXX.PSALM XXXVIII— ????? ???? ??????.PSALM XXXIX.— ????? ??????? ????? ????.PSALM XLII.— mp ????? ????? ???.PSALM XLV.— ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????.PSALM XLVI— ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???.PSALM LIII.— ????? ?? ???? ????? ???.PSALM LVI.— ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????.?????? ???.PSALM LVII.—????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?????.PSALM LX.— ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????.PSALM LXIX.— ????? ?? ?????? ????.PSALM LXX.— ?????? ???? ??????.PSALM LXXV.— ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???.PSALM LXXVII.— ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???.PSALM LXXX.— ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????.PSALM LXXXI.—Compare above, Ps. vii.PSALM LXXXVII.— ???? ??? ????? ??.PSALM LXXXVIII.— ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????. PSALM LXXXIX.— ????? ????? ??????.PSALM XC.— ???? ????.PSALM XCII.— ????? ??? ???? ????.PSALM CIII.— ????.PSALM CXX.— ??? ???? ??.PSALM CXXVII— ?????.AUTHORS AND WORKS QUOTED IN AN ABRIDGED FORMII. THE ORIGIN AND MUTUAL RELATION OF THE SYNOPTIC GOSPELS EXPLANATION OF SYNOPTIC TABLEIII. THE DAY AND YEAR OF ST. POLYCARP'S MARTYRDOMAPPENDIX I. ON A PASCHAL HOMILY PRINTED IN ST. CHRYSOSTOM'S WORKS ASCRIBED BY USSHER TO A. D. 672. BUT REALLY BELONGING TO A. D. 387APPENDIX II. PASSAGES FROM ANCIENT WRITERS WHO EMPLOY KALENDARS OF THE ASIATIC TYPE, GIVING SIDE BY SIDE A ROMAN AND A NATIVE DATINGNOTE.— ON THE NEW MATTER CONTAINED IN THE SECOND EDITION (1889), OF BISHOP LIGHTFOOT'S APOSTOLIC FATHERS, (PART II. ST. IGNATIUS, ST. POLYCARP, VOL. I. pp. 626-722)IV.THE CLEMENTINE HOMILIES V. THE EVIDENCE OF THE EARLY VERSIONS AND PATRISTIC QUOTATIONS ON THE TEXT OF THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENTNOTEVI. THE AMMONIAN SECTIONS, EUSEBIAN CANONS, AND HARMONIZING TABLES IN THE SYRIAC TETRAEVANGELIUM APPENDIX I.APPENDIX II.NOTEADDITIONAL NOTEVII. THE CODEX AMIATINUS AND ITS BIRTHPLACE APPENDIX. ON THE ITALIAN ORIGIN OF THE CODEX AMIATINUS AND THE LOCALIZING OF ITALIAN MSS.Volume 3Front Matter Half Title Page Title Page Copyright PagePreface Table of Contents List of Illustrations Forms of Early Semitic AlphabetsCairo MS. of the Old Testament. 1 Sam. iv.15-v.8Cairo MS. ColophonCambridge MS. No.12. Gen. xxi.19-xxii.8Cambridge MS. No.12. 2 Chron. xxxvi.13 to endContents I. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SQUARE CHARACTERS IN BIBLICAL MSS. AND AN ACCOUNT OF THE EARLIEST MSS. OF THE OLD TESTAMENT SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES II. THE ARGUMENT OF ROMANS IX - XI III. THE MATERIALS FOR THE CRITICISM OF THE PESHITTO NEW TESTAMENT, WITH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH. ACTS XIX.40—XXIII.1.The Glosses and other Marginal NotesTHE NUMBERING OF THE MSS. OF THE APPARATUS CRITICUSINDEX OF THOSE SYRIAC CODICESSYNOPSISIV. AN EXAMINATION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT QUOTATIONS OF EPHREM SYRUSADDITIONAL NOTEQUOTATIONS FROM THE NEW TESTAMENT IN EPHREM SYRUS COMPARED WITH THE PESHITTO, ETCV. THE TEXT OF THE CANONS OF ANCYRAA. TEXTComparative Table of MSSB. ESSAYAPPENDIX I THE SYRIAC VERSIONTEXT APPENDIX IITHE ARMENIAN VERSIONEXORDIUMANCYRANI CANONES, CAPITA XXVI. THE CHELTENHAM LIST OF THE CANONICAL BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT AND OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENTTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENTTHE STICHOMETRIESTHE LIST OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE EPISTLESAPPENDIXTHE OLD TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYNEW TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYTHE CYPRIANIC STICHOMETRYNOTE ON THE EVIDENCE OF ST. AUGUSTINE IN RELATION TO EP. 72 (THE KABTHAGINIAN COUNCIL TO STEPHEN)Volume 4Front Matter Half Title PageTitle PageCopyright Page Table of ContentsContentsI. ST. PAUL AND HELLENISMII. THE 'GAL????' OF ST. PAUL AND THE 'GALATIC TERRITORY' OF ACTS1. ANCIENT OPINION2. GALATIA THE NAME OF THE ROMAN PROVINCE3. GALATAE THE INHABITANTS OF THE ROMAN PROVINCE GALATIA4. ESTIMATE OF THE DESIGNATIONS, 'LYCAONIAN,' 'PISIDIAN,' &c.5. HISTORICAL STANDPOINT OF THE NORTH-GALATIAN THEORY6. THE LYCAONIAN TETRARCHYIII. ACTA PILATILIST OF ABBREVIATIONSIV. THE PURPOSE OF THE WORLD-PROCESS AND THE PROBLEM OF EVIL AS EXPLAINEDIN THE CLEMENTINE AND LACTANTIAN WRITINGS IN A SYSTEM OF SUBORDINATE DUALISMPART I. GOD AS CREATOR AND JUDGEPART II. GOD (CREATOR AND JUDGE) AND THE ORIGIN OF EVILPART III. CITATIONS FROM THE CLEMENTINE HOMILIESPART IV. More particular account of the origin of Evil in the CLEMENTINE HOMILIES.PART V. THE RECOGNITIONSPART VI. THE WRITINGS OF FIRMIANUS LACTANTIUSV. THE STYLE AND LANGUAGE OF ST. CYPRIANBack MatterTEXTUAL SUGGESTIONSINDEXVolume 5Front MatterFull Title PageCopyright PageTable of ContentsContentsI. LIFE OF ST. NI??PREFACEThe New VariantOther versionsThe MS. Conversion of GeorgiaAgreement of the VersionsChronologyThe Georgian Church AutocephalousMiscellaneous remarksTEXTThe Conversion of King Mirian, and of all Georgia with him, by our holy and blessed Mother the Apostle NinoThe words of Abiat'har the priest, who was converted by the holy and blessed NinoThe words of the same Abiat'har the priest concerning the tunic (shirt) of our Lord Jesus ChristStory told by the woman Sidonia, who was the disciple of St Nino, who saw and described the miraculous conversion of King Mirian, and how he fell at the feet of Nino to confess Christ. The setting up of the cross, the building of a church, and the miracleWords of the same (Sidonia) concerning the building of the churchThe Raising of the Honourable CrossThe Letter which was written by the Patriarch of Rome and the King of the Branji to Nino, to the King, and to all the Kart'hlian folkRufinus, 'Ecclesiastical History', Bk. I I, ch. vii, in Migne's 'Patrologia', t. xxi. 480-482 (the following from 'Auctores Hist. Eccl. Basiliae', 1544, pp. 225-226)Passage relating to Nino in the MS. entitled 'The Conversion of Georgia' (Moktzevai Kart'hlisai)THE ARMENIAN VERSION OF DJOUANSHERII. TEXTS FROM MOUNT ATHOSPREFACEDESCRIPTION OP CODEX ?TEXT OF COD. ? IN ST. MARK1. Readings in cod. ? agreeing with the Textus Receptus, merely orthographical variants beingneglected2. Readings found in either D or the Old Latin, but not in Textus Receptus, or in the Old Syriac3. Readings found in the Old Syriac but not in the best Uncials, the Old Latin, D, or the Textus Receptus. Those readings which are found in a few secondary Greek MSS. as well as the Old Syriac are included in this list4. Readings found in both the Old Latin (or D) and the Old Syriac, but not in the Textus Receptus5. Readings found in a small group of MSS. of which LA (the latter being of this type only in St. Mark) are the most consistently present followedby ? *? c C 33 boh6. Readings where WH.'s text is based on a small group of uncials (not exceeding three in number) which is now increased by cod. ?7. Besides these elements there are a few readings in cod. ? which are apparently not found elsewhereTHE TEXT OF COD. ? IN ST. LUKE AND ST. JOHN AND COLOSSIANSST. LUKEST. JOHNCOLOSSIANSCODEX EVANG. 1071The Provenience and History of the CodexEvidence other than textual which connects Cod. 1071 with other MSSThe Text of this FamilyThe Text of Cod. 1071ST. MATTHEWST. MARKST. LUKEST. JOHNSOME CHAPTERS OF THE ACTA PILATI? FRAGMENT OF THE ACTA THOMAETEXTA CATALOGUE AND DESCRIPTION OF THE BIBLICAL MSS. WHICH W? EXAMINEDCATALOGUEVATOPEDIPANTOCRATORIVERONST. ANDREW'SST. GREGORY'SST. DIONYSIUSPROTATITHE LAURAIII. THE PLACE OF THE PESHITTO VERSION IN THE APPARATUS CRITICUS OF THE GREEK NEW TESTAMENTSYNOPSISTHE PLACE OF THE PESHITTO VERSION IN THE APPARATUS CRITICUS OF THE GREEK NEW TESTAMENTNOTE TO PAGE 222ADDENDUMIV. BAPTISM AND CHRISTIAN ARCHAEOLOGY1. THE AGES OF PERSECUTIONScope of the inquiry undertakenEx. 1. Fresco in the Crypt of Lucina. c. 100 A.D.Ex. 2. Fresco in the Gallery of the Sacraments in S. Callistus. c. 200Ex. 3. Fresco in the Gallery of the Sacraments in S. Callistus. c. 200Ex. 4. Fresco in the Cemetery of SS. Petrus and Marcellinus. c. 250Ex. 5. Fresco in the Cemetery of Praetestatus. Second centuryEx. 6. Symbolical fresco in S. Callistus. Third centuryEx. 7. Sarcophagus of Junius BassusEx. 8. Unpublished drawing of a SarcophagusEx. 9. Sarcophagus at Arles. I. Fourth-fifth centuriesEx. 10. Sarcophagus at Arles. II. Fourth or fifth centuryExx. 11, 12. Gold treasure from Sinigaglia. Seventh or eighth centuryEx. 13. Glass fragment in the Vatican. Fourth or fifth centurySummary of evidence for the Ages of Persecution2. THE AGE OF THE COUNCILSChristian SarcophagiEx. 14. Sarcophagus at Ancona. Fourth centuryEx. 15. Sarcophagus from Soissons. Fourth or fifth centuryEx. 16. Sarcophagus at MadridEx. 17. Sarcophagus at the Lateran. IEx. 18. Sarcophagus at the Lateran. IIEx. 19. Sarcophagus from S. Maria AntiquaThree Sarcophagi in bad conditionEx. 20Ex. 21Ex. 22Summary of evidence from SarcophagiEx. 23. Tombstone from Aquileia. Fifth centuryEx. 24. Spoon from Aquileia. Fourth or fifth centuryUse of a patera in BaptismEx. 25. Cross-shaft at Kells. c. 800Description of the Lateran fontAnalogies from the customs of the BathsAnalogy of Mithraic customsSummary of evidence for the Age of the Councils3. THE AGE OF NORTHERN INVASIONSChristian Art after the fifth centuryRavennaEx. 26. Mosaic in the Orthodox BaptisteryEx. 27. Mosaic in the Arian BaptisteryInfluence of apocryphal writingsEx. 28. Ivory in the Cathedral at Milan. c. 500Ex. 29. Ivory in the Bodleian Library at Oxford. c. 500Ex. 30. Ivory at Amiens. c. 500Ex. 31. Werden Ivory at South Kensington Museum.Ex. 32. Ivory cover to the Missal of Gregory at Munich. ? c. 500Ex. 33. Ivory in the British Museum. ? c. 500Oriental typesEx. 34. Rabula MS. at Florence. 586Ex. 35. Etzschmiadzin Gospel Book. c. 500Ex. 36. Flash at Monza. Before 599Ex. 37. Bronze Medal at the VaticanEx. 38. Censer from Syria. ? 6th centuryEx. 39. Horn Medallion from Egypt. c. 500Ex. 40. Seal at Rome. Sixth or seventh centuryEx. 41. Fresco in the Cemetery of Pontianus. Sixth centuryByzantine typesEx. 42. Chair of Maximian at Ravenna. 454-556Ex. 43. Ivory at the British Museum. II ? Sixth centuryEx. 44. Ivory from MarsalEx. 45. Pillar at Constantinople. Sixth centuryEx. 46. Ring at Palermo. ? Sixth centuryLombard and Carolingian typesEx. 47. Rough ivory carving at South KensingtonEx. 48. The Wessobrunner Gebet. 814Ex. 49. Ivory from S. Mark's chair at Grado. Sixth or seventh centuryEx. 50. Paliotto of S. Ambrose at Milan. 827Ex. 51. Relief at Monza. c. 700Ex. 52. Ivory from Micheli Collection at BerlinEx. 53. Ivory at StrassburgEx. 54Ex. 55. Gem found at RomeEx. 56. Fresco in a catacomb at Naples. 759Ex. 57. Ivory from RheinauEx. 58. Ivory from BambergEx. 59. Ivory at DarmstadtEx. 60. Menologion of Basilius II. 976-1025Summary of evidence from the age of the northern invasionsFirst traces of the custom of submersionConclusion of positive evidence from Archaeology4. BAPTISM WITHOUT A FONTBaptism in Apostolic timesThe place of Christ's baptismLegends of the Apostolic AgeLegends of the Ages of PersecutionBaptism in Special CircumstancesClinical BaptismAffusion in Church OrdersBaptism in Private Houses5. THE FONT IN THE EASTFonts in EgyptEx. 61. Dair Mari Mina. ? Fourth centuryEx. 62. Dair Abu' 's Sifain. ? Tenth centuryEx. 63. Abu Sargah. Third or sixth centuryEx. 64. Dair al Abiad. Third or fourth centuryEx. 65. ?l' AdraLegends of miraculous fontsSyrian and Egyptian Church OrdersFonts in SyriaEx. 66. Tyre, 314Ex. 67. Amwas. Fourth centuryEx. 68. Beit 'Aüwa. ? Fourth centuryEx. 69. Deir Seta. ? Fifth centuryEx. 70. Aladschadagh. Sixth centuryEx. 71. Gul Bagtische. Seventh centuryEx. 72. S. Sophia, Constantinople. Fifth centuryEx. 73. Salona. Before 6416. THE FONT IN THE WESTFonts in the CatacombsEx. 74. Cemeterium Ostrianum. ? Third centuryEx. 75. Cemetery of Priscilla. Fourth centuryEx. 76. Cemetery of Pontianus. Sixth centuryEx. 77. AlexandriaFonts in baptisteriesEx. 78. The Lateran baptisteryEx. 79. S. Stefano on the Via Latina. c. 450Exx. 80, 81. Naples. Fourth centuryEx. 82. Nocera dei Pagani, near Naples. Fifth centuryBaptistery of S. Peter'sAfrican FontsEx. 83. Carthage. ? Fourth or fifth centuryEx. 84. Damous el Karita. Fourth centuryEx. 85. Hammam el Lif. Fourth or fifth centuryEx. 86. Tebessa. Before 439Ex. 87. Tigzirt. Sixth centuryEx. 88. Tipasa. Fourth centuryEx. 89. El KantaraEx. 90. Ravenna. 449-452Ex. 91. Parenzo. Sixth centuryEx. 92. Cividale. 716-762Ex. 93. Poitiers. Fourth centuryEx. 94. Aquileia. Eighth centuryEx. 95. Schacheneck in Lothringen. Ninth or tenth centurySYNOPTIC TABLE OF FONTSTwo types of FontsDepth of FontsStepsCurtainsPersistency of typeSources of the popular errorNOTEBack MatterIndex
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

The Other War: Israelis, Palestinians and the Struggle for Media Supremacy
Stephanie Gutmann, who covered the second intifada, documents in her book, 'The Other War,' how Israel, in spite of — or maybe because of — its strength as a democracy nearly always loses the battle for soft and sympathetic minds. — The Washington Times

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Isaiah I-XXVII
In religion, as elsewhere, great personalities count first, and it is the privilege of a student of the Book of Isaiah to come face to face with one, if not two, such personalities...