Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3...

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Square Characters in Biblical MSS. 5 here of  commandments,  which are called elsewhere דברים words1.  But for our purpose it will prove in any case that something of the law was written down for the nation in the time of Hosea. We know that the neighbouring nations were at the time of David far advanced in the art of writing. The Phoe-nicians had already disseminated their alphabet throughout the greater part of the world, the Assyrian libraries were already filled with brick tablets and cylinders on which all kinds of records were written down in the cuneiform characters, in which a large correspondence was discovered lately at Tel el- Amarna, written about 1400 B. C.,  and in which refer-ence is made to Palestinian cities2.  Moreover, the kings of Aram sent letters  to the kings of Israel3.  King Meshasinscription4  of thirty- four lines shows clearly that in the ninth century B. C. the Moabites were acquainted with the art of writing. This inscription is written in characters slightly differing from those employed by the Phoenicians in the Baal Lebanon fragment5;  they must have been in use amongst the Moabites some time before the ninth century, for a people scarcely begins writing with a text of thirty- four lines. That the Israelites, so familiar with the art of writing, also used a kind of Phoenician script, at least  as early as the time of David, was generally admitted 6 ,  chiefly because of the resemblance of the Phoenician alphabet to that found on the Maccabean coins. This has now  been confirmed by the discovery of the Siloam inscription 7,  the first deciphering of which we owe to Professor Sayce. The letters of the Siloam text are much nearer those of the Phoenician alphabet 1 Exodus xx. I; Deuteronomy v. 19. 2 See Professor Sayces article  in the Transactions of the Victoria Institute. Annual Address, 1889. 3 2 Kings v. 5, 6. 4 See note 3 on p. 2.  5 See our table. 6 See Gesenius ( note 2  on p. 1), p. 139 sqq. 7 See above, p. 2 ; also Guthe  in the Zeitschrift  der deutsch, morg. Gesellschaft, 1882, p. 725. Chapter Home  | TOC t t t t t t t

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3


About Book Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3

Front Matter Half Title Page Title Page Copyright PagePreface Table of Contents List of Illustrations Forms of Early Semitic AlphabetsCairo MS. of the Old Testament. 1 Sam. iv.15-v.8Cairo MS. ColophonCambridge MS. No.12. Gen. xxi.19-xxii.8Cambridge MS. No.12. 2 Chron. xxxvi.13 to endContents I. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SQUARE CHARACTERS IN BIBLICAL MSS. AND AN ACCOUNT OF THE EARLIEST MSS. OF THE OLD TESTAMENT SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES II. THE ARGUMENT OF ROMANS IX - XI III. THE MATERIALS FOR THE CRITICISM OF THE PESHITTO NEW TESTAMENT, WITH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH. ACTS XIX.40—XXIII.1.The Glosses and other Marginal NotesTHE NUMBERING OF THE MSS. OF THE APPARATUS CRITICUSINDEX OF THOSE SYRIAC CODICESSYNOPSISIV. AN EXAMINATION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT QUOTATIONS OF EPHREM SYRUSADDITIONAL NOTEQUOTATIONS FROM THE NEW TESTAMENT IN EPHREM SYRUS COMPARED WITH THE PESHITTO, ETCV. THE TEXT OF THE CANONS OF ANCYRAA. TEXTComparative Table of MSSB. ESSAYAPPENDIX I THE SYRIAC VERSIONTEXT APPENDIX IITHE ARMENIAN VERSIONEXORDIUMANCYRANI CANONES, CAPITA XXVI. THE CHELTENHAM LIST OF THE CANONICAL BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT AND OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENTTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENTTHE STICHOMETRIESTHE LIST OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE EPISTLESAPPENDIXTHE OLD TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYNEW TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYTHE CYPRIANIC STICHOMETRYNOTE ON THE EVIDENCE OF ST. AUGUSTINE IN RELATION TO EP. 72 (THE KABTHAGINIAN COUNCIL TO STEPHEN)
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