Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3...

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Square Characters in Biblical MSS. of the development of the Phoenician alphabet which was then possessed. Dr. Graetz, who wrote in 1876, of course availed himself of the discoveries which had then been made in the field of Semitic inscriptions, and although the Baal  Lebanon Phoenician inscription as well as the Teima1  Aramaic one was not at his disposal, he follows the right path concerning the development of the Hebrew square characters from the Aramaic. We must not forget to mention Dr. A. Geigers2   Intro-duction to the Biblical Books, which contains a few valuable notes on our subject. Before proceeding with our views on the introduction of the Hebrew square characters, it may perhaps be useful to state how far the Israelites were acquainted with the art. of writing before the Babylonian captivity. Whatever date may be assigned to the Biblical documents, it cannot be doubted that the Israelites were acquainted with the art of writing from an early period of their social life. It is not altogether certain whether books were originally meant by the word ספר , and whether  the word כתב expressed always writing with a pen 3 , for  it seems that there is a difference between the expressions כתב עי^ ספר and כתב בספר . The first means writing upon a Sepher, a tablet most likely, and the second writing in a Sepher, implying a collection of writings, whether of tablets or of other material. No substantive of the root כתב is employed for a book, whether in early or later Hebrew, or to denote a professional writer, as is the case with the root ספר . In a section of the book of Judges 4 1 See Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum, part ii. p. 110, and Studia Biblica, i. p. 211. For the Pinammu Aramaic inscription, recently noticed by Pro-fessor A. H . Sayce  ( Academy, 7th September, 1889, p. 157), see at the end of the essay. 2 Nachgelassene Schriften, iv. ( Berlin, 1876), p. 42 sqq. 3 See Professor Georg Hoffmanns article, Lexikalisches, in the  Zeitschrift für alttestamentliche Wissenschaft,  edited by Prof. B. Stade, i. p. 335. 4 Judges viii. 14. Β 2 Chapter Home  | TOC t t t t

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3


About Book Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3

Front Matter Half Title Page Title Page Copyright PagePreface Table of Contents List of Illustrations Forms of Early Semitic AlphabetsCairo MS. of the Old Testament. 1 Sam. iv.15-v.8Cairo MS. ColophonCambridge MS. No.12. Gen. xxi.19-xxii.8Cambridge MS. No.12. 2 Chron. xxxvi.13 to endContents I. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SQUARE CHARACTERS IN BIBLICAL MSS. AND AN ACCOUNT OF THE EARLIEST MSS. OF THE OLD TESTAMENT SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES II. THE ARGUMENT OF ROMANS IX - XI III. THE MATERIALS FOR THE CRITICISM OF THE PESHITTO NEW TESTAMENT, WITH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH. ACTS XIX.40—XXIII.1.The Glosses and other Marginal NotesTHE NUMBERING OF THE MSS. OF THE APPARATUS CRITICUSINDEX OF THOSE SYRIAC CODICESSYNOPSISIV. AN EXAMINATION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT QUOTATIONS OF EPHREM SYRUSADDITIONAL NOTEQUOTATIONS FROM THE NEW TESTAMENT IN EPHREM SYRUS COMPARED WITH THE PESHITTO, ETCV. THE TEXT OF THE CANONS OF ANCYRAA. TEXTComparative Table of MSSB. ESSAYAPPENDIX I THE SYRIAC VERSIONTEXT APPENDIX IITHE ARMENIAN VERSIONEXORDIUMANCYRANI CANONES, CAPITA XXVI. THE CHELTENHAM LIST OF THE CANONICAL BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT AND OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENTTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENTTHE STICHOMETRIESTHE LIST OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE EPISTLESAPPENDIXTHE OLD TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYNEW TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYTHE CYPRIANIC STICHOMETRYNOTE ON THE EVIDENCE OF ST. AUGUSTINE IN RELATION TO EP. 72 (THE KABTHAGINIAN COUNCIL TO STEPHEN)
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