Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3...

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I. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SQUARE CHARACTERS IN BIBLICAL MSS. AND AN ACCOUNT OF THE EARLIEST MSS. OF THE OLD TESTAMENT. [ AD. NEUBAUER.] IT is not our intention to discuss here the origin of the alphabet in general, or the development of the so- called  Hebrew square characters from an earlier Phoenician or Aramaic alphabet. Our object is to propound an opinion respecting the introduction of the square character into the copies of the Hebrew scriptures in the place of the Phoenician or the archaic Hebrew ones. Let us state at once that it is now generally believed that the Phoenician alphabet is derived from the Hieroglyphics, and that many other forms of alphabet, especially the Greek as well as the Semitic, are taken from the Phoenician1,  which gradually underwent such modification, that at last all visible similarity to the early Phoenician characters disappeared. The relation of the archaic characters used by the Israelites to the present square characters, will be found explained  in the principal Hebrew grammars, from W. Gesenius2 to B. Stade3,  to which we must refer our readers. As to the substitution of the one alphabet for the other in copying the books of the Old Testament, we have to mention two special essays by the late Dr. L. Herzfeld 4 and  Professor 1 See Fr. Lenormant, Essai sur la propagation de lalphabet phenicien dans lancien monde, t. i. p. 88 sqq. ; also the Table of  Alphabets, Plate iοί of the London Palaeographical Society, 2nd series. 2 Geschichte der hebräischen Sprache und Schrift ( Leipzig, 1815), p. 137  sqq. 3 Lehrbuch der hebräischen Grammatik, Leipzig, 1879, p. 22 sqq. 4 Geschichte des Volkes Israel, etc., 2nd ed., 2nd vol., pp. 6 ך to 91. VOL. III. Β Chapter Home  | TOC t t t t

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 3


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Front Matter Half Title Page Title Page Copyright PagePreface Table of Contents List of Illustrations Forms of Early Semitic AlphabetsCairo MS. of the Old Testament. 1 Sam. iv.15-v.8Cairo MS. ColophonCambridge MS. No.12. Gen. xxi.19-xxii.8Cambridge MS. No.12. 2 Chron. xxxvi.13 to endContents I. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SQUARE CHARACTERS IN BIBLICAL MSS. AND AN ACCOUNT OF THE EARLIEST MSS. OF THE OLD TESTAMENT SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES II. THE ARGUMENT OF ROMANS IX - XI III. THE MATERIALS FOR THE CRITICISM OF THE PESHITTO NEW TESTAMENT, WITH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH SPECIMENS OF THE SYRIAC MASSORAH. ACTS XIX.40—XXIII.1.The Glosses and other Marginal NotesTHE NUMBERING OF THE MSS. OF THE APPARATUS CRITICUSINDEX OF THOSE SYRIAC CODICESSYNOPSISIV. AN EXAMINATION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT QUOTATIONS OF EPHREM SYRUSADDITIONAL NOTEQUOTATIONS FROM THE NEW TESTAMENT IN EPHREM SYRUS COMPARED WITH THE PESHITTO, ETCV. THE TEXT OF THE CANONS OF ANCYRAA. TEXTComparative Table of MSSB. ESSAYAPPENDIX I THE SYRIAC VERSIONTEXT APPENDIX IITHE ARMENIAN VERSIONEXORDIUMANCYRANI CANONES, CAPITA XXVI. THE CHELTENHAM LIST OF THE CANONICAL BOOKS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT AND OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENTTHE CANON AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENTTHE STICHOMETRIESTHE LIST OF THE WRITINGS OF CYPRIANTHE EPISTLESAPPENDIXTHE OLD TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYNEW TESTAMENT STICHOMETRYTHE CYPRIANIC STICHOMETRYNOTE ON THE EVIDENCE OF ST. AUGUSTINE IN RELATION TO EP. 72 (THE KABTHAGINIAN COUNCIL TO STEPHEN)
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