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300 Studia Biblica et

by S. R. Driver
300 Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica. The second Council of Nicaea ( 787) ordered a uniform mode of picturing the scene. It ruled that Christ should he repre-sented in the centre between the banks of the Jordan, with S. John on the left and the two attendant angels on the right, and so the similarity of treatment that had grown up by custom was stereotyped by a positive enactment. The custom of baptizing infants had by this time become almost universal, and as the administration of the sacrament no longer formed a striking public ceremony, all temptation to modify the pictorial representation of the Gospel scene by the influence of liturgical custom was still further re-moved. Ex. 60. Menologion of Basilius II. 976- 1025. The earliest example of such an illustration is probably that in the menologion of Basilius II ( 976- 1025) in the Vatican Library at Rome, where the correct disposition of the figures is observed, and the water is represented as covering the body and the shoulders1. Summary of evidence from the age of the northern invasions. It will be noticed that in the examples from the fifth and sixth centuries, where the older tradition is still strong, the water is made to rise to the knees, while it is still repre-sented as falling from a rock or fountain- head ( Exx. 28- 30. figs. 30- 32). In early Ravennese ( Exx. 26, 27, figs. 28, 29) and Oriental art generally it is made to rise higher, to the thighs ( Exx. 44, 45), or to the waist ( Exx. 34, 35, 41, 43, figs. 38- 40). In two later examples it rises to the breast ( Exx. 46, 49, fig. 43), while in the latest example we have quoted ( Ex. 60) it reaches as high as the neck. In all such exam-ples, however, the Baptist is raised very little higher than the Saviour ( though in the Rabula MS. he has to stoop), and in most 1 Str., p. 19, tav. ii, 11.   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index t

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300 Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica. The second Council of Nicaea ( 787) ordered a uniform mode of picturing the scene. It ruled that Christ should he repre-sented in the centre between the banks of the Jordan, with S. John on the left and the two attendant angels on the right, and so the similarity of treatment that had grown up by custom was stereotyped by a positive enactment. The custom of baptizing infants had by this time become almost universal, and as the administration of the sacrament no longer formed a striking public ceremony, all temptation to modify the pictorial representation of the Gospel scene by the influence of liturgical custom was still further re-moved. Ex. 60. Menologion of Basilius II. 976- 1025. The earliest example of such an illustration is probably that in the menologion of Basilius II ( 976- 1025) in the Vatican Library at Rome, where the correct disposition of the figures is observed, and the water is represented as covering the body and the shoulders1. Summary of evidence from the age of the northern invasions. It will be noticed that in the examples from the fifth and sixth centuries, where the older tradition is still strong, the water is made to rise to the knees, while it is still repre-sented as falling from a rock or fountain- head ( Exx. 28- 30. figs. 30- 32). In early Ravennese ( Exx. 26, 27, figs. 28, 29) and Oriental art generally it is made to rise higher, to the thighs ( Exx. 44, 45), or to the waist ( Exx. 34, 35, 41, 43, figs. 38- 40). In two later examples it rises to the breast ( Exx. 46, 49, fig. 43), while in the latest example we have quoted ( Ex. 60) it reaches as high as the neck. In all such exam-ples, however, the Baptist is raised very little higher than the Saviour ( though in the Rabula MS. he has to stoop), and in most 1 Str., p. 19, tav. ii, 11. << Chapter >> Home | TOC | Index t
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