Reading Guide and Index, The Universal...

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THE SEVEN- BRANCHED LIGHT A Reading Guide and Index toThe Universal Jewish EncyclopediaAn Authoritative and Popular Presentation of Jews and Judaism Since the Earliest TimesISAAC LANDMAN, D. D., EditorCompiled bySIMON COHEN, D. D. Director of ResearchArrangedforconvenient researchandreferenceby readers, students, teachersEspecially designedto stimulateand facilitateadultJewisheducation

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTable Of ContentsINTRODUCTIONABBREVIATIONSContentsHISTORYJEWISH HISTORY IN GENERALJEWISH HISTORY BY PERIODS1. The Building of the Nation (about 1500 to 1000 B.C.E.)a. The Traditional Beginningsb. The Land of Canaanc. Settlement and Early Struggles of the Israelites Twelve Tribes 10:330 (there are separate articles on each of the tribes)d. Cult Objects and Institutions2. The Period of the Kingdom (1000 to 586 B.C.E.)a. Political Historyb. Nations and Rulers with Which the Israelites Came into Contactc. Religious Institutions and Movementsd. Important Leaders3. The Babylonian Exile (586 to 539 B.C.E.)4. The Persian Period (539 to 331 B.C.E.)a. Foreign Rulersb. New Institutions and Movementsc. Other Jewish Settlementsd. Jewish Leaders5. The Greek Period (331 to 165 B.C.E.)a. Foreign Rulersb. Other Countries of Jewish Settlementc. New Institutions and Movementsd. Jewish Leaders6. The Hasmonean Period (165 to 37 B.CE.)a. The Struggle for Independenceb. The Hasmonean Dynastyc. Rulers or Generals of Other Countriesd. Other Countries near Judeae. New Movementsf. Other Jewish Settlements7. Loss of Independence (37 B.CE. to 70 C.E.)a. Rulers of Palestineb. Roman Leaders and Emperorsc. Other Countriesd. New Movementse. Jewish Leaders8. The Mishnaic-Talmudic Period (70 to 500)a. Roman Emperorsb. Countries Other than Palestinec. New Movements and Institutionsd. Jewish Leaders9. The Babylonian Center (400 to 1000)a. Countries of Jewish Settlementb. Institutionsc. Jewish Leaders10. The Arabic Period (628 to 1200)a. Rise of Islamb. Lands Conquered by the Arabs or at War with Themc. New Movements in Judaismd. Jewish Leaders11. The Golden Age in Spain (950 to 1350)a. Countries of Jewish Settlementb. New Movementsc. Notable Jews12. The Era of Persecutions and Expulsions (1096 to 1492)a. Attacks and Mass Expulsionsb. Specific Forms of Persecutionc. New Unfavorable Position of the Jewsd. Other Countries of Jewish Settlemente. Notable Jews13. The Polish Center (1250 to 1772)a. Rise and Decline of the Polish Centerb. Other Countries of Jewish Settlementc. The New American Settlementsd. Institutions and New Movementse. Notable Jews14. The Messianic Movements (1650 to 1750)15. The Revolt Against Tradition (1740 on)a. New Movementsb. Notable Jews16. Emancipation (1776 to 1917)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Jews17. Zionism (1880 to 1935)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Leaders18. The American and Palestinian Centers (1880 on)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Jews19. The Period After the First World War (1920 on)a. Chief Developmentsb. Countries of Europe and Africa Affected by Anti-Semitismc. Other Countries of Jewish SettlementUNITED STATESAMERICAN CONTINENT 1:231-34, 234-35UNITED STATESA. New England StatesB. Middle Atlantic StatesC. Southeastern StatesD. Middle West StatesE. Southwestern StatesF. Western StatesG. Far Western StatesH. TerritoriesCANADACANADA 2:651-56WEST INDIESWEST INDIES 10:507CENTRAL AMERICACENTRAL AMERICA 3:88SOUTH AMERICASOUTH AMERICA 9:665-66THE BRITISH ISLESENGLAND 4:110-30 (illus. 9:376)Southeastern EnglandSouthwestern EnglandNorthern EnglandSCOTLAND 9:446-47IRELAND 5:585-86THE IBERIAN PENINSULASPAIN 9:682-90Northeastern SpainCentral SpainSouthern SpainPORTUGAL 8:606-7GERMANYGERMANY 4:541-84Provinces West of the RhineThe RhinelandNorthern GermanyCentral GermanySouthernGermanyEastern GermanyITALY AND MALTAITALY 5:625-39Northern ItalyCentral ItalySouthern ItalySMALLER COUNTRIES OF NORTHERN EUROPEBELGIUM 2:148-50HOLLAND 5:421-41 (illus. 10:7)LUXEMBURG 7:241-43DENMARK 3:534-36NORWAY 8:242-44SWEDEN 10:112-13FINLAND 4:308-9ESTONIA 4:171-72LATVIA 6:549-50LITHUANIA 7:135-37POLANDPOLAND 8:564-78 (illus. 1:194)Western PolandCentral PolandEastern PolandGALICIA 4:493-99SMALLER COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL EUROPESWITZERLAND 10:114-16CZECHOSLOVAKIA 3:439-43Bohemia 2:439-41Moravia 7:641-42SlovakiaRuthenia 9:288AUSTRIA: 1:623-30Upper AustriaLower AustriaBurgenland 2:590-9HUNGARY 5:483-503Western HungaryThe Banat (under Yugoslavia from 1919 to 1941)Central HungaryCities under Czechoslovakian rule from 1919 to 1939Eastern HungaryTHE BALKAN STATESYUGOSLAVIA 10:617-21ROUMANIA 9:247-65Transylvania and Banat (formerly part of Hungary)Bucovina 2:573-74ALBANIA 1:156-57GREECE 5:91-93RUSSIARUSSIA 9:278-86SOVIET RUSSIA 9:670-84White Russia 10:511Ukraine 10:334-39 (illus. 1:257)Bessarabia 2:244-48Great RussiaCrimea 3:412-16Caucasus 3:68-69AFRICAALGERIA 1:180-82TUNIS AND TUNISIA 10:323-24 (illus. 3:76)LIBYA 7:44-46EGYPT 4:5-16ETHIOPIA 4:182-85BELGIAN CONGO 2:148KENYA 6:363ANGOLAMADAGASCAR 7:267PALESTINEPALESTINE 8:347-73 (illus. 9:441; 10:121)WESTERN ASIATURKEY 10:326-29CYPRUS 3:437-38SYRIA 10:134-36PETRA 8:471-72ARABIA 1:438-41ARMENIA 1:482-83CENTRAL ASIAIRAQ 5:585PERSIA 8:460-66BOKHARA 2:443-44TURKESTAN 10:325-26AFGHANISTAN 1:106INDIA 5:553-57BURMA 2:605-6SIBERIA 9:524-25THE FAR EASTCHINA 3:156-59JAPAN 6:38-40PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 8:486-87SINGAPORE 9:554NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES 8:151-52AUSTRALIA 1:6l7-22TASMANIA 10:177NEW ZEALAND 8:205HISTORIANS OF THE JEWSHISTORIOGRAPHY 5:386-98a. Sourcesb. Ancient Jewish Historiansc. Medieval Historiansd. Modern HistoriansLITERATURELANGUAGES OF THE JEWSVERNACULARS 10:406-9HEBREWHEBREW LANGUAGE 5:276-81JEWISH LITERATUREA. Jewish Literature Classified by LanguageB. Jewish Literature Classified by CategoriesC. General Types of Literary ActivityD. Individual Features in Jewish LiteratureE. Special Topics in Jewish LiteratureTHE CONTENTS OF THE BIBLEBIBLE 2:280-84Pentateuch 8:434Prophets (see 8:658)Hagiographa 5:164-65Genesis 4:528-30Exodus, Book of 4:212-15Leviticus 7:4-5Numbers 8:248-49Nehemiah 8:146-48BIBLE INTERPRETATION AND INTERPRETERS1. BIBLE EXEGESIS 2:301-62. BIBLE CRITICISM 2:284-93Hexateuch 5:352-54BIBLE INFLUENCE ON CIVILIZATIONBible Translations 2 :334-46Bible Reading 2:333-34Hebraisms 5:270Bible in Art 2:306-16Bible in Drama 2:316-19Bible in Literature 2:319-26Bible in Music 2:326-27APOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHAAPOCRYPHA 1:422-24PSEUDEPIGRAPHA 9:20THE TALMUDTALMUD 10:160-651. Zeraim 10:6402. Moed 7:6083. Nashim 8:1024. Nezikin 8:2165. Kodashim 6:4256. Toharoth 10:260Talmud Tractates, Minor 10:167-681. The Chain of Tradition2. Tannaim 10:170-71First GenerationThird GenerationFourth GenerationFifth GenerationSixth GenerationUncertain PeriodFirst Palestinian GenerationSecond Palestinian GenerationSecond Babylonian GenerationThird Palestinian GenerationThird Babylonian GenerationFourth Palestinian GenerationFourth Babylonian GenerationFifth Palestinian GenerationFifth Babylonian GenerationSixth Babylonian Generation4. Saboraim 9:301-2MIDRASHMIDRASH 7:538A. The Halachic Midrash CompilationsB. The Haggadic Midrash Compilations1. Midrash Rabbah 7:540-412. Other Midrash Compilations toBiblical Books3. General Midrash Compilations4. Articles or Sections of Articles Devoted to Midrashic ExpositionsHEBREW LITERATURELITERATURE, HEBREW 7:87-96YIDDISH LITERATURELITERATURE, YIDDISH 7:125-35BOOKS AND MANUSCRIPTSBOOKS 2:458-70RELIGIONRELIGION IN GENERALRELIGION 9:124-261. Primitive Forms of Religion2. The Achievement of Monotheism3. Modern Speculations on ReligionRELIGION OF ISRAELRELIGION OF ISRAEL 9:126-281. The Struggle with Idolatry2. Shrines3. Cult Objects4. Modes of Learning the Will of God5. Consecrated Persons6. Mode of Worship7. Sacred Days8. Special IdeasJUDAISMJUDAISM 6:232-37Dogmas 3:585-86Creed 3:400-31. Articles of Faith2. Ethical and Social Ideals3. Personal Standards of Religious ConductJEWISH THEOLOGYTHEOLOGY 10:242-441. The Nature of God2. God and the World3. The Nature of Man4. God and Man5. God and Israel6. Revelation 9:147-487. Sin and Atonement8. The Fate of the Soul9. The Fate of the WorldJEWISH PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY, JEWISH 8:500-15THE RELIGIOUS CALENDARTIME, MEASURING OF 10:251-53CUSTOMS AND CEREMONIESCEREMONIAL OBJECTS AND INSTITUTIONS 3:103-5A. The Life Span1. Birth and Infancy2. Youth3. Adult Life4. Death and Burial5. Mourning and Respect for the DeadB. The Religious Year6. The Year as a Whole7. Sabbath 9:295-99Holidays 5:410-l6Holidays, Second Day of 5:416Pilgrimage Festivals 8:531Processions 8:650-518. Passover 8:408-109. Shabuoth 9:490-9110. Rosh Hashanah 9:22711. Yom Kippur 10:604-512. Sukkoth 10:95-9713. Shemini Atzereth 9:502-314. Hanukah 5:209-1115. Purim 9:36-4216. Minor Festive Occasions17. Fasting and Fast Days 4:249-52CEREMONIAL LAW 3:94-103LITURGYPRAYER 8:617-19DIVINE SERVICE 3:575-77LITURGY 7:139-43A. Private PrayersB. Public Services1. The Basic Prayers2. The Principal Services of the Day (arranged in the order of their origin)3. The Daily Service4. Special Features of the Sabbath (and sometimes Festival) Service5. Special Features of the Festival Services6. Special Features of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Service7. Special Features for Services on Other Occasions8. Biblical Characters Especially Mentioned in the LiturgyPRAYER-BOOKS 8:619-21Literature, Devotional 7:85-86ETHICS AND MORALITYETHICS 4:174-81MORALITY 7:640-411. Ethical Ideals2. The Emotions3. Relations to Others4. Duties to the Community5. Ethical Issues in Life6. Ethical LiteratureJEWISH MYSTICISMMYSTICISM 8:73-76CABALA 2:614-20ANGELS AND DEMONSANGELS 1:304-14DEMONS 3:529-34SECTS AND DIVISIONS IN JUDAISMSECTS 9:453HERESY 5:320-21CONTROVERSIES 3:339-41Samaritans 9:335-39Sadducees 9:308-9Pharisees 8:473-76Essenes 4:167-68Zealots 10:630-31Karaites 6:314-19Hasidism 5:237-4lReform Movement 9:101-3Musar Movement 8:43-44JUDAISM IN AMERICA 6:237-46FAMILY AND SOCIAL LIFEFAMILY AND FAMILY LIFE 4:242-44JEWISH LIFECOSTUMECOSTUMES 3:375-81DIET AND HYGIENEDietary Laws 3:564Kashruth 6:327-31Slaughtering, Ritual 9:562-65Purity, Ritual 9:42-43Hygiene of the Jews 5:509-14Social Hygiene of the Jews 9:578-79JEWISH MUSICFOLK SONGS 4:350-55MUSIC, SYNAGOGAL 8:48-55STRIKING JEWISH PHRASESAMUSEMENTSJEWISH EDUCATIONSTUDY 10:90-91EDUCATION 3:629-401. Rabbinical Seminaries2. Institutions for Jewish Studies Akademie für die Wissenschaft des JudentumsSYNAGOGUESYNAGOGUE 10:119-30COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATIONJEWISH COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATIONS 6:99-1261. The Jewish Community in Bible Times2. The Jewish Community in the Talmudic Period3. The Jewish Community in the Middle Ages4. The Jewish Community in Modern Times5. Community Government6. Functionaries, Religious and Communal 4:470-777. Community Records8. Community Titles9. Community Charactersa. Of International Scopeb. In Argentinec. In Austriad. In Englande. In Germanyf. In Roumaniag. In the United States: Generalh. In the United States: By Country of Origini. Fraternal Ordersj. Agricultural AssociationsSOCIAL WELFARECHARITY 3:113-14PHILANTHROPY 8:484-85SOCIAL LEGISLATION 9:579-80SOCIAL SERVICE, JEWISH 9:580-83JEWISH LAW: Source and DevelopmentTORAH 10:267-69Precepts, The 613 8:623-29LAW, JEWISH: SOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT OF 6:557-61JEWISH LAW: Individual Laws and Legal PrinciplesLAW, JEWISH: CLASSIFICATION OF 6:554-571. General Legal Principles and Enactments2. Offenses Against Persons3. Offenses Against Property4. Domestic and Sexual Relations5. Inheritance Law6. Business Law7. Property Law8. Real Estate Law9. Legal Documents10. Law of Representation11. Religious LawJEWISH LAW: Court ProcedureCOURTS 3:385-89ANIMALS AND PLANTSFAUNA OF PALESTINE 4:256-64FLORA OF PALESTINE 4:331-41JEWS AND NON-JEWSJUDAISM AND OTHER RELIGIONS1. The Religions of Canaan2. Religions of the Ancient World3. Christianity 3:177-864. Islam 5:610-135. Modern Religious MovementsCHRISTIANITYCHRISTIANITY 3:177-861. Christian LiteratureNew Testament 8:174-75Gospels 5:68-69Revelation, Book of 9:148-492. Christian LeadersPaul 8:415-17Church Fathers 3:203-43. Christian Sects4. Christian Doctrines5. Christian Rites and Institutions6. Relations Between Christians and JewsJEWS AS OBSERVED BY NON-JEWSGreek Writers on Jews 5:93-95Roman Writers on Jews 9:185-86Christian Writers on Jews 3:175-76Literature on and by Jews 7:100-25American Literature on and by Jews § I.1:259-62ANTI-SEMITISMANTI-SEMITISM 1:34l-4091. Anti-Semitic Racial Theories2. Anti-Semitic Canards and Their Refutation3. Attempts to Convert the Jews by Force4. Attacks on Jewish Literature5. Economic and Social Measures Against the Jews6. Outbreaks of Violence7. Incidents in which Anti-Semitism was an Important Factor8. Notorious Anti-Semites (in chronological order)9. Defense Against Anti-SemitismPHILO-SEMITESPHILO-SEMITES 8:497-99INTERVENTION 5:581-82GENERAL SUBJECTSJEWISH ARCHEOLOGYARCHEOLOGY, JEWISH 1:459-66SYMBOLSSYMBOLS AND SYMBOLISM 10:118-19FOLKLOREFOLKLORE 4:348-491. The Folklore of the Bible2. Attempts to Ascertain the Future3. MAGIC 7:273-754. SUPERSTITION 10:103-45. Fabulous Animals6. LEGENDS 6:590-917. Legends of Jewish Content but Non-Jewish Origin8. Ceremonies in Which There is a Folklore BasisFAMILIES AND FAMILY TREESGENEALOGY 4:526-27MESSIAH AND MESSIANIC MOVEMENTSMESSIAH 7:499-503MESSIANIC ERA 7:503-4MESSIANIC MOVEMENTS 7:505-6POLITICAL AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTSDemocracy 3:522-28Asceticism 1:532-33Internationalism 5:579-81Masonry 7:397-99Religious Liberty 9:128-31Anti-Slavery Movement and the Jews 1:410Anarchism 1:294Labor Movement and the Jews 6:504-5Nationalism, Jewish 8:126-32Pacifism 8:341-42Communism 3:315-20LABOR AND LABOR ORGANIZATIONSLABOR 6:497-504LABOR MOVEMENT AND THE JEWS 6:504-5ZIONISMZIONISM 10:645-67RACE, NATION OR RELIGION?RACE, JEWISH 9:60-62NATIONALISM, JEWISH 8:126-32CHOSEN PEOPLE 3:164-69 MISSION OF ISRAEL 7:582-84FACTS AND FIGURES ABOUT JEWSSTATISTICS 10:23-36CONVERTS 3:341-46PROSELYTES 9:1-3Mixed Marriage 7:593-98OCCUPATIONS 8:265-79CASTES 3:60JEWISH CONTRIBUTIONS TO CIVILIZATIONJEWS IN ART AND ARCHITECTUREART, JEWS IN 1:489-500ARCHITECTURE 1:466-67JEWS IN ASTRONOMYASTRONOMY 1:571-76JEWS IN ATHLETICSATHLETICS 1:581-99JEWS IN AVIATIONAVIATION, JEWS IN 1:644-47JEWS IN BIOLOGYBIOLOGY, JEWS IN 2:362-67JEWS IN CHEMISTRYALCHEMY 1:164-66CHEMISTRY 3:125-31BelgiumEnglandGermanyHollandUnited StatesJEWS IN CHESSCHESS 3:133-34JEWS IN DENTISTRYDENTISTRY, JEWS IN 3:536-37JEWS AS EDUCATORSUNIVERSITIES 10:363-76JEWS IN FINANCEFINANCE, JEWS IN 4:289-302MONEY LENDING 7:618-22Various Countries in EuropeEnglandFranceGermany and AustriaRussiaPolandRoumaniaHungaryJEWS IN INDUSTRYJEWS AS INVENTORSSCIENCE AND INVENTION 9:443-44JEWS IN JOURNALISMPERIODICALS AND PRESS 8:437-57AustriaDenmarkEnglandFranceGermanyHollandHungaryJapanUnited StatesAnglo-JewishHebrewYiddishJEWS IN LITERATURELITERATURE ON AND BY JEWS 7:100-25AMERICAN LITERATRE ON AND BY JEWS 1:262-70EnglishGermanyFrenchHungarianItalianScandinavian LanguagesDutchSpanishPolishRussianRoumanianJEWS IN MATHEMATICSMATHEMATICS, JEWS IN 7:408-11JEWS IN MEDICINEMEDICINE 7:434-36HYGIENE OF THE JEWS 5:509-14PHYSICIANS 8:523-27JEWS IN MUSICMUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND THE JEWS 8:55-66MUSICIANS, JEWISH 8:66-68JEWS IN PHILOSOPHYJEWS IN PUBLIC OFFICEPUBLIC OFFICE, JEWS IN 9:22-31AustraliaAustriaBelgiumBritish EmpireCanadaCzechoslovakiaDenmarkFranceGermanyHollandHungaryItalyLatviaNew ZealandPolandRussiaTurkeyUnited States DiplomatsCabinet MembersJudiciarySenatorsGovernors of States and TerritoriesMiscellaneousJEWS AS SOLDIERSSOLDIER, JEW AS 9:594-633United StatesColonial and Revolutionary PeriodFrom the Revolution to the Civil WarCivil WarFrom the End of the Civil War to 1943In the United States NavyEnglandFranceGermanyItalyRussiaAustraliaOther CountriesJEWS IN THE THEATRETHEATRE 10:208-39A. Playwrights FrenchEnglish (England)HungarianGermanB. Producers1. On the StageEnglishGerman2. Motion PicturesEnglandFranceHungaryRussiaUnited States3. Actors1. On the StageFranceGermany and AustriaHollandUnited StatesYiddishHebrew2. Motion Pictures (all United States)ActorsDirectorsD. Dramatic CriticsJEWS IN TRAVEL AND EXPLORATIONTRAVELERS AND TRAVEL LITERATURE 10:297CARTOGRAPHY 3:53EXPLORATION AND EXPLORERS 4:215-17JEWS IN VARIOUS FIELDSAnthropologistsCriminologistsEngineersGeologistsOrientalistsPhilologistsPhysicistsPsychologistsNOTEWORTHY JEWSREADING GUIDE AND INDEXINDEXAAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )
reading guide index universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks great introduction areas covered entries hyperlinked relevant articles
eBookshuk Books

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Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Luah Hashanah 5774
United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

Legends of the Bible
This is storytelling with a grain of salt and a lot of wit; tales springing from the antiquity of oral tradition, told with sheer delight in the glory of a book transformed by a hundred generations whose daily thoughts and deeds were transformed by The Book.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
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Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah, 12 vols.
The most important work of the 20th century giant of Talmudic scholarship.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

The Birobidzhan Affair: A Yiddish Writer in Siberia
The Birobidzhan Affair is the autobiography, “a chronicle of heart-rending events” recounting Emiot's eight years at hard labor in various work camps in Siberia. Poignant, remarkably understated in tone, it provides evidence of his travails as a Jewish victim of the bitter bureaucracy that was Stalinist Russia.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

The Conversos of Majorca. Hispania Judaica, v. 5
Life and death in a crypto-Jewish community of Conversos of XVII century Majorca.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Historisch-kritisches Lehrgebäude der hebräischen Sprache (in drei Bänden)
This is the largest compilation of grammatical material for Hebrew Bible.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

Bernard Revel: Builder of American Jewish Orthodoxy
A biography of and assesment of ideas of one of the major personalities of American Jewish Orthodoxy.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 5
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Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Studies in Israel Legislative Problems (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
An impressive collection of thoughts on major legal problems facing Israel, a country where the law is at a transitional stage and in the process of continous growth.

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition

Ezra Studies


Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

Spain, the Jews, and Franco
The role played by Spain during World War II regarding the Jews has long been a matter of controversy. This volume, first published in Hebrew to wide acclaim seeks to set the record straight. It offers a full and objective account of the rescue of Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied countries by the Franco regime.

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3
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The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

A Guide to Jewish Religious Practice
This is the most detailed and comprehensive guide to Jewish practice for home and synagogue, written in the spirit of Modern Orthodox and Conservative movements.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4
Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.