Reading Guide and Index, The Universal...

Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

THE SEVEN- BRANCHED LIGHT A Reading Guide and Index toThe Universal Jewish EncyclopediaAn Authoritative and Popular Presentation of Jews and Judaism Since the Earliest TimesISAAC LANDMAN, D. D., EditorCompiled bySIMON COHEN, D. D. Director of ResearchArrangedforconvenient researchandreferenceby readers, students, teachersEspecially designedto stimulateand facilitateadultJewisheducation

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


About Book Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTable Of ContentsINTRODUCTIONABBREVIATIONSContentsHISTORYJEWISH HISTORY IN GENERALJEWISH HISTORY BY PERIODS1. The Building of the Nation (about 1500 to 1000 B.C.E.)a. The Traditional Beginningsb. The Land of Canaanc. Settlement and Early Struggles of the Israelites Twelve Tribes 10:330 (there are separate articles on each of the tribes)d. Cult Objects and Institutions2. The Period of the Kingdom (1000 to 586 B.C.E.)a. Political Historyb. Nations and Rulers with Which the Israelites Came into Contactc. Religious Institutions and Movementsd. Important Leaders3. The Babylonian Exile (586 to 539 B.C.E.)4. The Persian Period (539 to 331 B.C.E.)a. Foreign Rulersb. New Institutions and Movementsc. Other Jewish Settlementsd. Jewish Leaders5. The Greek Period (331 to 165 B.C.E.)a. Foreign Rulersb. Other Countries of Jewish Settlementc. New Institutions and Movementsd. Jewish Leaders6. The Hasmonean Period (165 to 37 B.CE.)a. The Struggle for Independenceb. The Hasmonean Dynastyc. Rulers or Generals of Other Countriesd. Other Countries near Judeae. New Movementsf. Other Jewish Settlements7. Loss of Independence (37 B.CE. to 70 C.E.)a. Rulers of Palestineb. Roman Leaders and Emperorsc. Other Countriesd. New Movementse. Jewish Leaders8. The Mishnaic-Talmudic Period (70 to 500)a. Roman Emperorsb. Countries Other than Palestinec. New Movements and Institutionsd. Jewish Leaders9. The Babylonian Center (400 to 1000)a. Countries of Jewish Settlementb. Institutionsc. Jewish Leaders10. The Arabic Period (628 to 1200)a. Rise of Islamb. Lands Conquered by the Arabs or at War with Themc. New Movements in Judaismd. Jewish Leaders11. The Golden Age in Spain (950 to 1350)a. Countries of Jewish Settlementb. New Movementsc. Notable Jews12. The Era of Persecutions and Expulsions (1096 to 1492)a. Attacks and Mass Expulsionsb. Specific Forms of Persecutionc. New Unfavorable Position of the Jewsd. Other Countries of Jewish Settlemente. Notable Jews13. The Polish Center (1250 to 1772)a. Rise and Decline of the Polish Centerb. Other Countries of Jewish Settlementc. The New American Settlementsd. Institutions and New Movementse. Notable Jews14. The Messianic Movements (1650 to 1750)15. The Revolt Against Tradition (1740 on)a. New Movementsb. Notable Jews16. Emancipation (1776 to 1917)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Jews17. Zionism (1880 to 1935)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Leaders18. The American and Palestinian Centers (1880 on)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Jews19. The Period After the First World War (1920 on)a. Chief Developmentsb. Countries of Europe and Africa Affected by Anti-Semitismc. Other Countries of Jewish SettlementUNITED STATESAMERICAN CONTINENT 1:231-34, 234-35UNITED STATESA. New England StatesB. Middle Atlantic StatesC. Southeastern StatesD. Middle West StatesE. Southwestern StatesF. Western StatesG. Far Western StatesH. TerritoriesCANADACANADA 2:651-56WEST INDIESWEST INDIES 10:507CENTRAL AMERICACENTRAL AMERICA 3:88SOUTH AMERICASOUTH AMERICA 9:665-66THE BRITISH ISLESENGLAND 4:110-30 (illus. 9:376)Southeastern EnglandSouthwestern EnglandNorthern EnglandSCOTLAND 9:446-47IRELAND 5:585-86THE IBERIAN PENINSULASPAIN 9:682-90Northeastern SpainCentral SpainSouthern SpainPORTUGAL 8:606-7GERMANYGERMANY 4:541-84Provinces West of the RhineThe RhinelandNorthern GermanyCentral GermanySouthernGermanyEastern GermanyITALY AND MALTAITALY 5:625-39Northern ItalyCentral ItalySouthern ItalySMALLER COUNTRIES OF NORTHERN EUROPEBELGIUM 2:148-50HOLLAND 5:421-41 (illus. 10:7)LUXEMBURG 7:241-43DENMARK 3:534-36NORWAY 8:242-44SWEDEN 10:112-13FINLAND 4:308-9ESTONIA 4:171-72LATVIA 6:549-50LITHUANIA 7:135-37POLANDPOLAND 8:564-78 (illus. 1:194)Western PolandCentral PolandEastern PolandGALICIA 4:493-99SMALLER COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL EUROPESWITZERLAND 10:114-16CZECHOSLOVAKIA 3:439-43Bohemia 2:439-41Moravia 7:641-42SlovakiaRuthenia 9:288AUSTRIA: 1:623-30Upper AustriaLower AustriaBurgenland 2:590-9HUNGARY 5:483-503Western HungaryThe Banat (under Yugoslavia from 1919 to 1941)Central HungaryCities under Czechoslovakian rule from 1919 to 1939Eastern HungaryTHE BALKAN STATESYUGOSLAVIA 10:617-21ROUMANIA 9:247-65Transylvania and Banat (formerly part of Hungary)Bucovina 2:573-74ALBANIA 1:156-57GREECE 5:91-93RUSSIARUSSIA 9:278-86SOVIET RUSSIA 9:670-84White Russia 10:511Ukraine 10:334-39 (illus. 1:257)Bessarabia 2:244-48Great RussiaCrimea 3:412-16Caucasus 3:68-69AFRICAALGERIA 1:180-82TUNIS AND TUNISIA 10:323-24 (illus. 3:76)LIBYA 7:44-46EGYPT 4:5-16ETHIOPIA 4:182-85BELGIAN CONGO 2:148KENYA 6:363ANGOLAMADAGASCAR 7:267PALESTINEPALESTINE 8:347-73 (illus. 9:441; 10:121)WESTERN ASIATURKEY 10:326-29CYPRUS 3:437-38SYRIA 10:134-36PETRA 8:471-72ARABIA 1:438-41ARMENIA 1:482-83CENTRAL ASIAIRAQ 5:585PERSIA 8:460-66BOKHARA 2:443-44TURKESTAN 10:325-26AFGHANISTAN 1:106INDIA 5:553-57BURMA 2:605-6SIBERIA 9:524-25THE FAR EASTCHINA 3:156-59JAPAN 6:38-40PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 8:486-87SINGAPORE 9:554NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES 8:151-52AUSTRALIA 1:6l7-22TASMANIA 10:177NEW ZEALAND 8:205HISTORIANS OF THE JEWSHISTORIOGRAPHY 5:386-98a. Sourcesb. Ancient Jewish Historiansc. Medieval Historiansd. Modern HistoriansLITERATURELANGUAGES OF THE JEWSVERNACULARS 10:406-9HEBREWHEBREW LANGUAGE 5:276-81JEWISH LITERATUREA. Jewish Literature Classified by LanguageB. Jewish Literature Classified by CategoriesC. General Types of Literary ActivityD. Individual Features in Jewish LiteratureE. Special Topics in Jewish LiteratureTHE CONTENTS OF THE BIBLEBIBLE 2:280-84Pentateuch 8:434Prophets (see 8:658)Hagiographa 5:164-65Genesis 4:528-30Exodus, Book of 4:212-15Leviticus 7:4-5Numbers 8:248-49Nehemiah 8:146-48BIBLE INTERPRETATION AND INTERPRETERS1. BIBLE EXEGESIS 2:301-62. BIBLE CRITICISM 2:284-93Hexateuch 5:352-54BIBLE INFLUENCE ON CIVILIZATIONBible Translations 2 :334-46Bible Reading 2:333-34Hebraisms 5:270Bible in Art 2:306-16Bible in Drama 2:316-19Bible in Literature 2:319-26Bible in Music 2:326-27APOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHAAPOCRYPHA 1:422-24PSEUDEPIGRAPHA 9:20THE TALMUDTALMUD 10:160-651. Zeraim 10:6402. Moed 7:6083. Nashim 8:1024. Nezikin 8:2165. Kodashim 6:4256. Toharoth 10:260Talmud Tractates, Minor 10:167-681. The Chain of Tradition2. Tannaim 10:170-71First GenerationThird GenerationFourth GenerationFifth GenerationSixth GenerationUncertain PeriodFirst Palestinian GenerationSecond Palestinian GenerationSecond Babylonian GenerationThird Palestinian GenerationThird Babylonian GenerationFourth Palestinian GenerationFourth Babylonian GenerationFifth Palestinian GenerationFifth Babylonian GenerationSixth Babylonian Generation4. Saboraim 9:301-2MIDRASHMIDRASH 7:538A. The Halachic Midrash CompilationsB. The Haggadic Midrash Compilations1. Midrash Rabbah 7:540-412. Other Midrash Compilations toBiblical Books3. General Midrash Compilations4. Articles or Sections of Articles Devoted to Midrashic ExpositionsHEBREW LITERATURELITERATURE, HEBREW 7:87-96YIDDISH LITERATURELITERATURE, YIDDISH 7:125-35BOOKS AND MANUSCRIPTSBOOKS 2:458-70RELIGIONRELIGION IN GENERALRELIGION 9:124-261. Primitive Forms of Religion2. The Achievement of Monotheism3. Modern Speculations on ReligionRELIGION OF ISRAELRELIGION OF ISRAEL 9:126-281. The Struggle with Idolatry2. Shrines3. Cult Objects4. Modes of Learning the Will of God5. Consecrated Persons6. Mode of Worship7. Sacred Days8. Special IdeasJUDAISMJUDAISM 6:232-37Dogmas 3:585-86Creed 3:400-31. Articles of Faith2. Ethical and Social Ideals3. Personal Standards of Religious ConductJEWISH THEOLOGYTHEOLOGY 10:242-441. The Nature of God2. God and the World3. The Nature of Man4. God and Man5. God and Israel6. Revelation 9:147-487. Sin and Atonement8. The Fate of the Soul9. The Fate of the WorldJEWISH PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY, JEWISH 8:500-15THE RELIGIOUS CALENDARTIME, MEASURING OF 10:251-53CUSTOMS AND CEREMONIESCEREMONIAL OBJECTS AND INSTITUTIONS 3:103-5A. The Life Span1. Birth and Infancy2. Youth3. Adult Life4. Death and Burial5. Mourning and Respect for the DeadB. The Religious Year6. The Year as a Whole7. Sabbath 9:295-99Holidays 5:410-l6Holidays, Second Day of 5:416Pilgrimage Festivals 8:531Processions 8:650-518. Passover 8:408-109. Shabuoth 9:490-9110. Rosh Hashanah 9:22711. Yom Kippur 10:604-512. Sukkoth 10:95-9713. Shemini Atzereth 9:502-314. Hanukah 5:209-1115. Purim 9:36-4216. Minor Festive Occasions17. Fasting and Fast Days 4:249-52CEREMONIAL LAW 3:94-103LITURGYPRAYER 8:617-19DIVINE SERVICE 3:575-77LITURGY 7:139-43A. Private PrayersB. Public Services1. The Basic Prayers2. The Principal Services of the Day (arranged in the order of their origin)3. The Daily Service4. Special Features of the Sabbath (and sometimes Festival) Service5. Special Features of the Festival Services6. Special Features of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Service7. Special Features for Services on Other Occasions8. Biblical Characters Especially Mentioned in the LiturgyPRAYER-BOOKS 8:619-21Literature, Devotional 7:85-86ETHICS AND MORALITYETHICS 4:174-81MORALITY 7:640-411. Ethical Ideals2. The Emotions3. Relations to Others4. Duties to the Community5. Ethical Issues in Life6. Ethical LiteratureJEWISH MYSTICISMMYSTICISM 8:73-76CABALA 2:614-20ANGELS AND DEMONSANGELS 1:304-14DEMONS 3:529-34SECTS AND DIVISIONS IN JUDAISMSECTS 9:453HERESY 5:320-21CONTROVERSIES 3:339-41Samaritans 9:335-39Sadducees 9:308-9Pharisees 8:473-76Essenes 4:167-68Zealots 10:630-31Karaites 6:314-19Hasidism 5:237-4lReform Movement 9:101-3Musar Movement 8:43-44JUDAISM IN AMERICA 6:237-46FAMILY AND SOCIAL LIFEFAMILY AND FAMILY LIFE 4:242-44JEWISH LIFECOSTUMECOSTUMES 3:375-81DIET AND HYGIENEDietary Laws 3:564Kashruth 6:327-31Slaughtering, Ritual 9:562-65Purity, Ritual 9:42-43Hygiene of the Jews 5:509-14Social Hygiene of the Jews 9:578-79JEWISH MUSICFOLK SONGS 4:350-55MUSIC, SYNAGOGAL 8:48-55STRIKING JEWISH PHRASESAMUSEMENTSJEWISH EDUCATIONSTUDY 10:90-91EDUCATION 3:629-401. Rabbinical Seminaries2. Institutions for Jewish Studies Akademie für die Wissenschaft des JudentumsSYNAGOGUESYNAGOGUE 10:119-30COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATIONJEWISH COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATIONS 6:99-1261. The Jewish Community in Bible Times2. The Jewish Community in the Talmudic Period3. The Jewish Community in the Middle Ages4. The Jewish Community in Modern Times5. Community Government6. Functionaries, Religious and Communal 4:470-777. Community Records8. Community Titles9. Community Charactersa. Of International Scopeb. In Argentinec. In Austriad. In Englande. In Germanyf. In Roumaniag. In the United States: Generalh. In the United States: By Country of Origini. Fraternal Ordersj. Agricultural AssociationsSOCIAL WELFARECHARITY 3:113-14PHILANTHROPY 8:484-85SOCIAL LEGISLATION 9:579-80SOCIAL SERVICE, JEWISH 9:580-83JEWISH LAW: Source and DevelopmentTORAH 10:267-69Precepts, The 613 8:623-29LAW, JEWISH: SOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT OF 6:557-61JEWISH LAW: Individual Laws and Legal PrinciplesLAW, JEWISH: CLASSIFICATION OF 6:554-571. General Legal Principles and Enactments2. Offenses Against Persons3. Offenses Against Property4. Domestic and Sexual Relations5. Inheritance Law6. Business Law7. Property Law8. Real Estate Law9. Legal Documents10. Law of Representation11. Religious LawJEWISH LAW: Court ProcedureCOURTS 3:385-89ANIMALS AND PLANTSFAUNA OF PALESTINE 4:256-64FLORA OF PALESTINE 4:331-41JEWS AND NON-JEWSJUDAISM AND OTHER RELIGIONS1. The Religions of Canaan2. Religions of the Ancient World3. Christianity 3:177-864. Islam 5:610-135. Modern Religious MovementsCHRISTIANITYCHRISTIANITY 3:177-861. Christian LiteratureNew Testament 8:174-75Gospels 5:68-69Revelation, Book of 9:148-492. Christian LeadersPaul 8:415-17Church Fathers 3:203-43. Christian Sects4. Christian Doctrines5. Christian Rites and Institutions6. Relations Between Christians and JewsJEWS AS OBSERVED BY NON-JEWSGreek Writers on Jews 5:93-95Roman Writers on Jews 9:185-86Christian Writers on Jews 3:175-76Literature on and by Jews 7:100-25American Literature on and by Jews § I.1:259-62ANTI-SEMITISMANTI-SEMITISM 1:34l-4091. Anti-Semitic Racial Theories2. Anti-Semitic Canards and Their Refutation3. Attempts to Convert the Jews by Force4. Attacks on Jewish Literature5. Economic and Social Measures Against the Jews6. Outbreaks of Violence7. Incidents in which Anti-Semitism was an Important Factor8. Notorious Anti-Semites (in chronological order)9. Defense Against Anti-SemitismPHILO-SEMITESPHILO-SEMITES 8:497-99INTERVENTION 5:581-82GENERAL SUBJECTSJEWISH ARCHEOLOGYARCHEOLOGY, JEWISH 1:459-66SYMBOLSSYMBOLS AND SYMBOLISM 10:118-19FOLKLOREFOLKLORE 4:348-491. The Folklore of the Bible2. Attempts to Ascertain the Future3. MAGIC 7:273-754. SUPERSTITION 10:103-45. Fabulous Animals6. LEGENDS 6:590-917. Legends of Jewish Content but Non-Jewish Origin8. Ceremonies in Which There is a Folklore BasisFAMILIES AND FAMILY TREESGENEALOGY 4:526-27MESSIAH AND MESSIANIC MOVEMENTSMESSIAH 7:499-503MESSIANIC ERA 7:503-4MESSIANIC MOVEMENTS 7:505-6POLITICAL AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTSDemocracy 3:522-28Asceticism 1:532-33Internationalism 5:579-81Masonry 7:397-99Religious Liberty 9:128-31Anti-Slavery Movement and the Jews 1:410Anarchism 1:294Labor Movement and the Jews 6:504-5Nationalism, Jewish 8:126-32Pacifism 8:341-42Communism 3:315-20LABOR AND LABOR ORGANIZATIONSLABOR 6:497-504LABOR MOVEMENT AND THE JEWS 6:504-5ZIONISMZIONISM 10:645-67RACE, NATION OR RELIGION?RACE, JEWISH 9:60-62NATIONALISM, JEWISH 8:126-32CHOSEN PEOPLE 3:164-69 MISSION OF ISRAEL 7:582-84FACTS AND FIGURES ABOUT JEWSSTATISTICS 10:23-36CONVERTS 3:341-46PROSELYTES 9:1-3Mixed Marriage 7:593-98OCCUPATIONS 8:265-79CASTES 3:60JEWISH CONTRIBUTIONS TO CIVILIZATIONJEWS IN ART AND ARCHITECTUREART, JEWS IN 1:489-500ARCHITECTURE 1:466-67JEWS IN ASTRONOMYASTRONOMY 1:571-76JEWS IN ATHLETICSATHLETICS 1:581-99JEWS IN AVIATIONAVIATION, JEWS IN 1:644-47JEWS IN BIOLOGYBIOLOGY, JEWS IN 2:362-67JEWS IN CHEMISTRYALCHEMY 1:164-66CHEMISTRY 3:125-31BelgiumEnglandGermanyHollandUnited StatesJEWS IN CHESSCHESS 3:133-34JEWS IN DENTISTRYDENTISTRY, JEWS IN 3:536-37JEWS AS EDUCATORSUNIVERSITIES 10:363-76JEWS IN FINANCEFINANCE, JEWS IN 4:289-302MONEY LENDING 7:618-22Various Countries in EuropeEnglandFranceGermany and AustriaRussiaPolandRoumaniaHungaryJEWS IN INDUSTRYJEWS AS INVENTORSSCIENCE AND INVENTION 9:443-44JEWS IN JOURNALISMPERIODICALS AND PRESS 8:437-57AustriaDenmarkEnglandFranceGermanyHollandHungaryJapanUnited StatesAnglo-JewishHebrewYiddishJEWS IN LITERATURELITERATURE ON AND BY JEWS 7:100-25AMERICAN LITERATRE ON AND BY JEWS 1:262-70EnglishGermanyFrenchHungarianItalianScandinavian LanguagesDutchSpanishPolishRussianRoumanianJEWS IN MATHEMATICSMATHEMATICS, JEWS IN 7:408-11JEWS IN MEDICINEMEDICINE 7:434-36HYGIENE OF THE JEWS 5:509-14PHYSICIANS 8:523-27JEWS IN MUSICMUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND THE JEWS 8:55-66MUSICIANS, JEWISH 8:66-68JEWS IN PHILOSOPHYJEWS IN PUBLIC OFFICEPUBLIC OFFICE, JEWS IN 9:22-31AustraliaAustriaBelgiumBritish EmpireCanadaCzechoslovakiaDenmarkFranceGermanyHollandHungaryItalyLatviaNew ZealandPolandRussiaTurkeyUnited States DiplomatsCabinet MembersJudiciarySenatorsGovernors of States and TerritoriesMiscellaneousJEWS AS SOLDIERSSOLDIER, JEW AS 9:594-633United StatesColonial and Revolutionary PeriodFrom the Revolution to the Civil WarCivil WarFrom the End of the Civil War to 1943In the United States NavyEnglandFranceGermanyItalyRussiaAustraliaOther CountriesJEWS IN THE THEATRETHEATRE 10:208-39A. Playwrights FrenchEnglish (England)HungarianGermanB. Producers1. On the StageEnglishGerman2. Motion PicturesEnglandFranceHungaryRussiaUnited States3. Actors1. On the StageFranceGermany and AustriaHollandUnited StatesYiddishHebrew2. Motion Pictures (all United States)ActorsDirectorsD. Dramatic CriticsJEWS IN TRAVEL AND EXPLORATIONTRAVELERS AND TRAVEL LITERATURE 10:297CARTOGRAPHY 3:53EXPLORATION AND EXPLORERS 4:215-17JEWS IN VARIOUS FIELDSAnthropologistsCriminologistsEngineersGeologistsOrientalistsPhilologistsPhysicistsPsychologistsNOTEWORTHY JEWSREADING GUIDE AND INDEXINDEXAAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )
reading guide index universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks great introduction areas covered entries hyperlinked relevant articles
eBookshuk Books

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Treatise Ta anit of the Babylonian Talmud: Critically Edited and Provided With A Translation and Notes
This book presents the first critical edition of the Talmudic text based on a minute collation of all the existing manuscripts and early editions of the Talmud itself, as well as of the Mishnah, Tosefta, the numerous halakic and haggadic Midrashim, the Yerushalmi, and the so-called Minor Tractates. The text is translated and elucidated for the benefit of a wider circle of readers, who are not in a position to study the original.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

Studies in Jewish Education I: Theory and Research
The focus of this volume is the state of the Jewish educational research and its impact on practice.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4
Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

Luah HaShanah 5776
sdfg

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

History of the Jews, Vol. 6: A Memoir of the Author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, A Chronological Table of Jewish History, An Index to the Whole Work, and Four Maps
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The sixth volume contains a memoir of the author by Dr. Philipp Bloch, a chronological table of Jewish history, an index to the whole work, and four maps.

THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN


The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

eLuach
asdfasdf

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 7
qwer

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

Studies in Jewish Education VI: Teaching Jewish Values
The emphasis of this volume is on teaching of Jewish values and the development of the curriculum.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

Jews in the Hungarian Economy 1760-1945
In the sixteen essays in this volume, scholars from three continents explore dispassionately various facets of the Jewish presence in the Hungarian economy over a span of two centuries. (Two of the articles deal with Vienna which had quite a sizeable contingent of Hungarian Jews.) The topics range from pure economic history dealing with entrepreneurship and occupational structure, to related fields such as demography, urbanization and nutrition. Several studies discuss the interaction of both

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Talmud Yerushalmi: A Concordance of Amoraic Terms, Expressions and Phrases, in 3 vols.
A concordance of Amoraic terminology in Talmud Yerushalmi designed to assist to come much closer to the original text of the Yerushalmi and to its accurate interpretation.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

Tractate Berakhos & Tamid v. I: Commentary and Study Guide
Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect perfect companion for the study of Talmud. Designed for those who already know something, the series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content using outlines, elucidations of its text and commentaries: it explains the sequence of Talmud's texts, overviews discussed topics, zooms in on how aggadic portions of Talmud interact with its legal discussions, and much more...

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 6
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A Separate Republic
Based on the Libro Grande, which is included in this volume, this authoritative analysis of the Venetian Jewish community of the 17th century gives a snapshot of the political and social structure of the Jews of Venice as they related to the general population of the Venetian Republic of that period and to the ethnic,economic, and religious diversity within their own community.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
asdf

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 12 vls. plus Index
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.