Reading Guide and Index, The Universal...

Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

4. Delawar e 3: 5 1 6- 1 7   W ilmington 1 0: 525- 26 5. Mar yland 7 : 39 1- 93 Baltimor e 2: 53- 58 ( illus. 3: 235) 6. W ashington, D. C. 1 0: 465- 68   ( illus. 7 : 4 1) 7 . V ir ginia 1 0: 426- 28 Nor folk 8: 236- 37 Newpor t News 8: 2 1 5 P or tsmouth 8: 606  Ric hmond 9: 1 59- 60 8. W est V ir ginia 1 0: 507- 9 C. Southeastern States 1 . Nor th Car olina 8: 237- 40 2. South Car olina 9: 663- 65 Charleston 3: 1 1 4- 1 8 ( illus. 1 0: 1 27)   Sumter 1 0: 1 02- 3 3. Geor gia 4: 535- 39 Savannah 9 : 384- 85 Atlanta 1: 599- 600   ( illus. af ter 1 0 : 1 24) 4. Florida 4: 343- 44 Jac ksonville 6: 4- 5 T ampa 1 0: 1 68- 69   Miami 7 : 528 5. T ennessee 1 0: 1 97- 98 Kno xville 6: 42 1- 22 Nashville 8 : 1 02 Chattanooga 3: 1 22- 23  Memphis 7 : 462- 64 6. Alabama 1: 1 52- 54 Birmingham 2 : 367- 68 Mobile 7 : 603- 4 Montgomer y 7 : 632- 33  ( illus. 1 0: 1 29) 7 . Mississippi 7 : 586- 88 ( illus. 1 0: 1 29) D. Middle W est States 1 . Ohio 8: 287- 9 1 Steubenville 1 0: 63 Columbus 3: 3 1 1- 1 2 Cleveland 3 : 220- 23 T oledo 1 0: 262- 63 ( illus. 2: 423; Dayton 3 : 493- 94 1 0: 1 27) Cincinnati 3: 205- 1 1 Y oungstown 1 0: 608 ( illus. 5: 282- 83;, Akr on 1: 1 5 1- 52 7 : 4 1; 1 0: 1 27)   ( illus. 1: 647) 2. K entuc ky 6: 362- 63 ( illus. 1 0: 1 29- 30) Louisville 7 : 209- 1 0 3. Mic higan 7 : 534- 37 Detr oit 3 : 545- 49 Grand Rapids Flint 4 : 329- 30  5: 82- 83 4. Indiana 5: 557- 58 P or t W ayne 4: 358- 59 T err e Haute Indianapolis 5: 558- 59 1 0: 1 99- 200 South Bend 9 : 666- 67 Evansville 4: 1 95- 96 Gar y 4: 5 1 4- 1 5 5. W isconsin 1 0: 532- 36 Milwaukee 7 : 565- 67 Madison 7 : 268 6. Illinois 5: 538- 39 Chicago 3: 1 34- 48 P eoria 8 : 434 ( illus. 1: 220; 3: 85) Springfield 1 0: 1 6- 1 7 W aukegan 1 0: 477- 78  R oc k Island 9: 1 79 E. Southwestern States 1 . Missouri 7 : 589- 9 1 Saint Louis 9: 3 1 2- 1 5 K ansas City 6: 306- 8 ( illus. 3: 87) St. Joseph 9: 3 1 2 2. Arkansas 1: 480- 8 1 ( illus. 2: 424; 1 0: 1 29)  Little R oc k 7 : 1 39 3. Louisiana 7 : 206- 9 New Orleans 8: 1 7 1- 73  Shr evepor t 9: 5 1 9- 20 4. K ansas 6: 305- 6   ( illus. 2: 45 1) W ic hita 1 0: 5 1 1- 1 3 5. Oklahoma 8: 29 1- 92 T ulsa 1 0: 322  Oklahoma City 8: 292 6. T e xas 1 0: 203- 8 Galveston 4: 502- 5 F or t W or th 4: 359 Houston 5: 47 4- 77 San Antonio 9 : 353- 54 W aco 1 0: 437- 38 El P aso 4: 42- 43   Dallas 3: 447- 48 F . W estern States 1 . Minnesota 7 : 572 Saint P aul 9: 3 1 5- 1 6 Duluth 3: 608- 9   Minneapolis 7 : 57 1- 72 2. Iowa 5: 582- 85 Des Moines 3: 542- 43  Sioux City 9: 558 3. Nor th Dakota 8: 240- 4 1 4. South Dakota 9: 669 5. Nebraska 8: 1 37- 39 Omaha 8: 297- 99  Lincoln 7 : 64 6. Montana 7 : 627- 28 7 . W yoming 1 0: 58 1- 82 8. Colorado 3: 304- 5 Denver 3 : 538- 39   9. New Me xico 8: 1 70- 7 1 G. F ar W estern States 1 . Idaho 5: 534 2. Utah 1 0: 385 Salt Lake City 9: 329- 30 3. Arizona 1: 47 4- 75 Phoenix 8: 5 1 9 6—  HIS T OR Y Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia


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Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTable Of ContentsINTRODUCTIONABBREVIATIONSContentsHISTORYJEWISH HISTORY IN GENERALJEWISH HISTORY BY PERIODS1. The Building of the Nation (about 1500 to 1000 B.C.E.)a. The Traditional Beginningsb. The Land of Canaanc. Settlement and Early Struggles of the Israelites Twelve Tribes 10:330 (there are separate articles on each of the tribes)d. Cult Objects and Institutions2. The Period of the Kingdom (1000 to 586 B.C.E.)a. Political Historyb. Nations and Rulers with Which the Israelites Came into Contactc. Religious Institutions and Movementsd. Important Leaders3. The Babylonian Exile (586 to 539 B.C.E.)4. The Persian Period (539 to 331 B.C.E.)a. Foreign Rulersb. New Institutions and Movementsc. Other Jewish Settlementsd. Jewish Leaders5. The Greek Period (331 to 165 B.C.E.)a. Foreign Rulersb. Other Countries of Jewish Settlementc. New Institutions and Movementsd. Jewish Leaders6. The Hasmonean Period (165 to 37 B.CE.)a. The Struggle for Independenceb. The Hasmonean Dynastyc. Rulers or Generals of Other Countriesd. Other Countries near Judeae. New Movementsf. Other Jewish Settlements7. Loss of Independence (37 B.CE. to 70 C.E.)a. Rulers of Palestineb. Roman Leaders and Emperorsc. Other Countriesd. New Movementse. Jewish Leaders8. The Mishnaic-Talmudic Period (70 to 500)a. Roman Emperorsb. Countries Other than Palestinec. New Movements and Institutionsd. Jewish Leaders9. The Babylonian Center (400 to 1000)a. Countries of Jewish Settlementb. Institutionsc. Jewish Leaders10. The Arabic Period (628 to 1200)a. Rise of Islamb. Lands Conquered by the Arabs or at War with Themc. New Movements in Judaismd. Jewish Leaders11. The Golden Age in Spain (950 to 1350)a. Countries of Jewish Settlementb. New Movementsc. Notable Jews12. The Era of Persecutions and Expulsions (1096 to 1492)a. Attacks and Mass Expulsionsb. Specific Forms of Persecutionc. New Unfavorable Position of the Jewsd. Other Countries of Jewish Settlemente. Notable Jews13. The Polish Center (1250 to 1772)a. Rise and Decline of the Polish Centerb. Other Countries of Jewish Settlementc. The New American Settlementsd. Institutions and New Movementse. Notable Jews14. The Messianic Movements (1650 to 1750)15. The Revolt Against Tradition (1740 on)a. New Movementsb. Notable Jews16. Emancipation (1776 to 1917)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Jews17. Zionism (1880 to 1935)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Leaders18. The American and Palestinian Centers (1880 on)a. Historical Eventsb. Notable Jews19. The Period After the First World War (1920 on)a. Chief Developmentsb. Countries of Europe and Africa Affected by Anti-Semitismc. Other Countries of Jewish SettlementUNITED STATESAMERICAN CONTINENT 1:231-34, 234-35UNITED STATESA. New England StatesB. Middle Atlantic StatesC. Southeastern StatesD. Middle West StatesE. Southwestern StatesF. Western StatesG. Far Western StatesH. TerritoriesCANADACANADA 2:651-56WEST INDIESWEST INDIES 10:507CENTRAL AMERICACENTRAL AMERICA 3:88SOUTH AMERICASOUTH AMERICA 9:665-66THE BRITISH ISLESENGLAND 4:110-30 (illus. 9:376)Southeastern EnglandSouthwestern EnglandNorthern EnglandSCOTLAND 9:446-47IRELAND 5:585-86THE IBERIAN PENINSULASPAIN 9:682-90Northeastern SpainCentral SpainSouthern SpainPORTUGAL 8:606-7GERMANYGERMANY 4:541-84Provinces West of the RhineThe RhinelandNorthern GermanyCentral GermanySouthernGermanyEastern GermanyITALY AND MALTAITALY 5:625-39Northern ItalyCentral ItalySouthern ItalySMALLER COUNTRIES OF NORTHERN EUROPEBELGIUM 2:148-50HOLLAND 5:421-41 (illus. 10:7)LUXEMBURG 7:241-43DENMARK 3:534-36NORWAY 8:242-44SWEDEN 10:112-13FINLAND 4:308-9ESTONIA 4:171-72LATVIA 6:549-50LITHUANIA 7:135-37POLANDPOLAND 8:564-78 (illus. 1:194)Western PolandCentral PolandEastern PolandGALICIA 4:493-99SMALLER COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL EUROPESWITZERLAND 10:114-16CZECHOSLOVAKIA 3:439-43Bohemia 2:439-41Moravia 7:641-42SlovakiaRuthenia 9:288AUSTRIA: 1:623-30Upper AustriaLower AustriaBurgenland 2:590-9HUNGARY 5:483-503Western HungaryThe Banat (under Yugoslavia from 1919 to 1941)Central HungaryCities under Czechoslovakian rule from 1919 to 1939Eastern HungaryTHE BALKAN STATESYUGOSLAVIA 10:617-21ROUMANIA 9:247-65Transylvania and Banat (formerly part of Hungary)Bucovina 2:573-74ALBANIA 1:156-57GREECE 5:91-93RUSSIARUSSIA 9:278-86SOVIET RUSSIA 9:670-84White Russia 10:511Ukraine 10:334-39 (illus. 1:257)Bessarabia 2:244-48Great RussiaCrimea 3:412-16Caucasus 3:68-69AFRICAALGERIA 1:180-82TUNIS AND TUNISIA 10:323-24 (illus. 3:76)LIBYA 7:44-46EGYPT 4:5-16ETHIOPIA 4:182-85BELGIAN CONGO 2:148KENYA 6:363ANGOLAMADAGASCAR 7:267PALESTINEPALESTINE 8:347-73 (illus. 9:441; 10:121)WESTERN ASIATURKEY 10:326-29CYPRUS 3:437-38SYRIA 10:134-36PETRA 8:471-72ARABIA 1:438-41ARMENIA 1:482-83CENTRAL ASIAIRAQ 5:585PERSIA 8:460-66BOKHARA 2:443-44TURKESTAN 10:325-26AFGHANISTAN 1:106INDIA 5:553-57BURMA 2:605-6SIBERIA 9:524-25THE FAR EASTCHINA 3:156-59JAPAN 6:38-40PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 8:486-87SINGAPORE 9:554NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES 8:151-52AUSTRALIA 1:6l7-22TASMANIA 10:177NEW ZEALAND 8:205HISTORIANS OF THE JEWSHISTORIOGRAPHY 5:386-98a. Sourcesb. Ancient Jewish Historiansc. Medieval Historiansd. Modern HistoriansLITERATURELANGUAGES OF THE JEWSVERNACULARS 10:406-9HEBREWHEBREW LANGUAGE 5:276-81JEWISH LITERATUREA. Jewish Literature Classified by LanguageB. Jewish Literature Classified by CategoriesC. General Types of Literary ActivityD. Individual Features in Jewish LiteratureE. Special Topics in Jewish LiteratureTHE CONTENTS OF THE BIBLEBIBLE 2:280-84Pentateuch 8:434Prophets (see 8:658)Hagiographa 5:164-65Genesis 4:528-30Exodus, Book of 4:212-15Leviticus 7:4-5Numbers 8:248-49Nehemiah 8:146-48BIBLE INTERPRETATION AND INTERPRETERS1. BIBLE EXEGESIS 2:301-62. BIBLE CRITICISM 2:284-93Hexateuch 5:352-54BIBLE INFLUENCE ON CIVILIZATIONBible Translations 2 :334-46Bible Reading 2:333-34Hebraisms 5:270Bible in Art 2:306-16Bible in Drama 2:316-19Bible in Literature 2:319-26Bible in Music 2:326-27APOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHAAPOCRYPHA 1:422-24PSEUDEPIGRAPHA 9:20THE TALMUDTALMUD 10:160-651. Zeraim 10:6402. Moed 7:6083. Nashim 8:1024. Nezikin 8:2165. Kodashim 6:4256. Toharoth 10:260Talmud Tractates, Minor 10:167-681. The Chain of Tradition2. Tannaim 10:170-71First GenerationThird GenerationFourth GenerationFifth GenerationSixth GenerationUncertain PeriodFirst Palestinian GenerationSecond Palestinian GenerationSecond Babylonian GenerationThird Palestinian GenerationThird Babylonian GenerationFourth Palestinian GenerationFourth Babylonian GenerationFifth Palestinian GenerationFifth Babylonian GenerationSixth Babylonian Generation4. Saboraim 9:301-2MIDRASHMIDRASH 7:538A. The Halachic Midrash CompilationsB. The Haggadic Midrash Compilations1. Midrash Rabbah 7:540-412. Other Midrash Compilations toBiblical Books3. General Midrash Compilations4. Articles or Sections of Articles Devoted to Midrashic ExpositionsHEBREW LITERATURELITERATURE, HEBREW 7:87-96YIDDISH LITERATURELITERATURE, YIDDISH 7:125-35BOOKS AND MANUSCRIPTSBOOKS 2:458-70RELIGIONRELIGION IN GENERALRELIGION 9:124-261. Primitive Forms of Religion2. The Achievement of Monotheism3. Modern Speculations on ReligionRELIGION OF ISRAELRELIGION OF ISRAEL 9:126-281. The Struggle with Idolatry2. Shrines3. Cult Objects4. Modes of Learning the Will of God5. Consecrated Persons6. Mode of Worship7. Sacred Days8. Special IdeasJUDAISMJUDAISM 6:232-37Dogmas 3:585-86Creed 3:400-31. Articles of Faith2. Ethical and Social Ideals3. Personal Standards of Religious ConductJEWISH THEOLOGYTHEOLOGY 10:242-441. The Nature of God2. God and the World3. The Nature of Man4. God and Man5. God and Israel6. Revelation 9:147-487. Sin and Atonement8. The Fate of the Soul9. The Fate of the WorldJEWISH PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY, JEWISH 8:500-15THE RELIGIOUS CALENDARTIME, MEASURING OF 10:251-53CUSTOMS AND CEREMONIESCEREMONIAL OBJECTS AND INSTITUTIONS 3:103-5A. The Life Span1. Birth and Infancy2. Youth3. Adult Life4. Death and Burial5. Mourning and Respect for the DeadB. The Religious Year6. The Year as a Whole7. Sabbath 9:295-99Holidays 5:410-l6Holidays, Second Day of 5:416Pilgrimage Festivals 8:531Processions 8:650-518. Passover 8:408-109. Shabuoth 9:490-9110. Rosh Hashanah 9:22711. Yom Kippur 10:604-512. Sukkoth 10:95-9713. Shemini Atzereth 9:502-314. Hanukah 5:209-1115. Purim 9:36-4216. Minor Festive Occasions17. Fasting and Fast Days 4:249-52CEREMONIAL LAW 3:94-103LITURGYPRAYER 8:617-19DIVINE SERVICE 3:575-77LITURGY 7:139-43A. Private PrayersB. Public Services1. The Basic Prayers2. The Principal Services of the Day (arranged in the order of their origin)3. The Daily Service4. Special Features of the Sabbath (and sometimes Festival) Service5. Special Features of the Festival Services6. Special Features of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Service7. Special Features for Services on Other Occasions8. Biblical Characters Especially Mentioned in the LiturgyPRAYER-BOOKS 8:619-21Literature, Devotional 7:85-86ETHICS AND MORALITYETHICS 4:174-81MORALITY 7:640-411. Ethical Ideals2. The Emotions3. Relations to Others4. Duties to the Community5. Ethical Issues in Life6. Ethical LiteratureJEWISH MYSTICISMMYSTICISM 8:73-76CABALA 2:614-20ANGELS AND DEMONSANGELS 1:304-14DEMONS 3:529-34SECTS AND DIVISIONS IN JUDAISMSECTS 9:453HERESY 5:320-21CONTROVERSIES 3:339-41Samaritans 9:335-39Sadducees 9:308-9Pharisees 8:473-76Essenes 4:167-68Zealots 10:630-31Karaites 6:314-19Hasidism 5:237-4lReform Movement 9:101-3Musar Movement 8:43-44JUDAISM IN AMERICA 6:237-46FAMILY AND SOCIAL LIFEFAMILY AND FAMILY LIFE 4:242-44JEWISH LIFECOSTUMECOSTUMES 3:375-81DIET AND HYGIENEDietary Laws 3:564Kashruth 6:327-31Slaughtering, Ritual 9:562-65Purity, Ritual 9:42-43Hygiene of the Jews 5:509-14Social Hygiene of the Jews 9:578-79JEWISH MUSICFOLK SONGS 4:350-55MUSIC, SYNAGOGAL 8:48-55STRIKING JEWISH PHRASESAMUSEMENTSJEWISH EDUCATIONSTUDY 10:90-91EDUCATION 3:629-401. Rabbinical Seminaries2. Institutions for Jewish Studies Akademie für die Wissenschaft des JudentumsSYNAGOGUESYNAGOGUE 10:119-30COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATIONJEWISH COMMUNITY AND COMMUNAL ORGANIZATIONS 6:99-1261. The Jewish Community in Bible Times2. The Jewish Community in the Talmudic Period3. The Jewish Community in the Middle Ages4. The Jewish Community in Modern Times5. Community Government6. Functionaries, Religious and Communal 4:470-777. Community Records8. Community Titles9. Community Charactersa. Of International Scopeb. In Argentinec. In Austriad. In Englande. In Germanyf. In Roumaniag. In the United States: Generalh. In the United States: By Country of Origini. Fraternal Ordersj. Agricultural AssociationsSOCIAL WELFARECHARITY 3:113-14PHILANTHROPY 8:484-85SOCIAL LEGISLATION 9:579-80SOCIAL SERVICE, JEWISH 9:580-83JEWISH LAW: Source and DevelopmentTORAH 10:267-69Precepts, The 613 8:623-29LAW, JEWISH: SOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT OF 6:557-61JEWISH LAW: Individual Laws and Legal PrinciplesLAW, JEWISH: CLASSIFICATION OF 6:554-571. General Legal Principles and Enactments2. Offenses Against Persons3. Offenses Against Property4. Domestic and Sexual Relations5. Inheritance Law6. Business Law7. Property Law8. Real Estate Law9. Legal Documents10. Law of Representation11. Religious LawJEWISH LAW: Court ProcedureCOURTS 3:385-89ANIMALS AND PLANTSFAUNA OF PALESTINE 4:256-64FLORA OF PALESTINE 4:331-41JEWS AND NON-JEWSJUDAISM AND OTHER RELIGIONS1. The Religions of Canaan2. Religions of the Ancient World3. Christianity 3:177-864. Islam 5:610-135. Modern Religious MovementsCHRISTIANITYCHRISTIANITY 3:177-861. Christian LiteratureNew Testament 8:174-75Gospels 5:68-69Revelation, Book of 9:148-492. Christian LeadersPaul 8:415-17Church Fathers 3:203-43. Christian Sects4. Christian Doctrines5. Christian Rites and Institutions6. Relations Between Christians and JewsJEWS AS OBSERVED BY NON-JEWSGreek Writers on Jews 5:93-95Roman Writers on Jews 9:185-86Christian Writers on Jews 3:175-76Literature on and by Jews 7:100-25American Literature on and by Jews § I.1:259-62ANTI-SEMITISMANTI-SEMITISM 1:34l-4091. Anti-Semitic Racial Theories2. Anti-Semitic Canards and Their Refutation3. Attempts to Convert the Jews by Force4. Attacks on Jewish Literature5. Economic and Social Measures Against the Jews6. Outbreaks of Violence7. Incidents in which Anti-Semitism was an Important Factor8. Notorious Anti-Semites (in chronological order)9. Defense Against Anti-SemitismPHILO-SEMITESPHILO-SEMITES 8:497-99INTERVENTION 5:581-82GENERAL SUBJECTSJEWISH ARCHEOLOGYARCHEOLOGY, JEWISH 1:459-66SYMBOLSSYMBOLS AND SYMBOLISM 10:118-19FOLKLOREFOLKLORE 4:348-491. The Folklore of the Bible2. Attempts to Ascertain the Future3. MAGIC 7:273-754. SUPERSTITION 10:103-45. Fabulous Animals6. LEGENDS 6:590-917. Legends of Jewish Content but Non-Jewish Origin8. Ceremonies in Which There is a Folklore BasisFAMILIES AND FAMILY TREESGENEALOGY 4:526-27MESSIAH AND MESSIANIC MOVEMENTSMESSIAH 7:499-503MESSIANIC ERA 7:503-4MESSIANIC MOVEMENTS 7:505-6POLITICAL AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTSDemocracy 3:522-28Asceticism 1:532-33Internationalism 5:579-81Masonry 7:397-99Religious Liberty 9:128-31Anti-Slavery Movement and the Jews 1:410Anarchism 1:294Labor Movement and the Jews 6:504-5Nationalism, Jewish 8:126-32Pacifism 8:341-42Communism 3:315-20LABOR AND LABOR ORGANIZATIONSLABOR 6:497-504LABOR MOVEMENT AND THE JEWS 6:504-5ZIONISMZIONISM 10:645-67RACE, NATION OR RELIGION?RACE, JEWISH 9:60-62NATIONALISM, JEWISH 8:126-32CHOSEN PEOPLE 3:164-69 MISSION OF ISRAEL 7:582-84FACTS AND FIGURES ABOUT JEWSSTATISTICS 10:23-36CONVERTS 3:341-46PROSELYTES 9:1-3Mixed Marriage 7:593-98OCCUPATIONS 8:265-79CASTES 3:60JEWISH CONTRIBUTIONS TO CIVILIZATIONJEWS IN ART AND ARCHITECTUREART, JEWS IN 1:489-500ARCHITECTURE 1:466-67JEWS IN ASTRONOMYASTRONOMY 1:571-76JEWS IN ATHLETICSATHLETICS 1:581-99JEWS IN AVIATIONAVIATION, JEWS IN 1:644-47JEWS IN BIOLOGYBIOLOGY, JEWS IN 2:362-67JEWS IN CHEMISTRYALCHEMY 1:164-66CHEMISTRY 3:125-31BelgiumEnglandGermanyHollandUnited StatesJEWS IN CHESSCHESS 3:133-34JEWS IN DENTISTRYDENTISTRY, JEWS IN 3:536-37JEWS AS EDUCATORSUNIVERSITIES 10:363-76JEWS IN FINANCEFINANCE, JEWS IN 4:289-302MONEY LENDING 7:618-22Various Countries in EuropeEnglandFranceGermany and AustriaRussiaPolandRoumaniaHungaryJEWS IN INDUSTRYJEWS AS INVENTORSSCIENCE AND INVENTION 9:443-44JEWS IN JOURNALISMPERIODICALS AND PRESS 8:437-57AustriaDenmarkEnglandFranceGermanyHollandHungaryJapanUnited StatesAnglo-JewishHebrewYiddishJEWS IN LITERATURELITERATURE ON AND BY JEWS 7:100-25AMERICAN LITERATRE ON AND BY JEWS 1:262-70EnglishGermanyFrenchHungarianItalianScandinavian LanguagesDutchSpanishPolishRussianRoumanianJEWS IN MATHEMATICSMATHEMATICS, JEWS IN 7:408-11JEWS IN MEDICINEMEDICINE 7:434-36HYGIENE OF THE JEWS 5:509-14PHYSICIANS 8:523-27JEWS IN MUSICMUSICAL ORGANIZATIONS AND THE JEWS 8:55-66MUSICIANS, JEWISH 8:66-68JEWS IN PHILOSOPHYJEWS IN PUBLIC OFFICEPUBLIC OFFICE, JEWS IN 9:22-31AustraliaAustriaBelgiumBritish EmpireCanadaCzechoslovakiaDenmarkFranceGermanyHollandHungaryItalyLatviaNew ZealandPolandRussiaTurkeyUnited States DiplomatsCabinet MembersJudiciarySenatorsGovernors of States and TerritoriesMiscellaneousJEWS AS SOLDIERSSOLDIER, JEW AS 9:594-633United StatesColonial and Revolutionary PeriodFrom the Revolution to the Civil WarCivil WarFrom the End of the Civil War to 1943In the United States NavyEnglandFranceGermanyItalyRussiaAustraliaOther CountriesJEWS IN THE THEATRETHEATRE 10:208-39A. Playwrights FrenchEnglish (England)HungarianGermanB. Producers1. On the StageEnglishGerman2. Motion PicturesEnglandFranceHungaryRussiaUnited States3. Actors1. On the StageFranceGermany and AustriaHollandUnited StatesYiddishHebrew2. Motion Pictures (all United States)ActorsDirectorsD. Dramatic CriticsJEWS IN TRAVEL AND EXPLORATIONTRAVELERS AND TRAVEL LITERATURE 10:297CARTOGRAPHY 3:53EXPLORATION AND EXPLORERS 4:215-17JEWS IN VARIOUS FIELDSAnthropologistsCriminologistsEngineersGeologistsOrientalistsPhilologistsPhysicistsPsychologistsNOTEWORTHY JEWSREADING GUIDE AND INDEXINDEXAAR - AZU ( I )BAA - CAN ( II )CAN - EDU ( III )EDU - GNO ( IV )GOD - IZS ( V )JAB - LEX ( VI )LEX - MOS ( VII )MOS - PRO ( VIII )PRO - SPE ( IX )SPI - ZYL ( X )
reading guide index universal jewish encyclopedia page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks great introduction areas covered entries hyperlinked relevant articles
eBookshuk Books

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa
This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
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JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on “holy wars,” power, land, and blood.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 9
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Tractate Bava Basra I: Commentary and Study Guide
The third of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Neziḳin, dealing with man's responsibilities and rights as the owner of property, of a house or field. The tractate is divided into ten chapters, the contents of which may be described as follows: (1) Regulations relating to property held by more than one owner (ch. i.); (2) responsibilities of an owner of property with regard to that of his neighbor (ch. ii.); (3) established rights of ownership and rights connected with property

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 2
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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 3
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Volume 2, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Lost Love: The Untold Story of Henrietta Szold
The book tells the story of Henrietta Szold s lost love through her correspondence with Louis Ginzberg and a previously unpublished private journal.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

The Jews of Navarre in the Late Middle Ages. Hispania Judaica, v. 4
Documented depiction of the economic activities of the Jews and their work at the service of the Crown in this Christian kingdom.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

Studies in Jewish Education II: Jewish Educational Research in Diaspora
History, trends and problems with the Jewish education in America.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 10
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

The Jews of Charleston: A History of an American Jewish Community
The small group of Jewish inhabitants of Charles Town in South Carolina met in 1750 to organize themselves permanently into a religious community. This book tells that community's story down to the present day. It describes the process of adjustment both of the Jews and their religion.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Labor, Crafts and Commerce in Ancient Israel
Extensive collection of anecdotal evidence relating to labor, crafts, and trade as thought of and practiced by Sages of the Second Temple and early exilic period.

THE EIGHT CHAPTERS OF MAIMONIDES ON ETHICS


A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): NUMBERS
A major work of interpretation, which served--according to Baruch Levin's own words--as “anchor and compass” for his Anchor Bible commentary on Numbers.

A History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ (in 5 vols.)
The most valuable general modern work (on the subject) . . . Encyclopedia Britannica

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity
A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Studies in the History of the Jews in Old Poland (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVIII)
The twenty-one studies on the Jews of Old Poland here collected explore many hitherto uncharted aspects of Jewish life and experience in the Polish-Luthuanian Commonwealth.