Palestine in the 18th Century Page...

CONTENTS PART ONE: GOVERNMENT Page 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTIONA. Palestine at the beginning of the 18th century 1 B. The rise and fall of Dähir al- Umar.. 7   C. The rule of Ahmed Jezzär 19 2. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE RULERS OF PALESTINE AND THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT A. Dähir al- Umar1) The start of his career  302) The  Fifties and  Sixties 42   3) His latter years 45 B. Jezzär Ahmed Pasa1) The start of his career  532) Attempts to remove him from office  563) His relations with the al- Azm family and his rule in Damascus 64   4) Summary 70 3. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE RULERS OF PALESTINE AND VARIOUS LOCAL FACTORS A. The beginning of the century 78 B. The period of Dähir al- Umars ascendancy1) Zaydäni rule 83 2) Relations with the Bedouin  90 C. The period of Ahmed Jezzärs rule 1) The final elimination of Zaydäni rule  922) The breaking of Metouali autonomy  983) Relations with the Bedouin  1044) Relations with the Druzes  Ill PART TWO: ADMINISTRATION 1. THE ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT A. The Eyälet of Sidon 1) Administrative subdivisions 119 2) Developments in the coastal areaa. The rise of Acre 128 b. The development of Haifa  137 B. The Eyälet of Damascus 1) The Sancaks of Jaffa, Gaza and Ramie a. Administrative structure and changes  144b. Development of Jaffa 152   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index

Palestine in the 18th Century


About Book Palestine in the 18th Century

Front MatterFront FlapHalf Title PageTitle PageCopyright PageDedication PageTable Of ContentsFOREWORDContents GOVERNMENT 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTIONA. Palestine at the Beginning of the I8th CenturyB. The Rise and Fall of Dähir al-'UmarC. The Rule of Ahmed Jezzär2. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE RULERS OF PALESTINE AND THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENTA. Dähir al-'Umar1) The Start of his Career2) The 'Fifties and 'Sixties3) His Latter YearsB. JEZZÄR AHMED PASA1) The Start of his Career2) Attempts to Remove him from office3) His Relations with the al-'Azm Family and his Rule in Damascus4) Summary3. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE RULERS OF PALESTINE AND VARIOUS LOCAL FACTORSA. The Beginning of the CenturyB. The period of Dähir al-'Umar's Ascendancy1) Zaydäni Rule2) Relations with the BedouinC. The Period of Ahmed Jezzär's Rule1) The Final Elimination of Zaydäni Rule2) The Breaking of Metouali Autonomy3) Relations with the Bedouin4) Relations with the DruzesADMINISTRATION 1. THE ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS AND THEIR DEVELOPMENTA. The Eyälet of Sidon1) Administrative Subdivisions2) Developments in the Coastal Areaa. The Rise of Acreb. The Development of HaifaB. The Eyälet of Damascus1) The Sancaks of Jaffa, Gaza and Ramlea. Administrative Structure and Changesb. Development of Jaffa2) The Sancaks of Lajjün and 'Ajlün3) The Sancak of Nablus4) The Sancak of JerusalemC. Concluding Remarks2. TAX FARMINGA. Primary LeaseholdB. Sub-leasing1) Relations Between the Väli and the Mültezims2) The Iltizäm System and its Effect on Agriculture3. TAXATIONA. The Miri1) Mäl-i Mukata'a2) Zama'im3) Fä'iz4) Registration Fees5) Other Taxes6) Payments to the PorteB. Taxes on the Dhimmi1) Cizye2) Other Taxes Imposed on the Dhimmi3) Road TaxC. Sundry Other Taxes1) Cotton Tax2) Olive Oil Tax3) Tobacco Tax4) Other TaxesD. Means of Payment4. THE ARMYA. The decline of the army in Palestine in the 18th CenturyB. The reasons for the weakness of the armyC. The utilization of mercenary unitsD. Naval forceE. Conclusions5. THE FEUDAL SYSTEM A. The FiefsB. The SipähisC. The Aläy BeyD. Bedeliye-i Zu'amaE. ConclusionsCONCLUSION Back Matter BIBLIOGRAPHY1. TURKISH SOURCES2. ARABIC SOURCES3. HEBREW SOURCES4. SOURCES IN EUROPEAN LANGUAGESa. Unpublished official documents and manuscriptsb. Published books and articlesINDEX OF PLACE NAMESINDEX OF NAMESINDEX OF TERMSLIST OF MAPS1. Administrative division of the Eyälet of Sidon2. Southern Sancaks of the Eyälet of Damascus
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