Palestine in the 18th Century Page...

2)TheSancaksofLajjünandAjlün158 3) The Sancak of Nablus 164 4) The Sancak of Jerusalem 169   C. Concluding remarks 172 2. TAX FARMING A. Primary leasehold 179 B. Sub- leasing1) Relations between the Vali and the mültezims  1912) The iltizäm system and its effect on agriculture  197 3. TAXATION A. The Miri 1) Mäl- i Mukätaa 204 2) Zamaim 211 3) Fäiz 216 4) Registration fees 223 5) Other taxes 225   6) Payments to the Porte 226 B. Taxes on the Dhimmi 1) Cizye 249 2) Other taxes imposed on the Dhimmi  256 3) Road tax 258 C. Sundry other taxes 1) Cotton tax 259 2) Olive oil tax 261 3) Tobacco tax 262 4) Other taxes 263   D. Means of payment 266 4. THE ARMYA. The decline of the army in Palestine in the 18th Century 270 B. The reasons for the weakness of the army 273 C. The utilization of mercenary units 282 D. Naval forces 290   E. Conclusions 291 5. THE FEUDAL SYSTEMA. The Fiefs 293 B. The sipähis 298 C. The Aläy Bey 303 D. Bedeliye- i Zuama 306 E. Conclusions 307 PART THREE: CONCLUSION 311 BIBLIOGRAPHY 329   Chapter Home  | TOC  | Index

Palestine in the 18th Century


About Book Palestine in the 18th Century

Front MatterFront FlapHalf Title PageTitle PageCopyright PageDedication PageTable Of ContentsFOREWORDContents GOVERNMENT 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTIONA. Palestine at the Beginning of the I8th CenturyB. The Rise and Fall of Dähir al-'UmarC. The Rule of Ahmed Jezzär2. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE RULERS OF PALESTINE AND THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENTA. Dähir al-'Umar1) The Start of his Career2) The 'Fifties and 'Sixties3) His Latter YearsB. JEZZÄR AHMED PASA1) The Start of his Career2) Attempts to Remove him from office3) His Relations with the al-'Azm Family and his Rule in Damascus4) Summary3. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE RULERS OF PALESTINE AND VARIOUS LOCAL FACTORSA. The Beginning of the CenturyB. The period of Dähir al-'Umar's Ascendancy1) Zaydäni Rule2) Relations with the BedouinC. The Period of Ahmed Jezzär's Rule1) The Final Elimination of Zaydäni Rule2) The Breaking of Metouali Autonomy3) Relations with the Bedouin4) Relations with the DruzesADMINISTRATION 1. THE ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS AND THEIR DEVELOPMENTA. The Eyälet of Sidon1) Administrative Subdivisions2) Developments in the Coastal Areaa. The Rise of Acreb. The Development of HaifaB. The Eyälet of Damascus1) The Sancaks of Jaffa, Gaza and Ramlea. Administrative Structure and Changesb. Development of Jaffa2) The Sancaks of Lajjün and 'Ajlün3) The Sancak of Nablus4) The Sancak of JerusalemC. Concluding Remarks2. TAX FARMINGA. Primary LeaseholdB. Sub-leasing1) Relations Between the Väli and the Mültezims2) The Iltizäm System and its Effect on Agriculture3. TAXATIONA. The Miri1) Mäl-i Mukata'a2) Zama'im3) Fä'iz4) Registration Fees5) Other Taxes6) Payments to the PorteB. Taxes on the Dhimmi1) Cizye2) Other Taxes Imposed on the Dhimmi3) Road TaxC. Sundry Other Taxes1) Cotton Tax2) Olive Oil Tax3) Tobacco Tax4) Other TaxesD. Means of Payment4. THE ARMYA. The decline of the army in Palestine in the 18th CenturyB. The reasons for the weakness of the armyC. The utilization of mercenary unitsD. Naval forceE. Conclusions5. THE FEUDAL SYSTEM A. The FiefsB. The SipähisC. The Aläy BeyD. Bedeliye-i Zu'amaE. ConclusionsCONCLUSION Back Matter BIBLIOGRAPHY1. TURKISH SOURCES2. ARABIC SOURCES3. HEBREW SOURCES4. SOURCES IN EUROPEAN LANGUAGESa. Unpublished official documents and manuscriptsb. Published books and articlesINDEX OF PLACE NAMESINDEX OF NAMESINDEX OF TERMSLIST OF MAPS1. Administrative division of the Eyälet of Sidon2. Southern Sancaks of the Eyälet of Damascus
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