My Brother s Keeper: A History...

This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

Preface In 1962 I spent a few months in New York looking at material deal-ing with the migration of Jews after the Second World War. One of the main sources for this was the archive of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, known in the U. S. as JDC, and among Jews everywhere as “ the Joint.” One day Moses A. Leavitt, the late executive vice- chairman of JDC, called me into his office and we began to speculate about the history of his organization. Was it just another Jewish group in North America, dealing with overseas social work rather than the local Jewish community, or was it something significantly different? As time went on, Prof. Moshe Davis, head of the Institute of Contemporary Jewry, and I reached the conclusion that in many ways the history of JDC held the key to the story of European Jew-ry in the first half of this century, at least in a number of areas. In-deed, there were times when the history of JDC was, in effect, the social and economic history of Jewish communities in the Old World. The result of these thoughts crystallized into an agreement between the institute and JDC to try to write a history of JDC’s at-tempts at rescue and rehabilitation of European Jewry between the end of the 1920s and the dissolution of the displaced persons’ camps in postwar Europe, about 1951. The dates chosen reflected two facts: in the archives of JDC there was a manuscript by Her-man Bernstein, a journalist with close connections to JDC, relating   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.


About Book My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.

FRONT MATTERTitle PageCopyright PageContentsTablesPrefaceIntroduction: The First Fifteen Years1. A Time of Crisis: 1929–19322. Agro-Joint3. Germany: 1933–19384. Refugees: 1933–19385. Prelude to the HolocaustPOLANDROMANIACZECHOSLOVAKIA AND HUNGARYTHE BALTIC STATES6. The Beginning of the EndAUSTRIAEVIANTHE REFUGEESZBASZYNJDC IN 1938/9THE “NIGHT OF CRYSTAL”EMIGRATION AND FLIGHTTHE RUBLEE-SCHACHT EPISODE AND THE COORDINATING FOUNDATIONILLEGAL MIGRATIONTHE END IN POLANDConclusionAppendix: Income and Expenditure of JDC: 1914–1939NotesBibliographyIndex
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