My Brother s Keeper: A History...

This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

7 : The First Fifteen Years Contrary to expectations, however, the Orthodox group decided in the end not to join AJRC, and so on November 27, 1914, anoth-er body was established to distribute the funds collected separately by the two committees. At the suggestion of the new committee’s comptroller, Harriet B. Lowenstein, Felix M. Warburg’s secretary, it was called the Joint Distribution Committee. In August 1915 the socialists set up a third cooperating body, the People’s Relief Com-mittee, led by Meyer London, Sholem Asch, and others. More than half a century later, although the three original components are long since defunct, the organization’s official name still remains the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee; a tradition had been established and no one would think of changing the awkward name. “ The Joint” had become a household word for many mil-lions of Jews. The demands on the young organization during the war years of 1914– 18 were enormous. Local and state committees were organized in the U. S. and speakers such as Judah L. Magnes, Reform rabbi, pacifist, enfant terrible, and— later— president of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, one of the great orators of his time, were sent to raise funds. By the end of 1915 some $ 1.5 million had been raised. This money was sent to Palestine aboard the coal steamer U. S. S. Vulcan in March 1915, along with nine hundred tons of food and medicines ( 55 percent of which went to the starving Jews, the rest being distributed on a nonsectarian ba-sis under the supervision of the American consul). After long de-lays a second mercy ship, the U. S. S. Des Moines, reached Pales-tine in September 1916. The Jewish aid society in Russia, EKOPO, received money from JDC to look after the refugees from the war areas, especially the ones who came from enemy ( that is, Austrian) territory, who were forbidden by the czarist government to receive help from Russian Jewish institutions. As for German- occupied Poland, the German Jewish aid society — Hilfsverein der deutschen Juden— established a special branch to aid the stricken Jews in that area. They served as JDC’s agents   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.


About Book My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.

FRONT MATTERTitle PageCopyright PageContentsTablesPrefaceIntroduction: The First Fifteen Years1. A Time of Crisis: 1929–19322. Agro-Joint3. Germany: 1933–19384. Refugees: 1933–19385. Prelude to the HolocaustPOLANDROMANIACZECHOSLOVAKIA AND HUNGARYTHE BALTIC STATES6. The Beginning of the EndAUSTRIAEVIANTHE REFUGEESZBASZYNJDC IN 1938/9THE “NIGHT OF CRYSTAL”EMIGRATION AND FLIGHTTHE RUBLEE-SCHACHT EPISODE AND THE COORDINATING FOUNDATIONILLEGAL MIGRATIONTHE END IN POLANDConclusionAppendix: Income and Expenditure of JDC: 1914–1939NotesBibliographyIndex
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