My Brother s Keeper: A History...

This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

5 : The First Fifteen Years problem qua Jews, and it would no longer bother them. But in the meantime the obligation existed, and it had to be met honestly and openly. The concern of German Jews in America for humanity in gen-eral and for Jews in particular was no pretense; on the contrary, their whole liberal background and education had developed in them a strong feeling of responsibility toward the poor and the underprivileged. Often the proportion of their money spent for general nonsectarian philanthropy exceeded the amounts reserved for their “ coreligionists”; but even this was part of their strong, typically Jewish sense of a social and moral imperative, which ap-pears to have set them apart as a group from other rich men in America. Their emphasis on nonsectarianism made their Jewish-ness stand out. Not that they hid it; they were aware of it, and most of them saw it distinctly as a matter of honor not to run away from it. The American Jewish Committee was the organized expression of the German Jewish aristocracy of spirit, culture, and money. Its head was the undisputed leader of American Jewry until his death in 1929, Louis Marshall— lawyer, statesman, and thinker. The AJC that he led was by no means homogeneous in its political outlook. Apart from differences emanating from the American political scene, there were also divisions into Zionists and anti- Zionists. Judges Louis D. Brandeis and Julian W. Mack were to become the mainstays of American Zionism during the war. Others, especial-ly Julius Rosenwald, the head of Sears Roebuck, followed Ger-man Jewish liberal tradition in seeing Judaism as a religious creed only, and rejecting all the implications of Jewish national identi-ty. The majority of AJC tended to follow Marshall in his support of building up Palestine, whose great spiritual importance in Jew-ish history they admitted— as a place of refuge, not necessarily the place of refuge, for those Jews who wanted or were forced to go there. At the same time, they did everything they could to help Jews become nationals and equals in the countries of their resi-dence, so that they would not have to look for places of refuge at   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.


About Book My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.

FRONT MATTERTitle PageCopyright PageContentsTablesPrefaceIntroduction: The First Fifteen Years1. A Time of Crisis: 192919322. Agro-Joint3. Germany: 193319384. Refugees: 193319385. Prelude to the HolocaustPOLANDROMANIACZECHOSLOVAKIA AND HUNGARYTHE BALTIC STATES6. The Beginning of the EndAUSTRIAEVIANTHE REFUGEESZBASZYNJDC IN 1938/9THE NIGHT OF CRYSTALEMIGRATION AND FLIGHTTHE RUBLEE-SCHACHT EPISODE AND THE COORDINATING FOUNDATIONILLEGAL MIGRATIONTHE END IN POLANDConclusionAppendix: Income and Expenditure of JDC: 19141939NotesBibliographyIndex
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