My Brother s Keeper: A History...

This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

x : Preface in detail the story of JDC between 1914 and the middle 1920s. No real historical writing can be attempted as yet for the period after 1951; the events are too recent. The present volume deals with the first part of the period we are discussing, up to the outbreak of World War II. Two other volumes are projected, dealing with the periods 1939- 45 and 1945- 51. Each volume will be designed to stand alone and tell a meaningful story in its own right. However, there is an obvious link between them. The story of European Jewry between the two world wars has not been written. Its outlines are clear and well- known: a speedy de-scent toward the horrors of the holocaust that befell the Jewish peo-ple during World War II. Yet more questions have been asked than answered, relating to the fate not only of German Jewry but also of Eastern European Jewry. The present volume is an attempt to deal with aspects of the social and economic history of European ( in-cluding Russian) Jewry, as seen through the eyes of an American social aid agency— the largest agency of its kind in the world. The relations between American Jewry and Jewish communities abroad are dealt with, and I also hope to throw light on some of the inter-national events that affected the fate of the Jewish people. A generous grant by JDC made the research for this book possi-ble. However, let me emphasize that no censorship was exercised by JDC on the content of the book, though advice and criticism were sought and given. The late Mr. Leavitt made the agreement with the Institute of Contemporary Jewry of the Hebrew Univer-sity in Jerusalem, and the late Charles Jordan began to implement it. Both were of tremendous help in making the research possible. The present executive vice- chairman of JDC, Samuel L. Haber, saw the project through and in the course of doing so became a close adviser and, more important, a good friend. The friendly advice and interest of Edward M. M. Warburg, Louis Broido, Herbert Katzki, Gaynor I. Jacobson, and many others who al-lowed themselves to be interviewed and pestered with questions was invaluable. Miss Dorothy L. Speiser was the guide and guard-ian angel of the project, looking after all the practical matters as   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.


About Book My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.

FRONT MATTERTitle PageCopyright PageContentsTablesPrefaceIntroduction: The First Fifteen Years1. A Time of Crisis: 1929–19322. Agro-Joint3. Germany: 1933–19384. Refugees: 1933–19385. Prelude to the HolocaustPOLANDROMANIACZECHOSLOVAKIA AND HUNGARYTHE BALTIC STATES6. The Beginning of the EndAUSTRIAEVIANTHE REFUGEESZBASZYNJDC IN 1938/9THE “NIGHT OF CRYSTAL”EMIGRATION AND FLIGHTTHE RUBLEE-SCHACHT EPISODE AND THE COORDINATING FOUNDATIONILLEGAL MIGRATIONTHE END IN POLANDConclusionAppendix: Income and Expenditure of JDC: 1914–1939NotesBibliographyIndex
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