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GENERAL INTRODUCTION THE TALMUD-,~~ 7~ A description of the Mishnah- though in itself naturally the older portion of the Talmud- is better dealt with by a characterization of the Talmud as a whole of which the Mishnah forms a part. So much has been written on the subject that it is unnecessary here to give wything more than a clear and succinct summary of the essential details. The appellation Talmud e,-?%.: 1) means literally  study, and it embodies the mental labours, opinions and teachings of the ancient Jewish scholars in expounding and developing the religious and civil laws of the Bible during a period of some eight centuries ( from 300 B. C. E. to 500 C. E.). The Talmud includes two distinct elements, Halachah ( M~? t!),  law, and Agadah ( NJ~~).  narrative ( containing history, stories, fables, legends, prayers, meditations, reflexions, religious discourses, exegetical remarks, allegory, ethical, moral and metaphysical teachings and maxims, theosophical and philosophical discussions, and scientific observations of anatomical, anthropological, ethnographical, physiological, medical, physical, astronomical and mathematical character). It is to be noted however that the name Talmud originally referred to the N~~ HGemara) alone and it was only in later times that tl} e name came to be applied to both the M~ lf?~ ( Mishnah) and theN?~~ combined .. The Mishnah and the Gemara bear to each other the relation of Text and Commentary respectively. THE MISHNAH- illtV~ T: • Authorities differ as regards the etymology and meaning of the word M~ lf?~ ( Mishnah). According to the view of some it is related to the word l: l~~ lf?,  two, and is meant to express the idea that it ranks in importance second to the Bible. Others connect it with the verb M~ W,  teach,  teach orally,  repeat,  learn by heart, and according to this derivation the word Mishnah would indicate that its teachings were transmitted orally thrl:! ugh the generations, in contradistinction to the  written Law of the M?, ll, Pentateuch, which is designated N?~~ ( Mikra),  which is read. The Mishnah was first brought into order and arranged in six 5Home  | TOC- Zeraim  | Index- Zeraim

Mishnayoth


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Zeraim_1Front MatterHebrew Title PageTitle PageCopyright PagePrefaceGENERAL INTRODUCTIONTO THE MISHNAHTHE TALMUDTHE MISHNAHTHE GEMARATHE TRACTATES (or TREATISES), OF THE TALMUDKINDRED WORKS TO THE MISHNAHTHE MISHNAH AT A GLANCEAUTHORITIES OF THE MISHNAHINDEX TO THE FOREGOINGTABLES OF BIBLICAL WEIGHTS AND MEASURESTABLES OF RABBINICAL OR TALMUDICAL WEIGHTS AND MEASURESMEANINGS OF THE ABOVE TERMSTO ZERAIMINTRODUCTIONTHE AUTHORITIES MENTIONED INContentsBERACHOTH ?????INTRODUCTIONPEAH ??? INTRODUCTIONDEMAI ???? INTRODUCTIONKILAYIM ????? INTRODUCTIONSHEVIITH ?????? INTRODUCTIONTERUMOTH ?????? INTRODUCTIONMAASEROTH ?????? INTRODUCTIONMAASER SHENI ???? ??? INTRODUCTIONCHALLAH ??? INTRODUCTIONORLAH ???? INTRODUCTIONBIKKURIM ?????? INTRODUCTIONBack MatterSUPPLEMENTGLOSSARY OF THE PLANTS ENUMERATED IN ORDER ZERAIMBIOGRAPHIES: THE MAKERS OF THE MISHNAHPRE-TANNAlTICTHE FIRST GENERATIONTHE SECOND GENERATIONTHE THIRD GENERATIONTHE FOURTH GENERATIONTHE FIFTH GENERATIONINDEXESINDEX OF BIBLICAL PASSAGES QUOTEDGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesIsaiahJeremiahPsalmsProverbsRuthGENERAL INDEXTABLE OF CONTENTSMoed_2Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageHebrew Title PageTable of ContentsCorrigendaPrefaceGeneral Introduction to Order MoedVowelisation and PronunciationThe Authorities Mentioned in the Order MoedContentsSABBATH ??? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAERUBIN ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionPESACHIM ????? Copyright PageIntroductionSHEKALIM ????? Copyright PageIntroductionYOMA ???? Copyright PageIntroductionSUCCAH ???? Copyright PageIntroductionBETSAH ????Copyright PageIntroductionROSH HASHANAH ??? ???? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendumTAANITH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaMEGILLAH ???? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaMOED KATAN ???? ??? Copyright PageIntroductionCHAGIGAH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaBack MatterAPPENDIX: General Reference NotesNote 1Note 2Note 3Note 4Note 5Note 6Note 7Note 8Note 9Note 10Note 11Note 12Note 13Note 14Note 15Note 16Note 17Note 18Note 19Note 20SUPPLEMENT: Glossary of the Flora of MoedCopyright PageINDEXESIndex of Biblical ReferencesGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaSamuel ISamuel IIKings IKings IIIsaiahJeremiahEzekielHoseaJoelAmosJonahPsalmsProverbsSong of SongsEcclesiastesEstherEzraNehemiahChronicies IChronicles IIGeneral IndexDedication PageNashim_3Front MatterEpigraphTitle PageCopyright PageHebrew Title PageDedication PageTable of ContentsPrefaceGeneral Introduction to Order NashimThe Authorities Mentioned In NashimContentsYEVAMOTH ????? IntroductionKETHUBOTH ?????? IntroductionADDENDANEDARIM ????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDANAZIR ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDASOTAH ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAGITTIN ????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAKIDDUSHIN ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDUMBack MatterAPPENDIX: General Reference NotesCopyright PageNote 1Note 2Note 3Note 4Note 5Note 6Note 7Note 8Note 9Note 10Note 11Note 12Note 13Note 14Note 15Note 16Note 17Note 18Note 19Note 20SUPPLEMENT: Glossary of the Flora of NashimappleasparagusbarleycabbagecresscucumberdategarlicgourdleeklentilmustardoliveonionpapyruspulsepumpkinscallionsesameshallotspeltvinewheatINDEXESIndex of Biblical ReferencesGenisisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesI SamuelII SamuelIsaiahJeremiahEzekielHoseaMicahPsalmsLamentationsI ChroniclesII ChroniclesGeneral IndexNezikin_4Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageHebrew Title PageTable of ContentsPrefaceGeneral Introduction to Order NezikinVowelisation and OrthographyThe Authorities Mentioned in NezikinContentsBABA KAMMA ??? ??? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDABABA METZIA ??? ????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDABABA BATHRA ??? ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDASANHEDRIN ??????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDUMMAKKOTH ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDASHEVUOTH ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAEDUYOTH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAAVODAH ZARAH ????? ??? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAAVOTH ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAHORAYOTH ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionBack MatterAPPENDIX: General Reference NotesCopyright PageNote 1Note 2Note 3Note 4Note 5Note 6Note 7Note 8Note 9Note 10Note 11Note 12Note 13Note 14Note 15Note 16Note 17Note 18Note 19Note 20SUPPLEMENT: Glossary of the Flora of Nezikinalcoholbarleybeancarobcedarcorncucumbercumindarneldatedurraflaxgarlicgrainhorse-beanleeklettucemelonmustardoliveonionpalmpepperpinepulseryegrasssorgho grasssugar-canesycamoretarevetchvineweedwheatwineINDEXESIndex of Biblical ReferencesGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesI SamuelII SamuelI KingsII KingsIsaiahJeremiahEzekielHosheaAmosJonahMicahHaggaiZechariahMalachiPsalmsProverbsSong of SongsLamentationsEcclesiastesEstherDanielEzraNehemiahI ChroniclesII ChroniclesGeneral IndexKodashim_5Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageHebrew Title PageTable of ContentsPrefaceGeneral Introduction to Order KodashimThe Authorities Quoted in the Order KodashimContentsZEVACHIM ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaMENACHOTH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaCHULLIN ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaBECHOROTH ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaARACHIN ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaTEMURAH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaKERITHOTH ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaMEILAH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaTAMID ???? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaMIDDOTH ???? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaKINNIM ???? Copyright PageIntroductionAddendaBack MatterAPPENDIX: General Reference NotesNote 1Note 2Note 3Note 4Note 5Note 6Note 7Note 8Note 9Note 10Note 11Note 12Note 13Note 14Note 15Note 16Note 17Note 18Note 19Note 20Hadran: Prayers, Benedictions, Hadran and Concluding PrayersCopyright PageIntroductionPrayers, Benedictions, Hadran and Concluding PrayersNotesSUPPLEMENTI. Glossary of the Flora of KodashimII. Incense - Oil - Parchment - WineIncenseOlive OilParchmentWineINDEXESIndex of Biblical ReferencesGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaI SamuelII SamuelI KingsII KingsIsaiahJeremiahEzekielAmosZechariahPsalmsEzraI ChroniclesII ChroniclesGeneral IndexTaharoth_6Front MatterEpigraphTitle PageCopyright PageHebrew Title PageForeword by the Chief RabbiPreface by the AuthorTable of ContentsGENERAL INTRODUCTIONRitual (or Levitic) Uncleanness (or Defilement)Derivative (or derived) uncleannesses of varying grades or degrees )Purification (or Cleansing)Plague spots, Leprosy signsAuthorities Quoted in the Order TaharothNotesContentsKELIM ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAOHOLOTH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDANEGAIM ????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAPARAH ??? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDATAHAROTH ????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAMIKVAOTH ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDANIDDAH ??? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAMACHSHIRIN ??????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAZAVIM ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDATEVUL YOM ???? ???Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAYADAYIM ???? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDAUKTSIN ?????? Copyright PageIntroductionADDENDASupplement and index_7Front MatterEpigraphHebrew Title PageHebrew Copyright PageTitle PageCopyright PageFrom the PublisherTable of ContentsPrefaceIntroductionThe MishnahThe relationship between the Written Law and the Oral LawThe Nature of the Oral LawThe Historical ValueThe Personalities of the MishnahThe Importance of the Mishnah in the PastThe Significance of the Mishnah in the Present and the FutureThe Mishnah in EducationNotesContentsA Brief Synopsis of Talmud GrammarElements of Accidence and SyntaxAccentThe AdjectiveAccidenceSyntaxThe Definite ArticleThe NounAccidenceSyntaxNumeralsSyntaxPronounsPrepositionsAdverbsConjunctionsInterjectionsVerbsAccidenceRegular VerbsQuiescent VerbsReduplicated VerbsDefective VerbsDoubly Reduplicated VerbsSyntaxParadigms of the Conjugations of Some Typical Irregular VerbsTalmudic TechnologyOrthography and Foreign WordsAbbreviationsAppendix: General Reference Notes to TaharothNote 1Note 2Note 3Note 4Note 5Note 6Note 7Note 8Note 9Note 10Note 11Note 12Note 13Note 14Note 15Note 16Note 17Note 18Note 19Note 20Note 21. Two Maps - Mishnah Place NamesNote 22. Halachah Le-Moshe Mi-SinaiNote 23. Stomach of a RuminantNote 24. Taryag MitzvothPrayers, Benedictions, Hadran and Concluding PrayersIntroductionPrayers, Benedictions, Hadran and Concluding PrayersHebrew Words of Greek and Latin Origin in the MishnahSupplementGlossary of the Fauna of the MishnahGlossary of the Flora of TaharothIndexesBiblical Index to TaharothGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaII KingsIsaiahJeremiahAmosPsalmsProverbsRuthDanielEzraI ChronidesII ChroniclesGeneral Index to TaharothBiblical Index to the Seven Volumes of the MishnayothGenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesI SamuelII SamuelI KingsII KingsIsaiahJeremiahEzekielHoseaJoelAmosJonahMicahHaggaiZechariahMalachiPsalmsProverbsSong of SongsRuthLamentationsEcclesiastesEstherDanielEzraNehemiahI ChroniclesII ChroniclesGeneral Index to the Seven Volumes of the MishnayothCorrigenda and Addenda to all the Seven VolumesVolume IVolume IIVolume IIIVolume IVVolume VVolume VIVolume VII, SupplementThe Alphabet
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