Luah Hashanah 5774 Page 1...

United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's official calendar for the Jewish year. It is intended to guide congregations and individuals through the liturgy during the Jewish year 5774.

1st Adar 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Feb– Mar 2014 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 2 Shevat 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Jan 2014 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Tevet 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Dec 2013 – Jan 2014 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 Kislev 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Nov– Dec 2013 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 Ḥeshvan 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Oct– Nov 2013 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 Tishrey 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Sep– Oct 2013 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 Av 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Jul– Aug 2014 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Tammuz 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Jun– Jul 2014 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Sivan 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 May– Jun 2014 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Iyyar 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 May 2013 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Nisan 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Apr 2014 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 2nd Adar 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Mar 2014 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Shevat 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Jan 2014 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Tevet 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Dec 2013 – Jan 2014 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 Kislev 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Nov– Dec 2013 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 Ḥeshvan 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Oct– Nov 2013 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 Tishrey 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Sep– Oct 2013 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 Elul 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Aug– Sep 2014 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Tammuz 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Jun– Jul 2014 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Sivan 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 May– Jun 2014 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Iyyar 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 May 2014 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Nisan 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Apr 2014 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 2nd Adar 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Mar 2013 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1st Adar 5774 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Feb– Mar 2014 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 2 לוּחַ הַשָּׁנָה תשע״ד סֵדֶר הַתְּפִלּוֹת, סֵדֶר קְרִיאַת הַתּוֹרָה, הֲלָכוֹת וּמִנְהָגִים לְבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת וְלַבַּיִת Luaḥ Hashanah 5774 A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism in partnership with The Rabbinical Assembly The Cantors Assembly Rabbi Miles B. Cohen and Leslie Rubin

Luah Hashanah 5774


About Book Luah Hashanah 5774

Front MatterUsing eLuah 5774ContentsPrefaceGuide to TransliterationsGuide to Symbols and ConventionsAbout the Year 5774HEBREW CALENDAR 5774Elul 5773Rosh ?odesh Elul—Day 2Shabbat ShofetimShabbat Ki tetseShabbat Ki tavoShabbat Nitsavim + VayelekhLeyl Seli?otTishrey 5774Rosh Hashanah—Day 1Rosh Hashanah—Day 2Shabbat Ha'azinuTsom GedalyahYom KippurSukkot—Day 1Sukkot—Day 2Shabbat ?ol Hamo'ed Sukkot?ol Hamo'ed Sukkot WeekdaysHosha'na RabbahShemini AtseretSim?at TorahShabbat BereshitRosh ?odesh ?eshvan—Day 1?eshvan 5774Shabbat Noa? Rosh ?odesh ?eshvanShabbat Lekh lekhaShabbat VayeraShabbat ?ayyey sarahShabbat ToledotRosh ?odesh Kislev—Day 1Yortsayt: Death on 30 ?eshvanKislev 5774Yortsayt: Death on 30 ?eshvanRosh ?odesh Kislev—Day 2Shabbat VayetseShabbat Vayishla?Shabbat Vayeshev?anukkah—Day 1?anukkah—Day 2Shabbat Mikkets ?anukkah—Day 3?anukkah—Day 4?anukkah—Day 5Rosh ?odesh Tevet—Day 1 ?anukkah—Day 6Yortsayt: Death on 30 KislevTevet 5774Yortsayt: Death on 30 KislevRosh ?odesh Tevet—Day 2 ?anukkah—Day 7?anukkah—Day 8Shabbat VayiggashAsarah BetevetShabbat Vay?iShabbat ShemotShabbat Va'eraShevat 5774Rosh ?odesh ShevatShabbat BoShabbat Beshalla?Chanting Shirat HayamTu Bishvat Fifteenth of ShevatShabbat YitroTe'amim for Public ReadingChanting Aseret HadibberotAseret Hadibberot in the Triennial CycleShabbat MishpatimRosh ?odesh Adar Rishon—Day 11st Adar 5774Yorstayt: Death during AdarYortsayt: Death during 1st AdarShabbat Terumah Rosh ?odesh Adar Rishon—Day 2Shabbat TetsavvehShabbat Ki tissaShabbat Vayak·helShabbat PekudeyRosh ?odesh Adar Sheni—Day 1Yortsayt: Death on 30th of 1st Adar2nd Adar 5774Yorstayt: Death during AdarYortsayt: Death during 2nd AdarRosh ?odesh Adar Sheni—Day 2Shabbat VayikraTa'anit EsterShabbat TsavPurimShushan PurimShabbat SheminiShabbat TazriaNisan 5774Rosh ?odesh NisanShabbat MetsoraShabbat A?arey motPesa?—Day 1Pesa?—Day 2?ol Hamo'ed Pesa?—WeekdaysShabbat ?ol Hamo'ed Pesa??ol Hamo'ed Pesa?—WeekdayPesa?—Day 7Pesa?—Day 8Shabbat KedoshimYom Hasho'ah VehagevurahRosh ?odesh Iyyar—Day 1Iyyar 5774Rosh ?odesh Iyyar—Day 2Shabbat EmorYom HazikkaronYom Ha'atsma'utShabbat BeharPesa? SheniShabbat Be?ukkotayLag Ba'omerShabbat BemidbarYom YerushalayimSivan 5774Rosh ?odesh SivanShabbat NasoShavu'ot—Day 1Shavu'ot—Day 2Shabbat Beha'alotekhaShabbat Shela? lekhaShabbat Kora?Shabbat ?ukkat Rosh ?odesh Tammuz—Day 1Tammuz 5774Rosh ?odesh Tammuz—Day 2Shabbat BalakShabbat Pine?asShiv'ah Asar BetammuzShabbat MattotShabbat Mas'eyAv 5774Rosh ?odesh AvShabbat DevarimTish'ah Be'avShabbat Va'et·?annanTu Be'avShabbat EkevShabbat Re'ehRosh ?odesh Elul—Day 1Elul 5774Rosh ?odesh Elul—Day 2Shabbat ShofetimShabbat Ki tetseShabbat Ki tavoShabbat Leyl Seli?otSECULAR CALENDAR 2013-2014Aug 2013Tue 6 Aug (evening)Wed 7 AugSat 10 AugSat 17 AugSat 24 AugSat 31 Aug (daytime)Sat 31 Aug (evening)Sat 31 Aug (night)Sep 2013Wed 4 SepWed 4 Sep (evening)Thu 5 Sep (morning)Thu 5 Sep (evening)Fri 6 Sep (morning)Fri 6 Sep (evening)Sat 7 Sep (daytime)Sat 7 Sep (evening)Sun 8 SepFri 13 Sep (morning)Fri 13 Sep (evening)Sat 14 Sep (daytime)Sat 14 Sep (evening)Mon 16 SepWed 18 Sep (daytime)Wed 18 Sep (evening)Thu 19 Sep (daytime)Thu 19 Sep (evening)Fri 20 Sep (daytime)Fri 20 Sep (evening)Sat 21 Sep (daytime)Sat 21 Sep (evening)Sun 22 Sep (evening)Sun 22 Sep (morning)Mon 23 Sep (evening)Mon 23 Sep (morning)Tue 24 Sep (morning)Tue 24 Sep (evening)Wed 25 Sep (daytime)Wed 25 Sep (evening)Thu 26 Sep (daytime)Thu 26 Sep (evening)Fri 27 Sep (daytime)Fri 27 Sep (evening)Sat 28 Sep (morning)Sun 29 Sep (morning)Oct 2013Thu 3 Oct (daytime)Thu 3 Oct (evening)Fri 4 OctFri 4 Oct (evening)Sat 5 OctSun 6 OctSat 12 OctSat 19 OctSat 26 OctNov 2013Sat 2 Nov (daytime)Sat 2 Nov (evening)Sun 3 NovSun 3 Nov (evening)Mon 4 NovSat 9 NovSat 16 NovSat 23 NovWed 27 Nov (daytime)Wed 27 Nov (evening)Thu 28 Nov (daytime)Thu 28 Nov (evening)Fri 29 Nov (daytime)Fri 29 Nov (evening)Sat 30 Nov (daytime)Sat 30 Nov (evening)Dec 2013Sun 1 Dec (daytime)Sun 1 Dec (evening)Mon 2 Dec (daytime)Mon 2 Dec (evening)Tue 3 DecTue 3 Dec (evening)Wed 4 Dec (daytime)Wed 4 Dec (evening)Thu 5 DecSat 7 DecFri 13 Dec (morning)Sat 14 DecSat 21 DecSat 28 DecJan 2014Wed 1 JanWed 1 Jan (evening)Thu 2 JanSat 4 JanSat 11 JanWed 15 Jan (daytime)Wed 15 Jan (evening)Sat 18 JanSat 25 JanThu 30 Jan (evening)Fri 31 JanFeb 2014Fri 31 Jan (evening)Sat 1 FebSat 8 FebFri 14 FebSat 15 FebSat 22 FebMar 2014Sat 1 Mar (daytime)Sat 1 Mar (evening)Sun 2 MarSun 2 Mar (evening)Mon 3 MarSat 8 MarThu 13 Mar (morning)Sat 15 Mar (morning)Sat 15 Mar (evening)Sat 15 Mar (night)Sun 16 Mar (daytime)Sun 16 Mar (evening)Mon 17 MarSat 22 Mar (morning)Sat 29 Mar (morning)Mon 31 MarApr 2014Mon 31 Mar (evening)Tue 1 AprSat 5 AprSat 12 Apr (morning)Sat 12 Apr (evening)Sun 13 Apr (evening)Mon 14 Apr (morning)Mon 14 Apr (afternoon)Mon 14 Apr (evening)Tue 15 Apr (daytime)Tue 15 Apr (evening)Wed 16 Apr (daytime)Wed 16 Apr (evening)Wed 16 Apr (evening)Thu 17 Apr (evening)Thu 17 Apr (morning)Fri 18 Apr (morning)Fri 18 Apr (evening)Sat 19 Apr (daytime)Sat 19 Apr (evening)Sun 20 Apr (daytime)Sun 20 Apr (evening)Mon 21 Apr (daytime)Mon 21 Apr (evening)Tue 22 Apr (daytime)Tue 22 Apr (evening)Wed 23 Apr (daytime)Wed 23 Apr (evening)Thu 24 AprFri 25 AprSat 26 Apr (daytime)Sat 26 Apr (evening)Sun 27 Apr (evening)Sun 27 Apr (evening)Mon 28 Apr (daytime)Mon 28 Apr (evening)Tue 29 Apr (evening)Wed 30 AprMay 2014Wed 30 Apr (evening)Thu 1 May (daytime)Thu 1 May (evening)Fri 2 MaySat 3 May (daytime)Sat 3 May (evening)Sun 4 May (evening)Mon 5 May (daytime)Mon 5 May (evening)Tue 6 May (daytime)Tue 6 May (evening)Wed 7 MayThu 8 MayFri 9 MaySat 10 May (daytime)Sat 10 May (evening)Sun 11 MayMon 12 MayTue 13 May (daytime)Tue 13 May (evening)Wed 14 May (daytime)Wed 14 May (evening)Thu 15 MayFri 16 MaySat 17 May (daytime)Sat 17 May (evening)Sun 18 May (daytime)Sun 18 May (evening)Mon 19 MayTue 20 MayWed 21 MayThu 22 MayFri 23 MaySat 24 May (daytime)Sat 24 May (evening)Sun 25 MayMon 26 MayTue 27 May (daytime)Tue 27 May (evening)Wed 28 May (daytime)Wed 28 May (evening)Thu 29 MayThu 29 May (evening)Fri 30 May (daytime)Fri 30 May (evening)Sat 31 May (daytime)Sat 31 May (evening)Jun 2014Sun 1 Jun (daytime)Sun 1 Jun (evening)Mon 2 Jun (daytime)Mon 2 Jun (evening)Tue 3 Jun (daytime)Tue 3 Jun (evening)Wed 4 Jun (daytime)Wed 4 Jun (evening)Thu 5 Jun (daytime)Thu 5 Jun (evening)Fri 6 JunSat 7 JunSun 8 Jun (daytime)Sat 14 JunSat 21 JunFri 27 Jun (evening)Sat 28 JunSat 28 Jun (evening)Sun 29 JunJul 2014Sat 5 JulSat 12 JulTue 15 Jul (morning)Sat 19 JulSat 26 JulSun 27 JulSun 27 Jul (evening)Mon 28 JulAug 2014Fri 1 Aug (evening)Sat 2 Aug (daytime)Sat 2 Aug (evening)Mon 4 Aug (daytime)Mon 4 Aug (evening)Tue 5 Aug (daytime)Tue 5 Aug (evening)Wed 6 Aug (morning)Sat 9 AugSun 10 AugMon 11 Aug (morning)Sat 16 AugSat 23 AugMon 25 Aug (evening)Tue 26 AugTue 26 Aug (evening)Wed 27 AugSat 30 AugSep 2014Sat 6 SepSat 13 SepSat 20 Sep (daytime)Sat 20 Sep (evening)Sat 20 Sep (night)Wed 24 SepHOLIDAYSRosh HashanahSeli?ot — Penitential PrayersTeki'at Shofar — Hearing the Sounds of the ShofarPreparing to Celebrate with a New Fruit or with New ClothesEruv TavshilinPreparation of a Flame for Rosh HashanahCandle Lighting — Day 1Rosh Hashanah Meals — Day 1 and Day 2TashlikhCandle Lighting — Day 2Celebrating with a New Fruit or New ClothesCandle Lighting for Shabbat after Rosh HashanahYom KippurYom Kippur Prohibitions and PracticesCandle Lighting for Shabbat and Yom KippurBlessing the ChildrenBefore Kol NidreySukkotBuilding a SukkahAcquiring Lulav and EtrogThe Lulav AssemblyPreparation of a Flame for Yom TovEruv TavshilinEating in the SukkahTaking the LulavCandle Lighting for Yom Tov — Day 1Yom Tov Meals — Day 1 and Day 2Waving the Lulav during HallelCircling the Sanctuary with Lulav and EtrogCandle Lighting — Day 2Candle Lighting for Shabbat after Yom TovWearing Tefillin during ?ol Hamo'edHosha'na RabbahShemini AtseretEruv TavshilinPreparation of a Flame for Yom TovCandle Lighting for Shemini AtseretYom Tov Meals for Shemini AtseretMashiv Harua?Sim?at TorahCelebrating with the Torah on Sim?at TorahAttah Hor'eytaHakkafotCandle Lighting for Sim?at TorahYom Tov Meals for Sim?at TorahReading the Torah on Sim?at Torah MorningCandle Lighting for Shabbat after Yom Tov?anukkahCandle ?Lighting for ?anukkahSpecial Instructions for the Synagogue?PurimTa'anit EsterThe Five Mitsvot of Purim??Procedure for Reading of Megillat EsterPesa?How to Search for ?ametsHow to Dispose of ?ametsFast of the Firstborn and SiyyumPreparation of a Flame for Yom TovCandle Lighting for Yom Tov — Day 1Yom Tov Meals — Day 1 and Day 2Morid HatalCandle Lighting for Yom Tov — Day 2Sefirat Ha'omer?Wearing Tefillin during ?ol Hamo'edPreparation of a Flame for Yom TovCandle Lighting for Yom Tov — Day 7Yom Tov Meals — Day 7 and Day 8Chanting Shirat HayamCandle Lighting for Pesa? — Day 8Yom Ha'atsma'utShavu'otPreparing a Flame for Yom TovArvit — Day 1: Completing 7 Full Weeks of the OmerCandle Lighting — Day 1Yom Tov Meals — Day 1 and Day 2Tikkun Leyl Shavu'ot at NightCandle Lighting — Day 2OTHER COMMEMORATIONSTsom GedalyahAbout Tsom GedalyahAsarah BetevetTa'anit EsterYom Hasho'ahYom HazikkaronYom Ha'atsma'utLag Ba'omerYom YerushalayimShiv'ah Asar BetammuzTish'ah Be'avThe Nine DaysThe Afternoon before Tish'ah Be'avProhibitions throughout Tish'ah Be'avProcedures in the SynagogueMegillat Eykhah and KinotThe Tenth of AvSPECIAL SHABBATOTShabbat ShuvahShabbat ShirahChanting Shirat HayamShabbat ShekalimShabbat ZakhorShabbat ParahShabbat Ha?odeshShabbat HagadolShabbat ?azonShabbat Na?amuAppendixesSefirat Ha'omerBirkat KohanimDetermining the Date of a YorsaytHELP
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Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS
... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs --Rudolf Smend, from Wisdom in Ancient Israel , Cambridge, 1997.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.