Judaism and the Origins of Christianity...

A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.



Judaism and the Origins of Christianity


About Book Judaism and the Origins of Christianity

Front Matter Front Cover Half-Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Table of Contents ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGLAINTRODUCTIONContents PART I: The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament THE APOCRYPHAL BOOK OF ASCENSIO ISAIAE AND THE DEAD SEA SECTHEALING THROUGH THE LAYING-ON OF HANDS IN THE DEAD SEA SCROLL THE DEAD SEA SECT AND PRE-PAULINE CHRISTIANITY II. DUALISM OF GOOD AND EVILIII. PREDESTINATIONIV. ELECTION OF GRACEV. CIVITAS DEIVI. THE NEW COVENANTVII. BAPTISMVIII. SPIRITIX. FLESH AND SPIRIT X. CONCLUSIONFROM THE ESSENES TO ROMANS 9:24-33TWO NOTES ON THE MIDRASH ON 2 SAM . VII I. THE TEMPLE 'NOT MADE WITH HANDS' IN THE QUMRAN DOCTRINE II. 'THE SHOOT OF DAVID WHO WILL STAND WITH THE INTERPRETER OF THE LAW' APPENDIXBLESSED ARE THE POOR IN SPIRIT... SOME NOTES TO THE BEATITUDESBEATITUDES AND WOESHEBREW CONSTRUCT PHRASESAPPENDIXTHE MAGNIFICAT, THE BENEDICTU S AND THE WAR SCROLLJESUS' OPINION ABOUT THE ESSENESTHE SLAVE OF TWO MASTERSQUMRAN UND DIE ZWOLF MELCHIZEDEK AND THE SON OF MANTHE SOCIAL MESSAGE FROM QUMRANTHE LAST SUPPER AND THE ESSENESTHE HUBRIS OF THE ANTICHRIST IN A FRAGMENT FROM QUMRAN QUMRAN AND JEWISH 'APOTROPAIC' PRAYERSPART II: Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic SALVATION PRESENT AND FUTUREMESSIANOLOGY AND CHRISTOLOGY IN THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWSMESSIANIC BLESSINGS IN JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN TEXTS AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER THE ESSENE DOCTRINE OF HYPOSTASIS AND RABBI MEIRTHE FOUR EMPIRES IN THE FOURTH SIBYL AND IN THE BOOK OF DANIEL APPENDIXTHE FOURTH EMPIRE — AN INDIAN RHINOCEROS? A QUOTATION FROM THE GHATHAS IN A CHRISTIAN SIBYLLINE ORACLE AN EARLY JEWISH-CHRISTIAN DOCUMENT IN THE TIBURTINE SIBYLAPPENDIX IAPPENDIX IIHYSTASPES AND JOHN OF PATMOSNO TEMPLE IN THE CITYPART III: Ancient Judaism and Christianity A NEW SENSITIVITY IN JUDAISM AND THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI AND MATTHEWA RABBINIC PARALLEL TO THE SERMON ON THE MOUNTTHE DIDACHE AND THE NOACHIC COMMANDEMENTSHILLEL'S SELF-AWARENESS AND JESUS I AM IN THE MIDST OF THEM (MT. 18:20)JESUS AND THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN A LOST JEWISH BENEDICTION IN MATTHEW 9:8 IT IS NOT A SERPENT THAT KILLS TWO ANTI-JEWISH MONTAGES IN MATTHEWMATTHEWS VERUS ISRAEL THE CRUCIFIED ONE AND THE JEWSA LITERARY APPROACH TO THE TRIAL OF JESUSWHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL MEANING OF ECCE ????? WHO IS IT THAT STRUCK YOU? JOSEPHUS ON THE SADDUCEES AND MENANDERTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II. IntroductionII. The Christological FactorIII. The Historical ProblemsIV. Anti-Judaism Among ChristiansV.The LawTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II VI. Jewish Hatred of ChristiansVII. Birkath ha-MinimVIII. ConclusionsABRAHAM AND THE UPANISHADSBack Matter LIST OF SOURCES INDICESSOURCESHEBREW BIBLEGENESISEXODUSLEVITICUSNUMBERSDEUTERONOMYJOSHUAJUDGES1 SAMUEL2 SAMUEL1 KINGS2 KINGSISAIAHJEREMIAHEZEKIELHOSEAJOELJONAHMICAHHABAKKUKZECHARIAH?ALACHIPSALMSPROVERBSECCLESIASTESDANIELSEPTUAGINTTARGUMIMNEW TESTAMENTMATTHEWMARKLUKEJOHNROMANSI CORINTHIANSII CORINTHIANSGALATIANSEPHESIANSPHILIPPIANI THESSALONIANSII THESSALONIANSI THIMOTHYII THIMOTHYTITUSHEBREWSJAMESI PETERII PETERI JOHNREVELATIONRABBINIC LITERATUR EMISHNAHBERACHOTPESACHIMROSH HASHANANEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHINSANHEDRINPIRKE AVOTTOSEFTABERACHOTPESACHIMSUKKAHSOTAH?ABA KAMASANHEDRINABODAH ZARABABYLONIAN TALMUD BEZAHBERACHOTSHABBATERUBINPESACHIMYOMAHSUKKAHROSH HASHANAHTAANITHCHAGIGAHNEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHIN?ABA BATHRAGITTINSANHEDRINMENACHOTBECHOROTHNIDDAHABODAH ZARAHYEBAMOTHZEBACHIMJERUSALEM TALMUDBERACHOTROSH HASHANAHPESACHIMTAANITHSUKKAHBABA METZIAHMINOR TRACTATESSEMACHOTGERIMDERECH ERETZ ZEIRADERECH ERETZTOSEFTA DERECH ERETZMASECHTOT ZEIROTMIDRASHIMMIDRASH TANNAIMMEKHILTA DE R. ISHMAELMEKHILTA DE R. SIMEONB. Y0CHAISIFRA: LEVITICUSSIFRE: NUMBERSSIFRE ZUTASIFRE: DEUTERONOMYGENESIS RABBAEXODUS RABBALEVITICUS RABBANUMBERS RABBADEUTERONOMY RABBALAMENTATIONS RABBAKOHELET RABBAMERKABA RABBATANHUMATANHUMAMIDRASH HAGADOLGENESISEXODUSDEUTERONOMYMIDRASH VAYOSHAPESIKTA DE RAV KAHANAPESIKTA RABBATIHEKALOT RABBATIMIDRASH TEHILLIMMIDRASH MISHLEMIDRASH THRENISEDER ELIAHUBERESHIT RSAB?ATIYALKUT SHIME'ONIYALKUT HAMAKIRIMIDRASH LEKAH TOBBOOK OF ZERUBBABELAPOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA BEN SIRAHEBREW APOCALYPSE OF ENOCH ENOCHJUBILEESASCENSIO ISAIAHASSUMPTIO MOSESTESTAMENTS OF THE PATRIARCHSTEST. OF REUBENTEST. OF SIMEONTEST. OF LEVYTEST. OF ISSACHARTEST. OF ZEBULUNTEST. OF DANTEST. OF GADTEST. OF ASHERTEST. OF BENJAMINTEST. OF ABRAHAMPSALMS OF SOLOMONI MACCABEESWISDOM OF SOLOMONII MACCABEESIII MACCABEES1 ESDRAS2 ESDRAS3 ESDRAS4 ESDRAS5 ESDRASSIBYLLINE ORACLESBOOK 2BOOK 3BOOK 4BOOK 5BOOK 7BOOK 8BOOK 14APOCRYPHAL EPISTULAPOSTOLORUMAPOCRYPHAL DAVIDIC PSALM GOSPEL OF THOMASTESTAMENT OF JOBJOSEPH AND ASENETHI BARUCHII BARUCHWISDOMPSEUDO-PHILOTHE DEAD SEA SCROLLS MANUAL OF DISCIPLINERULE OF THECONGREGATIONSECOND APPENDIX OFDAMASCUS DOCUMENTWAR SCROLLTHANKSGIVING SCROLLPSALM SCROLL OF CAVE 1111 QPsa ZIONCOMMENTARY TO PSALMSISAIAH SCROLLGENESIS APOCR YPHONTARGUM ON JOBHABAKKUK COMMENTARYBOOK OF MYSTERIESJOSEPHUSWARSANTIQUITIESPHILOCHURCH FATHERSAPOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONSAQUINASARISTIDESAUGUSTINEBARNABASBASILCLEMENTPSEUDO CLEMENTINESCLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIACOMMODIANUSDIDACHEDOCTRINA APOSTOLORUMEPIPHANIUSEUSEBIUSEXAGOGE OF EZEKIELHERMAS, THE SHEPHERD OFHIPPOLYTUSIGNATIUSJUSTINUS MARTYRLACTANTIUSNARRATIO JOSEPHIORIGENPOLYCARPGREEK AND LATINAUTH ORSAELIUS ARISTIDESAESOPAETIUSPSEUDO - CALLISTHENESBABRIUSCICEROCLAUDIUS RUTILUSNAMATIANUSDIO CASSIUSDIODORUSDIOGENES LAERTIUSDIONYSIUS OFHALICARNASSUSHERODOTUSHESIODHOMERIliad 111,277LUCIANUSMARTIALISPERSIUSPLATOPHILOSTRATUSPINDARUSPLINY THE YOUNGERSENECASERVIUSTACITUSVELLEIUS PATERCULUSOTHER EARLY SOURCESBUNDAHISHNKORANPANCHATANTRAZARATHUSTRAMAIMONIDES SUBJECTSLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONSSELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHYA. BOOKS B. SOME OTHER PAPERSBack Cover
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The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

Volume 10, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
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Conversos on Trial. Hispania Judaica, v. 3
This story is eloquently related on the basis of Inquisition files which depict the Conversos' deep yearning to their Jewish past and the ultimate sacrifice they were prepared to offer for their continued adherence to their ancestral faith.

History of the Jews, Vol. 5: From the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland (1648 C.E.) to the Present Time (1870 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fifth volume covers the period from the Chmielnicki Persecution of the Jews in Poland to the Present Time.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics


The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics


Labor, Crafts and Commerce in Ancient Israel
Extensive collection of anecdotal evidence relating to labor, crafts, and trade as thought of and practiced by Sages of the Second Temple and early exilic period.

The Goddess Anath
A major contribution to Ugaritic scholarship, The Goddess Anath--Cassuto's work on Canaanite Epics of the Patriarchal Age--is a classic authored by one of the greatest Bible scholars.

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Violence and Defense in the Jewish Experience
Violence has always existed, and the Jews have been its victims for thousands of years in all parts of the world and in all periods of history. The book presents the fruits of the colloquium on Violence and Defense in Jewish History held in Tel-Aviv in 1974.

Talmud Yerushalmi: A Concordance of Amoraic Terms, Expressions and Phrases, in 3 vols.
A concordance of Amoraic terminology in Talmud Yerushalmi designed to assist to come much closer to the original text of the Yerushalmi and to its accurate interpretation.

Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Book of Samuel
Electronic edition of one of the most influential books ever written about the Bible; S.R. Driver's meticulously detailed reconstruction and analysis of Samuel has remained vital for over a century.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible
Multi-platform, electronic edition of masoretic text of the Holy Scriptures placed next to classic Jewish translation.

THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN


Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

The Return of Anti-Semitism
An anti-Semitic contamination is now world-wide. This sad truth is brilliantly evoked in Gabriel Schoenfeld's important study. Necessary reading. --Elie Wiesel

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew
More than any other, this book makes the subject is accessible to scholars who are not fluent in modern Hebrew.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
The core of this impressive volume is its catalog of Rabbinica that is accompanied by twelve facsimile pages of representative documents.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
The core of this impressive volume is its catalog of Rabbinica that is accompanied by twelve facsimile pages of representative documents.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 7
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): HAGGAI, ZECHARIAH, MALACHI AND JONAH
For all the talk about Bible being a source of Western ethics, Mitchell's is one of the very few books extant that pays more then a lip service to this concept.

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Nazvanie
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The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah according to the Jewish interpreters (in 2 vols.)
Collection of printed texts and MSS. by Jewish commentators on the 53rd Chapter of Isaiah, brought together by AD. Nubauer and translated with assistance of S.R.Driver.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 2
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Mishnayoth


JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
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Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 7
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.