Judaism and the Origins of Christianity...

A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.



Judaism and the Origins of Christianity


About Book Judaism and the Origins of Christianity

Front Matter Front Cover Half-Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Table of Contents ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGLAINTRODUCTIONContents PART I: The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament THE APOCRYPHAL BOOK OF ASCENSIO ISAIAE AND THE DEAD SEA SECTHEALING THROUGH THE LAYING-ON OF HANDS IN THE DEAD SEA SCROLL THE DEAD SEA SECT AND PRE-PAULINE CHRISTIANITY II. DUALISM OF GOOD AND EVILIII. PREDESTINATIONIV. ELECTION OF GRACEV. CIVITAS DEIVI. THE NEW COVENANTVII. BAPTISMVIII. SPIRITIX. FLESH AND SPIRIT X. CONCLUSIONFROM THE ESSENES TO ROMANS 9:24-33TWO NOTES ON THE MIDRASH ON 2 SAM . VII I. THE TEMPLE 'NOT MADE WITH HANDS' IN THE QUMRAN DOCTRINE II. 'THE SHOOT OF DAVID WHO WILL STAND WITH THE INTERPRETER OF THE LAW' APPENDIXBLESSED ARE THE POOR IN SPIRIT... SOME NOTES TO THE BEATITUDESBEATITUDES AND WOESHEBREW CONSTRUCT PHRASESAPPENDIXTHE MAGNIFICAT, THE BENEDICTU S AND THE WAR SCROLLJESUS' OPINION ABOUT THE ESSENESTHE SLAVE OF TWO MASTERSQUMRAN UND DIE ZWOLF MELCHIZEDEK AND THE SON OF MANTHE SOCIAL MESSAGE FROM QUMRANTHE LAST SUPPER AND THE ESSENESTHE HUBRIS OF THE ANTICHRIST IN A FRAGMENT FROM QUMRAN QUMRAN AND JEWISH 'APOTROPAIC' PRAYERSPART II: Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic SALVATION PRESENT AND FUTUREMESSIANOLOGY AND CHRISTOLOGY IN THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWSMESSIANIC BLESSINGS IN JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN TEXTS AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER THE ESSENE DOCTRINE OF HYPOSTASIS AND RABBI MEIRTHE FOUR EMPIRES IN THE FOURTH SIBYL AND IN THE BOOK OF DANIEL APPENDIXTHE FOURTH EMPIRE — AN INDIAN RHINOCEROS? A QUOTATION FROM THE GHATHAS IN A CHRISTIAN SIBYLLINE ORACLE AN EARLY JEWISH-CHRISTIAN DOCUMENT IN THE TIBURTINE SIBYLAPPENDIX IAPPENDIX IIHYSTASPES AND JOHN OF PATMOSNO TEMPLE IN THE CITYPART III: Ancient Judaism and Christianity A NEW SENSITIVITY IN JUDAISM AND THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI AND MATTHEWA RABBINIC PARALLEL TO THE SERMON ON THE MOUNTTHE DIDACHE AND THE NOACHIC COMMANDEMENTSHILLEL'S SELF-AWARENESS AND JESUS I AM IN THE MIDST OF THEM (MT. 18:20)JESUS AND THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN A LOST JEWISH BENEDICTION IN MATTHEW 9:8 IT IS NOT A SERPENT THAT KILLS TWO ANTI-JEWISH MONTAGES IN MATTHEWMATTHEWS VERUS ISRAEL THE CRUCIFIED ONE AND THE JEWSA LITERARY APPROACH TO THE TRIAL OF JESUSWHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL MEANING OF ECCE ????? WHO IS IT THAT STRUCK YOU? JOSEPHUS ON THE SADDUCEES AND MENANDERTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II. IntroductionII. The Christological FactorIII. The Historical ProblemsIV. Anti-Judaism Among ChristiansV.The LawTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II VI. Jewish Hatred of ChristiansVII. Birkath ha-MinimVIII. ConclusionsABRAHAM AND THE UPANISHADSBack Matter LIST OF SOURCES INDICESSOURCESHEBREW BIBLEGENESISEXODUSLEVITICUSNUMBERSDEUTERONOMYJOSHUAJUDGES1 SAMUEL2 SAMUEL1 KINGS2 KINGSISAIAHJEREMIAHEZEKIELHOSEAJOELJONAHMICAHHABAKKUKZECHARIAH?ALACHIPSALMSPROVERBSECCLESIASTESDANIELSEPTUAGINTTARGUMIMNEW TESTAMENTMATTHEWMARKLUKEJOHNROMANSI CORINTHIANSII CORINTHIANSGALATIANSEPHESIANSPHILIPPIANI THESSALONIANSII THESSALONIANSI THIMOTHYII THIMOTHYTITUSHEBREWSJAMESI PETERII PETERI JOHNREVELATIONRABBINIC LITERATUR EMISHNAHBERACHOTPESACHIMROSH HASHANANEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHINSANHEDRINPIRKE AVOTTOSEFTABERACHOTPESACHIMSUKKAHSOTAH?ABA KAMASANHEDRINABODAH ZARABABYLONIAN TALMUD BEZAHBERACHOTSHABBATERUBINPESACHIMYOMAHSUKKAHROSH HASHANAHTAANITHCHAGIGAHNEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHIN?ABA BATHRAGITTINSANHEDRINMENACHOTBECHOROTHNIDDAHABODAH ZARAHYEBAMOTHZEBACHIMJERUSALEM TALMUDBERACHOTROSH HASHANAHPESACHIMTAANITHSUKKAHBABA METZIAHMINOR TRACTATESSEMACHOTGERIMDERECH ERETZ ZEIRADERECH ERETZTOSEFTA DERECH ERETZMASECHTOT ZEIROTMIDRASHIMMIDRASH TANNAIMMEKHILTA DE R. ISHMAELMEKHILTA DE R. SIMEONB. Y0CHAISIFRA: LEVITICUSSIFRE: NUMBERSSIFRE ZUTASIFRE: DEUTERONOMYGENESIS RABBAEXODUS RABBALEVITICUS RABBANUMBERS RABBADEUTERONOMY RABBALAMENTATIONS RABBAKOHELET RABBAMERKABA RABBATANHUMATANHUMAMIDRASH HAGADOLGENESISEXODUSDEUTERONOMYMIDRASH VAYOSHAPESIKTA DE RAV KAHANAPESIKTA RABBATIHEKALOT RABBATIMIDRASH TEHILLIMMIDRASH MISHLEMIDRASH THRENISEDER ELIAHUBERESHIT RSAB?ATIYALKUT SHIME'ONIYALKUT HAMAKIRIMIDRASH LEKAH TOBBOOK OF ZERUBBABELAPOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA BEN SIRAHEBREW APOCALYPSE OF ENOCH ENOCHJUBILEESASCENSIO ISAIAHASSUMPTIO MOSESTESTAMENTS OF THE PATRIARCHSTEST. OF REUBENTEST. OF SIMEONTEST. OF LEVYTEST. OF ISSACHARTEST. OF ZEBULUNTEST. OF DANTEST. OF GADTEST. OF ASHERTEST. OF BENJAMINTEST. OF ABRAHAMPSALMS OF SOLOMONI MACCABEESWISDOM OF SOLOMONII MACCABEESIII MACCABEES1 ESDRAS2 ESDRAS3 ESDRAS4 ESDRAS5 ESDRASSIBYLLINE ORACLESBOOK 2BOOK 3BOOK 4BOOK 5BOOK 7BOOK 8BOOK 14APOCRYPHAL EPISTULAPOSTOLORUMAPOCRYPHAL DAVIDIC PSALM GOSPEL OF THOMASTESTAMENT OF JOBJOSEPH AND ASENETHI BARUCHII BARUCHWISDOMPSEUDO-PHILOTHE DEAD SEA SCROLLS MANUAL OF DISCIPLINERULE OF THECONGREGATIONSECOND APPENDIX OFDAMASCUS DOCUMENTWAR SCROLLTHANKSGIVING SCROLLPSALM SCROLL OF CAVE 1111 QPsa ZIONCOMMENTARY TO PSALMSISAIAH SCROLLGENESIS APOCR YPHONTARGUM ON JOBHABAKKUK COMMENTARYBOOK OF MYSTERIESJOSEPHUSWARSANTIQUITIESPHILOCHURCH FATHERSAPOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONSAQUINASARISTIDESAUGUSTINEBARNABASBASILCLEMENTPSEUDO CLEMENTINESCLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIACOMMODIANUSDIDACHEDOCTRINA APOSTOLORUMEPIPHANIUSEUSEBIUSEXAGOGE OF EZEKIELHERMAS, THE SHEPHERD OFHIPPOLYTUSIGNATIUSJUSTINUS MARTYRLACTANTIUSNARRATIO JOSEPHIORIGENPOLYCARPGREEK AND LATINAUTH ORSAELIUS ARISTIDESAESOPAETIUSPSEUDO - CALLISTHENESBABRIUSCICEROCLAUDIUS RUTILUSNAMATIANUSDIO CASSIUSDIODORUSDIOGENES LAERTIUSDIONYSIUS OFHALICARNASSUSHERODOTUSHESIODHOMERIliad 111,277LUCIANUSMARTIALISPERSIUSPLATOPHILOSTRATUSPINDARUSPLINY THE YOUNGERSENECASERVIUSTACITUSVELLEIUS PATERCULUSOTHER EARLY SOURCESBUNDAHISHNKORANPANCHATANTRAZARATHUSTRAMAIMONIDES SUBJECTSLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONSSELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHYA. BOOKS B. SOME OTHER PAPERSBack Cover
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eBookshuk Books

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa
This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
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Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 11
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.
This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

Luah Hashannah 5778
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew
The importance of the Samaritan pronunciation of Hebrew has gained wide acceptance as essential for reaching a correct understanding of the processes that affected the development of the Hebrew language in the late second temple period.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ezra and Nehemiah
A commentary on one of the most interesting for the modern reader books of the Bible.

Nazvanie
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Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

Conversos on Trial. Hispania Judaica, v. 3
This story is eloquently related on the basis of Inquisition files which depict the Conversos' deep yearning to their Jewish past and the ultimate sacrifice they were prepared to offer for their continued adherence to their ancestral faith.

Nazarene Jewish Christianity
A comprehensive study of the immediate heirs of the earliest Jerusalem church.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

Like a Reed: the Message of the Mezuza
A thoughtful reminder of what is really important in life.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


Studies in Jewish Education I: Theory and Research
The focus of this volume is the state of the Jewish educational research and its impact on practice.

The Pharisees: The Sociological Background of Their Faith (2 volume-set)
The Pharisees constituted a religious Order of singular influence in the history of civilization. Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism all derive from this ancient Palestinian Society. This book uncovers the origins and fundamental aspects of Pharisees' faith from sociological point of view.

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

A Catalogue of Fragments of Halakhah and Midrash from the Cairo Genizah
The core of this impressive volume is its catalog of Rabbinica that is accompanied by twelve facsimile pages of representative documents.

The Jews of Santa Coloma de Queralt. Hispania Judaica, v. 6
A reconstruction of the Jewish life in a small community, on the basis of notary acts found in local archives.

The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

To Do the Right and the Good
A thought-provoking examination of Jewish social ethics in relation to the mores of contemporary society. In this book, Rabbi Dorff focuses on the social aspects of the Jewish tradition, while tackling such timely topics as war and peace, poverty, intrafaith and interfaith relations, and forgiveness.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

STUDIES IN JEWISH EDUCATION III: Teacher, Teaching, and Community
Deals with concrete issues of the teaching process in schools.

Jesus of Nazareth
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Reading Guide and Index, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Great introduction to all areas covered by Encyclopedia. All entries are hyperlinked to relevant Encyclopedia articles.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 8
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Don Isaac Abravanel: Statesman and Philosopher
The story of an extraordinary personality in the history of the Jewish people. Abravanel symbolizes a life of a true son of G-d s chosen people.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Jews in the Hungarian Economy 1760-1945
In the sixteen essays in this volume, scholars from three continents explore dispassionately various facets of the Jewish presence in the Hungarian economy over a span of two centuries. (Two of the articles deal with Vienna which had quite a sizeable contingent of Hungarian Jews.) The topics range from pure economic history dealing with entrepreneurship and occupational structure, to related fields such as demography, urbanization and nutrition. Several studies discuss the interaction of both

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.