Judaism and the Origins of Christianity...

A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.



Judaism and the Origins of Christianity


About Book Judaism and the Origins of Christianity

Front Matter Front Cover Half-Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Table of Contents ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGLAINTRODUCTIONContents PART I: The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament THE APOCRYPHAL BOOK OF ASCENSIO ISAIAE AND THE DEAD SEA SECTHEALING THROUGH THE LAYING-ON OF HANDS IN THE DEAD SEA SCROLL THE DEAD SEA SECT AND PRE-PAULINE CHRISTIANITY II. DUALISM OF GOOD AND EVILIII. PREDESTINATIONIV. ELECTION OF GRACEV. CIVITAS DEIVI. THE NEW COVENANTVII. BAPTISMVIII. SPIRITIX. FLESH AND SPIRIT X. CONCLUSIONFROM THE ESSENES TO ROMANS 9:24-33TWO NOTES ON THE MIDRASH ON 2 SAM . VII I. THE TEMPLE 'NOT MADE WITH HANDS' IN THE QUMRAN DOCTRINE II. 'THE SHOOT OF DAVID WHO WILL STAND WITH THE INTERPRETER OF THE LAW' APPENDIXBLESSED ARE THE POOR IN SPIRIT... SOME NOTES TO THE BEATITUDESBEATITUDES AND WOESHEBREW CONSTRUCT PHRASESAPPENDIXTHE MAGNIFICAT, THE BENEDICTU S AND THE WAR SCROLLJESUS' OPINION ABOUT THE ESSENESTHE SLAVE OF TWO MASTERSQUMRAN UND DIE ZWOLF MELCHIZEDEK AND THE SON OF MANTHE SOCIAL MESSAGE FROM QUMRANTHE LAST SUPPER AND THE ESSENESTHE HUBRIS OF THE ANTICHRIST IN A FRAGMENT FROM QUMRAN QUMRAN AND JEWISH 'APOTROPAIC' PRAYERSPART II: Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic SALVATION PRESENT AND FUTUREMESSIANOLOGY AND CHRISTOLOGY IN THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWSMESSIANIC BLESSINGS IN JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN TEXTS AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER THE ESSENE DOCTRINE OF HYPOSTASIS AND RABBI MEIRTHE FOUR EMPIRES IN THE FOURTH SIBYL AND IN THE BOOK OF DANIEL APPENDIXTHE FOURTH EMPIRE — AN INDIAN RHINOCEROS? A QUOTATION FROM THE GHATHAS IN A CHRISTIAN SIBYLLINE ORACLE AN EARLY JEWISH-CHRISTIAN DOCUMENT IN THE TIBURTINE SIBYLAPPENDIX IAPPENDIX IIHYSTASPES AND JOHN OF PATMOSNO TEMPLE IN THE CITYPART III: Ancient Judaism and Christianity A NEW SENSITIVITY IN JUDAISM AND THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI AND MATTHEWA RABBINIC PARALLEL TO THE SERMON ON THE MOUNTTHE DIDACHE AND THE NOACHIC COMMANDEMENTSHILLEL'S SELF-AWARENESS AND JESUS I AM IN THE MIDST OF THEM (MT. 18:20)JESUS AND THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN A LOST JEWISH BENEDICTION IN MATTHEW 9:8 IT IS NOT A SERPENT THAT KILLS TWO ANTI-JEWISH MONTAGES IN MATTHEWMATTHEWS VERUS ISRAEL THE CRUCIFIED ONE AND THE JEWSA LITERARY APPROACH TO THE TRIAL OF JESUSWHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL MEANING OF ECCE ????? WHO IS IT THAT STRUCK YOU? JOSEPHUS ON THE SADDUCEES AND MENANDERTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II. IntroductionII. The Christological FactorIII. The Historical ProblemsIV. Anti-Judaism Among ChristiansV.The LawTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II VI. Jewish Hatred of ChristiansVII. Birkath ha-MinimVIII. ConclusionsABRAHAM AND THE UPANISHADSBack Matter LIST OF SOURCES INDICESSOURCESHEBREW BIBLEGENESISEXODUSLEVITICUSNUMBERSDEUTERONOMYJOSHUAJUDGES1 SAMUEL2 SAMUEL1 KINGS2 KINGSISAIAHJEREMIAHEZEKIELHOSEAJOELJONAHMICAHHABAKKUKZECHARIAH?ALACHIPSALMSPROVERBSECCLESIASTESDANIELSEPTUAGINTTARGUMIMNEW TESTAMENTMATTHEWMARKLUKEJOHNROMANSI CORINTHIANSII CORINTHIANSGALATIANSEPHESIANSPHILIPPIANI THESSALONIANSII THESSALONIANSI THIMOTHYII THIMOTHYTITUSHEBREWSJAMESI PETERII PETERI JOHNREVELATIONRABBINIC LITERATUR EMISHNAHBERACHOTPESACHIMROSH HASHANANEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHINSANHEDRINPIRKE AVOTTOSEFTABERACHOTPESACHIMSUKKAHSOTAH?ABA KAMASANHEDRINABODAH ZARABABYLONIAN TALMUD BEZAHBERACHOTSHABBATERUBINPESACHIMYOMAHSUKKAHROSH HASHANAHTAANITHCHAGIGAHNEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHIN?ABA BATHRAGITTINSANHEDRINMENACHOTBECHOROTHNIDDAHABODAH ZARAHYEBAMOTHZEBACHIMJERUSALEM TALMUDBERACHOTROSH HASHANAHPESACHIMTAANITHSUKKAHBABA METZIAHMINOR TRACTATESSEMACHOTGERIMDERECH ERETZ ZEIRADERECH ERETZTOSEFTA DERECH ERETZMASECHTOT ZEIROTMIDRASHIMMIDRASH TANNAIMMEKHILTA DE R. ISHMAELMEKHILTA DE R. SIMEONB. Y0CHAISIFRA: LEVITICUSSIFRE: NUMBERSSIFRE ZUTASIFRE: DEUTERONOMYGENESIS RABBAEXODUS RABBALEVITICUS RABBANUMBERS RABBADEUTERONOMY RABBALAMENTATIONS RABBAKOHELET RABBAMERKABA RABBATANHUMATANHUMAMIDRASH HAGADOLGENESISEXODUSDEUTERONOMYMIDRASH VAYOSHAPESIKTA DE RAV KAHANAPESIKTA RABBATIHEKALOT RABBATIMIDRASH TEHILLIMMIDRASH MISHLEMIDRASH THRENISEDER ELIAHUBERESHIT RSAB?ATIYALKUT SHIME'ONIYALKUT HAMAKIRIMIDRASH LEKAH TOBBOOK OF ZERUBBABELAPOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA BEN SIRAHEBREW APOCALYPSE OF ENOCH ENOCHJUBILEESASCENSIO ISAIAHASSUMPTIO MOSESTESTAMENTS OF THE PATRIARCHSTEST. OF REUBENTEST. OF SIMEONTEST. OF LEVYTEST. OF ISSACHARTEST. OF ZEBULUNTEST. OF DANTEST. OF GADTEST. OF ASHERTEST. OF BENJAMINTEST. OF ABRAHAMPSALMS OF SOLOMONI MACCABEESWISDOM OF SOLOMONII MACCABEESIII MACCABEES1 ESDRAS2 ESDRAS3 ESDRAS4 ESDRAS5 ESDRASSIBYLLINE ORACLESBOOK 2BOOK 3BOOK 4BOOK 5BOOK 7BOOK 8BOOK 14APOCRYPHAL EPISTULAPOSTOLORUMAPOCRYPHAL DAVIDIC PSALM GOSPEL OF THOMASTESTAMENT OF JOBJOSEPH AND ASENETHI BARUCHII BARUCHWISDOMPSEUDO-PHILOTHE DEAD SEA SCROLLS MANUAL OF DISCIPLINERULE OF THECONGREGATIONSECOND APPENDIX OFDAMASCUS DOCUMENTWAR SCROLLTHANKSGIVING SCROLLPSALM SCROLL OF CAVE 1111 QPsa ZIONCOMMENTARY TO PSALMSISAIAH SCROLLGENESIS APOCR YPHONTARGUM ON JOBHABAKKUK COMMENTARYBOOK OF MYSTERIESJOSEPHUSWARSANTIQUITIESPHILOCHURCH FATHERSAPOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONSAQUINASARISTIDESAUGUSTINEBARNABASBASILCLEMENTPSEUDO CLEMENTINESCLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIACOMMODIANUSDIDACHEDOCTRINA APOSTOLORUMEPIPHANIUSEUSEBIUSEXAGOGE OF EZEKIELHERMAS, THE SHEPHERD OFHIPPOLYTUSIGNATIUSJUSTINUS MARTYRLACTANTIUSNARRATIO JOSEPHIORIGENPOLYCARPGREEK AND LATINAUTH ORSAELIUS ARISTIDESAESOPAETIUSPSEUDO - CALLISTHENESBABRIUSCICEROCLAUDIUS RUTILUSNAMATIANUSDIO CASSIUSDIODORUSDIOGENES LAERTIUSDIONYSIUS OFHALICARNASSUSHERODOTUSHESIODHOMERIliad 111,277LUCIANUSMARTIALISPERSIUSPLATOPHILOSTRATUSPINDARUSPLINY THE YOUNGERSENECASERVIUSTACITUSVELLEIUS PATERCULUSOTHER EARLY SOURCESBUNDAHISHNKORANPANCHATANTRAZARATHUSTRAMAIMONIDES SUBJECTSLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONSSELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHYA. BOOKS B. SOME OTHER PAPERSBack Cover
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eBookshuk Books

Hanukkah: The Feast of Lights
There is a glamour and mystery about the Feast of Lights. Miss Solis-Cohen takes up the challenge of Hanukkah to the modern Jew and tries to explain it. The book will appeal to adults and to children, to those who seek knowledge on the holiday's origin and history.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

Hebrew Ethical Wills
This volume includes specimens which, either as complete texts or as extracts, are representative of the type of literature known as Ethical Wills. The testaments give an intimate insight into the personal religion of Jews and Jewish experience through many centuries.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

Art in Ancient Palestine
The books deals with various aspects of art in ancient Palestine: conquest of the East by Hellenism, Leda sarcophagus, general problems of reconstruction of the past through archaelogy.

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Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages
A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Jewish Influence on Christian Reform Movements
This work is a study of a few typical “Reform Movements” or heresies in the history of Catholicism during the Middle Ages and of Protestantism during the Reformation era. It has been undertaken with a view to describing and analyzing the contributions by Jews and Judaism to the rise and development of these movements.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 9
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Literary Studies In The Hebrew Bible Form And Content
This volume focuses on some major issues in biblical research. In the studies collected in this volume, the author aims at highlighting salient literary modes which can be identified the books of the Hebrew Bible.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 9
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

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Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics
Thoughful, often profound writting about the limits of science and the limits of life, about what makes us human and gives us human dignity.

Studies in Jewish Education IV: Curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew
The present volume, the fourth in the series Studies in Jewish Education, is dedicated to the subject of curriculum and the teaching of Hebrew.

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The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Ah, Assyria... (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXXIII)
Thirty outstanding papers on Assyrian history and its connection and impact on Biblical Israel.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Jewish History: An Essay in the Philosophy of History
This essay exhibits in a remarkably striking way the author's art of making “all things seem fresh and new, important and attractive.” The author attempts, for the first time, a psychologic characterization of Jewish history. He endeavors to demonstrate the inner connection between events, and develop the ideas that underlie them.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

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The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

Hebrew-English Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This is a Study Edition of the traditional Masoretic text placed next to the classic word-for-word Jewish translation by JPS; it features the most authoritative Hebrew text - based on the Leningrad Codex - complete with cantillation marks, vocalization and verse numbers.

Studies in Jewish Education XII: The Hebrew Language in the Era of Globalization
This volume of the Studies in Jewish Education examines the place of the Hebrew language today.

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

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The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. III.
This is the third and final volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

Trujillo: A Jewish Community in Extremadura on the Eve of the Expulsion from Spain. Hispania Judaica, v. 2
Based on documents published for the first time, this book reveals the life and surroundings of a community lulled into a false sense of security and endeavouring to build its life in peace while the war against Granada continues.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

Islam Unveiled
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Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition

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Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
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Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
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Collected Writings in Jewish Studies
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Luah Hashanah 5780