Judaism and the Origins of Christianity...

A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

To Hans Joachim Blocher With Friendship

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity


About Book Judaism and the Origins of Christianity

Front Matter Front Cover Half-Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Table of Contents ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGLAINTRODUCTIONContents PART I: The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament THE APOCRYPHAL BOOK OF ASCENSIO ISAIAE AND THE DEAD SEA SECTHEALING THROUGH THE LAYING-ON OF HANDS IN THE DEAD SEA SCROLL THE DEAD SEA SECT AND PRE-PAULINE CHRISTIANITY II. DUALISM OF GOOD AND EVILIII. PREDESTINATIONIV. ELECTION OF GRACEV. CIVITAS DEIVI. THE NEW COVENANTVII. BAPTISMVIII. SPIRITIX. FLESH AND SPIRIT X. CONCLUSIONFROM THE ESSENES TO ROMANS 9:24-33TWO NOTES ON THE MIDRASH ON 2 SAM . VII I. THE TEMPLE 'NOT MADE WITH HANDS' IN THE QUMRAN DOCTRINE II. 'THE SHOOT OF DAVID WHO WILL STAND WITH THE INTERPRETER OF THE LAW' APPENDIXBLESSED ARE THE POOR IN SPIRIT... SOME NOTES TO THE BEATITUDESBEATITUDES AND WOESHEBREW CONSTRUCT PHRASESAPPENDIXTHE MAGNIFICAT, THE BENEDICTU S AND THE WAR SCROLLJESUS' OPINION ABOUT THE ESSENESTHE SLAVE OF TWO MASTERSQUMRAN UND DIE ZWOLF MELCHIZEDEK AND THE SON OF MANTHE SOCIAL MESSAGE FROM QUMRANTHE LAST SUPPER AND THE ESSENESTHE HUBRIS OF THE ANTICHRIST IN A FRAGMENT FROM QUMRAN QUMRAN AND JEWISH 'APOTROPAIC' PRAYERSPART II: Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic SALVATION PRESENT AND FUTUREMESSIANOLOGY AND CHRISTOLOGY IN THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWSMESSIANIC BLESSINGS IN JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN TEXTS AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER THE ESSENE DOCTRINE OF HYPOSTASIS AND RABBI MEIRTHE FOUR EMPIRES IN THE FOURTH SIBYL AND IN THE BOOK OF DANIEL APPENDIXTHE FOURTH EMPIRE — AN INDIAN RHINOCEROS? A QUOTATION FROM THE GHATHAS IN A CHRISTIAN SIBYLLINE ORACLE AN EARLY JEWISH-CHRISTIAN DOCUMENT IN THE TIBURTINE SIBYLAPPENDIX IAPPENDIX IIHYSTASPES AND JOHN OF PATMOSNO TEMPLE IN THE CITYPART III: Ancient Judaism and Christianity A NEW SENSITIVITY IN JUDAISM AND THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI AND MATTHEWA RABBINIC PARALLEL TO THE SERMON ON THE MOUNTTHE DIDACHE AND THE NOACHIC COMMANDEMENTSHILLEL'S SELF-AWARENESS AND JESUS I AM IN THE MIDST OF THEM (MT. 18:20)JESUS AND THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN A LOST JEWISH BENEDICTION IN MATTHEW 9:8 IT IS NOT A SERPENT THAT KILLS TWO ANTI-JEWISH MONTAGES IN MATTHEWMATTHEWS VERUS ISRAEL THE CRUCIFIED ONE AND THE JEWSA LITERARY APPROACH TO THE TRIAL OF JESUSWHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL MEANING OF ECCE ????? WHO IS IT THAT STRUCK YOU? JOSEPHUS ON THE SADDUCEES AND MENANDERTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II. IntroductionII. The Christological FactorIII. The Historical ProblemsIV. Anti-Judaism Among ChristiansV.The LawTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II VI. Jewish Hatred of ChristiansVII. Birkath ha-MinimVIII. ConclusionsABRAHAM AND THE UPANISHADSBack Matter LIST OF SOURCES INDICESSOURCESHEBREW BIBLEGENESISEXODUSLEVITICUSNUMBERSDEUTERONOMYJOSHUAJUDGES1 SAMUEL2 SAMUEL1 KINGS2 KINGSISAIAHJEREMIAHEZEKIELHOSEAJOELJONAHMICAHHABAKKUKZECHARIAH?ALACHIPSALMSPROVERBSECCLESIASTESDANIELSEPTUAGINTTARGUMIMNEW TESTAMENTMATTHEWMARKLUKEJOHNROMANSI CORINTHIANSII CORINTHIANSGALATIANSEPHESIANSPHILIPPIANI THESSALONIANSII THESSALONIANSI THIMOTHYII THIMOTHYTITUSHEBREWSJAMESI PETERII PETERI JOHNREVELATIONRABBINIC LITERATUR EMISHNAHBERACHOTPESACHIMROSH HASHANANEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHINSANHEDRINPIRKE AVOTTOSEFTABERACHOTPESACHIMSUKKAHSOTAH?ABA KAMASANHEDRINABODAH ZARABABYLONIAN TALMUD BEZAHBERACHOTSHABBATERUBINPESACHIMYOMAHSUKKAHROSH HASHANAHTAANITHCHAGIGAHNEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHIN?ABA BATHRAGITTINSANHEDRINMENACHOTBECHOROTHNIDDAHABODAH ZARAHYEBAMOTHZEBACHIMJERUSALEM TALMUDBERACHOTROSH HASHANAHPESACHIMTAANITHSUKKAHBABA METZIAHMINOR TRACTATESSEMACHOTGERIMDERECH ERETZ ZEIRADERECH ERETZTOSEFTA DERECH ERETZMASECHTOT ZEIROTMIDRASHIMMIDRASH TANNAIMMEKHILTA DE R. ISHMAELMEKHILTA DE R. SIMEONB. Y0CHAISIFRA: LEVITICUSSIFRE: NUMBERSSIFRE ZUTASIFRE: DEUTERONOMYGENESIS RABBAEXODUS RABBALEVITICUS RABBANUMBERS RABBADEUTERONOMY RABBALAMENTATIONS RABBAKOHELET RABBAMERKABA RABBATANHUMATANHUMAMIDRASH HAGADOLGENESISEXODUSDEUTERONOMYMIDRASH VAYOSHAPESIKTA DE RAV KAHANAPESIKTA RABBATIHEKALOT RABBATIMIDRASH TEHILLIMMIDRASH MISHLEMIDRASH THRENISEDER ELIAHUBERESHIT RSAB?ATIYALKUT SHIME'ONIYALKUT HAMAKIRIMIDRASH LEKAH TOBBOOK OF ZERUBBABELAPOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA BEN SIRAHEBREW APOCALYPSE OF ENOCH ENOCHJUBILEESASCENSIO ISAIAHASSUMPTIO MOSESTESTAMENTS OF THE PATRIARCHSTEST. OF REUBENTEST. OF SIMEONTEST. OF LEVYTEST. OF ISSACHARTEST. OF ZEBULUNTEST. OF DANTEST. OF GADTEST. OF ASHERTEST. OF BENJAMINTEST. OF ABRAHAMPSALMS OF SOLOMONI MACCABEESWISDOM OF SOLOMONII MACCABEESIII MACCABEES1 ESDRAS2 ESDRAS3 ESDRAS4 ESDRAS5 ESDRASSIBYLLINE ORACLESBOOK 2BOOK 3BOOK 4BOOK 5BOOK 7BOOK 8BOOK 14APOCRYPHAL EPISTULAPOSTOLORUMAPOCRYPHAL DAVIDIC PSALM GOSPEL OF THOMASTESTAMENT OF JOBJOSEPH AND ASENETHI BARUCHII BARUCHWISDOMPSEUDO-PHILOTHE DEAD SEA SCROLLS MANUAL OF DISCIPLINERULE OF THECONGREGATIONSECOND APPENDIX OFDAMASCUS DOCUMENTWAR SCROLLTHANKSGIVING SCROLLPSALM SCROLL OF CAVE 1111 QPsa ZIONCOMMENTARY TO PSALMSISAIAH SCROLLGENESIS APOCR YPHONTARGUM ON JOBHABAKKUK COMMENTARYBOOK OF MYSTERIESJOSEPHUSWARSANTIQUITIESPHILOCHURCH FATHERSAPOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONSAQUINASARISTIDESAUGUSTINEBARNABASBASILCLEMENTPSEUDO CLEMENTINESCLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIACOMMODIANUSDIDACHEDOCTRINA APOSTOLORUMEPIPHANIUSEUSEBIUSEXAGOGE OF EZEKIELHERMAS, THE SHEPHERD OFHIPPOLYTUSIGNATIUSJUSTINUS MARTYRLACTANTIUSNARRATIO JOSEPHIORIGENPOLYCARPGREEK AND LATINAUTH ORSAELIUS ARISTIDESAESOPAETIUSPSEUDO - CALLISTHENESBABRIUSCICEROCLAUDIUS RUTILUSNAMATIANUSDIO CASSIUSDIODORUSDIOGENES LAERTIUSDIONYSIUS OFHALICARNASSUSHERODOTUSHESIODHOMERIliad 111,277LUCIANUSMARTIALISPERSIUSPLATOPHILOSTRATUSPINDARUSPLINY THE YOUNGERSENECASERVIUSTACITUSVELLEIUS PATERCULUSOTHER EARLY SOURCESBUNDAHISHNKORANPANCHATANTRAZARATHUSTRAMAIMONIDES SUBJECTSLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONSSELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHYA. BOOKS B. SOME OTHER PAPERSBack Cover
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eBookshuk Books

The Jew in the Literature of England
The Jew in the Literature of England sums up a history of the Jew as he was reflected in the literature of a civilization. Modder's sense of incident and detail, his command of a whole literature, his capacity to develop the social history that underpins literature make his study both absorbing and illuminating.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

Studies in Jewish Education VIII: Teaching Classical Rabbinic Texts
THIS VOLUME FOCUSES ON THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING CLASSICAL RABBINIC TEXTS.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 2
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. The second volume of Professor Baer s monumental work tells the tragic story of the dissolution of the great Spanish Jewish community.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

The Gate Behind the Wall: A Pilgrimage to Jerusalem
When Samuel Heilman took a sabbatical from teaching sociology to spend time in Jerusalem, he did not know that it would become a personal pilgrimage. What had begun by engaging the social scientist in me would end by awakening the Jew, Heilman writes.

Community and Polity: The Organizational Dynamics Of American Jewry (Revised and Updated Edition)
Community and Polity explores in depth the developments in the American Jewish community in the post-WWII period. Like the first edition, it is designed to serve two purposes: to provide a basic survey of the structure and functions of the American Jewish community and to suggest how that community should be understood as a polity that is not a state but is no less real from a political perspective.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): ESTHER
Extraodinary book which retained its freshness and technical insight after almost a century of existance.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 2
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 9
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): GENESIS
An electronic edition of Skinner's main work.

Studies in Jewish Education VIII: Teaching Classical Rabbinic Texts
THIS VOLUME FOCUSES ON THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING CLASSICAL RABBINIC TEXTS.

Defenses of the Imagination: Jewish Writers and Historical Crisis
A carefully selected set of critical and biographical essays that offer analyses of a spectrum of poems, stories, historical and critical works by selected Jewish writers, who witnessed the presence of humanistic values in the most ghastly historical circumstances of the twentieth century.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

MEDICINE AND MEDICAL ETHICS IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN SPAIN


Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Book of Samuel
Electronic edition of one of the most influential books ever written about the Bible; S.R. Driver's meticulously detailed reconstruction and analysis of Samuel has remained vital for over a century.

The Shema: Spirituality and Law in Judaism
The Shema has been described as the central watchword of Jewish faith. The book represents an extensive commentary on the words of the Shema, drawing upon the wide range of traditional sources and the author's own reflections.

Jews, Pagans and Christians In Conflict
A fresh look at the propaganda wars between Jews and Pagans as well as Christians and Pagans during the first centuries of the common era.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion and Law. Vol. III
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. In the third volume The Keepers of the Threshold, the Bird-Sanctuary, The Silent Widow, and other stories are discussed.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

Studies in Jewish Education VI: Teaching Jewish Values
The emphasis of this volume is on teaching of Jewish values and the development of the curriculum.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

Luah Hashanah 5777
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

Tractate Pesachim: Commentary and Study Guide
Master a Mesikta Series is probably the most advanced commentary and study guide to Talmud available in English. By providing background material, outlining the contents of the Talmud and its commentaries, explaining the sequence of the Talmud,offering overviews of the topics discussed and clarifying the aggadic literature and its interaction with the legal discussions, this series enables the student to focus on the unity of the tractate, and serves as an aid in helping him in its master

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (Electronic Edition in 12 v. plus index, il)
Electronic edition of the most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

To Dwell in Unity: The Jewish Federation Movement in America Since 1960
The 1960s and 1970s were years of turbulent events and historic changes for the Jewish federations of North America. The book▓s title was chosen because unity is the hallmark of the federations. It is this unity that has pervaded the many federation developments in the historic and dramatic years of the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s.

Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 12
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

The Pharisees: The Sociological Background of Their Faith (2 volume-set)
The Pharisees constituted a religious Order of singular influence in the history of civilization. Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism all derive from this ancient Palestinian Society. This book uncovers the origins and fundamental aspects of Pharisees' faith from sociological point of view.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.