Judaism and the Origins of Christianity...

A massive collection of scholarship of the author who has pioneered new understanding of the Jewish background of early Christianity.

DAVID FLUSSER JUDAISM AND THE ORIGINS OF CHRISTIANITY

Judaism and the Origins of Christianity


About Book Judaism and the Origins of Christianity

Front Matter Front Cover Half-Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Table of Contents ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGLAINTRODUCTIONContents PART I: The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament THE APOCRYPHAL BOOK OF ASCENSIO ISAIAE AND THE DEAD SEA SECTHEALING THROUGH THE LAYING-ON OF HANDS IN THE DEAD SEA SCROLL THE DEAD SEA SECT AND PRE-PAULINE CHRISTIANITY II. DUALISM OF GOOD AND EVILIII. PREDESTINATIONIV. ELECTION OF GRACEV. CIVITAS DEIVI. THE NEW COVENANTVII. BAPTISMVIII. SPIRITIX. FLESH AND SPIRIT X. CONCLUSIONFROM THE ESSENES TO ROMANS 9:24-33TWO NOTES ON THE MIDRASH ON 2 SAM . VII I. THE TEMPLE 'NOT MADE WITH HANDS' IN THE QUMRAN DOCTRINE II. 'THE SHOOT OF DAVID WHO WILL STAND WITH THE INTERPRETER OF THE LAW' APPENDIXBLESSED ARE THE POOR IN SPIRIT... SOME NOTES TO THE BEATITUDESBEATITUDES AND WOESHEBREW CONSTRUCT PHRASESAPPENDIXTHE MAGNIFICAT, THE BENEDICTU S AND THE WAR SCROLLJESUS' OPINION ABOUT THE ESSENESTHE SLAVE OF TWO MASTERSQUMRAN UND DIE ZWOLF MELCHIZEDEK AND THE SON OF MANTHE SOCIAL MESSAGE FROM QUMRANTHE LAST SUPPER AND THE ESSENESTHE HUBRIS OF THE ANTICHRIST IN A FRAGMENT FROM QUMRAN QUMRAN AND JEWISH 'APOTROPAIC' PRAYERSPART II: Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic SALVATION PRESENT AND FUTUREMESSIANOLOGY AND CHRISTOLOGY IN THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWSMESSIANIC BLESSINGS IN JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN TEXTS AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER THE ESSENE DOCTRINE OF HYPOSTASIS AND RABBI MEIRTHE FOUR EMPIRES IN THE FOURTH SIBYL AND IN THE BOOK OF DANIEL APPENDIXTHE FOURTH EMPIRE AN INDIAN RHINOCEROS? A QUOTATION FROM THE GHATHAS IN A CHRISTIAN SIBYLLINE ORACLE AN EARLY JEWISH-CHRISTIAN DOCUMENT IN THE TIBURTINE SIBYLAPPENDIX IAPPENDIX IIHYSTASPES AND JOHN OF PATMOSNO TEMPLE IN THE CITYPART III: Ancient Judaism and Christianity A NEW SENSITIVITY IN JUDAISM AND THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI AND MATTHEWA RABBINIC PARALLEL TO THE SERMON ON THE MOUNTTHE DIDACHE AND THE NOACHIC COMMANDEMENTSHILLEL'S SELF-AWARENESS AND JESUS I AM IN THE MIDST OF THEM (MT. 18:20)JESUS AND THE SIGN OF THE SON OF MAN A LOST JEWISH BENEDICTION IN MATTHEW 9:8 IT IS NOT A SERPENT THAT KILLS TWO ANTI-JEWISH MONTAGES IN MATTHEWMATTHEWS VERUS ISRAEL THE CRUCIFIED ONE AND THE JEWSA LITERARY APPROACH TO THE TRIAL OF JESUSWHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL MEANING OF ECCE ????? WHO IS IT THAT STRUCK YOU? JOSEPHUS ON THE SADDUCEES AND MENANDERTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II. IntroductionII. The Christological FactorIII. The Historical ProblemsIV. Anti-Judaism Among ChristiansV.The LawTHE JEWISH-CHRISTIAN SCHISM PART II VI. Jewish Hatred of ChristiansVII. Birkath ha-MinimVIII. ConclusionsABRAHAM AND THE UPANISHADSBack Matter LIST OF SOURCES INDICESSOURCESHEBREW BIBLEGENESISEXODUSLEVITICUSNUMBERSDEUTERONOMYJOSHUAJUDGES1 SAMUEL2 SAMUEL1 KINGS2 KINGSISAIAHJEREMIAHEZEKIELHOSEAJOELJONAHMICAHHABAKKUKZECHARIAH?ALACHIPSALMSPROVERBSECCLESIASTESDANIELSEPTUAGINTTARGUMIMNEW TESTAMENTMATTHEWMARKLUKEJOHNROMANSI CORINTHIANSII CORINTHIANSGALATIANSEPHESIANSPHILIPPIANI THESSALONIANSII THESSALONIANSI THIMOTHYII THIMOTHYTITUSHEBREWSJAMESI PETERII PETERI JOHNREVELATIONRABBINIC LITERATUR EMISHNAHBERACHOTPESACHIMROSH HASHANANEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHINSANHEDRINPIRKE AVOTTOSEFTABERACHOTPESACHIMSUKKAHSOTAH?ABA KAMASANHEDRINABODAH ZARABABYLONIAN TALMUD BEZAHBERACHOTSHABBATERUBINPESACHIMYOMAHSUKKAHROSH HASHANAHTAANITHCHAGIGAHNEDARIMSOTAHKIDDUSHIN?ABA BATHRAGITTINSANHEDRINMENACHOTBECHOROTHNIDDAHABODAH ZARAHYEBAMOTHZEBACHIMJERUSALEM TALMUDBERACHOTROSH HASHANAHPESACHIMTAANITHSUKKAHBABA METZIAHMINOR TRACTATESSEMACHOTGERIMDERECH ERETZ ZEIRADERECH ERETZTOSEFTA DERECH ERETZMASECHTOT ZEIROTMIDRASHIMMIDRASH TANNAIMMEKHILTA DE R. ISHMAELMEKHILTA DE R. SIMEONB. Y0CHAISIFRA: LEVITICUSSIFRE: NUMBERSSIFRE ZUTASIFRE: DEUTERONOMYGENESIS RABBAEXODUS RABBALEVITICUS RABBANUMBERS RABBADEUTERONOMY RABBALAMENTATIONS RABBAKOHELET RABBAMERKABA RABBATANHUMATANHUMAMIDRASH HAGADOLGENESISEXODUSDEUTERONOMYMIDRASH VAYOSHAPESIKTA DE RAV KAHANAPESIKTA RABBATIHEKALOT RABBATIMIDRASH TEHILLIMMIDRASH MISHLEMIDRASH THRENISEDER ELIAHUBERESHIT RSAB?ATIYALKUT SHIME'ONIYALKUT HAMAKIRIMIDRASH LEKAH TOBBOOK OF ZERUBBABELAPOCRYPHA AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA BEN SIRAHEBREW APOCALYPSE OF ENOCH ENOCHJUBILEESASCENSIO ISAIAHASSUMPTIO MOSESTESTAMENTS OF THE PATRIARCHSTEST. OF REUBENTEST. OF SIMEONTEST. OF LEVYTEST. OF ISSACHARTEST. OF ZEBULUNTEST. OF DANTEST. OF GADTEST. OF ASHERTEST. OF BENJAMINTEST. OF ABRAHAMPSALMS OF SOLOMONI MACCABEESWISDOM OF SOLOMONII MACCABEESIII MACCABEES1 ESDRAS2 ESDRAS3 ESDRAS4 ESDRAS5 ESDRASSIBYLLINE ORACLESBOOK 2BOOK 3BOOK 4BOOK 5BOOK 7BOOK 8BOOK 14APOCRYPHAL EPISTULAPOSTOLORUMAPOCRYPHAL DAVIDIC PSALM GOSPEL OF THOMASTESTAMENT OF JOBJOSEPH AND ASENETHI BARUCHII BARUCHWISDOMPSEUDO-PHILOTHE DEAD SEA SCROLLS MANUAL OF DISCIPLINERULE OF THECONGREGATIONSECOND APPENDIX OFDAMASCUS DOCUMENTWAR SCROLLTHANKSGIVING SCROLLPSALM SCROLL OF CAVE 1111 QPsa ZIONCOMMENTARY TO PSALMSISAIAH SCROLLGENESIS APOCR YPHONTARGUM ON JOBHABAKKUK COMMENTARYBOOK OF MYSTERIESJOSEPHUSWARSANTIQUITIESPHILOCHURCH FATHERSAPOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONSAQUINASARISTIDESAUGUSTINEBARNABASBASILCLEMENTPSEUDO CLEMENTINESCLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIACOMMODIANUSDIDACHEDOCTRINA APOSTOLORUMEPIPHANIUSEUSEBIUSEXAGOGE OF EZEKIELHERMAS, THE SHEPHERD OFHIPPOLYTUSIGNATIUSJUSTINUS MARTYRLACTANTIUSNARRATIO JOSEPHIORIGENPOLYCARPGREEK AND LATINAUTH ORSAELIUS ARISTIDESAESOPAETIUSPSEUDO - CALLISTHENESBABRIUSCICEROCLAUDIUS RUTILUSNAMATIANUSDIO CASSIUSDIODORUSDIOGENES LAERTIUSDIONYSIUS OFHALICARNASSUSHERODOTUSHESIODHOMERIliad 111,277LUCIANUSMARTIALISPERSIUSPLATOPHILOSTRATUSPINDARUSPLINY THE YOUNGERSENECASERVIUSTACITUSVELLEIUS PATERCULUSOTHER EARLY SOURCESBUNDAHISHNKORANPANCHATANTRAZARATHUSTRAMAIMONIDES SUBJECTSLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONSSELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHYA. BOOKS B. SOME OTHER PAPERSBack Cover
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eBookshuk Books

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 8
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Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

Studies in History (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXIII)
This anthology contains such articles as The Holy Congregation in Jerusalem by S. Safrai, Persecutions and Maryrdom in Hadrian's Days by M. D. Herr, The Imperial Court-Jew Wolf Werthheimer as Dimlomatic Mediator by B. Mevorah, To whom did Mendelssohn Reply in his Jerusalem , by Jacob Katz, Caesar: An Economic Biography and its Political Significance by I. Shatzman and others.

Hebrew: The Eternal Language
The extraordinary story of the Hebrew language is the subject of this book.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 11
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part II): from Noah to Abraham
By extending his method of exegesis in this volume to another section of the Torah, Cassuto indirectly buttressed his theories with new evidence of the inherent rightness of his approach.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.4
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the worldmany considered founding fathers of their respective disciplinesthis massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Judaism as a Civilization: Toward a Reconstruction of American-Jewish Life
Judaism as a Civilization remains one of the most original and thought-provoking contributions toward creating a comprehensive program for creative Jewish life. In this seminal work, Kaplan offers his now famous concept of Judaism as an evolving religious civilization.

Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 10
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

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The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v.4
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

The Life of the People in Biblical Times
When books survive as long as our biblical collection has survived, a certain discrepancy between intention and comprehension is inevitable. But if we wish to read attentively, we must make the effort to reconstruct the concrete shell of the past as well as its essential spiritual factors. This is exactly what this book gives us.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 12
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 7
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Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

USCJ eLuah 5776
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JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Exodus
The Book of Exodus sets before us, as the Hebrews of later ages told it, and in the vivid, picturesque style which the best Jewish historians could always command, the story of the deliverance from Egypt.

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

Luah Hashanah 5780


A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 4
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A Commentary on the Book of Exodus
The last of the commentaries rendered into English, this Cassuto's work ranks among the finest modern contributions to the treasury of Biblical learning.

Pesikta de-Rab Kahana
A winner of the National Jewish Book Award in 1976, this book is the translation of the Pesikta, a famous collection of midrashim. The Pesikta emerged in a time of deep crisis for the Jewish people, disappeared sometime in the sixteenth century, and was reborn only in the nineteenth century.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament
Madden's work constitutes . . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past. Michael Avi-Yonah Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Deuteronomy
The force and individuality of this Book; its consistency and distinctiveness from the other documents of the Pentateuch as well as its differences from much of the custom and practice both in early and later Israel, make it stand out.