Jewish Life In The Middle Ages...

A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.



Jewish Life In The Middle Ages


About Book Jewish Life In The Middle Ages

Front Matter Front Cover Front Flap Half Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Preface Table of Contents INTRODUCTIONContents 1 JEWISH LIFE IN THE MIDDLE AGES THE CENTRE OF SOCIAL LIFEPolitics in the SynagogueThe Centre of Social LifeWidening InfluencesFlagellationDishonesty DenouncedPrivate and Communal JoysMartyrologies2 LIFE IN THE SYNAGOGUE Dressing for PrayerGossip during WorshipSermonsThe Sale of HonoursSeparation of the SexesEcclesiastical ArtSynagogue ArchitectureSacred MusicSynagogue and School3 COMMUNAL ORGANIZATION Rabbinical SynodsRabbi and GovernmentTallage and Poll-TaxAn Aristocracy of WealthTaxes on ImmigrantsGovernment ExtortionsInformers Jewish PrisonsExcommunicationThe 'Shamash'Government by 'Tekanah' Multiplicity of OrdinancesTenant-Right4 INSTITUTION OF THE GHETTO The Prague 'Judenstadt'The Ghetto as a PrivilegeOvercrowdingGhetto Rules'Jus Casaca' The Public BathThe Dancing-Hall The 'House of Life'Emblems on the TombsFamily Vaults5 SOCIAL MORALITY The Jewish CharacterMarital FidelityAbsentee HusbandsMarried RabbisThe Jewish BadgeThe Slave Trade6 THE SLAVE TRADE The Church and SlaveryJewish Slave DealersJews free from Serious CrimeClipping the CoinageJew and GentileLegal FictionsThe Annulment of VowsFinal Verdict7 MONOGAMY AND THE HOME Talmudic View of MarriageBigamy exceptionally allowedInfluence of IslamPrevalence of DivorceParents and ChildrenJewish SalutationsChild LifeReligion and the HomeThe Married RabbiFriday NightHymns for the HomeTable-SongsTobacco8 HOME LIFE (continued) Family Feasts and Fasts'Commandment Meals' Taxes on HospitalityOrnaments in the HomeA Rich Jew's HouseSabbath and Festival FoodsMysticism and Superstition'Women of surpassing Merit' Christians in Service of JewsJewish ServantsEffects of Persecution9 LOVE AND COURTSHIP Satires on WomenChild-MarriageChivalryThe 'Shadchan'The Fair at LembergResults of Early MarriageBetrothalWedding GiftsBetrothal RingsWedding RingsMarriage Superstitions10 MARRIAGE CUSTOMS The Memory of ZionBridal HymnsEpithalamiaThe Bridal ProcessionThe 'Faces Nuptiales' Wedding MusicThe Wedding Discourse'And Abraham was old' The Well of St. KeyneThe Wedding CeremonyThe Seven BenedictionsThe Sabbath Rejoicings11 TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS Benjamin of TudelaInternational CommerceJewish DyersJerusalem in 1263PrintingThe Cloth TradeAgricultural PursuitsBristol Copper TradeManual Labour12 TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS (continued) Dangerous Occupations'The Famous Pirate' ??w Maimonides WorkedUsuryThe Trade in MoneyFinance forced on the JewsRoyal UsurersAPPENDIX TO CHAPTERS XI AND XII13 THE JEWS AND THE THEATRE Music and the TalmudThe Stage JewCarnival PlaysShakespeare and Lessing14 THE PURIM-PLAY AND THE DRAMA IN HEBREW Plays in JargonEarliest Purim-PlaysThe 'Ahasuerus-Play'Hebrew DramaAmsterdam in the Seventeenth CenturyMoses Zacut15 COSTUME IN LAW AND FASHION Ethics of DressCostume in Law and FashionWomen's AttireCovering the HeadHead-dressWas there a Jewish Costume ?Islamic RestrictionsEastern FashionsAmulets16 THE JEWISH BADGE Luxury in DressSumptuary LawsCrescent and Full MoonThe French BadgeThe Spanish BadgeEffects of the BadgeThe Expulsion from Spain17 PRIVATE AND COMMUNAL CHARITIES. THE RELIEF OF THE POOR Itinerant MendicantsRelief in Kind Charity and Alms-givingCharity OverseersSynagogal CollectionsThe TitheCharity OrganizationCircular Letters18 PRIVATE AND COMMUNAL CHARITY (continued). THE SICK AND THE CAPTIVE Growth of Benevolent AgenciesSocietiesVisiting the SickEpidemics'Holy Leagues'Ransoming CaptivesSufferings of EmigrantsThe Ransomed Prisoners19 THE MEDIEVAL SCHOOLS Talmudical EducationLearned WomenThe Vernacular in PrayerTranslations of the PrayersElementary SchoolsLearning to ReadCare of BooksCalligraphy20 THE SCOPE OF EDUCATION Jewish 'Jargons'A Jewisk TroubadourLatinHispano-Jewish CulturePopular IgnoranceTheology and PhilosophyThe Renaissance21 MEDIEVAL PASTIMES AND INDOOR AMUSEMENTS Intellectual GamesHuntingAthletic AmusementsDancingParodiesRiddlesLegendary Lore22 MEDIEVAL PASTIMES (continued). CHESS AND CARDS ChessGames of ChanceVows of AbstinenceCard-playingA Jewish Card-Painter23 PERSONAL RELATIONS BETWEEN JEWS AND CHRISTIANS Italian FriendlinessThe Lutheran ReformationBernard of ClairvauxEffects of ScholasticismAntisocial EdictsJew and GentilePERSONAL RELATIONS (continued). LITERARY FRIENDSHIPS Toleration towards ChristianityPublic ControversiesDante and ImmanuelInfluence of the CabalaRabbi and CardinalGodeliva and the JewessCommon AmusementsHeroes of TolerationBack Matter INDEX I. HEBREW AUTHORITIES INDEX II. GENERAL INDEX A CATALOG OF SELECTED DOVER BOOKS IN ALL FIELDS OF INTEREST Back Flap Back Cover
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Tractate Sanhedrin: Commentary and Study Guide
SANHEDRIN (“ Court”): Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Nezikin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courts and their powers, of qualifications for the office of judge, and of legal procedure and criminal law.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

Studia Biblica Vol. 1
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The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch: Eight Lectures
Although originally published more then 50 years ago, this little Cassuto's book is still probably the best, most focused attack on Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and a powerful defense of the integrity of the biblical text.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.

Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew
Renewing the Covenant presents the first systematic statement of theology since Abraham J. Heschel set forth his distinctive, comprehensive philosophy of Judaism. This unique book will long be discussed by thoughtful readers.

JPS Bible Commentary: Haftarot
The most recent addition to the JPS Bible Commentary series covers the varied selections from the Nevi'im that comprise the haftarot, chanted on Sabbaths and holy days in synagogues.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Daniel
The very detailed handling of the original languages of Daniel (Hebrew and Aramaic) and frequent references to scholarly works in Latin, French, and German make this the commentary for scholars.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 8
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Pirke de-Rabbi Eliezer
Kabbalistic midrashic work on Genesis, part of Exodus, and a few sentences of Numbers ascribed to R. Eliezer b. Hyrcanus.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis
The JPS Torah Commentary series guides readers through the words and ideas of the Torah. Each volume is the work of a scholar who stands at the pinnacle of his field.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Volume 5, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Meeting of Cultures and Clash of Cultures


A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. Vol. 1
One of the century s great classics of Jewish historiography. This first volume of the two-volume set takes the story down to the middle of the thirteen century in Castile.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

Tanna Debe Eliyyahu: The Lore of the School of Elijah
Tanna debe Eliyyahu is a midrashic work thought to have been composed between the third and the tenth centuries. Unlike all the other Midrashim, it is a unified work shaped with a character of its own. This work has never before been translated from the original Hebrew.

Mystic Tales from the Zohar
A translation of eight of the most interesting narratives found in the Zohar. In addition, the book contains a comprehensive introduction, a glossary, notes, and a bibliography.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

ARAMAIC OSTRACA OF THE FOURTH CENTURY BC FROM IDUMAEA
The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

Mishnayoth


Legends of the Jews
A most remarkable and comprehensive compilation of stories connected to the Hebrew Bible drawn largely on Jewish lore and tradition. It is an indispensable reference on that body of literature known as Midrash, the imaginative retelling and elaboration on Bible stories in which mythological tales about demons and magic co-exist with moralistic stories about the piety of the patriarchs.

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth


Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 8
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ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


The Torah: The Five Books of Moses
This acclaimed new translation of the Torah--the Holy Scriptures of the Jewish people,--was prepared according to the Masoretic Text by the Jewish Publication Society (Philadelphia), world s oldest Jewish book publisher. Electronic version of it, which is a searchable replica of the printed version was prepared by Varda Books in 2002, with all the latest corrections and revisions having been incorporated.

Tales of Sendebar
Translated from original Hebrew version of the SEVEN SAGES, this collection of fascinating stories--based on unpublished manuscripts--makes available the complete English translation of Mishle Sendebar, the Hebrew version of an enormously popular medieval romance which originated in the East and was subsequently transmitted westward.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

Maimonides
The first of a series of books dealing with “Jewish Worthies,” this volume presents the biography of, perhaps, the most famous Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages with special regard to the general history of the period at which he lived.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

THE BIBLICAL ACCOUNT OF THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN


Folk-lore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion Legend and Law. Vol. I
Many traces of the old modes of life and thought survive in the form of folklore. A few such relics of ruder times, as they are preserved like fossils in the Old Testament, are illustrated and explained by the author in this book. The first volume covers the folklore ranging from the creation of man to the heirship of Jacob.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

R. Juspa, Shammash of Warmaisa (Worms)


Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 8
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.