Jewish Life In The Middle Ages...

A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.

PREFACE THOUGH I have everywhere referred to the works from which I have derived incidental facts, or from which I have borrowed quotations, there are three writers to whom I should like to express my more general indebtedness. The works of Dr. M. Güdemann, Dr. A. Berliner, and Mr. Joseph Jacobs have been of constant service to me. One thing I have done to justify my frequent use of their works. I have verified their quotations wherever possible. Indeed, I honestly believe that not five in a hundred of the many citations made in the course of the following pages have been set down without reference to the orig­inal sources. Moreover, a large proportion of my quota­tions, and almost all my citations from Responsa, have been made at first hand. Apart from the help that I derived from his published works, I owe to Mr. Jacobs many valuable suggestions made while this book was passing through the printers hands. A similar remark applies to Professor W. Bacher of Buda- Pesth, who kindly read the proof- sheets and gave me some useful hints. I am deeply grateful to both these gentlemen for the services which they so readily rendered. vii

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages


About Book Jewish Life In The Middle Ages

Front Matter Front Cover Front Flap Half Title Page Title Page Copyright Page Dedication Page Preface Table of Contents INTRODUCTIONContents 1 JEWISH LIFE IN THE MIDDLE AGES THE CENTRE OF SOCIAL LIFEPolitics in the SynagogueThe Centre of Social LifeWidening InfluencesFlagellationDishonesty DenouncedPrivate and Communal JoysMartyrologies2 LIFE IN THE SYNAGOGUE Dressing for PrayerGossip during WorshipSermonsThe Sale of HonoursSeparation of the SexesEcclesiastical ArtSynagogue ArchitectureSacred MusicSynagogue and School3 COMMUNAL ORGANIZATION Rabbinical SynodsRabbi and GovernmentTallage and Poll-TaxAn Aristocracy of WealthTaxes on ImmigrantsGovernment ExtortionsInformers Jewish PrisonsExcommunicationThe 'Shamash'Government by 'Tekanah' Multiplicity of OrdinancesTenant-Right4 INSTITUTION OF THE GHETTO The Prague 'Judenstadt'The Ghetto as a PrivilegeOvercrowdingGhetto Rules'Jus Casaca' The Public BathThe Dancing-Hall The 'House of Life'Emblems on the TombsFamily Vaults5 SOCIAL MORALITY The Jewish CharacterMarital FidelityAbsentee HusbandsMarried RabbisThe Jewish BadgeThe Slave Trade6 THE SLAVE TRADE The Church and SlaveryJewish Slave DealersJews free from Serious CrimeClipping the CoinageJew and GentileLegal FictionsThe Annulment of VowsFinal Verdict7 MONOGAMY AND THE HOME Talmudic View of MarriageBigamy exceptionally allowedInfluence of IslamPrevalence of DivorceParents and ChildrenJewish SalutationsChild LifeReligion and the HomeThe Married RabbiFriday NightHymns for the HomeTable-SongsTobacco8 HOME LIFE (continued) Family Feasts and Fasts'Commandment Meals' Taxes on HospitalityOrnaments in the HomeA Rich Jew's HouseSabbath and Festival FoodsMysticism and Superstition'Women of surpassing Merit' Christians in Service of JewsJewish ServantsEffects of Persecution9 LOVE AND COURTSHIP Satires on WomenChild-MarriageChivalryThe 'Shadchan'The Fair at LembergResults of Early MarriageBetrothalWedding GiftsBetrothal RingsWedding RingsMarriage Superstitions10 MARRIAGE CUSTOMS The Memory of ZionBridal HymnsEpithalamiaThe Bridal ProcessionThe 'Faces Nuptiales' Wedding MusicThe Wedding Discourse'And Abraham was old' The Well of St. KeyneThe Wedding CeremonyThe Seven BenedictionsThe Sabbath Rejoicings11 TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS Benjamin of TudelaInternational CommerceJewish DyersJerusalem in 1263PrintingThe Cloth TradeAgricultural PursuitsBristol Copper TradeManual Labour12 TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS (continued) Dangerous Occupations'The Famous Pirate' ??w Maimonides WorkedUsuryThe Trade in MoneyFinance forced on the JewsRoyal UsurersAPPENDIX TO CHAPTERS XI AND XII13 THE JEWS AND THE THEATRE Music and the TalmudThe Stage JewCarnival PlaysShakespeare and Lessing14 THE PURIM-PLAY AND THE DRAMA IN HEBREW Plays in JargonEarliest Purim-PlaysThe 'Ahasuerus-Play'Hebrew DramaAmsterdam in the Seventeenth CenturyMoses Zacut15 COSTUME IN LAW AND FASHION Ethics of DressCostume in Law and FashionWomen's AttireCovering the HeadHead-dressWas there a Jewish Costume ?Islamic RestrictionsEastern FashionsAmulets16 THE JEWISH BADGE Luxury in DressSumptuary LawsCrescent and Full MoonThe French BadgeThe Spanish BadgeEffects of the BadgeThe Expulsion from Spain17 PRIVATE AND COMMUNAL CHARITIES. THE RELIEF OF THE POOR Itinerant MendicantsRelief in Kind Charity and Alms-givingCharity OverseersSynagogal CollectionsThe TitheCharity OrganizationCircular Letters18 PRIVATE AND COMMUNAL CHARITY (continued). THE SICK AND THE CAPTIVE Growth of Benevolent AgenciesSocietiesVisiting the SickEpidemics'Holy Leagues'Ransoming CaptivesSufferings of EmigrantsThe Ransomed Prisoners19 THE MEDIEVAL SCHOOLS Talmudical EducationLearned WomenThe Vernacular in PrayerTranslations of the PrayersElementary SchoolsLearning to ReadCare of BooksCalligraphy20 THE SCOPE OF EDUCATION Jewish 'Jargons'A Jewisk TroubadourLatinHispano-Jewish CulturePopular IgnoranceTheology and PhilosophyThe Renaissance21 MEDIEVAL PASTIMES AND INDOOR AMUSEMENTS Intellectual GamesHuntingAthletic AmusementsDancingParodiesRiddlesLegendary Lore22 MEDIEVAL PASTIMES (continued). CHESS AND CARDS ChessGames of ChanceVows of AbstinenceCard-playingA Jewish Card-Painter23 PERSONAL RELATIONS BETWEEN JEWS AND CHRISTIANS Italian FriendlinessThe Lutheran ReformationBernard of ClairvauxEffects of ScholasticismAntisocial EdictsJew and GentilePERSONAL RELATIONS (continued). LITERARY FRIENDSHIPS Toleration towards ChristianityPublic ControversiesDante and ImmanuelInfluence of the CabalaRabbi and CardinalGodeliva and the JewessCommon AmusementsHeroes of TolerationBack Matter INDEX I. HEBREW AUTHORITIES INDEX II. GENERAL INDEX A CATALOG OF SELECTED DOVER BOOKS IN ALL FIELDS OF INTEREST Back Flap Back Cover
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