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CHAPTER ONE Introduction

by Michael Brown
CHAPTER ONE Introduction Jews have lived in the province of Quebec for more than two centuries. Montreal’s was the first organized Jewish community in Canada; and from those earliest days it has occupied a position similar to that of New York among American Jewry, London among British Jewry, or War-saw in pre– World War II Poland. For most of the period between 1759 and 1914 Montreal was Canada’s largest city. It was the port of disem-barkation for many immigrants, who then settled in the city. Through-out the nineteenth century and most of the twentieth Montreal was the unchallenged commercial and manufacturing center of Canada, a city that offered opportunity to newcomers, especially those, like Jews, who possessed skills needed by its burgeoning businesses and industries. A significant proportion of Canada’s Jews has always lived in Mon-treal. In 1851, after almost a century of Jewish settlement in Canada, 181 of the country’s 354 Jews lived in the metropolis and another 51 in the smaller centers of Quebec and Trois Rivières, altogether about two-thirds of the Jews in British North America. In 1921, the first census year after the close of the period to be reviewed here, 45,014 of Canada’s 125,445 Jews were in Montreal, with another 2,444 elsewhere in the province of Quebec. 1  Despite a great increase in the country’s Jewish   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

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CHAPTER ONE Introduction Jews have lived in the province of Quebec for more than two centuries. Montreal’s was the first organized Jewish community in Canada; and from those earliest days it has occupied a position similar to that of New York among American Jewry, London among British Jewry, or War-saw in pre– World War II Poland. For most of the period between 1759 and 1914 Montreal was Canada’s largest city. It was the port of disem-barkation for many immigrants, who then settled in the city. Through-out the nineteenth century and most of the twentieth Montreal was the unchallenged commercial and manufacturing center of Canada, a city that offered opportunity to newcomers, especially those, like Jews, who possessed skills needed by its burgeoning businesses and industries. A significant proportion of Canada’s Jews has always lived in Mon-treal. In 1851, after almost a century of Jewish settlement in Canada, 181 of the country’s 354 Jews lived in the metropolis and another 51 in the smaller centers of Quebec and Trois Rivières, altogether about two-thirds of the Jews in British North America. In 1921, the first census year after the close of the period to be reviewed here, 45,014 of Canada’s 125,445 Jews were in Montreal, with another 2,444 elsewhere in the province of Quebec. 1 Despite a great increase in the country’s Jewish < < C h a p t e r >> Home | T O C | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com
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Varda Books - 1-59045-159-7


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