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TRANSLATORS PREFACE 7 the smallest handful of non- Jewish students. Hitherto Christians have depended on such works as A. Edersheims  Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, and the collections of Rabbinical illustrative matter by Lightfoot, Schöttgen and Wetstein, in all of which there is no pretence at critical sifting or weighing of the Jewish material. For a critical knowledge of the Jewish background of the Gospels the Christian can never wholly dispense with Jewish scholarship. 2 The present work gives this in a handy, accessible form, and this fact alone seemed to justify its translation into English. The book was composed in  modern Hebrew and this is prob-ably the first time that a modern Hebrew book of any considerable size has been translated into English. At the express wish of the author literalness in the translation has been preserved to the very limit of what is endurable in English, 3 though it is hoped that the limit has not been transgressed. The Hebrew vocabulary in use is not extensive, and its adverbs and adjectives are comparatively few and inelastic; this must excuse the somewhat dead- level of the narrative. Since the work was intended for Hebrew- reading Jews, the references, whenever possible, are to accessible Hebrew books dealing with the subject in question, in spite of the fact that more standard and more authoritative works in other languages were in existence. These references have been preserved ( though their practical utility may be small) with the idea of showing something of the scope of modern Hebrew literature and to how great a degree it interests itself in the subject of the present work. The translator regrets that the obviously desirable course was not followed of replacing, by references to English versions ( original or translated), references to the same authority ( translated or original) in a language other than English. But this would have involved labour for which the leisure was lacking. Jerusalem, January 30, 1925. 2Good as is Schürers Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ, it uses but a small fragment of the available Rabbinical material, and much of his treatment, even of that, is open to criticism. 3The authors hope is that many of his fellow- Jews, who are English-speaking, may be helped by this translation to acquire a knowledge of present-day Hebrew.

Jesus of Nazareth


About Book Jesus of Nazareth

Front Matter Half Title Page TrademarkTitle Page CopyrightTRANSLATOR'S PREFACEINTRODUCTIONTable of ContentsGLOSSARY Contents FIRST BOOK - THE SOURCESI. THE HEBREW SOURCES(A) TALMUD AND MIDRASH (B) THE TOL'DOTH YESHUII. THE GREEK AND LATIN SOURCES(A) JOSEPHUS(B) TACITUS, SUETONIUS AND PLINY THE YOUNGERIII. PAUL THE APOSTLEIV. THE EARLY FATHERS OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCHV. THE APOCRYPHAL AND UNCANONICAL GOSPELSVI. THE CANONICAL GOSPELS AND THE STUDY OF THE LIFE OF JESUSVII. SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIONSSECOND BOOK - THE PERIODI. POLITICAL CONDITIONSII. ECONOMIC CONDITIONSIII. RELIGIOUS AND INTELLECTUAL CONDITIONSTHIRD BOOK - THE EARLY LIFE OF JESUS: JOHN THE BAPTISTI. THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF JESUSII. JOHN THE BAPTISTIII. THE BAPTISM OF JESUS : HIS TEMPTATIONS AND HIS FIRST MANIFESTATIONFOURTH BOOK - THE BEGINNING OF JESUS' MINISTRYI. JESUS' EARLY MINISTRY: THE PREACHER OF PARABLES AND THE PERFORMEROF MIRACLESII. JESUS AT THE HEIGHT OF HIS SUCCESS: HIS ENCOUNTER WITH THE PHARISEESIII. THE TWELVE APOSTLES: FRESH ENCOUNTERS WITH THE PHARISEESFIFTH BOOK - JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF AS MESSIAHI. JESUS IN THE BORDERS OF TYRE AND SIDON AND IN DECAPOLISII. AT CAESAREA PHILIPPI: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF TO HIS DISCIPLES AS THE MESSIAHIII. THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM: AT JERICHOIV. IN BETHPHAGE: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF PUBLICLY AS MESSIAHSIXTH BOOK - JESUS IN JERUSALEMI. THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLEII. THE DISPUTES IN THE TEMPLE-COURTIII. JUDAS ISCARIOT: THE LAST SUPPERIV. GETHSEMANE: THE GREAT TRAGEDYSEVENTH BOOK - THE TRIAL AND CRUCIFIXION OF JESUSI. THE ARREST IN THE GARDEN OF GETHSEMANEII. THE TRIALIII. THE CRUCIFIXIONIV. THE ACCOUNT OF THE RESURRECTIONEIGHTH BOOK - THE TEACHING OF JESUSI. GENERAL NOTEII. THE JEWISHNESS OF JESUSIII. POINTS OF OPPOSITION BETWEEN JUDAISM AND THE TEACHING OF JESUSIV. JESUS' IDEA OF GODV. THE ETHICAL TEACHING OF JESUSVI. THE DAY OF JUDGMENT AND THE KINGDOM OF HEAVENVII. THE CHARACTER OF JESUS AND THE SECRET OF HIS INFLUENCEVIII. CONCLUSION: WHAT IS JESUS TO THE JEWS?Back Matter GENERAL INDEXINDEX OF BIBLICAL AND RABBINICAL PASSAGESTHE OLD TESTAMENTAPOCRYPHATHE NEW TESTAMENTTOSEFTATALMUD BABLITALMUD YERUSHALMIMIDRASHIM
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