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6 TRANSLATORS PREFACE tine in 1920 and at once took a leading position, both as writer and public worker, in the new Hebrew life of the  Jewish National Home. This is not the place to touch upon the merits of Dr. Klausners  Life of Jesus; but a few remarks may be offered as to its sig-nificance. As the author points out, this is the first time such a work has been attempted in Hebrew with neither satiric nor apologetic bias. The book was intended for  Jewish Hebrew readers, i. e. for those Jews with the revived  Hebrew cultural outlook on life— a life whose spiritual centre is, or is hoped to be, in Palestine, far removed from the distractions, the obstacles, the fears, and the Gentile hos-tility which ( too often) form the dominating features of the  Galuth. The Jewish nationalist historian, resident at last in Palestine, assured of the safety of his national life, feels himself free to scan the whole range of his nations life in Palestine, and he no longer thinks it a danger to look with open eyes at the persons and events which ushered in the Christian age. He can look upon them as specifically Jewish events, and he can bring the historians craft to bear and, to the best of his ability and without rancour, define the causes which made possible the rise of Christianity and estimate what, to his mind, constitutes the significance of the Founder of Christianity. Or, from another point of view, the Jewish his-torian, seeking to display the national and cultural achievements of his people, is free to include in his gallery the person and life of Jesus of Nazareth. Dr. Klausner has, therefore, thought it a duty to his people to place this life before them, and to throw such light upon it as he was able by means of his own learning and researches in contemporary Jewish history and literature, and his knowledge of the critical work done by his predecessors, Jews and non- Jews. The book is not, of course, intended for Christians. They will, and quite rightly, find much in it to dislike. Though the author is conscientiously convinced that he has been quite untouched by sub-jective influences, the Christian reader will not agree. But apart from this, the Christian reader, and especially the Christian scholar, will be thankful for the material which the book provides for the better understanding of the Jewish mental and historical environment in which our Lord worked and lived. The fact is deserving of considerable emphasis that here, probably for the first time, 1 there is set out a full range of what modern Jewish scholarship has to offer on the subject of the Jewish background of the Gospels. On some minor points Jewish scholars will be found to differ, but the picture as a whole may be taken as representing the best that unimpeachable Jewish learning has to show. The Rabbinical sources are a most formidable subject of study and quite beyond the capacity of all but 1 Mr. Israel Abrahams of Cambridge, the late Dr. S. Schechter, and, earlier, Daniel Chwolsohn have contributed much in this sphere; but they have only touched on isolated points.

Jesus of Nazareth


About Book Jesus of Nazareth

Front Matter Half Title Page TrademarkTitle Page CopyrightTRANSLATOR'S PREFACEINTRODUCTIONTable of ContentsGLOSSARY Contents FIRST BOOK - THE SOURCESI. THE HEBREW SOURCES(A) TALMUD AND MIDRASH (B) THE TOL'DOTH YESHUII. THE GREEK AND LATIN SOURCES(A) JOSEPHUS(B) TACITUS, SUETONIUS AND PLINY THE YOUNGERIII. PAUL THE APOSTLEIV. THE EARLY FATHERS OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCHV. THE APOCRYPHAL AND UNCANONICAL GOSPELSVI. THE CANONICAL GOSPELS AND THE STUDY OF THE LIFE OF JESUSVII. SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIONSSECOND BOOK - THE PERIODI. POLITICAL CONDITIONSII. ECONOMIC CONDITIONSIII. RELIGIOUS AND INTELLECTUAL CONDITIONSTHIRD BOOK - THE EARLY LIFE OF JESUS: JOHN THE BAPTISTI. THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF JESUSII. JOHN THE BAPTISTIII. THE BAPTISM OF JESUS : HIS TEMPTATIONS AND HIS FIRST MANIFESTATIONFOURTH BOOK - THE BEGINNING OF JESUS' MINISTRYI. JESUS' EARLY MINISTRY: THE PREACHER OF PARABLES AND THE PERFORMEROF MIRACLESII. JESUS AT THE HEIGHT OF HIS SUCCESS: HIS ENCOUNTER WITH THE PHARISEESIII. THE TWELVE APOSTLES: FRESH ENCOUNTERS WITH THE PHARISEESFIFTH BOOK - JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF AS MESSIAHI. JESUS IN THE BORDERS OF TYRE AND SIDON AND IN DECAPOLISII. AT CAESAREA PHILIPPI: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF TO HIS DISCIPLES AS THE MESSIAHIII. THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM: AT JERICHOIV. IN BETHPHAGE: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF PUBLICLY AS MESSIAHSIXTH BOOK - JESUS IN JERUSALEMI. THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLEII. THE DISPUTES IN THE TEMPLE-COURTIII. JUDAS ISCARIOT: THE LAST SUPPERIV. GETHSEMANE: THE GREAT TRAGEDYSEVENTH BOOK - THE TRIAL AND CRUCIFIXION OF JESUSI. THE ARREST IN THE GARDEN OF GETHSEMANEII. THE TRIALIII. THE CRUCIFIXIONIV. THE ACCOUNT OF THE RESURRECTIONEIGHTH BOOK - THE TEACHING OF JESUSI. GENERAL NOTEII. THE JEWISHNESS OF JESUSIII. POINTS OF OPPOSITION BETWEEN JUDAISM AND THE TEACHING OF JESUSIV. JESUS' IDEA OF GODV. THE ETHICAL TEACHING OF JESUSVI. THE DAY OF JUDGMENT AND THE KINGDOM OF HEAVENVII. THE CHARACTER OF JESUS AND THE SECRET OF HIS INFLUENCEVIII. CONCLUSION: WHAT IS JESUS TO THE JEWS?Back Matter GENERAL INDEXINDEX OF BIBLICAL AND RABBINICAL PASSAGESTHE OLD TESTAMENTAPOCRYPHATHE NEW TESTAMENTTOSEFTATALMUD BABLITALMUD YERUSHALMIMIDRASHIM
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