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TRANSLATORS P R E F A C E Dr. Joseph Klausner, though not widely known among non- Jews ( outside the small group of Christian students interested in the Rabbinical sources for the New Testament period) has a high and well- earned reputation as writer, historian and leader of thought in those Jewish circles which are working in the cause of the present Hebrew cultural revival, commonly called Zionism. To this cause he has devoted his whole life. He was born in Russia in 1874. He early came under the influence of  Ahad ha- Am ( Asher Ginsberg), the philosopher of the Zionist movement and editor of the principal Hebrew periodical,  Ha- Shiloach. In 1897 he entered the Uni-versity of Heidelberg where he studied Philosophy and Semitic lan-guages. For his degree of Ph. D. he wrote the thesis  Die messian-ischen Vorstellungen des jüdischen Volkes im Zeitalter der Tannaiten ( i. e. Jewish Messianic ideas in the Tannaitic period), a subject of study at which he has ever since persistently worked and which compelled him to devote an attention, closer and more minute than had yet been given by any Jewish scholar, to the subject of Jesus, his Messianic claims, and the problem of Christian origins. Dr. Klaus-ners  Die messianischen Vorstellungen was published ( in German) in 1904, and it is by this book that he has hitherto been known in non- Jewish circles. The bulk of his literary output since has been in Hebrew. This output has been considerable. Apart from the present book ( published in Jerusalem in the spring of 1922) his most important publications are : The Messianic Idea in Israel ( 3 vols.: vol. i, In the Prophets [ Cracow, 1909] ; vol. ii, In the apocalyptic and pseudepigraphic literature [ Jerusalem, 1921] ; vol. iii, In the tannaitic period, i. e., first two centuries A. D. [ Jerusalem, 1923, translated from the German edition of 1904 and revised] ) ; The History of Israel ( 4 vols. : vol. i, Till the Maccabean age [ Odessa, 1909, 3rd ed., Odessa, 1919] ; vol. ii, The Maccabean Age [ Jerusalem, 1923] ; vol. iii, The Herodian Age [ Jerusalem, 1924] ; vol. iv, The Jewish Revolt and the Destruction of the Temple [ Jerusalem, 1924]). In 1905 Dr. Klausner succeeded  Ahad ha־ Am as editor of  Ha- Shiloach, and he has edited this, the most important Hebrew literary periodical, ever since. From 1904 till 1919 he held various academic posts in Jewish institutions in Odessa. He came to Pales- 5

Jesus of Nazareth


About Book Jesus of Nazareth

Front Matter Half Title Page TrademarkTitle Page CopyrightTRANSLATOR'S PREFACEINTRODUCTIONTable of ContentsGLOSSARY Contents FIRST BOOK - THE SOURCESI. THE HEBREW SOURCES(A) TALMUD AND MIDRASH (B) THE TOL'DOTH YESHUII. THE GREEK AND LATIN SOURCES(A) JOSEPHUS(B) TACITUS, SUETONIUS AND PLINY THE YOUNGERIII. PAUL THE APOSTLEIV. THE EARLY FATHERS OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCHV. THE APOCRYPHAL AND UNCANONICAL GOSPELSVI. THE CANONICAL GOSPELS AND THE STUDY OF THE LIFE OF JESUSVII. SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIONSSECOND BOOK - THE PERIODI. POLITICAL CONDITIONSII. ECONOMIC CONDITIONSIII. RELIGIOUS AND INTELLECTUAL CONDITIONSTHIRD BOOK - THE EARLY LIFE OF JESUS: JOHN THE BAPTISTI. THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF JESUSII. JOHN THE BAPTISTIII. THE BAPTISM OF JESUS : HIS TEMPTATIONS AND HIS FIRST MANIFESTATIONFOURTH BOOK - THE BEGINNING OF JESUS' MINISTRYI. JESUS' EARLY MINISTRY: THE PREACHER OF PARABLES AND THE PERFORMEROF MIRACLESII. JESUS AT THE HEIGHT OF HIS SUCCESS: HIS ENCOUNTER WITH THE PHARISEESIII. THE TWELVE APOSTLES: FRESH ENCOUNTERS WITH THE PHARISEESFIFTH BOOK - JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF AS MESSIAHI. JESUS IN THE BORDERS OF TYRE AND SIDON AND IN DECAPOLISII. AT CAESAREA PHILIPPI: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF TO HIS DISCIPLES AS THE MESSIAHIII. THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM: AT JERICHOIV. IN BETHPHAGE: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF PUBLICLY AS MESSIAHSIXTH BOOK - JESUS IN JERUSALEMI. THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLEII. THE DISPUTES IN THE TEMPLE-COURTIII. JUDAS ISCARIOT: THE LAST SUPPERIV. GETHSEMANE: THE GREAT TRAGEDYSEVENTH BOOK - THE TRIAL AND CRUCIFIXION OF JESUSI. THE ARREST IN THE GARDEN OF GETHSEMANEII. THE TRIALIII. THE CRUCIFIXIONIV. THE ACCOUNT OF THE RESURRECTIONEIGHTH BOOK - THE TEACHING OF JESUSI. GENERAL NOTEII. THE JEWISHNESS OF JESUSIII. POINTS OF OPPOSITION BETWEEN JUDAISM AND THE TEACHING OF JESUSIV. JESUS' IDEA OF GODV. THE ETHICAL TEACHING OF JESUSVI. THE DAY OF JUDGMENT AND THE KINGDOM OF HEAVENVII. THE CHARACTER OF JESUS AND THE SECRET OF HIS INFLUENCEVIII. CONCLUSION: WHAT IS JESUS TO THE JEWS?Back Matter GENERAL INDEXINDEX OF BIBLICAL AND RABBINICAL PASSAGESTHE OLD TESTAMENTAPOCRYPHATHE NEW TESTAMENTTOSEFTATALMUD BABLITALMUD YERUSHALMIMIDRASHIM
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