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INTRODUCTION Voltaire, who was by no means a friend  of the Jews, wrote a  Dialogue du douteur et de ladorateur, 1  ״ in which he makes the rational- minded Believer say many very severe  things about the Jews — that they are the  crudest of Asiatics, while their historical tradi-tions are, to his mind,  the most utterly foolish and futile. To this the Doubter replies :  I agree that the Jewish faith was futile and abominable; but, after all, Jesus, whom you love, was a Jew. He always observed the Jewish religion and adhered to all its customs. The Believer, obviously perplexed, answers :  This again is a great contradiction: though he was a Jew, his followers were not Jews. By these words— which certainly fell from him unintentionally— Voltaire suggested that he too did not attempt either to explain or to ignore this  great contradiction which is the chief feature in the difficult and complicated central problem in any book dealing with the life of Jesus. The present book is an attempt to solve this problem. We have before us two facts : ( a) Jesus was born, lived and died in Israel and was a Jew in every respect; ( b) his disciples, and still more disciples disciples, removed far away from Israel, or, rather, the more numerous and more powerful of the Jews rejected the teaching of Jesus : they rose up against it during his lifetime and, even when all the world drew nearer and nearer to Christianity, would not become Christians. Christianity was born within Israel, and Israel as a nation rejected it utterly. Why ? Many Jews and Christians would find the reason in the fact that Christianity, from the time of Paul, absorbed many Greek and heathen elements which all but stifled the Hebrew elements which were all that Jesus knew. Yet, when all is said and done,  as is the tree so is the fruit ; and from a mans disciples, and even from his disciples disciples, it is possible to draw conclusions about the orig-inal teacher. Had there not been in Jesus teaching something con-trary to the  world- outlook of Israel, there could never have arisen out of it a new teaching so irreconcilable with the spirit of Judaism : ex nihilo nihil fit. Though Jesus teaching may not have been delib-erately directed against contemporary Judaism, it certainly had within it the germs from which there could and must develop in course of time a non- Jewish and even an anti- Jewish teaching. 2 D i a l o g u e s satiriques et philosophiques, XI. 9t

Jesus of Nazareth


About Book Jesus of Nazareth

Front Matter Half Title Page TrademarkTitle Page CopyrightTRANSLATOR'S PREFACEINTRODUCTIONTable of ContentsGLOSSARY Contents FIRST BOOK - THE SOURCESI. THE HEBREW SOURCES(A) TALMUD AND MIDRASH (B) THE TOL'DOTH YESHUII. THE GREEK AND LATIN SOURCES(A) JOSEPHUS(B) TACITUS, SUETONIUS AND PLINY THE YOUNGERIII. PAUL THE APOSTLEIV. THE EARLY FATHERS OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCHV. THE APOCRYPHAL AND UNCANONICAL GOSPELSVI. THE CANONICAL GOSPELS AND THE STUDY OF THE LIFE OF JESUSVII. SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIONSSECOND BOOK - THE PERIODI. POLITICAL CONDITIONSII. ECONOMIC CONDITIONSIII. RELIGIOUS AND INTELLECTUAL CONDITIONSTHIRD BOOK - THE EARLY LIFE OF JESUS: JOHN THE BAPTISTI. THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF JESUSII. JOHN THE BAPTISTIII. THE BAPTISM OF JESUS : HIS TEMPTATIONS AND HIS FIRST MANIFESTATIONFOURTH BOOK - THE BEGINNING OF JESUS' MINISTRYI. JESUS' EARLY MINISTRY: THE PREACHER OF PARABLES AND THE PERFORMEROF MIRACLESII. JESUS AT THE HEIGHT OF HIS SUCCESS: HIS ENCOUNTER WITH THE PHARISEESIII. THE TWELVE APOSTLES: FRESH ENCOUNTERS WITH THE PHARISEESFIFTH BOOK - JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF AS MESSIAHI. JESUS IN THE BORDERS OF TYRE AND SIDON AND IN DECAPOLISII. AT CAESAREA PHILIPPI: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF TO HIS DISCIPLES AS THE MESSIAHIII. THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM: AT JERICHOIV. IN BETHPHAGE: JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF PUBLICLY AS MESSIAHSIXTH BOOK - JESUS IN JERUSALEMI. THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLEII. THE DISPUTES IN THE TEMPLE-COURTIII. JUDAS ISCARIOT: THE LAST SUPPERIV. GETHSEMANE: THE GREAT TRAGEDYSEVENTH BOOK - THE TRIAL AND CRUCIFIXION OF JESUSI. THE ARREST IN THE GARDEN OF GETHSEMANEII. THE TRIALIII. THE CRUCIFIXIONIV. THE ACCOUNT OF THE RESURRECTIONEIGHTH BOOK - THE TEACHING OF JESUSI. GENERAL NOTEII. THE JEWISHNESS OF JESUSIII. POINTS OF OPPOSITION BETWEEN JUDAISM AND THE TEACHING OF JESUSIV. JESUS' IDEA OF GODV. THE ETHICAL TEACHING OF JESUSVI. THE DAY OF JUDGMENT AND THE KINGDOM OF HEAVENVII. THE CHARACTER OF JESUS AND THE SECRET OF HIS INFLUENCEVIII. CONCLUSION: WHAT IS JESUS TO THE JEWS?Back Matter GENERAL INDEXINDEX OF BIBLICAL AND RABBINICAL PASSAGESTHE OLD TESTAMENTAPOCRYPHATHE NEW TESTAMENTTOSEFTATALMUD BABLITALMUD YERUSHALMIMIDRASHIM
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