JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers Page 1...

Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

In the last century, a new way of looking at the Bible developed. Research into the ancient Near East and its texts recreated for us the civilizations out of which the Bible emerged. In this century, there has been a revival of Jewish biblical scholarship; Israeli and American scholars, in particular, concentrating in the fields of archaeology, biblical history, Semitic languages, and the religion of Israel, have opened exciting new vistas into the world of the Scriptures. For the first time in history, we have at our disposal information and method-ological tools that enable us to explore the biblical text in a way that could never have been done before. This new world of knowledge, as seen through the eyes of contemporary Jew-ish scholars and utilizing at the same time the insights of over twenty centuries of tradi-tional Jewish exegesis, is now available for the first time to a general audience in The JPS Torah Commentary. The Commentary is published in five volumes, each by a single author who has devoted himself to the study of the text. Given the wide range of perspectives that now exist in bibli-cal scholarship, the JPS has recognized the individual expertise of these authors and made no attempt to impose uniformity on the methodology or content of their work. The Hebrew text is that of the Leningrad Codex B 19A, the oldest dated manuscript of the complete Hebrew Bible. Copied from a text written by the distinguished Masoretic scholar Aaron ben Moses ben Asher, who lived in the first half of the 10th century C. E., the manuscript was completed in 1009 C. E. In this edition it has been arranged according to the weekly synagogue Torah readings. The format has been adjusted to correspond to that adopted by the TANAKH, the new translation of the Hebrew Bible, published by the Jewish Publication Society and utilized in the present Commentary. The Jewish Publication Society has completed this project with a full awareness of the great tradition of Jewish Bible commentary, with a profound sense of the sanctity of the biblical text and an understanding of the awe and love that our people has accorded its Bible. The voice of our new Commentary resounds with the spirit and concerns of our times— just as the Jewish spirit has always found its most sincere and heartfelt expression in its appreciation of the Bible; yet it acknowledges the intrinsic value of the tools of modern scholarship in helping to establish the original sense and setting of Scripture. With all this fixed firmly in mind, the Jewish Publication Society commits its good name and its decades of pioneering in the world of English- language Jewish publishing to this Torah Commentary with the hope that it will serve as the contemporary addition to the classic commentaries created by Jews during past epochs in Jewish history. Nahum M. Sarna, G E N E R A L E D I T O R Chaim Potok, L I T E R A R Y E D I T O R

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers


About Book JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers

FRONT MATTERTitle PageDedication PageCopyright PageContentsIntroductionNotes to the IntroductionGlossaryAbbreviationsMapsWEEKLY READINGSBemidbarNaso'Beha ‘alotekhaShelah-lekhaKorahHukkatBalakPhinehasMattotMase‘eiTHE GENERATION OF THE EXODUS (1:1-25:19)The Organization of the Wilderness Camp (1:1-10:10)Census in the Wilderness (1:1-54)The Arrangement of the Camp (2:1-34)The First Levite Census (3:1-51)The Second Levite Census (4:1-49)Purification of the Camp (5:1-6:27)Final Preparations for the Tabernacle Cult (7:1-8:26)Final Preparations for Departure (9:1-10:10)The March from Sinai to Transjordan (10:11-22:1)From Sinai to Kadesh (10:11-12:16)The Reconnaissance of Canaan (13:1-14:45)A Miscellany of Laws (15:1-41)Encroachment on the Tabernacle (16:1-18:32)Purification from Contamination by a Corpse (19:1-22)From Kadesh to the Steppes of Moab (20:1-22:1)Balaam (22:2-24:25)Idolatry and Expiation at Baal-Peor (25:1-19)THE GENERATION OF THE CONQUEST (26:1-36:13)The Second Census (26:1-65)The Law of Succession in Inheritance (26:1-11)The Succession of Moses by Joshua (27:12-23)The Calendar of Public Sacrifices (28:1-30:1)The Annulment of Vows and Oaths Made by Women (30:2-17)The War Against Midian (31:1-54)The Settlement of Transjordan (32:1-42)The Wilderness Itinerary (33:1-49)The Division of Canaan (33:50-35:44)Marriage Requirements for Heiresses (36:1-13)NOTES TO THE COMMENTARYEXCURSUSESExcursus 1. Some Political Institutions of Early Israel (chap. 1)Excursus 2. The Census and Its Totals (1:1-40)Excursus 3. The Encampment (chap. 2)Excursus 4. The Levites: Guards of the Tabernacle (3:5-43)Excursus 5. The Encroacher and the Clergy (chap. 3)Excursus 6. 'Avodah : The Levites' Work Profile (chap. 4)Excursus 7. The Rationale for Biblical Impurity (5:1-4)Excursus 8. The Judicial Ordeal (5:11-31) Excursus 9. Adultery in the Bible and the Ancient Near East (5:11-31)Excursus 10. The Case of the Suspected Adulteress: Redaction and Meaning (5:11-31)Excursus 11. The Nazirite (chap. 6)Excursus 12. The Structure of Numbers (6:1-21)Excursus 13. The Priestly Blessing (6:22-27)Excursus 14. The Chieftains' Gifts and Sacrifices (chap. 7)Excursus 15. Moses' Audience with God (7:89)Excursus 16. Determining the Date of the Chieftains' Contribution (chap. 7)Excursus 17. The Menorah (8:1-4)Excursus 18. The Literary Structure of Numbers (8:5-22)Excursus 19. Levitical Kippur (8:19)Excursus 20. The Second Passover (9:1-14)Excursus 21. Trumpet and Shofar (10:1-10)Excursus 22. The Ark in War (10:33-30)Excursus 23. The Inverted Nuns (10:35-30) Excursus 24. The Structure of Chapters 11-12Excursus 25. Ecstatic Prophecy in Israel and the Ancient Near East (11:24-30)Excursus 26. Prophecy in Israel and the Ancient Near East (11:24-30)Excursus 27. Sanctifcation: Preparation for Theophany (11:18)Excursus 28. The Tent of Meeting: Two Traditions (11:16; 12:5)Excursus 29. The Structure of Chapters 13-14Excursus 30. The Scout TypologyExcursus 31. Caleb (chaps. 13-14)Excursus 32. Judgment and Mercy: Vertical Retribution and Salah (14:18-20)Excursus 33. Repentance in the Torah and the Prophets (14:19-20)Excursus 34. The Ger (15:27-29)Excursus 35. The Two Sections on the Purifcation Offering Excursus 36. The Penalty of Karet Excursus 37. The Case of the Wood Gatherer (15:32-30)Excursus 38. The Tassels Tsitsit (15:37-40)Excursus 39. Korah's Rebellion: A Study in Redaction (chap. 10)Excursus 40. Sacral Responsibility for Encroachment (chap. 18)Excursus 41. The Tenufah Offering (18:11)Excursus 42. The Terumah Offering (18:8,11,19)Excursus 43. First Fruits (18:12-13)Excursus 44. The Status of Herem (18:14)Excursus 45. The First- Born (18:15-16)Excursus 46. The Tithe (18:21-32)Excursus 47. The Structure of Chapter 19Excursus 48. The Paradox of the Red Cow (chap. 19)Excursus 49. The Effect of the Sinner upon the Sanctuary (chap. 19)Excursus 50. Magic, Monotheism, and the Sin of Moses (20:1-13)Excursus 51. The Encounter with the Canaanites (21:1-3)Excursus 52. The Copper Snake (21:4-9)Excursus 53. The Song of the Well (21:17-18)Excursus 54. The Song of Heshbon (21:27-30)Excursus 55. The Redaction of Chapters 20-21Excursus 56. The Unity of the Prose and Poetry in Chapters 22-24Excursus 57. Balaam and the Ass (22:22-35)Excursus 58. Balaam: Saint or Sinner? (chaps. 22-24)Excursus 59. Balaam: Diviner or Sorcerer? (chaps. 22-24)Excursus 60. Balaam and the Deir 'Alla InscriptionExcursus 61. The Apostasy of Baal-Peor (25:1-18)Excursus 62. The Apportionment of the Promised Land (26:52-56)Excursus 63. The Inheritance Rights of Daughters (27:1-8)Excursus 64. The Urim and Thummim Excursus 65. The Tamid (chap. 29)Excursus 66. Oaths, Vows, and Dedications (30:3)Excursus 67. The War Against Midian (chap. 13)Excursus 68. The Literary Structure of Chapter 31Excursus 69. The Literary Structure of Chapter 32Excursus 70. The Settlement of Transjordan (chap. 32)Excursus 71. The Integrity of the Wilderness Itinerary (chap. 33)Excursus 72. The Literary Structure of 33:50–56Excursus 73. The Boundaries of Canaan (chap. 34)Excursus 74. The Levitical Town: An Exercise in Realistic Planning (35:1–5)Excursus 75. Asylum Altars and Asylum Cities (35:9–15)Excursus 76. The Postulates of the Laws of Homicide (35:16–28)Excursus 77. The Redaction of Chapter 36NOTES TO THE EXCURSUSESExcursus 1Excursus 2Excursus 3Excursus 4Excursus 5Excursus 6Excursus 7Excursus 8Excursus 9Excursus 10Excursus 11Excursus 13Excursus 14Excursus 16Excursus 17Excursus 18Excursus 19Excursus 20Excursus 22Excursus 23Excursus 24Excursus 25Excursus 26Excursus 28Excursus 29Excursus 30Excursus 31Excursus 32Excursus 33Excursus 34Excursus 35Excursus 36Excursus 37Excursus 38Excursus 39Excursus 40Excursus 41Excursus 42Excursus 43Excursus 44Excursus 45Excursus 46Excursus 48Excursus 49Excursus 50Excursus 51Excursus 52Excursus 53Excursus 54Excursus 56Excursus 57Excursus 58Excursus 59Excursus 60Excursus 61Excursus 62Excursus 63Excursus 64Excursus 65Excursus 66Excursus 67Excursus 69Excursus 70Excursus 71Excursus 73Excursus 74Excursus 75Excursus 76Excursus 77
torah commentary numbers page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks forth book most insteresting modern thinkers
eBookshuk Books

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Judaism and Christianity
A signally important work for anyone seriously concerned with Judaism or Christianity. It may prove to be a seminal work, a work that is interesting to both Jews and Christians. No doubt, it has faults, but a lack of nobility is not one of them.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

Smoke Over Birkenau
The astonishing stories in Smoke Over Birkenau tell of the women who lived and suffered alongside Liana Millu during her months in the concentration camp.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

Studies in Mishnaic Hebrew (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXVII)
The twenty-two articles in this collection represent the latest results of the research into Mishnaic Hebrew that is conducted in Israel.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus
Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 6
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Amos and Hosea
The author has taken up in connection with the first two of the immortal Twelve, many questions that concern just as closely the prophetic books. It is especially felt in the Introduction; in fact Harper's introduction to Amos and Hosea is really an introduction to Prophecy as such.

The Battle for Jerusalem: June 5-7,1967
Enhanced by fascinating photographs and an epilogue tracing the subsequent lives and military careers of the key participants, Rabinovich's gripping narrative brings the reader to the scene of this brilliant military victory and emotional reunion of a people with their sacred city.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1
sdfg

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 4
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

ANCIENT PLACE NAMES IN THE HOLY LAND


Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914
This superbly documented study, enriched by anecdotes and illustrations, portrays the first genuine encounter of Jewish society with emancipation.

The Responsa Literature
An interesting presentation of an extraordinary type of correspondence between communities and foremost Jewish authorities during the past fifteen hundred years by which social, economic and religious problems were discussed and solved.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

Studies in Jewish Education I: Theory and Research
The focus of this volume is the state of the Jewish educational research and its impact on practice.

Selected Religious Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol
Solomon Ibn Gabirol was not only a great poet, but also a great philosopher. His vision was broad and his penetration keen. This volume of translations from this rare singer of the Ghetto limits itself to such of his poems as have been incorporated in or designed for the liturgy of the Synagogue.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.2
asdf

Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash
The classic work on the field. Not for beginners; for those interested in a more historical and critical study of Talmud and Midrash.

Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

Talmud Yerushalmi: A Concordance of Amoraic Terms, Expressions and Phrases, in 3 vols.
A concordance of Amoraic terminology in Talmud Yerushalmi designed to assist to come much closer to the original text of the Yerushalmi and to its accurate interpretation.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety
Original and interesting study of the meaning of piety amoung observant Jews of the late Second Temple period.

Hellenism
This book is intended for those interested in the conflict of Judaism with the culture of the ancient world and its impact on the Jewish life of today.

Conversos on Trial. Hispania Judaica, v. 3
This story is eloquently related on the basis of Inquisition files which depict the Conversos' deep yearning to their Jewish past and the ultimate sacrifice they were prepared to offer for their continued adherence to their ancestral faith.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Judges
The commentary, which pays a close attention to early history of social and religious life of Israel.

Volume 6, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

Biblical and Oriental Studies (2 volumes)
Two-volume set of U. Cassuto's Biblical and Ancient Oriental Texts essays.

Don Isaac Abravanel: Statesman and Philosopher
The story of an extraordinary personality in the history of the Jewish people. Abravanel symbolizes a life of a true son of G-d s chosen people.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Biblical and Oriental Studies (2 volumes)
Two-volume set of U. Cassuto's Biblical and Ancient Oriental Texts essays.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
qwer

Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

Volume 9, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.