JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus Page 11...

Levine ably brings modern scholarship as well as rabbinic commentary to bear when discussing the text in this third book in JPS Torah Commentary series.

In retrospect, I identify two kinds of support that have enabled me to accomplish the present Commentary to Leviticus: I am grateful to my gifted student, Anne Robertson, for her assistance in preparing this manuscript. I am grateful to certain enabling agencies whose assistance afforded me the time and means to pursue work on the Commentary over an extended period of years. I began work on the Commentary in 1975, during my ten-ure as a fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation for the academic year 1975– 76. Several years later, in 1979– 80, I was a fellow of the Institute of Advanced Studies at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. Without these two singular opportunities, I would not have been able to immerse myself in the research required by the task. New York University’s flexible leave policy also abetted my progress, and I am grateful to my colleagues in the Department of Near East Languages and Literature for their understanding and their willingness to allow me repeated absences for purposes of research. Intellectual stimulation came from my teachers, colleagues, and students. H. L. Ginsberg influenced me greatly in philology and exegesis during our continuous discussions over the years. Thorkild Jacobsen imparted to me an insightful approach to religious phe-nomenology. C. H. Gordon introduced me to the languages and cultures of the ancient Near East. The incisive commentary of David Zvi Hoffmann made of that great schol-ar a teacher of a different sort; his work never left my side! Many questions relevant to the interpretation of Leviticus were addressed in lectures and papers presented before learned societies in North America, as well as in Europe and Israel. My students at New York University and at other institutions of higher learning where I have taught, did me the great service of listening and questioning. The staff of the Library of the Ecole Biblique in Jeru-salem were most helpful. My colleague, Nahum Sarna, deserves praise and gratitude for his prudence as general editor of the Commentary, as does Chaim Potok for his guidance as literary editor. The Jewish Publication Society has once again demonstrated its commitment to Jewish learning. Sheila F. Segal, editor- in- chief, and the editorial staff, Amy M. Gewirtzman, Linda R. Turner, and Ilene Cohen, contributed their invaluable services in the publication of this book. Adrianne Onderdonk Dudden deserves note for her masterful design. My apprecia-tion also goes to Bernard I. Levinson and Nathan Barnett, former executive vice presidents, Jerome J. Shestack, past president and chairman of the Commentary Committee, and Richard Malina, now executive director, for their kind assistance. My dedicated wife, Corinne, has consistently encouraged me in the preparation of this Commentary and my special thanks go to her. In dedicating the Leviticus Commentary ACKNOWLEDGMENTS   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C

JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus


About Book JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus

FRONT MATTERTitle PagePatrons PageDedication PageCopyright PageAcknowledgmentsContentsIntroductionGlossaryAbbreviationsWEEKLY READINGSVa-yikra'TsavSheminiTazria‘Metsora'Aharei MotKedoshimEmorBe-harBe-hukkotaiTHE COMMENTARY TO LEVITICUSThe Principal Types of Sacrifice (1:1-7:38)The Burnt Offering ('Olah) (vv. 1-17)The Grain Offering (Minhah) (vv. 1-16)The Sacred Gift of Greeting (Zevah Shelamim) (vv.1-17)The Expiatory Sacrifices (4:1-5:26)Forms of the Hatta't SacrificeAdditional Means of Expiation (vv. 1-13)Uses of the 'Asham Sacrifice (vv. 14-26)The Disposition of Sacrifices (6:1-7:38)The Burnt Offering ('Olah) (vv.1-6)The Grain Offering (Minhah) (vv. 7-11)The Sin Offering (Hatta't) (6:17-23)The Guilt Offering ('Asham) (vv. 1-10)The Sacred Gift of Greeting (Zevah Ha-Shelamim) (7:11-34)Summary (7:35-38)The Initiation of Formal Worship (Chaps. 8-9)The Consecration of Priests and Tabernacle (vv. 1-36)The First Celebration of Sacrifice (vv.1-24)Admonitions on Priestly ConductThe Death of Nadab and Abihu: a Dramatic Precedent (vv. 1-7)Rules for the Priesthood (vv. 8-15)Moses Monitors the Priests and the Cult (vv. 16-20)The Laws of Kashrut: Proper Foods and VesselsThe Dietary Laws: Two CollectionsPermitted and Forbidden Food Sources (vv. 1-23)Postscript (vv. 46-47)Regulations Concerning the New MotherThe Purification of Scin Diseases (13:1-14:57) The Symptomatology (vv. 1-8)Chronic Ailments (vv. 9-17)Tsara'at as a Complication (vv. 18-46)Tsara'at in Fabrics and Leather (vv. 47-59)Purification Rites for Individuals (vv. 1-32)Tsara'at in Building Stones (vv. 33-53)Discharges from Sexual OrgansThe Israelite Male (vv. 1-18)The Israelite Female (vv. 19-30)Conclusions (vv. 31-33)The Yom Kippur RitualPreparations for Purification (vv. 3-10)The Purification of the Sanctuary (vv. 11-19) The Dispatch of the Scapegoat (vv. 20-22)Rites Subsequent to the Dispatch of the Scapegoat (vv. 23-28)Designation of an Annual Atonement Day (vv. 29-34)The Pursuit of Holiness (17:1-26:46)Prologue: Proper Forms of Worship (vv. 1-16)Definition of the FamilyThe Laws of HolinessThe Family in Religious ContextForbidden Sexual Unions (vv. 8-21)Possesion of the Land (vv. 21-27)Laws Governing the Priesthood (21:1-22:33)Restrictions and Limitations (vv. 1-24)Sacred Donations (vv. 1-33)The Calendar of Sacred TimeThe Sabbath (vv. 1-3)The Feast of Unleavened Bread (vv.4-8)Offerings from the New Grain Crop (vv. 9-14)The Shavuot Festival (vv. 15-22)The First Day of the Seventh Month (vv.23-25)Day of Atonement (vv. 26-32)The Sukkot Festival (vv. 33-44)A Collection of LawsThe Kindling of the Menorah (vv. 1-4)The Rows of Bread (vv. 5-9)Laws Governing Blasphemy and Othe Serious Crimes (vv. 10-22)The Principles of Land Tenure (25:1-26:2)The Sabbatical Year and the Jubilee (25:1-23)Additional Laws Regarding Land Tenure and Indenture (25:24-55)Epilogue to the Holiness Code (26:3-46)The Blessing (vv. 3-13)The Execration (vv. 14-45)Postscript (v.46)Funding the SanctuaryVotary Pleges in Fixed Amounts of Silver (vv. 1-8)Votary Pleges of Animals (vv. 9-13)Consecrations (vv. 14-25)Firstlings (vv. 26-27)Proscribed Property (vv. 28-29)Tithes ( vv. 30-33)The Postscript (v. 34)NOTES TO THE COMMENTARYLEVITICUS IN THE ONGOING JEWISH TRADITIONFrom Sacrifice to Alternative Forms of WorshipThe Centralized CultPost-Temple JudaismWorship and CelebrationConclusionNotes to Leviticus in the Ongoing Jewish TraditionEXCURSUSESExcursus 1. That Person Shall Be Cut Off (chap. 7)Excursus 2. The Meaning of the Dietary Laws (chap. 11)Excursus 3. The New Mother (chap. 12)Excursus 4. The Scapegoat Ritual (chap. 16)Excursus 5. Family in Biblical Israel (chap. 18)Excursus 6. Biblical Concept of Holiness (chap. 19)Excursus 7. The Cult of Molech in Biblical Israel (chap. 20)Excursus 8. The Development of the Biblical Festivals (chap. 23)Excursus 9. Retaliation and Compensation in Biblical Criminal Law (chap. 24)Excursus 10. The Inalienable Right to the Land of Israel (chap. 25)Excursus 11. A Priestly Statement on the Destiny of Israel (26:3-46)Notes to the ExcursusesExcursus 1Excursus 2Excursus 3Excursus 4Excursus 5Excursus 6Excursus 7Excursus 8Excursus 9Excursus 10Excursus 11
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