JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah Page 8...

This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

INTRODUCTION viii key to the story is that it is set exclusively among gentiles, who are presented in a positive light. Not only is Jonah dispatched to bring the word of the Lord to a gentile metropolis, whose citizens are astonishingly quick to repent; even the crew of the ship, who represent many nations and languages, astonish us with their religious and moral sensitivity. Against this background, the Hebrew prophets refusal to go to Nineveh is explained by his fear that the anticipated repent- ance of the gentile city will cast a heavy shadow on the stiff- necked Israelites. According to this interpretation, the Book of Jonah is meant to extirpate the particularistic belief that regards the welfare of Israel as a supreme value and to assert that the prophet’s love for his people must not keep him from fulfi lling the mission imposed by the one  universal God, as Elisha did when he was sent to Hazael, the enemy of Israel ( 2 Kings 8: 9– 15). This view can be traced back to a midrash: Jonah said, “ I will go outside the Land of Israel, to a place where the Divine Presence is not revealed, so as not to render Israel guilty”— because the Gentiles are quick to repent There were thus three prophets: one asserted the dignity of the father [ i. e., God] and the dignity of the son [ i. e., Israel]; one asserted the dignity of the father but not the dignity of the son; and one asserted the dignity of the son but not the dignity of the father. Jeremiah asserted the dignity of the father and the dignity of the son. . . . For this reason his prophecy was repeated. . . . Elijah asserted the dignity of the father and not the dignity of the son. . . . And what is said there? “ The LORD said to him, ‘. . . anoint  Elisha son of Shaphat of Abel- meholah to succeed you as prophet’” ( 1 Kings 19: 15– 16)—“  to succeed you” means “ I do not want your prophecy.” Jonah asserted the dignity of the  son and not the dignity of the father, as it says, “ Jonah  arose to fl ee” ( 1: 3),  followed by “ the word of the LORD came to Jonah a second time” ( 3: 1)—  He spoke with him a  second time, but not a third time! Rabbi Nathan says: Jonah went only  to throw himself into the sea, as it is stated, “ Lift me and cast me into the sea” ( 1: 12).  So too you fi nd that the Patriarchs and the prophets gave themselves on behalf of Israel. . .  . ( Mekhilta of Rabbi Ishmael, Masekhta de- Pisha, § 1, ed. Horovitz- Rabin, pp. 3– 4) This interpretation was adopted by Rashi, Joseph Kara, David Kimhi ( who combined it with the third theme presented below), and Abraham ibn Ezra. Don Isaac Abravanel, however, demurs: “ It is in truth a very weak interpretation, since the repentance of the people of Nineveh might make Israel ashamed of their sins, so that they would return to the Lord who would have mercy on them” ( preface to his commentary on Jonah, Second Question). Abravanel offers, in- stead, the same idea, but in its political version: Jonah— whom he assumes to have survived until after the campaigns ( 734– 732 B. C. E.) by the Assyrian  king Tiglath- Pileser III in the Transjordan and the Galilee ( see his commentary on 1: 1 and 3: 4)—  refused to save Nineveh “ because he knew the evils and exiles that it would bring on the tribes of  Israel in the future; hence he yearned that the nation of Assyria be destroyed and Nineveh its capital be utterly smitten. This is why he fl ed instead of going there” ( Introduction, “ The Overall Intention”). This view has no substantial anchor in the text. Its keystone— the prophet’s willingness to give his life rather than expose his people’s stubbornness to God and man, or in order to prevent the salvation of the power destined to destroy Israel— is simply not to be found in the book. Hardly any Jewish Bible scholar still adheres to this exegetical line, but it remains attractive to most Christian scholars. Urbach ( pp. 119– 121) noted the striking similarity between the midrash that juxtaposes the Ninevites’ immediate response to a single prophet with the indifference of the people of Jerusalem to many prophets ( Lamentations Rabbah, Introduction, 31), on the one hand, and Jesus’ remark that the people of Nineveh who responded to Jonah’s call were superior to the people of his own generation, who ignored him ( Matt. 12: 41; Luke 11: 32). Urbach concludes from this similarity that the self- criticism in the Jewish homily was appropriated by Christian thought and intensifi ed in the anti- Jewish strictures of the Church fathers St. Jerome          C    h  a  p  t e  r   Home  |      T  O   C   

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah


About Book JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah

FRONT MATTEREDITORSTitle pageCopyright pageTABLE OF CONTENTSPREFACEINTRODUCTIONThe Theme of the Book and the History of Its ExegesisJonah's Place in the Biblical CanonThe Literary GenreThe Narrative ArtThe Literary Function of the Gentiles as Supporting CharactersThe Unity of the Book and the Provenance of the PsalmLinks between Jonah and Other Biblical BooksLanguageDate of CompositionThe TextTHE COMMENTARY TO JONAHBIBLIOGRAPHYMidrashimJewish Commentaries (in chronological order)Modern Commentaries (in chronological order)Scholarly Studies (in alphabetical order)
bible commentary jonah page https publishersrow ebookshuk books jewish hebrew ebooks this fine based closely author original oved with some revision expansion
eBookshuk Books

History of the Jews: Complete Set in 6 Volumes
A condensed reproduction of the entire eleven volumes of the “Geschichte der Juden,” the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

THE CONCILIATOR


Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 1
qwer

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition
Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Jewish Contributions to Civilization: An Estimate
Joseph Jacobs was a thinker and writer of unusual breadth and versatility. Among the subjects to which he gave his attention was the comparative distribution of Jewish ability, as the result of researches he had undertaken in association with Sir Francis Galton. The present work was the natural outcome of these studies.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Coat of Many Cultures: The Story of Joseph in Spanish Literature. 1200-1492
The book presents seven works based on the biblical story. All of these works are unmistakably Spanish, though many of them are also undeniably Jewish or Muslim.

Religion and Zionism First Encounters


Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 10
qwer

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.1
sdfg

AN EMPIRE IN THE HOLY LAND


The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

Ethics of Responsibility: Pluralistic Approaches to Conventional Ethics
Ethics of Responsibility bridges the gap between liberal Jewish philosophy and modern Orthodoxy. It is thoughtful reading for both the Jewish and non-Jewish scholar, teacher, and for all readers interested in the study of ethics and morality.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Psalms (in 2 volumes)
asdf

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 8
qwer

Volume 3, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

The Path of the Upright: Mesillat Yesharim
The Path of the Upright, Rabbi Moshe Hayyim Luzzatto's guide to the perfection of human soul, stands on its own as one of the most influential and inspirational ethical works in Judaism. In this work, the author probes every aspect of the human personality and offers advice on ways to overcome its weaknesses. The Path of the Upright: Messillat Yesharim is a bilingual edition in Hebrew and English.

Tractate Rosh Hashana
For those who wish to go beyond superficial, Master A Mesikta Series is a perfect companion for the study of Talmud. The series provides important background information on Talmud and clarifies its content by focusing on controversies that give it such a power. Using outlines, elucidations, pointed comments, explanations of the sequence, topic overviews, and highlighting the interaction between aggadic portions and legal discussions, the author enables a student to rapidly master material

A Treatise on the use of the Tenses in Hebrew
If you work with the Hebrew verbal system, this is a book you *must* have read.

Origins of the Kabbalah
Gershom Scholem opened up a once esoteric world of Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalah, to concerned students of religion: a tradition of repeated attempts to achieve and portray direct experiences of God. A history of the Kabbalah before the Zohar, this book analyzes the leading ideas of Jewish mysticism up to the period of its classical formulation.

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

Historisch-kritisches Lehrgebäude der hebräischen Sprache (in drei Bänden)
This is the largest compilation of grammatical material for Hebrew Bible.

Volume 4, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Ruby of Cochin: An Indian Jewish Woman Remembers
This book is a Cochin cake, full of secret goodies and unexpected surprises and mysterious tastes, exotic and familiar. Each story told by Ruby Daniel reveals the unique way of life of the Cochin Jews and preserves it for future generations.

The Jews of Yugoslavia: A Quest for Community
This work is a pioneer study of a little-known part of the modern Jewish world that is at once unique and a microcosm of European Jewry as a whole. The story of the Jews of Yugoslavia can be seen as a quest for community, to forge a unity of communal purpose and endeavor.

Nazarene Jewish Christianity
A comprehensive study of the immediate heirs of the earliest Jerusalem church.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): SAMUEL I & II
Although there have been other contributions on this subject, this volume still is worth having as it contains most of arguments still serving as a basis for modern Christian mainline (and thus also Jewish Reform) liberalism.

Medieval Ketubot from Sefarad, Hispania Judaica v. 11
A careful examination of legal and historic aspects of 30 ketubots from various medieval Hispanic kingdoms; includes their comparison.

Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica Vol. 2
asdf

Jewish Post-Biblical History through Great Personalities: From Jochanan ben Zakkai Through Moses Mendelssohn
In this book the effort has been to select from the pages of post-Biblical Jewish history the outstanding personalities, to present the life and work of each in such a way as to illustrate the spirit of Judaism in his time, and, in doing this, to analyze and systematize the complex and abstract subject matter so that it may offer the fewest difficulties to the pupil's mind.

My Brother s Keeper: A History of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1929-1939.
This book deals with the efforts of American Jews - through their overseas aid organization, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - to come the aid of European Jewry in the crucial prewar decade, 1929-1939.

BOOKS OF KINGS


THE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF JUDAEA
A broad survey of economic and political conditions in Judaea after Destruction of the Second Temple.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 3
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

A History of the Marranos
The tradegy and romance of the story of the secret Jews of the Spanish Peninsula is a lesson that every one must learn and always remember.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.