JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD...

English edition of the work for which G. Alon received prestigious Israel Prize. Anyone interested in the origin of the modern Jewish law and the history of the Second Temple must read this book.

people after the Destruction ( his volumes on that subject are due to appear soon in English translation). Alon analyzed every detail of his source- material in depth, to the degree that such analysis was necessary for dealing with the problem he had under study. But this care for detail never obscured the broader view; in spite of his attention to the trees, the forest always remained visible. His use of the text- critical method in handling the variegated Greek and Latin sources, by the application of philological and historical criteria, taught him to do the same with the Talmudic sources, always adjusting the method to the varying nature of the material. This combination of methodology with vast learning enabled him to clarify many important problems in the history of the Jewish people during the last few generations of the Second Commonwealth and the fol­lowing period, the Mishnaic- Talmudic age. His researches centered on the nature and structure of Jewish society, as exemplified by the essay  Parirtin dealing with the High Priesthood during the last generations of its existence; or the study  Sons of the Sages, which concerns itself with the emergence of a social class of learned scholars during the second century and the beginning of the third. A number of Alons studies are devoted to the socio- political forms in which Jewish communities were structured during the Mishnaic- Talmudic period. Examples of this kind of investigation are:  The Strategoi in the Cities of Israel During the Roman Occupation and  The Appointment of Judges in the Land of Israel During the Tal­mudic Period. In these studies the reader learns about the various kinds of social and religious leaders, and the levels of society from which they came; and he finds out how they exercised their leader­ship against the background of the prevailing governmental set- up; whether it was during the last days of the Temple, or later on, during the sunset years of classical civilization. Some of these studies bring up questions that are central to the political and religious history of the Jews during the days of the Temple, like  The Attitude of the Pharisees to Roman Rule and the House of Herod, or the chapters that deal with Rabban Johanan ben Zakkais exit from besieged Jerusalem, and his leadership at Jabneh. Others are dedicated to questions in the history of the halakhah, such as the essay dealing with Philo, and the studies that investigate the implications of the laws of ritual purity and impurity. In handling the complicated questions connected with these matters, the author is able to adduce much of the cultural history and religious practice of the age, and at the same time to illumine whole chapters in the

JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD


About Book JEWS, JUDAISM AND THE CLASSICAL WORLD

Front Matter Front Flap Half Title Page Title Page Copyright PageINTRODUCTIONTable of Contents Contents DID THE JEWISH PEOPLE AND ITS SAGES CAUSE THE HASMONEANS TO BE FORGOTTEN?THE ATTITUDE OF THE PHARISEES TO ROMAN RULE AND THE HOUSE OF HERODPAR'IRTIN - On the History of the High Priesthood at the End of the Second Temple PeriodA. The Abolition of the Order of Succession and the Right of the High Priest to Hold Office for Life ?. The Change of High Priest Every Twelve Months C. The Buying of the High Priesthood for MoneyD. The Appointment of Common (Hedyotot) PriestsAppendix I (to p. 51)Appendix II (to p. 55)Appendix III (to p. 59)Appendix IV (to p. 61)Appendix V (to p. 69)Supplementary Notes on 'Par'irtin'ON PHILO'S HALAKHAON THE HALAKHOT OF THE EARLY SAGESTHE LEVITICAL UNCLEANNESS OF GENTILESTHE BOUNDS OF THE LAWS OF LEVITICAL CLEANNESSI. The Precept of Cleanness in Respect of Holy ObjectsII. The Eating of Unconsecrated Food in PurityIII. The Precept of Purity and the Prohibition of UncleanncessBY THE (EXPRESSED) NAMEAppendixTHE BURNING OF THE TEMPLERABBAN JOHANAN ?. ZAKKAI'S REMOVAL TO JABNEHAppendix(1) Avot de-R. Nathan, Version I(2) Avot de-R. Nathan, Version II(3) Lamentations Rabbati(4) Gittin 56a-bTHE PATRIARCHATE OF RABBAN JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAII. The PriestsII. Sages of the Torah (Political Opponents)III. The Sons of BathyraIV. Rabban Gamaliel (of Jabneh)GA'ON, GE'IMTHE ORIGIN OF THE SAMARITANS IN THE HALAKHIC TRADITIONAppendix I (to note 15)Appendix II (to note 24)Appendix III (to note 48)THOSE APPOINTED FOR MONEYAppendixTHE SONS OF THE SAGESAppendixTHE 'STRATEGOI' IN THE PALESTINIAN CITIES DURING THE ROMAN EPOCH(A) SYRIA (Mesopotamia)(B) BASHAN, HAURON, TRACHONITIS(C) GERASA(D) GAZABackmatter INDICESI. SOURCESA. BibleB. TargumimC. Apocrypha and PseudepigraphaD. MishnaE. ToseftaF. Palestinian TalmudG. Babylonian TalmudH. .MidrdshimI. Works of Josephus and PhiloJ. New TestamentK. Miscellaneous WorksII. PERSONSIII. PLACESIV. TOPICSBack Flap Back Cover
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