Introduction to the Literature of the...

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PREFACE V from the nature of the case, are uncertain, or are propounded avowedly as provisional, with the view of discrediting all, as though they rested upon a similar foundation. But this is very far from being the case. It has been no part of my object to represent conclusions as more certain than is authorized by the facts upon which they depend; and I have striven ( as I hope successfully) to convey to the reader the differences in this re-spect of which I am sensible myself. Where the premises satisfy me, I have expressed myself without hesitation or doubt; where the data do not justify ( so far as I can judge) a confident conclu-sion, I have indicated this by some qualifying phrase. I desire what I have just said to be applied in particular to the analysis of the Hexateuch. That the “ Priests’ Code” formed a clearly de-fined document, distinct from the rest of the Hexateuch, ap-pears to me to be more than sufficiently established by a multi-tude of convergent indications; and I have nowhere signified any doubt on this conclusion. On the other hand, in the remain-der of the narrative of Gen.- Numbers and of Joshua, though there are facts which satisfy me that this also is not homogene-ous, I believe that the analysis ( from the nature of [ xv] the crite-ria on which it depends) is frequently uncertain,* and will, per-haps, always continue so. Accordingly, as regards “ JE,” as I have more than once remarked, I do not desire to lay equal stress upon all the particulars of the analysis, or to be supposed to hold that the line of demarcation between its component parts is at every point as clear and certain as it is between P and other parts of the Hexateuch. Another point necessary to be borne in mind is that many results can only be approximate. Even where there is no ques-tion of the author, we can sometimes determine the date within only comparatively wide limits ( e. g. Nahum); and even where the limits are narrower, there may still be room for difference of opinion, on account of the different aspects of a passage which most strongly impress different critics ( e. g. in some of the ac-knowledged prophecies of Isaiah). Elsewhere, again, grounds may exist sufficient to justify the negative conclusion, that a writing does not belong to a particular age or author, but not definite * See pp. 16, 17, 19, 39, 116 f., & c. The same admission is constantly made by Wellhausen, Kuenen, and other critics: see, for instance, p. xi of the edition of Genesis by Kautzsch and Socin, mentioned below, p. 14 n.   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament


About Book Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PagePrefaceContentsAddition and correctionsAbbreviationsIntroductionI. THE HEXATEUCH.§ 1. Genesis.§ 2. Exodus.§ 3. Leviticus.§ 4. Numbers.§ 5. Deuteronomy.§ 6. Joshua.§ 7.The Prophetical Narrative of the Hexateuch.The Priestly Narrative of the Hexateuch.Synopsis of the Priests' Code.II. JUDGES, SAMUEL, AND KINGS.§ 1. The Book of Judges.§ 2.1–2 Samuel.§ 3.1–2 Kings.III. ISAIAH.IV. JEREMIAH.V. EZEKIEL.VI. THE MINOR PROPHETS.§ 1. Hosea.§ 2. Joel.§ 3. Amos.§ 4. Obadiah.§ 5. Jonah.§ 6. Micah.§ 7. Nahum.§ 8. Habakkuk.§ 9. Zephaniah.§10. Haggai.§11. Zechariah.§12. Malachi.VII. THE PSALMS.VIII.THE BOOK OF PROVERBS.IX. THE BOOK OF JOB.X. THE FIVE MEGILLOTH.§ 1. The Song of Songs.§ 2.Ruth.§ 3.The Lamentations.§ 4.Ecclesiastes.§ 5.Esther.XI. DANIEL.XII. CHRONICLES, EZRA, AND NEHEMIAH.§ 1. Chronicles.§ 2.Ezra and Nehemiah.Index I.Index II.Index III.
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