Introduction to the Literature of the...

Long the standard English work on the subject, now is prepared to work interactively with Hebrew-English Tanakh: the Jewish Bible.

IV PREFACE which particular books ( or parts of books) were composed, I have been at pains to illustrate them as fully as space permitted. Especial care has been bestowed upon the lists of expressions characteristic of different writers. It was impossible to avoid altogether the introduction of Hebrew words; nor indeed, as the needs of Hebrew students could not with fairness be entirely neglected, was it even desirable to do so; but an endeavour has been made, by translation, to make the manner in which they are used intelligible to the English reader. Completeness has not been attainable. Sometimes, indeed, the grounds for a conclusion have been stated with approximate completeness; but generally it has been found impossible to mention more than the more salient or important ones. This is especially the case in the analysis of the Hexateuch. A full statement and discussion of the grounds for this belongs to a Commentary. Very often, however, it is believed, when the rela-tion of different passages to each other has been pointed out briefly, a comparative study by the reader will suggest to him additional grounds for the conclusion indicated. A word should also be said on the method followed. A strict inductive method would have required a given conclusion to be preceded by an [ xiv] enumeration of all the facts upon which it depends. This would have been impossible within the limits at the writer’s disposal, as well as tedious. The method pursued has thus often been to assume ( on grounds not fully stated, but which have satisfied the author) the conclusion to be established, and to point to particular salient facts, which exemplify it or presuppose its truth. The argument in the majority of cases is cumulative— a species of argument which is often both the strongest and also the most difficult to exhaust within reasonable compass. In the critical study of the Old Testament, there is an im-portant distinction, which should be kept in mind. It is that of degrees of probability. The probability of a conclusion depends upon the nature of the grounds on which it rests; and some conclusions reached by critics of the Old Testament are for this reason more probable than others: the facts at our disposal be-ing in the former case more numerous and decisive than in the latter. It is necessary to call attention to this difference, because writers who seek to maintain the traditional view of the struc-ture of the Old Testament sometimes point to conclusions which,   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x

Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament


About Book Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PagePrefaceContentsAddition and correctionsAbbreviationsIntroductionI. THE HEXATEUCH.§ 1. Genesis.§ 2. Exodus.§ 3. Leviticus.§ 4. Numbers.§ 5. Deuteronomy.§ 6. Joshua.§ 7.The Prophetical Narrative of the Hexateuch.The Priestly Narrative of the Hexateuch.Synopsis of the Priests' Code.II. JUDGES, SAMUEL, AND KINGS.§ 1. The Book of Judges.§ 2.1–2 Samuel.§ 3.1–2 Kings.III. ISAIAH.IV. JEREMIAH.V. EZEKIEL.VI. THE MINOR PROPHETS.§ 1. Hosea.§ 2. Joel.§ 3. Amos.§ 4. Obadiah.§ 5. Jonah.§ 6. Micah.§ 7. Nahum.§ 8. Habakkuk.§ 9. Zephaniah.§10. Haggai.§11. Zechariah.§12. Malachi.VII. THE PSALMS.VIII.THE BOOK OF PROVERBS.IX. THE BOOK OF JOB.X. THE FIVE MEGILLOTH.§ 1. The Song of Songs.§ 2.Ruth.§ 3.The Lamentations.§ 4.Ecclesiastes.§ 5.Esther.XI. DANIEL.XII. CHRONICLES, EZRA, AND NEHEMIAH.§ 1. Chronicles.§ 2.Ezra and Nehemiah.Index I.Index II.Index III.
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