History of the Jewish People Page...

"... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage."

Robert Gordis
Encyclopaedia Judaica



History of the Jewish People


About Book History of the Jewish People

Front MatterFront coverTitle PageCopyright PagePrefaceTable of ContentsBOOK I. IN PALESTINE FROM THE BEGINNINGS TO THE EXTINCTION OF THE PATRIARCHATE (2,000 before—425 after the christian era)I. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE PEOPLE (2000–1225 BEFORE THE CHRISTIAN ERA)II. MOSES. THE EXODUS (1220)III. THE CONQUEST OF CANAAN. THE JUDGES (1180–1100)IV. THE INROADS OF CANAANITISH RELIGIONV. THE RISE OF THE MONARCHY (1080–1030)VI. SAUL AND DAVID (1030–1013)VII. DAVID. THE CAPTURE OF JERUSALEM (1013–1006)VIII. THE WARS OF DAVID (1006–980)IX. THE REVOLTS OF ABSALOM AND OF SHEBA (980–973)X. SOLOMON. THE TEMPLE (973–933)XI. THE SECESSION OF THE NORTH (933–875)XII. THE LORD OR BAAL?—ELIJAH (887–851)XIII. AHAB AND THE ARAMEANS (854–843)XIV. ELISHA. JEHU (843)XV. THE ADVANCE AND RETREAT OF ASSYRIA (843–746)XVI. LIFE UNDER THE MONARCHYXVII. AMOS AND HOSEA (760–734)XVIII. ISAIAH AND THE ASSYRIAN ADVANCE (744–720)XIX. THE FALL OF SAMARIA. HEZEKIAH (729–692)XX. MANASSEH. JOSIAH. JEREMIAH (692–609)XXI. THE END OF THE KINGDOM OF JUDAH (608–586)XXII. THE BABYLONIAN EXILE (586–538)XXIII. THE RESTORATION (538–432)XXIV. FROM PERSIAN RULE TO GREEK (424–187)XXV. HELLENISTS AND PIETISTS. ANTIOCHUS EPIPHANES (187–165)XXVI. JUDAH THE MACCABEE AND HIS BROTHERS (165–142)XXVII. SIMON. JOHANAN HYRCANUS. ALEXANDER JANNAI (142–76)XXVIII. THE LAST HASMONEAN RULERS (76–37)XXIX. HEROD THE GREAT (37–4)XXX. ROME TIGHTENING ITS HOLD (4 BEFORE–41 AFTER THE CHRISTIAN ERA) XXXI. THE WAR WITH ROME (41–67)XXXII. THE NATIONAL DISASTER (68–73)XXXIII. SPIRITUAL RECONSTRUCTION. SPASMS UNDER TRAJAN AND HADRIAN (70–135)XXXIV. THE MAKERS OF THE MISHNAH (135–175)XXXV. THE LAST PATRIARCHS (180–425)BOOK II. THE EASTERN CENTER UNTIL THE EXTINCTION OF THE GAONATE (175–1038)XXXVI. RAB AND SAMUEL (175–254)XXXVII. UNDER THE SASSANIANS. THE TALMUD OF BABYLON (254–632)XXXVIII. THE RISE OF MOHAMMEDANISM (622–858)XXXIX. THE KARAITE SCHISM (767–900)XL. SAADIAH (882–942)XLI. THE END OF THE BABYLONIAN SCHOOLS (943–1038)XLII. THE KAIRAWAN COMMUNITY (700–1050)BOOK III. THE WEST-EUROPEAN CENTERS TO THE EXPULSION FROM SPAIN 139 BEFORE TO 1492 AFTER THE CHRISTIAN ERAXLIII. THE JEWS OF ITALY TO THE END OF THE EMPIRE (139 BEFORE—410 AFTER THE CHRISTIAN ERA)XLIV. THE JEWS OF ITALY DOWN TO THE TWELFTH CENTURY (410–1140)XLV. THE JEWS OF SPAIN UNDER ROMANS, GOTHS, AND MOHAMMEDANS (300–990)XLVI. SAMUEL THE NAGID AND SOLOMON IBN GABIROL (993–1069)XLVII. AL-FASI AND HIS SCHOOL (1013–1141)XLVIII. JUDAH HA-LEVI AND ABRAHAM IBN EZRA (1086–1167)XLIX. MOSES MAIMONIDES (1135–1204)L. THE FRANCO-GERMAN CENTER. GERSHOM OF MAYENCE (321–1040)LI. RASHI AND HIS SCHOOL. THE FIRST CRUSADE (1040–1105)LII. THE SECOND AND THIRD CRUSADES (1099–1215)LIII. THE JEWS OF FRANCE AND GERMANY IN THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY (1198–1293)LIV. THE JEWS OF ENGLAND (1066–1290)LV. THE JEWS OF PROVENCE (1100–1394)LVI. GERMAN JEWS IN THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY (1298–1407)LVII. GERMAN JEWS DURING THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY (1410–1480)LVIII. JEWS IN CHRISTIAN SPAIN. NAHMANI (1203–1293)LIX. THE PROGRESS OF THE CABALA (1280–1340)LX. THE DECLINE OF SPANISH JEWRY (1348–1405)LXI. THE DISPUTATION OF TORTOSA (1340–1444)LXII. THE MARANOS (1454–1488)LXIII. THE EXPULSION FROM SPAIN AND PORTUGAL (1492–1497)BOOK IV. THE EMERGENCE OF NEW CENTERS TO THE EVE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1492–1786)LXIV. THE AGE OF HUMANISM (1330–1546)LXV. AMSTERDAM AND HAMBURG (1492–1671)LXVI. URIEL DA COSTA AND BARUCH SPINOZA (1585–1677)LXVII. THE ITALIAN REFUGE (1492–1663)LXVIII. UNDER THE CRESCENT (1492–1579)LXIX. PALESTINE (1488–1628)LXX. THE JEWS OF RUSSIA AND POLAND TO THE END OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY (100–1501)LXXI. INTERNAL ORGANIZATION. LURIA AND ISSERLES (1510–1573)LXXII. THE ZENITH OF POLISH JEWRY (1556–1648)LXXIII. THE JEWS OF BOHEMIA (1579–1654)LXXIV. THE CHMIELNICKI MASSACRES (1648–1655)LXXV. SABBATAI ZEVI (1626–1676)LXXVI. THE SABBATIANS. MOSES HAYIM LUZZATTO (1676–1747)LXXVII. HASIDISM (1660–1797)LXXVIII. THE JEWS OF PRUSSIA (1671–1786)BOOK V. THE AGE OF EMANCIPATION (1787–1925)LXXIX. JEWS IN AMERICA IN COLONIAL AND REVOLUTIONARY TIMES (1654–1790)LXXX. JEWISH EMANCIPATION IN FRANCE AND FRENCH DEPENDENCIES (1787–1811)LXXXI. EMANCIPATION IN PRUSSIA (1786–1812)LXXXII. RUSSIAN JEWS UNDER PAUL AND ALEXANDER I. (1796–1825)LXXXIII. CULTURAL TRANSFORMATION IN CENTRAL EUROPE (1814–1823)LXXXIV. THE RENASCENCE OF JEWISH SCHOLARSHIP (1819–1868)LXXXV. AFTER THE JULY REVOLUTION (1830–1846)LXXXVI. RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENTS AMONG THE JEWS OF THE UNITED STATES (1802–1868)LXXXVII. THE DAMASCUS LIBEL (1840)LXXXVIII. THE STRUGGLE FOR EMANCIPATION IN WESTERN EUROPE (1830–1858)LXXXIX. REFORM AND COUNTER-REFORM (1841–1860)XC. POLITICAL AND CULTURAL CONDITIONS IN EASTERN EUROPE (1815–1855)XCI. PROGRESS OF THE REFORM MOVEMENT IN AMERICA AND IN EUROPE (1845–1876)XCII. THE JEWS OF RUSSIA AND RUMANIA (1855–1878)XCIII. GERMAN ANTI-SEMITISM AND RUSSIAN POGROMS (1878–1894)XCIV. ZIONISM (1894–1904)XCV. THE ‘BLACK HUNDREDS' AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (1905–1912)XCVI. THE EXODUS TO AMERICA (1905–1914)XCVII. THE WORLD WAR (1914–1918)XCVIII. MINORITY RIGHTS AND THE PALESTINIAN MANDATE (1918–1925)BIBLIOGRAPHYINDEX
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The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah
Few books oner such a variety of interest or embrace material of such deep significance as Ezra and Nehemiah do. The teaching of these books is of especial value in reference to the faithfulness of the divine promise, the discipline of disappointment, the hallowing of common life, and the preparation for the messianic age.

Jewish Pioneers and Patriots
In Jewish Pioneers and Patriots, Lee M. Friedman has unearthed an amazing store of fresh information about the connections of the Jews with America from the times even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth down to the first World War.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 5
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The Emergence of Conservative Judaism: The Historical School in 19th Century America
The book begins with description of the early decades of the past century, when American Judaism was still the expression of a religiously united community, and then probes the tensions and new forms of Jewish institutional and personal practice as they resulted from the needs of Jewish experience and from contact with American tradition, ideas and events.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 1
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Zionism at the UN: A Diary of the First Days
This book records in diary form the events the author was involved in as an emissary of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine to the United Nations Conference, meeting in San Francisco in the late spring and early summer of 1945. The demand for a Jewish state on the official level was first made clear at this conference.

History of the Jews, Vol. 2: From the Reign of Hyrcanus (135 B.C.E.) to the Completion of the Babylonian Talmud (500 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The second volume covers the period from the reign of Hyrcanus to the completion of the Babylonian Talmud.

History of the Jews, Vol. 3: From the Revolt against the Zendik (511 C.E.) to the Capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans (1291 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The third volume covers the period from the revolt against the Zendik to the capture of St. Jean d'Acreby by the Mahometans.

Jew or Juif?: Jews, French Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759-1914
Michael Brown s landmark study offers an unusual perspective on the origins of Canadian-Jewish assimilation in Anglo-Canada and the fear and insecurity that Canadian Jews experienced under the French Canadians.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Between East and West: A History of the Jews of North Africa
This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding of “the forgotten million” that once comprised the great Jewish communities of North Africa. It covers a period of more than two thousand years in the history of those communities.

Studies in Aggadah and Folk-Literature (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
With the acception of one article, Tales of the Sage by Uffenheimer, which concerns with Biblical exegesis, all other contributions approach their material from literary perspective or as a part of investigation into their history.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Chapters on Jewish Literature
The twenty-five short chapters on Jewish Literature open with the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the current era, and end with the death of Moses Mendelssohn in 1786. This book has been compiled with the definite aim of providing an elementary manual of Jewish literature both for home and school use.

Rabbinic Fantasies: Imaginative Narratives from Classical Hebrew Literature
This extraordinary volume is framed by two major original essays by the editors. Through sixteen unusual selections from ancient and medieval Hebrew texts, sensitively rendered into English prose, it reveals facets of the Jewish experience and tradition that would otherwise remain unknown.

Divine Law in Human Hands
A revealing look at the reciprocal relationship between the Halakha as an abstract system and the realities of the Jewish life.

Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Scripta Hierosolymitana IV)
Ten contributions from various perspectives on this unique find: from the departments of Bible, Archaeology, Hebrew Philology, Linguistics, and Comparative Religion, by E.Y. Kutscher, Yigael Yudin, N. Avigad, Jacob Light, M. H. Segal, Chaim Rabin, Shemaryahu Talmon, Z. Ben-Hayyim, and David Flusser.

Sacred Fragments: Recovering Theology for the Modern Jew
Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, this book will be a stimulating and rewarding step to exploring and restoring Jewish theology – and faith – at a time when belief is continually challenged and yet so very needed.

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): PROVERBS
... the crown belongs to Crawford H. Toy's voluminous interpretation of the book of Proverbs --Rudolf Smend, from Wisdom in Ancient Israel , Cambridge, 1997.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.
This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Islam Unveiled
In Islam Unveiled, Robert Spencer dares to face the hard questions about what the Islamic religion actually teaches — and the potentially ominous implications of those teachings for the future of both the Muslim world and the West.

Volume 1, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia
Created by Reform Rabbis and Jewish Scholars, many of whom escaped from Nazi Germany, the Encyclopedia exhibits a unique sensitivity to all forms of anti-Semitic agitation and malice and makes every effort to find allies among others, especially Christians, to forge a shield for Jewish people in the face of the coming catastrophe.

Christianity and Judaism: Two Covenants
A great historian of Jewish religion analyzes the conflictual relationship between Christianity and Judaism.

Jerusalem Curiosities
This volume not only seeks to provide pleasurable reading but also enables the reader to grasp Jerusalem's unique role in the history of mankind. Those who read this book will encounter Jerusalem with eyes that see and hearts that understand.

Blessed is the Match: The Story of Jewish Resistance
This book is a classic account of Jewish tragedy, faith, hope, and triumph. Published originally in 1947, it is one of the first works to deal with the horrors and the heroism of the Holocaust years.

La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.

New Heart, New Spirit: Biblical Humanism for Modern Israel
New Heart, New Spirit confronts the ethical and moral values of the Bible in the context of the critical situation that Israel and Zionism are facing. It is an outcry and a challenge to the xenophobic movements focused on “holy wars,” power, land, and blood.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 12
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Tractate Ta'anis: Commentary and Study Guide
This is hard-core serious commentary on traditional Jewish belief that climatic conditions are entirely dependent upon the deeds of people. Taanis, one of the most interesting Talmudic Tractates, explicates this principle.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

Magic Spells and Formulae: Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity
Following the publication of Amulets and Magic Bowls , several new magic texts were made available to the authors. Presented in the same scholarly manner,this is a valuable insight into the religious life and practices of common people in the Talmudic period.

The Guide for the Perplexed
This is the full, unabridged text of one of the greatest philosophic works of all time. Written by a 12th-century thinker who was equally active as an original philosopher and as a Biblical and Talmudic scholar, it is both a classic of great historical importance and a work of living signicance today.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 1: From the Beginning until the Death of Alexander I (1825)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The first volume contains the history of the Jews of Russia and Poland from its beginnings until 1825.

The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Complete and Unabridged Electronic Edition)
This is the complete and unabridged electronic edition of the twentieth century finest and most comprehensive Hebrew lexicon available to the English-speaking student of the Hebrew Scriptures.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol. I.
This is the first volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

Succeeding at Jewish Education: How One Synagogue Made It Work
Joseph Reimer uses his experience and talent as an ethnographer to bring to life the drama of one synagogue's struggle to make Jewish education work. As a result of his classroom observations Reimer comes away with important insights into what makes Jewish education succeed.

JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus
Masterly commentary on the second book of the Bible by eminent Jewish scholar.

History of the Jews, Vol. 4: From the Rise of the Kabbala (1270 C.E.) to the Permanent Settlement of the Marranos in Holland (1618 C.E.)
A condensed reproduction of the first comprehensive attempt to write the history of the Jews as the history of a living people and from a Jewish point of view. The fourth volume covers the period from the rise of the Kabbala to the permanent settlement of the Marranos in Holland.

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Jews, Arabs, Turks
Select essays on Middle Eastern history dealing with Israel, Egypt and Turkey with a focus on politics and cultural relations of Jews, Arabs, and Turks.

The Jews of Egypt: From Ramses II to Emperor Hadrian
This is the story of the adventures and misadventures of the Jewish people in the land of Egypt – shrouded in the mists of biblical history under the Pharaohs; the strange intermezzo of the Jewish mercenary detachment on the island of Elephantine on the upper Nile; the apogee of Jewish culture under the Ptolemies; and, finally, the Jewish community's rapid decline and catastrophic disappearance under Roman rule.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
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La America: The Sephardic Experience in the United States
The story of the Jewish immigration to the United States of the Levantine Sephardim who entered the United States between 1899 and 1925.