History of Jewish Coinage and of...

Madden's work constitutes ". . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past."

Michael Avi-Yonah
Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

       C    h  a  p  t e  r   Home  |    T  O   C       |    I n  d  e  x  XX PROLEGOMENON  e discovery of the YHD coins has extended the scope of Jewish numismatics backwards by three centuries.  eir ori­gin in Judaea and their dating are undisputed; indeed they fit in neatly with a whole category of coins, known generally as “ Philisto- Arabian” because of  their apparent connection with Gaza and its environment16.   ey are all small silver coins. Apart from the coin in the British Museum which weighs 3,29 gr., they all vary between 0,23 and 0,39 gr.  ese coins were issued for special purposes ( as payment to soldiers?) by the local autonomous authorities.  ey are quite different ( apart from the original YHD coin) from the standard coins issued by the Persian satraps of the Phoenician cities, which formed the main medium of commercial interchange at that time. Opinions differ as to the authority responsible for the YHD coins.  ey are too small to have been issued by the Persian governor, and too reminiscent of pagan types, e. g., the owl of Athena, the Baal Tarz—“ god of Tarsus”— or the helmeted head to allow us to attribute them with any degree of certainty to the high priests who were— under the Persian satrap— the autonomous rulers of Judaea. On the whole, they might be attributed to a civil local authority, such as the council of the “ elders of Judah” mentioned in Persian official documents ( cf. Ezra 5: 5).  e rest of the book’s third chapter is taken up by an his­torical account of the events which led up to the Maccabean revolt, illustrating the conquest of Alexander by a coin of Seleucus showing the head of Alexander  on one side and the Olympian Zeus on the other17.  Madden ( pp. 23 f.) read the letters ÄÉ on this coin as Diospoilis ( Lydda), unaware of the fact that this name was given by Septimius Severus only in  .  . 200. ( In the Coins of the Jews issued later he expressed some doubt on the matter [ p. 51, n. 2].) With Chapter IV we reach the subject of the Jewish coinage proper. It is from here onwards that we must follow Madden with the greatest caution. Already his first thesis ( in which he agreed with all his contemporaries), that the permission granted to Si­mon the Hasmonaean by Antiochus VII ( 1 Macc. 15: 6) “ to coin

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament


About Book History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament

FRONT MATTERTitleCopyrightTable of contentsPREFACEPROLEGOMENONNOTESHISTORY OF JEWISH COINAGEINTRO. PROGRESS OF THE STUDY OF JEWISH COINSI. EARLY USE OF SILVER AS A MEDIUM OF COMMERCE AND TRADE AMONG THE HEBREWS BEFORE THE EXILEII. WHAT PEOPLE FIRST COINED MONEY?THE MATERIALS EMPLOYED FOR MONEYIII. THE MONEY EMPLOYED BY THE JEWS AFTER THEIR RETURN FROM BABYLON UNTIL THE REVOLT UNDER THE MACCABEESGENEALOGICAL TABLE, SHOWING THOSE OF THE MACCABAN FAMILY OF WHOM THERE ARE COINSIV. SIMON THE MACCABEE FIRST STRIKES COINSA. SIMON MACCABEUS. B. C. 143B. C. 139, or B. C. 139B. C. 135B. JOHN HYRCANUS. B. C. 135B. C. 106C. JUDAS ARISTOBULUS. B. C. 106B. C. 105D. ALEXANDER JANNUS. B. C. 105B. C. 78E. ALEXANDRA. B. C. 78B. C. 69F. HYRCANUS II. B. C. 69B. C. 65G. ARISTOBULUS II. AND ALEXANDER II. B. C. 65B. C. 49H. HYRCANUS II. RE-ESTABLISHED. B. C. 47B. C. 40I. ANTIGONUS. B. C. 40B. C. 37GENEALOGICAL TABLEV. COINS OF THE IDUMAN PRINCESA. HEROD I. SURNAMED THE GREAT. B. C. 37B. C. 4B. HEROD ARCHELAUS. B. C. 4.A.D. 6C. HEROD ANTIPAS. B. C. 4.A.D. 39D. HEROD PHILIP II. B. C. 4.A.D. 34E. HEROD AGRIPPA I. A.D. 37A.D. 44AGRIPPA I. UNDER CAIUS (Caligula)AGRIPPA I. UNDER CLAUDIUSAGRIPPA I. AND IIF. HEROD, KING OF CHALCIS. A.D. 41A.D. 48G. AGRIPPA II. A.D. 48A.D. 100AGRIPPA II. ALONEAGRIPPA II. UNDER NEROAGRIPPA II. UNDER TITUSAGRIPPA II. UNDER DOMITIANVI. COINS STRUCK BY THE PROCURATORSA. REIGN OF AUGUSTUS, FROM THE EXPULSION OF ARCHELAUS. A.D. 6A.D. 14B. REIGN OF TIBERIUS. A. D. 14A. D. 37C. REIGN OF CAIUS (Caligula). A.D. 37A.D. 41D. REIGN OF CLAUDIUS. A.D. 41A.D. 54E. REIGN OF NERO. A. D. 54A. D. 68VII. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE FIRST REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. ELEAZARB. SIMON, SON OF GIORASC. SIMON, SON OF GAMALIEL, AND THE SUPREME AUTHORITYD. ANANUS, SON OF ANANUSVIII. ROMAN COINS STRUCK COMMEMORATING THE CAPTURE OF JERUSALEMA. REIGN OF VESPASIANI. Coins struck in JudaII. Coins struck at Rome.Gold and SilverB. REIGN OP TITUSI. Coins struck in JudaII. Coins struck at Rome.Gold and SilverC. REIGN OF DOMITIANI. Coins struck at RomeIX. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE SECOND REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. SIMON BAR-COCHABX. IMPERIAL COLONIAL COINS STRUCK AT JERUSALEM.ARAB COINSA. HADRIANUS. A.D. 136A.D. 138HADRIAN AND ANTONINUSB. ANTONINUS PIUS. A.D. 138A.D. 161ANTONINUS PIUS AND MARCUS AURELIUSC. MARCUS AURELIUS. A.D. 161A.D. 180MARCUS AURELIUS AND LUCIUS VERUSD. LUCIUS VERUS. A.D. 161A.D. 169E. JULIA DOMNA. A.D. 173A.D. 217F. CARACALLA. A.D. 211A.D. 217G. GETA. A.D. 211A.D. 212H. DIADUMENIANUS. A.D. 217A.D. 217I. ELAGABALUS. A.D. 218A.D. 222J. TRAJANUS DECIUS. A.D. 249A.D. 251K. HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS AND HOSTILIANUS. A.D. 249A.D. 251XI. MONEY IN THE NEW TESTAMENTA. GREEK MONEYB. ROMAN MONEYXII. WEIGHTSTABLE OF MR. BURGON'S WEIGHTS FROM ATHENSTABLE OF WEIGHTS FROM NINEVEHTABLE OF WEIGHTS OF COINS OF CHIOSXIII. WRITINGTABLES TO ILLUSTRATE THE COINAGE FROM THE DEATH OF HEROD I. TO THE DEATH OF HADRIANI. B.C. 4 TO A.D. 40II. A.D. 41 TO A.D. 81III. A.D. 82 TO A.D. 138APPENDIXA. THE TALMUDIC WRITINGS ON THE COINAGE OF THE FIRST AND SECOND REVOLTSB. COUNTERFEIT JEWISH COINSADDENDAINDEX
history jewish coinage money testament page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks madden work constitutes record many rare unique examples preserving spontaneity directness contact with past michael yonah professor archaeology university jerusalem
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