History of Jewish Coinage and of...

Madden's work constitutes ". . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past."

Michael Avi-Yonah
Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

       C    h  a  p  t e  r   Home  |    T  O   C       |    I n  d  e  x  XVIII PROLEGOMENON of coins marked with the Lydian arms ( half a lion) and the legend: “ Walweshattes” ( the  king whom the Greeks knew as Alyattes, 607?– 560  .  . ) 9.   e same is true of the primacy of the coins  of Aegina, which Madden describes and illustrates on p. 1310.   e only addendum on this matter which one could suggest was to stress the greater importance of the Attic drach­ma pieces in the whole Eastern Mediterranean in the later bibli­cal period. It is with Chapter III (“ Money Employed by the Jews after their Return from Babylon until the Revolt under the Macca­bees”) that our present views and those expressed by Madden begin to diverge. His description of the royal Persian daric is, indeed, still valid; but he was not able to notice the commer­cial importance of the Attic and Phoenician money for the period. Any up- to- date treatment of this subject would take note of the importance and frequency of the coins of Tyre ( the true “ sacred shekels”) and of Sidon for the numismatics of the period; while the Attic drachma served as a visual pro­totype of one class of coins, the YHD coins, which is directly connected with biblical history but of which Madden was of necessity unaware. About 1888 an anonymous writer in the American Jour­nal of Numismatics noticed an ancient  Jewish coin showing a chariot with the inscription “ Jehu.” 11  About 1909 another coin was noticed in the British Museum, showing a man seated on a winged chariot and holding a bird in his hand.  e inscription in ancient Hebrew lettering was read YHW and was interpreted as the main part of the Tetragramma­ton ( YHWH;  the name of God as written in the HebrewBible) 12.  Yet another coin was discovered, in 1933, in the excavations at Beth Zur, showing an owl with a similar le- gend ( YHW)  on one side of it, and the letters YHZQY on theother13.  In 1934 E. L. Sukenik suggested the reading YHD for the mysterious three letters, interpreting  it as the Aramaic name of the Persian province of Judaea14.   is suggestion has been generally accepted; since then three other coins of the same type have  come to light, each different in ornament from the others15.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament


About Book History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament

FRONT MATTERTitleCopyrightTable of contentsPREFACEPROLEGOMENONNOTESHISTORY OF JEWISH COINAGEINTRO. PROGRESS OF THE STUDY OF JEWISH COINSI. EARLY USE OF SILVER AS A MEDIUM OF COMMERCE AND TRADE AMONG THE HEBREWS BEFORE THE EXILEII. WHAT PEOPLE FIRST COINED MONEY?—THE MATERIALS EMPLOYED FOR MONEYIII. THE MONEY EMPLOYED BY THE JEWS AFTER THEIR RETURN FROM BABYLON UNTIL THE REVOLT UNDER THE MACCABEESGENEALOGICAL TABLE, SHOWING THOSE OF THE MACCABÆAN FAMILY OF WHOM THERE ARE COINSIV. SIMON THE MACCABEE FIRST STRIKES COINSA. SIMON MACCABEUS. B. C. 143—B. C. 139, or B. C. 139—B. C. 135B. JOHN HYRCANUS. B. C. 135—B. C. 106C. JUDAS ARISTOBULUS. B. C. 106—B. C. 105D. ALEXANDER JANNÆUS. B. C. 105—B. C. 78E. ALEXANDRA. B. C. 78—B. C. 69F. HYRCANUS II. B. C. 69—B. C. 65G. ARISTOBULUS II. AND ALEXANDER II. B. C. 65—B. C. 49H. HYRCANUS II. RE-ESTABLISHED. B. C. 47—B. C. 40I. ANTIGONUS. B. C. 40—B. C. 37GENEALOGICAL TABLEV. COINS OF THE IDUMÆAN PRINCESA. HEROD I. SURNAMED THE GREAT. B. C. 37—B. C. 4B. HEROD ARCHELAUS. B. C. 4.—A.D. 6C. HEROD ANTIPAS. B. C. 4.—A.D. 39D. HEROD PHILIP II. B. C. 4.—A.D. 34E. HEROD AGRIPPA I. A.D. 37—A.D. 44AGRIPPA I. UNDER CAIUS (Caligula)AGRIPPA I. UNDER CLAUDIUSAGRIPPA I. AND IIF. HEROD, KING OF CHALCIS. A.D. 41—A.D. 48G. AGRIPPA II. A.D. 48—A.D. 100AGRIPPA II. ALONEAGRIPPA II. UNDER NEROAGRIPPA II. UNDER TITUSAGRIPPA II. UNDER DOMITIANVI. COINS STRUCK BY THE PROCURATORSA. REIGN OF AUGUSTUS, FROM THE EXPULSION OF ARCHELAUS. A.D. 6—A.D. 14B. REIGN OF TIBERIUS. A. D. 14—A. D. 37C. REIGN OF CAIUS (Caligula). A.D. 37—A.D. 41D. REIGN OF CLAUDIUS. A.D. 41—A.D. 54E. REIGN OF NERO. A. D. 54—A. D. 68VII. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE FIRST REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. ELEAZARB. SIMON, SON OF GIORASC. SIMON, SON OF GAMALIEL, AND THE SUPREME AUTHORITYD. ANANUS, SON OF ANANUSVIII. ROMAN COINS STRUCK COMMEMORATING THE CAPTURE OF JERUSALEMA. REIGN OF VESPASIANI. Coins struck in JudæaII. Coins struck at Rome.—Gold and SilverB. REIGN OP TITUSI. Coins struck in JudæaII. Coins struck at Rome.—Gold and SilverC. REIGN OF DOMITIANI. Coins struck at RomeIX. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE SECOND REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. SIMON BAR-COCHABX. IMPERIAL COLONIAL COINS STRUCK AT JERUSALEM.ARAB COINSA. HADRIANUS. A.D. 136—A.D. 138HADRIAN AND ANTONINUSB. ANTONINUS PIUS. A.D. 138—A.D. 161ANTONINUS PIUS AND MARCUS AURELIUSC. MARCUS AURELIUS. A.D. 161—A.D. 180MARCUS AURELIUS AND LUCIUS VERUSD. LUCIUS VERUS. A.D. 161—A.D. 169E. JULIA DOMNA. A.D. 173—A.D. 217F. CARACALLA. A.D. 211—A.D. 217G. GETA. A.D. 211—A.D. 212H. DIADUMENIANUS. A.D. 217—A.D. 217I. ELAGABALUS. A.D. 218—A.D. 222J. TRAJANUS DECIUS. A.D. 249—A.D. 251K. HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS AND HOSTILIANUS. A.D. 249—A.D. 251XI. MONEY IN THE NEW TESTAMENTA. GREEK MONEYB. ROMAN MONEYXII. WEIGHTSTABLE OF MR. BURGON'S WEIGHTS FROM ATHENSTABLE OF WEIGHTS FROM NINEVEHTABLE OF WEIGHTS OF COINS OF CHIOSXIII. WRITINGTABLES TO ILLUSTRATE THE COINAGE FROM THE DEATH OF HEROD I. TO THE DEATH OF HADRIANI. B.C. 4 TO A.D. 40II. A.D. 41 TO A.D. 81III. A.D. 82 TO A.D. 138APPENDIXA. THE TALMUDIC WRITINGS ON THE COINAGE OF THE FIRST AND SECOND REVOLTSB. COUNTERFEIT JEWISH COINSADDENDAINDEX
history jewish coinage money testament page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks madden work constitutes record many rare unique examples preserving spontaneity directness contact with past michael yonah professor archaeology university jerusalem
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