History of Jewish Coinage and of...

Madden's work constitutes ". . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past."

Michael Avi-Yonah
Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

       C    h  a  p  t e  r   Home  |    T  O   C       |    I n  d  e  x  PROLEGOMENON XVII on the whole, the broadest view: he included the procuratorial and “ Judaea Capta” coins, wherever struck, and even the mu­nicipal coinage of Aelia Capitolina, excluding only those of the other cities. In addition, he felt it necessary to give the historical background of his subject, going back to biblical substitutes for coined money; he gave a survey of the beginning of coinage in general and of the coins which circulated in Palestine during the Persian and Hellenistic periods before the advent of Jew­ish coinage proper. He also felt bound to supplement the main body of his book by a series of excurses dealing with the coins mentioned in the New Testament, and with ancient weights and ancient writing. He also provided an appendix listing the Talmudic writings on Jewish coinage ( based on Dr. Levy’s work), and another on counterfeit ( or more correctly, imagi­nary) Jewish coins. If we attempt to assess the progress made by numismatic science in the last 100 years, since the publication of Mad­den’s first book, a different picture presents itself for each of the various subjects touched upon by Madden.  us a com­parison of his treatment of the biblical means of payment— one cannot use the term “ coinage” in the absence of minted money— with  whatever has been written quite recently on the same subject7  shows that there has been very little change in scholarly opinion in the last century.  e facts quoted from the Bible and illustrated from the Egyptian pictures of weigh­ing bullion, or the Babylonian ingots, have not been inter­preted differently since 1864; they have been only amplified. One such confirmation has been found in the excavations of the Judaean town of En- gedi, situated on the shores of the Dead Sea.  e main industry of this oasis was the produc­tion of balsam and other perfumes; a quantity of silver ingots or pieces found in  one of the houses suggests that these were used for payment8. Almost the same can be said of Madden’s second chapter, enti­tled “ What People First Coined Money?”  e original statements of Xenophanes and Herodotus, quoted by him, in which the invention of coinage is attributed to the kings of Lydia, are still valid. It has been only confirmed by the discovery, at the Artemision of Ephesus,

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament


About Book History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament

FRONT MATTERTitleCopyrightTable of contentsPREFACEPROLEGOMENONNOTESHISTORY OF JEWISH COINAGEINTRO. PROGRESS OF THE STUDY OF JEWISH COINSI. EARLY USE OF SILVER AS A MEDIUM OF COMMERCE AND TRADE AMONG THE HEBREWS BEFORE THE EXILEII. WHAT PEOPLE FIRST COINED MONEY?—THE MATERIALS EMPLOYED FOR MONEYIII. THE MONEY EMPLOYED BY THE JEWS AFTER THEIR RETURN FROM BABYLON UNTIL THE REVOLT UNDER THE MACCABEESGENEALOGICAL TABLE, SHOWING THOSE OF THE MACCABÆAN FAMILY OF WHOM THERE ARE COINSIV. SIMON THE MACCABEE FIRST STRIKES COINSA. SIMON MACCABEUS. B. C. 143—B. C. 139, or B. C. 139—B. C. 135B. JOHN HYRCANUS. B. C. 135—B. C. 106C. JUDAS ARISTOBULUS. B. C. 106—B. C. 105D. ALEXANDER JANNÆUS. B. C. 105—B. C. 78E. ALEXANDRA. B. C. 78—B. C. 69F. HYRCANUS II. B. C. 69—B. C. 65G. ARISTOBULUS II. AND ALEXANDER II. B. C. 65—B. C. 49H. HYRCANUS II. RE-ESTABLISHED. B. C. 47—B. C. 40I. ANTIGONUS. B. C. 40—B. C. 37GENEALOGICAL TABLEV. COINS OF THE IDUMÆAN PRINCESA. HEROD I. SURNAMED THE GREAT. B. C. 37—B. C. 4B. HEROD ARCHELAUS. B. C. 4.—A.D. 6C. HEROD ANTIPAS. B. C. 4.—A.D. 39D. HEROD PHILIP II. B. C. 4.—A.D. 34E. HEROD AGRIPPA I. A.D. 37—A.D. 44AGRIPPA I. UNDER CAIUS (Caligula)AGRIPPA I. UNDER CLAUDIUSAGRIPPA I. AND IIF. HEROD, KING OF CHALCIS. A.D. 41—A.D. 48G. AGRIPPA II. A.D. 48—A.D. 100AGRIPPA II. ALONEAGRIPPA II. UNDER NEROAGRIPPA II. UNDER TITUSAGRIPPA II. UNDER DOMITIANVI. COINS STRUCK BY THE PROCURATORSA. REIGN OF AUGUSTUS, FROM THE EXPULSION OF ARCHELAUS. A.D. 6—A.D. 14B. REIGN OF TIBERIUS. A. D. 14—A. D. 37C. REIGN OF CAIUS (Caligula). A.D. 37—A.D. 41D. REIGN OF CLAUDIUS. A.D. 41—A.D. 54E. REIGN OF NERO. A. D. 54—A. D. 68VII. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE FIRST REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. ELEAZARB. SIMON, SON OF GIORASC. SIMON, SON OF GAMALIEL, AND THE SUPREME AUTHORITYD. ANANUS, SON OF ANANUSVIII. ROMAN COINS STRUCK COMMEMORATING THE CAPTURE OF JERUSALEMA. REIGN OF VESPASIANI. Coins struck in JudæaII. Coins struck at Rome.—Gold and SilverB. REIGN OP TITUSI. Coins struck in JudæaII. Coins struck at Rome.—Gold and SilverC. REIGN OF DOMITIANI. Coins struck at RomeIX. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE SECOND REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. SIMON BAR-COCHABX. IMPERIAL COLONIAL COINS STRUCK AT JERUSALEM.ARAB COINSA. HADRIANUS. A.D. 136—A.D. 138HADRIAN AND ANTONINUSB. ANTONINUS PIUS. A.D. 138—A.D. 161ANTONINUS PIUS AND MARCUS AURELIUSC. MARCUS AURELIUS. A.D. 161—A.D. 180MARCUS AURELIUS AND LUCIUS VERUSD. LUCIUS VERUS. A.D. 161—A.D. 169E. JULIA DOMNA. A.D. 173—A.D. 217F. CARACALLA. A.D. 211—A.D. 217G. GETA. A.D. 211—A.D. 212H. DIADUMENIANUS. A.D. 217—A.D. 217I. ELAGABALUS. A.D. 218—A.D. 222J. TRAJANUS DECIUS. A.D. 249—A.D. 251K. HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS AND HOSTILIANUS. A.D. 249—A.D. 251XI. MONEY IN THE NEW TESTAMENTA. GREEK MONEYB. ROMAN MONEYXII. WEIGHTSTABLE OF MR. BURGON'S WEIGHTS FROM ATHENSTABLE OF WEIGHTS FROM NINEVEHTABLE OF WEIGHTS OF COINS OF CHIOSXIII. WRITINGTABLES TO ILLUSTRATE THE COINAGE FROM THE DEATH OF HEROD I. TO THE DEATH OF HADRIANI. B.C. 4 TO A.D. 40II. A.D. 41 TO A.D. 81III. A.D. 82 TO A.D. 138APPENDIXA. THE TALMUDIC WRITINGS ON THE COINAGE OF THE FIRST AND SECOND REVOLTSB. COUNTERFEIT JEWISH COINSADDENDAINDEX
history jewish coinage money testament page https publishersrow ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks madden work constitutes record many rare unique examples preserving spontaneity directness contact with past michael yonah professor archaeology university jerusalem
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