History of Jewish Coinage and of...

Madden's work constitutes ". . . a record of many rare or unique examples of Jewish art, preserving spontaneity and directness in our contact with the Jewish past."

Michael Avi-Yonah
Professor of Archaeology at Hebrew University, Jerusalem

       C    h  a  p  t e  r   Home  |    T  O   C       |    I n  d  e  x  PREFACE. XII Saulcy, though admitting the colonial coins struck at Je­rusalem, has not included the Roman series struck after the conquest of the Holy City, nor the coinage issued by the Tetrarchs. Levy also has passed over all these coins in a very cursory manner; and in no work that I am ac­quainted with, excepting the “ Trésor de Numismatique et de Glyptique” are the coins not strictly Jewish, that is to say, of the Agrippas under Roman Emperors, Antipas, Philip II. etc. engraved and published. Even in the latter publication they may be considered as non- accessible for any numismatic purpose, since the work is a costly folio, and the plates are executed by the unsuccessful ‘ Collas process.’ Such being the case, it has been thought advis­able to engrave every specimen of the coins connected with a Jewish Prince, and an attempt has been made to fix dates for the mintage of the coins of the two Agrippas, hitherto left in an unsatisfactory state. I cannot, how­ever, hope to escape the criticism already passed upon De Saulcy, “ that he had not described and illustrated the equally interesting coins of the towns in Judæa fa­voured with the right of coining, Agrippias or Anthedon, Ascalon, Azotus, Eleutheropolis, Gaza, Nicopolis or Em­maus, and Raphia, as well as the Galilæan and Samaritan towns. To make a Numismatique Judaïque complete, they should be treated upon.” 1 My apology is, that I con­fine myself as a rule to the coins of individuals, and not to the coins of places. The sole exception to this rule is in the case of the “ Roman coins struck commemorative of 1 Werlhof, Bibl. Num. vol. ii. Præf. p. xxv.

History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament


About Book History of Jewish Coinage and of Money in the Old and New Testament

FRONT MATTERTitleCopyrightTable of contentsPREFACEPROLEGOMENONNOTESHISTORY OF JEWISH COINAGEINTRO. PROGRESS OF THE STUDY OF JEWISH COINSI. EARLY USE OF SILVER AS A MEDIUM OF COMMERCE AND TRADE AMONG THE HEBREWS BEFORE THE EXILEII. WHAT PEOPLE FIRST COINED MONEY?—THE MATERIALS EMPLOYED FOR MONEYIII. THE MONEY EMPLOYED BY THE JEWS AFTER THEIR RETURN FROM BABYLON UNTIL THE REVOLT UNDER THE MACCABEESGENEALOGICAL TABLE, SHOWING THOSE OF THE MACCABÆAN FAMILY OF WHOM THERE ARE COINSIV. SIMON THE MACCABEE FIRST STRIKES COINSA. SIMON MACCABEUS. B. C. 143—B. C. 139, or B. C. 139—B. C. 135B. JOHN HYRCANUS. B. C. 135—B. C. 106C. JUDAS ARISTOBULUS. B. C. 106—B. C. 105D. ALEXANDER JANNÆUS. B. C. 105—B. C. 78E. ALEXANDRA. B. C. 78—B. C. 69F. HYRCANUS II. B. C. 69—B. C. 65G. ARISTOBULUS II. AND ALEXANDER II. B. C. 65—B. C. 49H. HYRCANUS II. RE-ESTABLISHED. B. C. 47—B. C. 40I. ANTIGONUS. B. C. 40—B. C. 37GENEALOGICAL TABLEV. COINS OF THE IDUMÆAN PRINCESA. HEROD I. SURNAMED THE GREAT. B. C. 37—B. C. 4B. HEROD ARCHELAUS. B. C. 4.—A.D. 6C. HEROD ANTIPAS. B. C. 4.—A.D. 39D. HEROD PHILIP II. B. C. 4.—A.D. 34E. HEROD AGRIPPA I. A.D. 37—A.D. 44AGRIPPA I. UNDER CAIUS (Caligula)AGRIPPA I. UNDER CLAUDIUSAGRIPPA I. AND IIF. HEROD, KING OF CHALCIS. A.D. 41—A.D. 48G. AGRIPPA II. A.D. 48—A.D. 100AGRIPPA II. ALONEAGRIPPA II. UNDER NEROAGRIPPA II. UNDER TITUSAGRIPPA II. UNDER DOMITIANVI. COINS STRUCK BY THE PROCURATORSA. REIGN OF AUGUSTUS, FROM THE EXPULSION OF ARCHELAUS. A.D. 6—A.D. 14B. REIGN OF TIBERIUS. A. D. 14—A. D. 37C. REIGN OF CAIUS (Caligula). A.D. 37—A.D. 41D. REIGN OF CLAUDIUS. A.D. 41—A.D. 54E. REIGN OF NERO. A. D. 54—A. D. 68VII. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE FIRST REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. ELEAZARB. SIMON, SON OF GIORASC. SIMON, SON OF GAMALIEL, AND THE SUPREME AUTHORITYD. ANANUS, SON OF ANANUSVIII. ROMAN COINS STRUCK COMMEMORATING THE CAPTURE OF JERUSALEMA. REIGN OF VESPASIANI. Coins struck in JudæaII. Coins struck at Rome.—Gold and SilverB. REIGN OP TITUSI. Coins struck in JudæaII. Coins struck at Rome.—Gold and SilverC. REIGN OF DOMITIANI. Coins struck at RomeIX. MONEY STRUCK DURING THE SECOND REVOLT OF THE JEWSA. SIMON BAR-COCHABX. IMPERIAL COLONIAL COINS STRUCK AT JERUSALEM.ARAB COINSA. HADRIANUS. A.D. 136—A.D. 138HADRIAN AND ANTONINUSB. ANTONINUS PIUS. A.D. 138—A.D. 161ANTONINUS PIUS AND MARCUS AURELIUSC. MARCUS AURELIUS. A.D. 161—A.D. 180MARCUS AURELIUS AND LUCIUS VERUSD. LUCIUS VERUS. A.D. 161—A.D. 169E. JULIA DOMNA. A.D. 173—A.D. 217F. CARACALLA. A.D. 211—A.D. 217G. GETA. A.D. 211—A.D. 212H. DIADUMENIANUS. A.D. 217—A.D. 217I. ELAGABALUS. A.D. 218—A.D. 222J. TRAJANUS DECIUS. A.D. 249—A.D. 251K. HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS AND HOSTILIANUS. A.D. 249—A.D. 251XI. MONEY IN THE NEW TESTAMENTA. GREEK MONEYB. ROMAN MONEYXII. WEIGHTSTABLE OF MR. BURGON'S WEIGHTS FROM ATHENSTABLE OF WEIGHTS FROM NINEVEHTABLE OF WEIGHTS OF COINS OF CHIOSXIII. WRITINGTABLES TO ILLUSTRATE THE COINAGE FROM THE DEATH OF HEROD I. TO THE DEATH OF HADRIANI. B.C. 4 TO A.D. 40II. A.D. 41 TO A.D. 81III. A.D. 82 TO A.D. 138APPENDIXA. THE TALMUDIC WRITINGS ON THE COINAGE OF THE FIRST AND SECOND REVOLTSB. COUNTERFEIT JEWISH COINSADDENDAINDEX
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