Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment:...

Mahler's masterful sociological study is drawn from a variety of sources, including some Polish archival material that was later destroyed by the Nazis. This classic work, originally published in both Yiddish and Hebrew, is a prime example of movements that shaped the spiritual and cultural life of modern Jewry.

x Prefatory Note In 1937 Mahler emigrated to the United States and became a staff member of the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York. In 1950 he settled in the state of Israel. From 1951 to 1958 he lectured on the economic history of the Jews at the Tel Aviv School of Law and Economics and in 1959 was appointed professor of Eastern European Jewish history at the University of Tel Aviv. Shortly before his death Raphael Mahler was honored with the Israel Prize, the Jewish stated most prestigious award, for his contribution to the field of Jewish studies. Influenced by the historian Ignacy Schiper, Mahler stressed social and economic problems. He championed a theoretical and meth-odological approach to the study of Jewish history in accordance with historical materialism. Mahler viewed his work as a corrective to the dominant trends in modern Jewish historiography, particularly to the orientation of Simon Dubnow. In the preface to the English transla-tion of his major work, Mahler explained his approach to Jewish history. Notwithstanding the good intentions of the adherents of the school de-scribed by its originator, S. Dubnow, as “ sociological- realistic,” it must be said that they were unable to grasp the exuberant and colourful reality of Jew-ish life, its past and its present alike: they overlooked the principal factor in the development of the people— namely, its social dynamics. Social antago-nisms, class struggle and social opposition within the community have never been accorded their appropriate place in the history of the Jews of any peri-od, and they have been almost completely omitted from the portrayal of the events of modern times for fear of overstepping political bounds and, some-times, precisely because of obvious political intentions. Phenomena and institutions concerning the ruling classes among the Jewish people were pre-sented as general, national matters, and the Jewish policy of the ruling nations with regard to each and every class of the people under their rule was not properly analysed. Thus, instead of a national history of the Jews, we have been presented by the dominant school in Jewish historiography with a his-tory that is largely nationalistic. Nor was justice done to the economic aspect of life, the basis of the na-tional and social development of the Jewish people, as of all other people in the world. The economic structure of the people, its economic activities and the functions it fulfilled in the economic life of the countries of its disper-sion in each particular period, were given only sporadic mention rather than exhaustive treatment. Because of this disregard of economic problems, no explanation was given for the causal nexus with those aspects of the peopled life which occupy pride of place in the portrayal of modern history— the le-gal and political status. There was no clarification either of the fundamentals of the spiritual trends which shaped the structure of Jewish culture in mod-ern times. Their social roots were not laid bare, and no attempt was made to establish how those trends reflected the interests, aspirations and ideals of the social classes which originated them. 1 1Raphael Mahler, A History of Modern Jewry: 1780– 1815 ( London: Vallentine, Mitchell, 1971), pp. xi- xii.   C h a p t e r Home  | T O C  | I n d e x For use on stand- alone, non- institutional computers only. To purchase Scholar PDF version with advanced functionality, go to www. publishersrow. com

Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century


About Book Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment: Their Confrontation in Galicia and Poland in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century

FRONT MATTERPublisher's PageTitle PageCopyright PageContentsPrefatory NoteIntroductionI GALICIA 1. The Sociopolitical Foundations of Hasidism in Galicia in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century 2. The Sociopolitical Foundations of the Haskalah in Galicia 3. The Policy of the Austrian Government toward Hasidism 4. The Austrian Censorship of Jewish Books 5. Joseph Perlas Strudle against Hasidism 6. Joseph Perl's Hebrew Almanacs II POLAND 7. The Socioeconomic and Political Status of the Jews in Central Poland 8. Brooks of Assimilation and Buds of Enlightenment 9. Two Schools of Hasidism in Poland 10. The Policy of the Polish Government toward Hasidism Notes Glossary of Hebrew and Yiddish Terms Index
hasidism jewish enlightenment their confrontation galicia poland first half nineteenth century page https publishersrow enligh ebookshuk books hebrew ebooks mahler masterful sociological study drawn from variety sources including some polish archival material that later destroyed nazis this classic work originally published both yiddish prime example movements shaped spiritual cultural life modern jewry
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