Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English...

Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.



Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition


About Book Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTRANSLATORS PREFACEFROM THE GERMAN PREFACENOTE TO THE FIFTEENT IMPRESSIONLIST OF ABBREVIATIONSTable of ContentsContentsINTRODUCTION§ 1. The Semitic Languages in General§ 2. Sketch of the History of the Hebrew Language§ 3. Grammatical Treatment of the Hebrew Language§ 4. Division and Arrangement of the GrammarELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OR THE SOUNDS AND CHARACTERSTHE INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS AND CHARACTERS§ 5. The Consonants: their Forms and Names§ 6. Pronunciation and Division of Consonants§ 7. The Vowels in General, Vowel Letters and Vowel Signs§ 8. The Vowel Signs in particular§ 9. Character of the several Vowels§ 10. The Half Vowels and the Syllable Divider (Sewa)§ 11. ?ther Signs which affect the Reading§ 12. Dages in general, and Dages forte in particular§ 13. Dages lene§ 14. Mappiq and Raphe§ 15. The AccentsI. The Common AccentsA. DISJUNCTIVE ACCENTS (Distinctivi or Domini)B. CONJUNCTIVE ACCENTS (Conjunctivi or Servi)II. The Accents of the Books .????A. DISTINCTIVI.B. C0NJUNCTIVIREMAKKS ON THE ACCENTS.I. As Signs of the ToneII. As Signs of Punctuation§ 16. Of Maqqeph and Metheg§ 17. Of the Qere and Kethibh. Masora rnarginalis and finalis.PECULIARITIES AND CHANGES OF LETTERS: THE SYLLABLE AND THE TONE§ 18 Changes of Speech§ 19. Changes of Consonants§ 20. The Strengthening (Sharpening) of Consonants§ 21. Aspiration of the Tenues§ 22. Peculiarities of the Gutturals.§ 23. The Feebleness of the Gutturals ? and .?§ 24. Changes of the Weak Letters§ 25 . Unchangeable Vowels§ 26. Syllable-formation and its Influence on the Quantity of Vowels§ 27. The Change of the Vowels, especially as regards Quantity§ 28. The Rise of New Vowels and Syllables§ 29. The Tone, its Changes and the PauseETYMOLOGY, OR THE PARTS OF SPEECH§ 30. Stems and Roots: Biliteral, Triliteral, and Quadriliteral§ 31. Grammatical StructureTHE PRONOUN§ 32. The Personal Pronoun. The Separate PronounI. First PersonII. Second PersonIII. Third Person§ 33. Pronominal Suffixes§ 34. The Demonstrative Pronoun§ 35. The Article§ 36. The Relative Pronoun§ 37. The Interrogative and Indefinite PronounsTHE VERB§ 38. General View§ 39. Ground-form and Derived Stems§ 40. Tenses. Moods. Flexion.§ 41. Variations from the Ordinary Form of the Strong Verb.I. The Strong VerbA. THE PURE STEM, OR QAL§ 43. Its Form and Meaning§ 44. Flexion of the Perfect of Qal§ 45. The Infinitive§ 46. The Imperative.§ 47. The Imperfect and its Inflexion§ 48. Shortening and Lengthening of the Imperfect and Imperative. The Jussive and Cohotative.§ 49. The Perfect and imperfect with Waw Consecutive§ 50. The Participle?. VERBA DERIVATIVA, OR DERIVED CONJUGATIONS§ 51. Niph'al§ 52. Pi'el and Pu'al.§ 53. Hiph'il and Hoph'al§ 54. Hithpa'el§ 55. Less Common Conjugation§ 56. QuadriliteralsC. STRONG VERB WITH PRONOMINAL SUFFIXES§ 58. The Pronominal Suffixes of the Verb§ 59. The Perfect with Pronominal Suffixes§ 60. Imperfect with Pronominal Suffixes§ 61. Infinitive, Imperative and Participle with Pronominal Suffixes§ 62. Verbs with Gutturals§ 63. Verbs First Guttural, e. g. ??? to standI. On Qal.II. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alIII. ??? and .???§ 64. Verbs Middle Guttural, e.g. ??? to slaughter§ 65. Verbs Third Guttural, e.g. ??? to sendII. The Weak Verb.§ 66. Verbs Primae Radicalis Nun ( ??? ), e.g. ??? to approach§ 67. Verbs e. g. ??? to surroundI. On QalII. On Niph'alIII. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alIV. In General§ 68. Verbs ??? e. g. ??? to eat§ 69. Verba ??? . First Class, or Verbs originally ,?? ?e.g. ?? ) to dwell§ 70. Verbs ??? . Second Class, or Verbs properly ? ? ? ? e. g. ?? } to be good. Paradigm L.§ 71. Verbs ??? . Third Class, or Verbs with Yodh assimilated§ 72. Verbs * V (vulgo fv), e. g. ??? to rise up. Paradigm M.I. On Qal.II. On Niph'alIII. On Hiph'il, Hoph'al, and Pi'lelIV. In General§ 73. Verbs middle i (vulgo ??? ), e. g. ??? to discern. Paradigm N.§ 74. Verbs ??? , e.g. ??? to find. Paradigm O.§ 75. Verbs ??? , e. g. ??? to reveal. Paradigm P.I. On Qal.II. On Niph'al.III. On Pi'el, Po'el, Pu'al, and Hithpa'elIV. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alV. In GeneralVI. The Relation between Verbs ??? and ???§ 76. Verbs Doubly Weak§ 77. Relation of the Weak Verbs to one another.§ 78. Verba DefectivaTHE NOUN§ 79. General View.§ 80. The Indication of Gender in Nouns§ 81. Derivation of Nouns.§ 82. Primitive Nouns.§ 83. Verbal Nouns in General§ 84a. Nouns derived from the Simple StemI. Nouns with One Vowel, originally ShortII. Nouns with an original Short Vowel in both SyllablesIII. Nouns with an original Short Vowel in the First and a Long Vowel in the Second SyllableIV. Nouns with a Long Vocal in the First Syllable and originally a Short Vowel in the Second SyllableV. Nouns with a Long Vowel in each Syllable§ 84b. Formation of Nouns from the Intensive Stem.VI. Nouns with the Middle Consonant sharpenedVII. Nouns with the Third Consonant repeatedVIII. Nouns with the Second and Third Consonants repeatedIX. Nouns in which the Whole (Biliteral) Stem is repeated§ 85. Nouns with Preformatives and AfformativesX. Nouns with PreformativesXI. Nouns with AfformativesXII. Quadrilaterals and Quinqueliterals§ 86. Denominative Nouns§ 87. Of the Plural§ 88. Of the Dual§ 89. The Genitive and the Construct State.§ 90. Real and Supposed Remains of Early Case-endings§ 91. The Noun with Pronominal Suffixes§ 92. Vowel Changes in the Noun§ 93. Paradigms of Masculine NounsExplanations of the Paradigms (see pp. 264, 265).§ 94. Formation of Feminine Nouns§ 95. Paradigms of Feminine Nouns§ 96. Nouns of Peculiar Formation§ 97. Numerals, (a) Cardinal Numbers§ 98. Numerals, (b) Ordinal NumbersTHE PARTICLES§ 99. General View§ 100. Adverbs§ 101. Prepositions§ 102. Prefixed Prepositions§ 103. Prepositions with Pronominal Suffixes and in the Plural Form§ 104. Conjunctions§ 105. InterjectionsSYNTAXTHE PARTS OF SPEECHI. Syntax of the Verb.A. USE OF THE TENSES AND MOODS.§ 106. Use of the Perfect§ 107. Use of the Imperfect§ 108. Use of the Cohortative§ 109. Use of the Jussive§ 110. The Imperative§ 111. The Imperfect with Wäw Consecutive§ 112. The Perfect with Wäw ConsecutiveB. THE INFINITIVE AND PARTICIPLE§ 113. The Infinitive Absolute§ 114. The Infinitive Construct.§ 115. Construction of the Infinitive Construct with Subject and Object.§ 116. The ParticiplesC. THE GOVERNMENT OF THE VERB§ 117. The Direct Subordination of the Noun to the Verb as Accusative of the Object. The Double Accusative.§ 118. The Looser Subordination of the Accusative to the Verb§ 119. The Subordination of Nouns to the Verb by means of Prepositions§ 120. Verbal Ideas under the Government of a Verb. Co-ordination of Complementary Verbal Ideas.§ 121. Construction of Passive VerbsII . Syntax of the Noun§ 122. Indication of the Gender of the Noun§ 123. The Representation of Plural Ideas by Means of Collectives, and by the Repetition of Words§ 124. The Various Uses of the Plural-form§ 125. Determination of Nouns in general. Determination of Proper Names.§ 126. Determination by Means of the Article§ 127. The Noun determined by a following Determinate Genitive§ 128. The Indication of the Genitive Relation by means of the Construct State§ 129. Expression of the Genitive by Circumlocution§ 130. Wider Use cf the Construct State§ 131. Apposition§ 132. Connexion of the Substantive with the Adjective§ 133. The Comparison of Adjectives. (Periphrastic Expression of the Comparative and Superlative§ 134. Syntax of the Numerals.III. Syntax of the Pronoun.§ 135. The Personal Pronoun§ 136. The Demonstrative Pronoun§ 137. The Interrogative Pronoun§ 138. The Relative Pronoun§ 139. Expression of Pronominal Ideas by means of SubstantivesTHE SENTENCEI. The Sentence in General§ 140. Noun-clauses, Verbal-clauses, and the Compound Senten§ 141. The Noun-clause§ 142. The Verbal-clause.§ 143. The Compound Sentence.§ 144. Peculiarities in the Representation of the Subject (especially in the Verbal-clause)§ 145. Agreement between the Members of a Sentence, especially between Subject and Predicate, in respect of Gender and Number§ 146. Construction of Compound Subjects§ 147. Incomplete SentencesII. Special Kinds of Sentences.§ 148. Exclamations§ 149. Sentences which express an Oath or Asseveration§ 150. Interrogative Sentences§ 151. Desiderative Sentences§ 152. Negative Sentences§ 153. Restrictive and Intensive Clauses§ 154. Sentences connected by Wäw§ 155. Relative Clauses§ 156. Circumstantial Clauses§ 157. Object-Clauses (Oratio Obliqua)§ 158. Causal Clauses§ 159. Conditional Sentences§ 160. Concessive Clauses§ 161. Comparative Clauses§ 162. Disjunctive Sentences§ 163. Adversative and Exceptive Clauses§ 164. Temporal Clauses§ 165. Final Clauses§ 166. Consecutive Clauses§ 167. Aposiopesis, Anacoluthon, Involved Series of SentencesTHE PARADIGMS A. The Personal?. StrongC. Strong VerbD. Verbs primae gutturalis?. Verbs mediae gutturalisF. VerbsG. Verbs mediae geminatae?. Verbs G».I. Weak Verbs, .????. Weak VerbsL. Verbs properly .????. WeakN. Weak Verbs, .??0. WeakP. WeakQ. Verbs ??with Suffixes.Hiph. ??Back MatterI. INDEX OF SUBJECTII. INDEX OF HEBREW WORDS AND FORMSIII. INDEX OF PASSAGES
gesenius hebrew grammar english edition page https publishersrow geseniusgesenius39 gram ebookshuk books jewish ebooks interactive most important biblical ever published
eBookshuk Books

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

A History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ (in 5 vols.)
The most valuable general modern work (on the subject) . . . Encyclopedia Britannica

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

What is Jewish Literature?
What Is Jewish Literature? is a richly thoughtful analysis and comprehensive overview of what defines Jewish literature. It is an international collection, an enduring contribution to the literary resource for the those who strive to appreciate, evaluate, and understand the varied riches of Jewish writing.

eLuach
asdfasdf

Rabad of Posquieres: A Twelfth-Century Talmudist
This biographical treatise captures the personality of Rabbad of Posquieres or Rabbi Abraham ben David – one of the most creative talmudic scholars of the twelfth century, chronicles his role in the intellectual history of the Jews in southern France during the twelfth century, and outlines his influence on subsequent generations.

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages
A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Hebraica Vol.3
sadf

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Studies in Jewish Education VII: The Beginnings of Jewish Educational Institutions
ORIGINS: THE BEGINNINGS OF JEWISH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers
Commentary on the Torah' forth book by one of the most insteresting modern Jewish thinkers.

The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times
Norman A. Stillman continues the saga he so eloquently began in his first volume, The Jews of Arab Lands, up through the dramatic events of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the forces, events, and personalities that over the past 150 years have shaped the Jewish communities of the Arab world.

Dawn Over Baghdad
Gripping, up-to-the-minute report on America's most urgent national struggle today, as seen through the eyes of the U.S. servicemen and Iraqis who are trying to make a new country out of the most dangerous place in the world; distinct contrast to the gloomy picture of America's presence in this war zone so often painted by the mainstream media.

Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 8
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah, Joel
Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the following Biblical books: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Obadiah and Joel by John M. P. Smith, William H. Ward, and Julius A. Bewer.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

From Diplomacy to Resistance: A History of Jewish Palestine, 1939-1945
The Second World War was a crucial period in the history of Jewish Palestine. Between 1939 and 1945, the Zionist movement and Jewish Palestine underwent considerable transformation. This carefully documented work recounts the events of that period of time.

History of the Jews in Russia and Poland, Vol. 2: From the Death of Alexander I until the Death of Alexander III. (1825–1894)
A History of the Jews in Russia and Poland from the pen of S. M. Dubnow (based upon a work in Russian which was especially prepared for JPS) needs neither justification nor recommendation. The work is divided into thee volumes. The second volume treats of the history of Russian Jewry from the death of Alexander I (1825) until the death of Alexander III (1894).

A Grammar of Samaritan Hebrew
The importance of the Samaritan pronunciation of Hebrew has gained wide acceptance as essential for reaching a correct understanding of the processes that affected the development of the Hebrew language in the late second temple period.

Luah Hashanah 5775
A guide to prayers, readings, laws, and customs for the synagogue and for the home

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

THE EVOLUTION OF EXODUS TRADITION
A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

The Mystical Element in Judaism
An alternative to Gershom Scholem's view of Kabbalah by one of the greatest Jewish thinkers; a succinct yet much revealing introduction to Jewish mysticism.

Conversos and the Inquisition in Jaén. Hispania Judaica, v. 7
Description of the fate of the Conversos in the Kingdom of Jaén at the hands of the Inquisition Tribunal which operated there for 43 years, from 1483 until 1526.

JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah
This fine commentary is based closely on the author's original Hebrew commentary (Am Oved, 1992), with some revision and expansion.

Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel
Many centuries ago a thoughtful and scholarly Jew asked the question: Why do the righteous suffer? Anxious to help us reach out for an answer, a brilliant young scholar, Martin A. Cohen, has prepared a translation of Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel, a history of the Jews written by a Portuguese Marrano who had witnessed the tragic events that befell his people in Portugal in the first half of the sixteenth century.

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 11
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Part I): from Adam to Noah
One of the greatest masterpieces of Jewish Biblical scholarship directed against the Documentary Hypothesis or so-called Higher Critisism.

Jews in the Hungarian Economy 1760-1945
In the sixteen essays in this volume, scholars from three continents explore dispassionately various facets of the Jewish presence in the Hungarian economy over a span of two centuries. (Two of the articles deal with Vienna which had quite a sizeable contingent of Hungarian Jews.) The topics range from pure economic history dealing with entrepreneurship and occupational structure, to related fields such as demography, urbanization and nutrition. Several studies discuss the interaction of both

The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Anti-Semitism
The medieval conception of the Jew as devil – literally and figuratively – is the subject of this classic work, first issued in 1943. The full dimension of the diabolization of the Jew is presented through document, analysis, and illustration. It is a chilling study but an exceedingly important one.

Studies in Bible II (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXXI)
The seventeen articles in this collection, present a true sense of the Jerusalem School of Biblical scholarship with its commitment to united the unique heritage of Jewish learning with the methodology and accomplishments of modern biblical research.

The Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 9
A comprehensive study of the Jews in this kingdom from the massacres of 1391 to the Expulsion.

ALTJÜDISCHE DENKMÄLER AUS DER KRIM


Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 2
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Ecclesiastes
A straightforward, engaging commentary on the Book of Kohelet.

Candles in the Night: Jewish Tales by Gentile Authors
To keep aglow the candles of human sympathy, the editor has compiled nearly a thousand items of significant non-Jewish literary and historical expression about the Jews. This volume includes twenty-three short stories and episodes from fourteen different national literatures.

Selected Poems of Jehudah Halevi
The gift of song, cherished and tended as it was by the Spanish Jews of the Middle Ages, reached its highest development in the poems of Jehudah Halevi. His love poems are made of dew and fire. But in his poems to Zion there is no such combination of a poet's ordinary artifices. It is his soul that is the instrument—and on his heartstrings is played the song of Israel's hope.

ADULT EDUCATION IN CRISIS SITUATIONS


Studies in Jewish Education I: Theory and Research
The focus of this volume is the state of the Jewish educational research and its impact on practice.

Tractate Berakhos II: Commentary and Study Guide
The guide to how Rabbis formulated their decrees and delt with changing conditions after the destruction of the Second Temple and the fall of Betar.

Legends of the Bible
This is storytelling with a grain of salt and a lot of wit; tales springing from the antiquity of oral tradition, told with sheer delight in the glory of a book transformed by a hundred generations whose daily thoughts and deeds were transformed by The Book.

The Anti-Chomsky Reader
Provocative essays that analyze Noam Chomsky's intellectual and political career: coverage includes Chomsky's contribution to linguistics, his hatred of Israel, gloating reaction to the September 11 attacks, as well as his collaboration with Holocaust revisionists, apologies Pol Pot, and others.

Jewish Life In The Middle Ages
A sweeping view of Jewish historical and cultural experience. Written in the end of the 19th century by an extremly astute historian and a storyteller, this volume will assist readers in better understanding the position of Jews in today's world as well.

Mishnayoth


Israel and the Nations
Israel and the Nations is a handbook of Jewish apologetics. The author's primary goal was to put together all the arguments of Jew-baiting and to explain their nature and origin. This work is a source of information and reference for all those who are in quest of enlightenment.

By Design: science search for God
The book introduces and summarizes two contemporary movements science and religion dialogue and intelligent design . After reading By Design we understand how what was once a battleground between God and science can now become a meeting ground.