Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English...

Interactive edition of one of the most important Biblical Hebrew grammar ever published in English.

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition

About Book Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, 2nd English Edition

Front MatterTitle PageCopyright PageTRANSLATORS PREFACEFROM THE GERMAN PREFACENOTE TO THE FIFTEENT IMPRESSIONLIST OF ABBREVIATIONSTable of ContentsContentsINTRODUCTION§ 1. The Semitic Languages in General§ 2. Sketch of the History of the Hebrew Language§ 3. Grammatical Treatment of the Hebrew Language§ 4. Division and Arrangement of the GrammarELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OR THE SOUNDS AND CHARACTERSTHE INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS AND CHARACTERS§ 5. The Consonants: their Forms and Names§ 6. Pronunciation and Division of Consonants§ 7. The Vowels in General, Vowel Letters and Vowel Signs§ 8. The Vowel Signs in particular§ 9. Character of the several Vowels§ 10. The Half Vowels and the Syllable Divider (Sewa)§ 11. ?ther Signs which affect the Reading§ 12. Dages in general, and Dages forte in particular§ 13. Dages lene§ 14. Mappiq and Raphe§ 15. The AccentsI. The Common AccentsA. DISJUNCTIVE ACCENTS (Distinctivi or Domini)B. CONJUNCTIVE ACCENTS (Conjunctivi or Servi)II. The Accents of the Books .????A. DISTINCTIVI.B. C0NJUNCTIVIREMAKKS ON THE ACCENTS.I. As Signs of the ToneII. As Signs of Punctuation§ 16. Of Maqqeph and Metheg§ 17. Of the Qere and Kethibh. Masora rnarginalis and finalis.PECULIARITIES AND CHANGES OF LETTERS: THE SYLLABLE AND THE TONE§ 18 Changes of Speech§ 19. Changes of Consonants§ 20. The Strengthening (Sharpening) of Consonants§ 21. Aspiration of the Tenues§ 22. Peculiarities of the Gutturals.§ 23. The Feebleness of the Gutturals ? and .?§ 24. Changes of the Weak Letters§ 25 . Unchangeable Vowels§ 26. Syllable-formation and its Influence on the Quantity of Vowels§ 27. The Change of the Vowels, especially as regards Quantity§ 28. The Rise of New Vowels and Syllables§ 29. The Tone, its Changes and the PauseETYMOLOGY, OR THE PARTS OF SPEECH§ 30. Stems and Roots: Biliteral, Triliteral, and Quadriliteral§ 31. Grammatical StructureTHE PRONOUN§ 32. The Personal Pronoun. The Separate PronounI. First PersonII. Second PersonIII. Third Person§ 33. Pronominal Suffixes§ 34. The Demonstrative Pronoun§ 35. The Article§ 36. The Relative Pronoun§ 37. The Interrogative and Indefinite PronounsTHE VERB§ 38. General View§ 39. Ground-form and Derived Stems§ 40. Tenses. Moods. Flexion.§ 41. Variations from the Ordinary Form of the Strong Verb.I. The Strong VerbA. THE PURE STEM, OR QAL§ 43. Its Form and Meaning§ 44. Flexion of the Perfect of Qal§ 45. The Infinitive§ 46. The Imperative.§ 47. The Imperfect and its Inflexion§ 48. Shortening and Lengthening of the Imperfect and Imperative. The Jussive and Cohotative.§ 49. The Perfect and imperfect with Waw Consecutive§ 50. The Participle?. VERBA DERIVATIVA, OR DERIVED CONJUGATIONS§ 51. Niph'al§ 52. Pi'el and Pu'al.§ 53. Hiph'il and Hoph'al§ 54. Hithpa'el§ 55. Less Common Conjugation§ 56. QuadriliteralsC. STRONG VERB WITH PRONOMINAL SUFFIXES§ 58. The Pronominal Suffixes of the Verb§ 59. The Perfect with Pronominal Suffixes§ 60. Imperfect with Pronominal Suffixes§ 61. Infinitive, Imperative and Participle with Pronominal Suffixes§ 62. Verbs with Gutturals§ 63. Verbs First Guttural, e. g. ??? to standI. On Qal.II. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alIII. ??? and .???§ 64. Verbs Middle Guttural, e.g. ??? to slaughter§ 65. Verbs Third Guttural, e.g. ??? to sendII. The Weak Verb.§ 66. Verbs Primae Radicalis Nun ( ??? ), e.g. ??? to approach§ 67. Verbs e. g. ??? to surroundI. On QalII. On Niph'alIII. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alIV. In General§ 68. Verbs ??? e. g. ??? to eat§ 69. Verba ??? . First Class, or Verbs originally ,?? ?e.g. ?? ) to dwell§ 70. Verbs ??? . Second Class, or Verbs properly ? ? ? ? e. g. ?? } to be good. Paradigm L.§ 71. Verbs ??? . Third Class, or Verbs with Yodh assimilated§ 72. Verbs * V (vulgo fv), e. g. ??? to rise up. Paradigm M.I. On Qal.II. On Niph'alIII. On Hiph'il, Hoph'al, and Pi'lelIV. In General§ 73. Verbs middle i (vulgo ??? ), e. g. ??? to discern. Paradigm N.§ 74. Verbs ??? , e.g. ??? to find. Paradigm O.§ 75. Verbs ??? , e. g. ??? to reveal. Paradigm P.I. On Qal.II. On Niph'al.III. On Pi'el, Po'el, Pu'al, and Hithpa'elIV. On Hiph'il and Hoph'alV. In GeneralVI. The Relation between Verbs ??? and ???§ 76. Verbs Doubly Weak§ 77. Relation of the Weak Verbs to one another.§ 78. Verba DefectivaTHE NOUN§ 79. General View.§ 80. The Indication of Gender in Nouns§ 81. Derivation of Nouns.§ 82. Primitive Nouns.§ 83. Verbal Nouns in General§ 84a. Nouns derived from the Simple StemI. Nouns with One Vowel, originally ShortII. Nouns with an original Short Vowel in both SyllablesIII. Nouns with an original Short Vowel in the First and a Long Vowel in the Second SyllableIV. Nouns with a Long Vocal in the First Syllable and originally a Short Vowel in the Second SyllableV. Nouns with a Long Vowel in each Syllable§ 84b. Formation of Nouns from the Intensive Stem.VI. Nouns with the Middle Consonant sharpenedVII. Nouns with the Third Consonant repeatedVIII. Nouns with the Second and Third Consonants repeatedIX. Nouns in which the Whole (Biliteral) Stem is repeated§ 85. Nouns with Preformatives and AfformativesX. Nouns with PreformativesXI. Nouns with AfformativesXII. Quadrilaterals and Quinqueliterals§ 86. Denominative Nouns§ 87. Of the Plural§ 88. Of the Dual§ 89. The Genitive and the Construct State.§ 90. Real and Supposed Remains of Early Case-endings§ 91. The Noun with Pronominal Suffixes§ 92. Vowel Changes in the Noun§ 93. Paradigms of Masculine NounsExplanations of the Paradigms (see pp. 264, 265).§ 94. Formation of Feminine Nouns§ 95. Paradigms of Feminine Nouns§ 96. Nouns of Peculiar Formation§ 97. Numerals, (a) Cardinal Numbers§ 98. Numerals, (b) Ordinal NumbersTHE PARTICLES§ 99. General View§ 100. Adverbs§ 101. Prepositions§ 102. Prefixed Prepositions§ 103. Prepositions with Pronominal Suffixes and in the Plural Form§ 104. Conjunctions§ 105. InterjectionsSYNTAXTHE PARTS OF SPEECHI. Syntax of the Verb.A. USE OF THE TENSES AND MOODS.§ 106. Use of the Perfect§ 107. Use of the Imperfect§ 108. Use of the Cohortative§ 109. Use of the Jussive§ 110. The Imperative§ 111. The Imperfect with Wäw Consecutive§ 112. The Perfect with Wäw ConsecutiveB. THE INFINITIVE AND PARTICIPLE§ 113. The Infinitive Absolute§ 114. The Infinitive Construct.§ 115. Construction of the Infinitive Construct with Subject and Object.§ 116. The ParticiplesC. THE GOVERNMENT OF THE VERB§ 117. The Direct Subordination of the Noun to the Verb as Accusative of the Object. The Double Accusative.§ 118. The Looser Subordination of the Accusative to the Verb§ 119. The Subordination of Nouns to the Verb by means of Prepositions§ 120. Verbal Ideas under the Government of a Verb. Co-ordination of Complementary Verbal Ideas.§ 121. Construction of Passive VerbsII . Syntax of the Noun§ 122. Indication of the Gender of the Noun§ 123. The Representation of Plural Ideas by Means of Collectives, and by the Repetition of Words§ 124. The Various Uses of the Plural-form§ 125. Determination of Nouns in general. Determination of Proper Names.§ 126. Determination by Means of the Article§ 127. The Noun determined by a following Determinate Genitive§ 128. The Indication of the Genitive Relation by means of the Construct State§ 129. Expression of the Genitive by Circumlocution§ 130. Wider Use cf the Construct State§ 131. Apposition§ 132. Connexion of the Substantive with the Adjective§ 133. The Comparison of Adjectives. (Periphrastic Expression of the Comparative and Superlative§ 134. Syntax of the Numerals.III. Syntax of the Pronoun.§ 135. The Personal Pronoun§ 136. The Demonstrative Pronoun§ 137. The Interrogative Pronoun§ 138. The Relative Pronoun§ 139. Expression of Pronominal Ideas by means of SubstantivesTHE SENTENCEI. The Sentence in General§ 140. Noun-clauses, Verbal-clauses, and the Compound Senten§ 141. The Noun-clause§ 142. The Verbal-clause.§ 143. The Compound Sentence.§ 144. Peculiarities in the Representation of the Subject (especially in the Verbal-clause)§ 145. Agreement between the Members of a Sentence, especially between Subject and Predicate, in respect of Gender and Number§ 146. Construction of Compound Subjects§ 147. Incomplete SentencesII. Special Kinds of Sentences.§ 148. Exclamations§ 149. Sentences which express an Oath or Asseveration§ 150. Interrogative Sentences§ 151. Desiderative Sentences§ 152. Negative Sentences§ 153. Restrictive and Intensive Clauses§ 154. Sentences connected by Wäw§ 155. Relative Clauses§ 156. Circumstantial Clauses§ 157. Object-Clauses (Oratio Obliqua)§ 158. Causal Clauses§ 159. Conditional Sentences§ 160. Concessive Clauses§ 161. Comparative Clauses§ 162. Disjunctive Sentences§ 163. Adversative and Exceptive Clauses§ 164. Temporal Clauses§ 165. Final Clauses§ 166. Consecutive Clauses§ 167. Aposiopesis, Anacoluthon, Involved Series of SentencesTHE PARADIGMS A. The Personal?. StrongC. Strong VerbD. Verbs primae gutturalis?. Verbs mediae gutturalisF. VerbsG. Verbs mediae geminatae?. Verbs G».I. Weak Verbs, .????. Weak VerbsL. Verbs properly .????. WeakN. Weak Verbs, .??0. WeakP. WeakQ. Verbs ??with Suffixes.Hiph. ??Back MatterI. INDEX OF SUBJECTII. INDEX OF HEBREW WORDS AND FORMSIII. INDEX OF PASSAGES
gesenius hebrew grammar english edition page https publishersrow geseniusgesenius39 gram ebookshuk books jewish ebooks interactive most important biblical ever published
eBookshuk Books

Legends of the Bible
This is storytelling with a grain of salt and a lot of wit; tales springing from the antiquity of oral tradition, told with sheer delight in the glory of a book transformed by a hundred generations whose daily thoughts and deeds were transformed by The Book.

The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.

JPS Hebrew-English (Jewish Bible) Tanakh
A true searchable (offline -- English only; in optional online mode -- both English and Hebrew) replica (including Biblical Hebrew vowel and cantillation marks) of the original 2nd printed edition. It is a MUST for any serious student of The Holy Scriptures and perfect a participant in Bible-study groups.

The 201 of containing in the book Aramaic ostraca dating 361-311 BC are almost exclusive source for the study of the ethnic structure and the economic life for end of the Persian rule in the Land of Israel and the beginning of the Hellenistic period.


A broad survey of economic and political conditions in Judaea after Destruction of the Second Temple.

Mekhilta de-Rabbi Ishmael (3 vols.)
An electronic edition of JPS's original 3-volume set, based on manuscript and early editions.

A comprehensive literary inquiry into a history of the Exodus tradition as it has evolved through time. The book examines the narrative of Exodus, compares it to biblical sources as well as to information provided in Apocryphic, Pseudepigrahic, Hellenistic and Midrashic documents.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Biblical and Oriental Studies (2 volumes)
Two-volume set of U. Cassuto's Biblical and Ancient Oriental Texts essays.

Engendering Judaism: An Inclusive Theology and Ethics
A pioneering work on what it means to engender Jewish tradition, that is, how women s full inclusion can and must transform our understanding and practice of Jewish law, prayer, sexuality, and marriage. It challenges both mainstream Judaism and feminist dogma, and speaks across the movements as well as to Christian theologians and feminists.

A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, in 3 Volumes
Henry Charles Lea s three-volume The History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages (sold as a set only) is widely regarded by scholars in the field as one of the outstanding works of scholarship on the subject.

Thesaurus of the Medieaval Hebrew Poetry, in 4 volumes
Lists 35,000 poems and prayers culled from printed and manuscript sources (many from Cairo Genizah) and their variations, i.e. almost every Hebrew poem and its variations composed after canonization of the Hebrew Bible until 18th c.e.... with listings of sacred poetry reaching into the 20th century.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): DEUTERONOMY
Electronic edition of one of the author's finest achievements.

Sunset Possibilities and Other Poems
Continuing the high standards of the JPS Jewish Poetry Series, this volume presents poems that have become twentieth-century classics. Included are eighty poems printed in English and Hebrew on facing pages.

The Pharisees: The Sociological Background of Their Faith (2 volume-set)
The Pharisees constituted a religious Order of singular influence in the history of civilization. Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism all derive from this ancient Palestinian Society. This book uncovers the origins and fundamental aspects of Pharisees' faith from sociological point of view.

Studies in Israel Legislative Problems (Scripta Hierosolymitana, XXII)
An impressive collection of thoughts on major legal problems facing Israel, a country where the law is at a transitional stage and in the process of continous growth.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 2

Europe's Century of Discontent: The Legacies of Fascism, Nazism and Communism
With the demise of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, a number of questions regarding the conventional understanding of totalitarianism could now be viewed in the new light. The classical studies of totalitarianism were undertaken when Nazism and Fascism had been vanquished, while the Soviet system still existed: this created an asymmetry which could now be overcome. The ideological Cold War edge which sometimes accompanied debates about totalitarianism was similar

The Third Pillar
Through slow and difficult years of impassioned creative effort, the author has summed up, distilled, symbolized the incomparable tragedy of Jewish people into an essentially poetic form that is clear with a great intellectual clarity, as well as majestic with the grandeur of the theme he treats.

The Ambivalent American Jew: Politics, Religion, and Family in American Jewish Life
This book depicts the evolution of American Judaism from its European roots illustrating this theme by focusing on special segments of the community and on Jewish political liberalism, the great effort of American Jews to reshape their political environment to minimize the survival-integration tension.

The International Critical Commentary (ICC): Jobs (in 2 volumes)
Electronic edition of the massive commentary on the Book of Job.

The Jewish Community: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution. Vol.II.
The second volume of the work that is centered on the European Jewish community of the Middle Ages and early modern times. The author offers a comprehensive historical and sociological analysis of the Jewish communal evolution during the Emancipation era.

The Jews of Moslem Spain, Vol. 2/3
The second and third volume of a monumental survey of the Jewish community in Spain under Moslem rule. (See first volume here) It offers the reader access to a difficult subject. The period is recreated in a narrative that flows with life and vitality...unmatched for scholarship and readability.

Kiddush Ha-Shem: An Epic of 1648
One of the earliest historical novels in modern Yiddish literature, Kiddush ha-Shem is a story of Jewish martyrdom during the Chmelnitsky uprising in mid-17th century Ukraine and Poland.

Aspects of the Jewish Economic History
A survey of the far-ranging Jewish contribution to economic progress of the Western world.

JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy
The fifth and final JPS commentary on the last book of the Torah.

History of the Jewish People
... a single volume (containing) the multitude of details of nearly 40 centuries of Jewish history (provided) with conciseness, clarity, and completeness. . . entire work is informed by a broad philosophic grasp of the subject, a rare balance and objectivity of treatment, and a warm love for the Jewish people and its heritage. Robert Gordis Encyclopaedia Judaica

Jews, Pagans and Christians In Conflict
A fresh look at the propaganda wars between Jews and Pagans as well as Christians and Pagans during the first centuries of the common era.

Studies in Hebrew Narrative Art (Scripta Hierosolymitana XXVII)
Each of the twelve articles in this volumes illustrates some state of the development of Hebrew narrative prose: from biblical literature though talmudic-midrashic and medieval eras till modern times.

and Hannah wept: Infertility, Adoption, and the Jewish Couple
The definitive work on Judaism s approach to infertility, pregnancy loss, and adoption.

Esther's Plea
A facinated exploration of the tie-in between hallachic decision making process and politics through the analysis of the disputes of R. Yehoshua and R. Elazar haModi'in in Tractate Megillah.

The Jews Among the Greeks and Romans
The book is a study of the contribution of the Jews to the modern civilization. The Romans and Greeks were originators of a great many elements of our civilization, but the Jews' impact was no less real or lasting. There was a time when Greek and Roman and Jew were in free contact. The results of this contact the author skillfully explores.

The Commentary of R. Samuel Ben Meir Rashbam on Qoheleth

Labor, Crafts and Commerce in Ancient Israel
Extensive collection of anecdotal evidence relating to labor, crafts, and trade as thought of and practiced by Sages of the Second Temple and early exilic period.

Ahad Ha-Am Asher Ginzberg: A Biography
Ahad Ha-Am's “spiritual Zionism” is still as capable, as it was fifty years ago, of giving inspiration and guidance to a large segment of the Jewry.

Maimonides: Torah and Philosophic Quest
In this original study, noted scholar and theologian David Hartman discusses the relation between Maimonides' halakhic writings and The Guide of the Perplexed. This pioneering work earned Dr. Hartman a National Jewish Book Award for a book on Jewish thought.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah 3

The Jewish Encyclopedia, Index Volume
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia. Hispania Judaica, v. 8
The history of three Jewish Communities in Medieval Valencia: Castellón de la Plana, Burriana, Villarreal.

Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 6


Tosefta Ki-Fshutah v. 9

The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol. 4
A monumental work which laid the foundation of Jewish scholarship in America. Written by more then 400 contributors from all over the world—many considered founding “fathers” of their respective disciplines—this massive 12-volume Encyclopedia remains unsurpassed in many areas. Each of its 12 volumes was re-created by craftsmen of Varda Graphics, Inc. to look as close to the original as possible, while allowing the reader to take advantage of the latest computer technology.

Amulets and Magic Bowls: Aramaic Incantations of the Late Antiquity
The book contains the texts of all the legible amulets in Aramaic known today as well as 13 unpublished till now bowls. Their study allows us to peak into the religious feelings and practices of common people in the Talmudic period. The book contains a wealth of new material for the history of magic in the Middle East.

Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Vol. 8
The most comprehensive work in its class; includes articles on all religions, ethical systems and movements, religious beliefs and customs, philosophical ideas, moral practices, as well as related subjects in anthropology, mythology, folklore, relevant areas of biology, psychology, economics and sociology.

Matters of Life and Death
Incredible medical breakthroughs of today, like genetic engineering, in-vitro fertilization, and cloning, as well as the ability and choice to prolong life force us as Jews and human beings to struggle with the dilemmas posed by modern medicine. How does one decide which treatments to accept as appropriate and which not? Jewish law and ethics, as Dr. Elliot Dorff points out, which stem from the ancient teachings of the Talmud, do not directly address these modern issues, but the Jewish tradition

Studies in Hebrew and Ugaritic Psalms
The volume offers a fresh analysis of a central problem of comparative Ugaritic Biblical scholarship: the relationship between biblical psalms and Canaanite literature.

The House of Nasi: The Duke of Naxos
Joseph Nasi, Duke of Naxos, Lord of Tiberias, was a Marrano or “converse,” knighted by Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, a jousting partner of Emperor Maximillian, and a court advisor to Suleiman the Magnificent. During his astonishing life as a statesman, financier, and philanthropist in sixteenth-century Europe, he moved across the continent from Antwerp to Paris, to Naples, to Rome, and from there to Constantinople, where he reembraced Judaism.

Topics In Hebrew and Semitic Linguistics